A report on Blackout (drug-related amnesia)

Phenomenon caused by the intake of any substance or medication in which short-term and long-term memory creation is impaired, therefore causing a complete inability to recall the past.

- Blackout (drug-related amnesia)

4 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Amnesie

Amnesia

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Deficit in memory caused by brain damage or disease, but it can also be caused temporarily by the use of various sedatives and hypnotic drugs.

Deficit in memory caused by brain damage or disease, but it can also be caused temporarily by the use of various sedatives and hypnotic drugs.

Amnesie

Alcohol can both cause blackouts and have deleterious effects on memory formation.

Hippocampus (brain)

Anterograde amnesia

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Loss of the ability to create new memories after the event that caused amnesia, leading to a partial or complete inability to recall the recent past, while long-term memories from before the event remain intact.

Loss of the ability to create new memories after the event that caused amnesia, leading to a partial or complete inability to recall the recent past, while long-term memories from before the event remain intact.

Hippocampus (brain)

Anterograde amnesia can also be caused by alcohol intoxication, a phenomenon commonly known as a blackout.

1912 U.S. Happy New Year postcard

Binge drinking

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Drinking alcoholic beverages with an intention of becoming intoxicated by heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time, but definitions vary considerably.

Drinking alcoholic beverages with an intention of becoming intoxicated by heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time, but definitions vary considerably.

1912 U.S. Happy New Year postcard
A young man lying comatose after a binge drinking session
William Hogarth, 1731
A drunken man, 1804
Binge drinking can prompt police action for public intoxication and disturbing the peace.

Another common risk is a blackout (alcohol-related amnesia), which can cause shame, guilt, embarrassment, harm to personal relationships, injury or death, and is also associated with the loss of personal belongings.

Ethanol

Effects of alcohol on memory

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Type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.

Type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.

Ethanol
Alcoholic beverages
A hippocampal pyramidal cell
A GABAA receptor
Animation: Hippocampus (red)
Anterior cingulate cortex (yellow)
Animation: Parietal lobe (red)
Working Memory Model. Alcohol intoxication can disrupt rehearsal strategies which may involve the phonological loop and/or the visuospatial sketchpad.

A blackout is an example of a difficulty in encoding episodic memories due to alcohol.