Black Sea

BlackEuxinePontus EuxinusPonticEuxine Seathe Black SeaBlack Sea BasinSea of PontusBlack Sea RegionBlack Sea shelf
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.wikipedia
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Caucasus

CaucasianCaucasiathe Caucasus
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
The Caucasus or Caucasia is an area situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and mainly occupied by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Russia.

Ukraine

UkrainianUKRUkrainia
Areas of many countries drain into the Black Sea, including Germany, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine.
It is bordered by Russia to the north-east; Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west; and Romania, Moldova, and the Black Sea to the south.

Sea of Azov

Azov SeaAzovMaeotian Lake
The Black Sea has an area of 436400 km2 (not including the Sea of Azov), a maximum depth of 2212 m, and a volume of 547000 km3. The Black Sea is also connected, to the north, to the Sea of Azov by the Kerch Strait.
The Sea of Azov (Азо́вское мо́ре, Azóvskoje móre; Азо́вське мо́ре, Azóvśke móre; ;, Азакъ денъизи, ازاق دﻩﯕىزى) is a sea in Eastern Europe connected to the Black Sea by the narrow (about 4 km) Strait of Kerch, and is sometimes regarded as a northern extension of the Black Sea.

Caucasus Mountains

CaucasusGreater Caucasus Mountain RangeCaucasian Mountains
It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, Caucasus Mountains to the east, Crimean Mountains to the north, Strandzha to the southwest, Balkan Mountains to the west, Dobrogea Plateau to the northwest, and features a wide shelf to the northwest.
Stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, it surrounds the eponymous Caucasus region and is home to Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe.

Odessa

OdesaOdessa, UkraineOdessa, Russia
Important cities along the coast include Odessa, Sevastopol, Samsun, and Istanbul.
Odessa or Odesa is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transport hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.

Southern Bug

Southern BuhBugBug River
It is supplied by a number of major rivers, such as the Danube, Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Don, and the Rioni.
The source of the river is in the west of Ukraine, in the Volyn-Podillia Upland, about 145 km from the Polish border, from where it flows southeasterly into the Bug Estuary (Black Sea basin) through the southern steppes.

Sevastopol

SebastopolSevastapolSevastopol, Ukraine
Important cities along the coast include Odessa, Sevastopol, Samsun, and Istanbul.
Sevastopol is the largest city on the Crimean Peninsula and a major Black Sea port.

Balkan Mountains

Stara PlaninaFore-BalkanBalkan
It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, Caucasus Mountains to the east, Crimean Mountains to the north, Strandzha to the southwest, Balkan Mountains to the west, Dobrogea Plateau to the northwest, and features a wide shelf to the northwest.
The Balkan range runs 557 km from the Vrashka Chuka Peak on the border between Bulgaria and Serbia eastward through central Bulgaria to Cape Emine on the Black Sea.

Samsun

AmisusAmisosSamsun, Turkey
Important cities along the coast include Odessa, Sevastopol, Samsun, and Istanbul.
It is the provincial capital of Samsun Province and a major Black Sea port.

Aegean Sea

AegeanAegean coastAgean sea
It has a positive water balance; that is, a net outflow of water 300 km3 per year through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles into the Aegean Sea.
In the north, the Aegean is connected to the Marmara Sea and the Black Sea by the straits of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus.

Atlantic Ocean

AtlanticNorth AtlanticNorth Atlantic Ocean
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
To the east, the boundaries of the ocean proper are Europe: the Strait of Gibraltar (where it connects with the Mediterranean Sea—one of its marginal seas—and, in turn, the Black Sea, both of which also touch upon Asia) and Africa.

Russia

Russian FederationRUSRussian
Areas of many countries drain into the Black Sea, including Germany, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine.
A Turkic people, the Khazars, ruled the lower Volga basin steppes between the Caspian and Black Seas until the 10th century.

Kerch Strait

Strait of KerchCimmerian BosporusKerch Straits
The Black Sea is also connected, to the north, to the Sea of Azov by the Kerch Strait.
The Kerch Strait is a strait connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, separating the Kerch Peninsula of Crimea in the west from the Taman Peninsula of Russia's Krasnodar Krai in the east.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
Important cities along the coast include Odessa, Sevastopol, Samsun, and Istanbul.
Istanbul is a transcontinental city in Eurasia, straddling the Bosporus strait (which separates Europe and Asia) between the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.

Rioni River

RioniPhasisPhasis River
It is supplied by a number of major rivers, such as the Danube, Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Don, and the Rioni.
It originates in the Caucasus Mountains, in the region of Racha and flows west to the Black Sea, entering it north of the city of Poti (near ancient Phasis).

Western Asia

West AsiaSouthwest AsiaWest Asian
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
The region is surrounded by seven major seas; the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea, the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Odessa Oblast

OdessaOdesa OblastOdessa region
Odessa Oblast (also known as Odesa Oblast; Одеська область, Odes’ka oblast’, Одесская область, Odesskaya oblast’) is an oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine, located along the northern coast of the Black Sea.

Constanța

ConstanţaConstantaTomis
The city is located in the Northern Dobruja region of Romania, on the Black Sea coast.

Dardanelles

HellespontDardanelles StraitÇanakkale Boğazı
It has a positive water balance; that is, a net outflow of water 300 km3 per year through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles into the Aegean Sea.
One of the world's narrowest straits used for international navigation, the Dardanelles connects the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, while also allowing passage to the Black Sea by extension via the Bosphorus.

Endorheic basin

endorheicendorheic lakeclosed basin
During geological periods when this hydrological link wasn't present, the Black Sea was an endorheic basin, operating independently of the global ocean system (similar to the Caspian Sea nowadays).
The Black Sea was likely such a lake, having once been an independent hydrological system before the Mediterranean Sea broke through the terrain separating the two.

Varna

Varna, BulgariaOdessosOdessus
The oldest processed gold in the world was found in Varna, Bulgaria, and the Black Sea was supposedly sailed by the Argonauts.
Varna, historically known as Odessos, grew from a Thracian seaside settlement to a major seaport on the Black Sea.

Crimean Mountains

CrimeanAi-PetriCrimea
It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, Caucasus Mountains to the east, Crimean Mountains to the north, Strandzha to the southwest, Balkan Mountains to the west, Dobrogea Plateau to the northwest, and features a wide shelf to the northwest.
Toward the west, the mountains drop steeply to the Black Sea, and to the east, they change slowly into a steppe landscape.

Turkish Straits

StraitsBlack Sea StraitsStraits Question
It is through the most active of these connective routes, the Turkish Straits, that the Black Sea joins the world ocean.
The straits create a series of international passages that connect the Aegean and Mediterranean seas to the Black Sea.

Sochi

Sochi, RussiaSotchiSochi, Krasnodar krai
Sochi is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia.

Trabzon

TrebizondTrapezusTrabzon, Turkey
Trabzon, originally the Greek city known as Tραπεζούς in Greek, and Trebizond in English, is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province.