Black comedy

dark comedyblack humorblack humourdark humorgallows humordark humourblackdarkblack comedy filmBritish dark comedy
Black comedy, also known as black humor, dark comedy, dark humor or gallows humor, is a genre of fiction referring to a comic style that makes light of subject matter that is generally considered taboo, particularly subjects that are normally considered serious or painful to discuss.wikipedia
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Ribaldry

blue comedybawdyribald
Black comedy differs from both blue comedy—which focuses more on crude topics such as nudity, sex, and bodily fluids—and from straightforward obscenity.
Ribaldry differs from black comedy (or gallows humor) in that black comedy deals with topics which would normally be considered painful or frightening whereas ribaldry deals with topics that would only be considered offensive.

Comedy

comediescomediccomedy writer
Breton's preference was to identify some of Swift's writings as a subgenre of comedy and satire in which laughter arises from cynicism and skepticism, often relying on topics such as death.
Other forms of comedy include screwball comedy, which derives its humor largely from bizarre, surprising (and improbable) situations or characters, and black comedy, which is characterized by a form of humor that includes darker aspects of human behavior or human nature.

Anthology of Black Humor

Breton coined the term for his book Anthology of Black Humor (Anthologie de l'humour noir), in which he credited Jonathan Swift as the originator of black humor and gallows humor (particularly in his pieces Directions to Servants (1731), A Modest Proposal (1729), Meditation Upon a Broomstick (1710), and in a few aphorisms).
The anthology not only introduced some until then almost unknown or forgotten writers, it also coined the term "black humor" (as Breton said, until then the term had meant nothing, unless someone imagined jokes about black people ).

Satire

satiricalsatiristsatiric
Breton's preference was to identify some of Swift's writings as a subgenre of comedy and satire in which laughter arises from cynicism and skepticism, often relying on topics such as death.
Satire about death overlaps with black humor and gallows humor.

Louis-Ferdinand Céline

CélineLouis-Ferdinand CelineLouis Ferdinand Céline
With the paperback, Friedman labeled as "black humorists" a variety of authors, such as J. P. Donleavy, Edward Albee, Joseph Heller, Thomas Pynchon, John Barth, Vladimir Nabokov, Bruce Jay Friedman himself, and Louis-Ferdinand Céline.
His works influenced a broad array of literary figures, not only in France but also in the English-speaking world and elsewhere in the Western World; this includes authors associated with modernism, existentialism, black comedy and the Beat Generation.

Kabarett

cabaretKabarettistcabaret artist
In the Weimar era Kabaretts, this genre was particularly common, and according to Luttazzi, Karl Valentin and Karl Kraus were the major masters of it.
By the Weimar era in the mid-1920s it was characterized by political satire and gallows humor.

Roald Dahl

Dahl, RoaldDahlDahlesque
Among the writers labeled as black humorists by journalists and literary critics are today also Roald Dahl, Kurt Vonnegut, Warren Zevon, Christopher Durang, and Philip Roth.
While his whimsical fantasy stories feature an underlying warm sentiment, they are often juxtaposed with grotesque, darkly comic and sometimes harshly violent scenarios.

Kurt Vonnegut

Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.Kurt Vonnegut Jr.Vonnegut
Among the writers labeled as black humorists by journalists and literary critics are today also Roald Dahl, Kurt Vonnegut, Warren Zevon, Christopher Durang, and Philip Roth.
In the introduction to their essay "Kurt Vonnegut and Humor", Tally and Peter C. Kunze suggest that Vonnegut was not a "black humorist", but a "frustrated idealist" who used "comic parables" to teach the reader absurd, bitter or hopeless truths, with his grim witticisms serving to make the reader laugh rather than cry.

Military humor

humorousarmy jokehumorous intentions
It comes in a wide array of cultures and tastes, making use of burlesque, cartoons, comic strips, double entendre, exaggeration, jokes, parody, gallows humor, pranks, ridicule and sarcasm.

Karl Valentin

Karl-ValentinValentin PanoptikumValentin-Musäum
In the Weimar era Kabaretts, this genre was particularly common, and according to Luttazzi, Karl Valentin and Karl Kraus were the major masters of it.
Along with Karl Kraus, he is considered a master of gallows humor.

Lenny Bruce

Lenny[Lenny] BruceLeonard
Comedians like Lenny Bruce, that since the late 1950s have been labeled for using "sick comedy" by mainstream journalists, have also been labeled with "black comedy".

Joseph Heller

HellerHeller, Joseph
With the paperback, Friedman labeled as "black humorists" a variety of authors, such as J. P. Donleavy, Edward Albee, Joseph Heller, Thomas Pynchon, John Barth, Vladimir Nabokov, Bruce Jay Friedman himself, and Louis-Ferdinand Céline.

Sick comedy

sick comediansick humorsick jokes
Comedians like Lenny Bruce, that since the late 1950s have been labeled for using "sick comedy" by mainstream journalists, have also been labeled with "black comedy".

Karl Kraus (writer)

Karl KrausDie FackelKraus
In the Weimar era Kabaretts, this genre was particularly common, and according to Luttazzi, Karl Valentin and Karl Kraus were the major masters of it.
Along with Karl Valentin, he is considered a master of gallows humor.

Monty Python

PythonesquePythonPythons
The film is by far their darkest work, containing a great deal of black humour, garnished by some spectacular violence (including an operation to remove a liver from a living patient without anaesthetic and the morbidly obese Mr. Creosote exploding over several restaurant patrons after finally giving in to the smooth maître d' telling him to eat a mint – "It's only a wafer-thin mint...").

Off-color humor

off-colorcrude humordirty joke
Many comedic genres (including jokes, prose, poems, black comedy, blue comedy, insult comedy, cringe comedy and skits) can incorporate vulgar elements.

Comedy horror

horror comedyhorror comedy filmcomedy horror film
It often crosses over with the black comedy genre.

List of last words

last wordsdying commandfinal words
There are multiple recorded instances of humorous last words and final statements.

Death

mortalitydeceaseddead
Popular themes of the genre include death and violence, discrimination, disease, and human sexuality.

Violence

violentviolent behaviorphysical violence
Popular themes of the genre include death and violence, discrimination, disease, and human sexuality.

Discrimination

discriminatoryanti-discriminationdiscriminate
Popular themes of the genre include death and violence, discrimination, disease, and human sexuality.

Disease

morbidityillnessdiseases
Popular themes of the genre include death and violence, discrimination, disease, and human sexuality.

Human sexuality

sexualitysexualsex
Popular themes of the genre include death and violence, discrimination, disease, and human sexuality.

Nudity

nudenakedfull frontal nudity
Black comedy differs from both blue comedy—which focuses more on crude topics such as nudity, sex, and bodily fluids—and from straightforward obscenity.