Blanche of Castile

BlancheBlanche de CastilleBlanche of CastilleBlanche, Queen mother of FrancehistQueen Blanche
Blanche of Castile (Blanca; 4 March 1188 – 27 November 1252) was Queen of France by marriage to Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX: during his minority from 1226 until 1234, and during his absence from 1248 until 1252.wikipedia
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Louis VIII of France

Louis VIIIPrince LouisLouis
Blanche of Castile (Blanca; 4 March 1188 – 27 November 1252) was Queen of France by marriage to Louis VIII.
On 23 May 1200, at the age of 12, Louis was married to Blanche of Castile, daughter of King Alfonso VIII of Castile and Eleanor of England, the sister of King Richard I and King John of England.

Urraca of Castile, Queen of Portugal

Urraca of CastileUrracaInfanta Urraca of Castile
In consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sister, Urraca, was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis.
Urraca was originally considered as a prospective bride for Louis VIII of France, but Eleanor objected to her name (Urraca means magpie in Castilian), preferring the Castilian name of Urraca's sister Blanche, Blanca.

Louis IX of France

Louis IXSaint LouisKing Louis IX
She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX: during his minority from 1226 until 1234, and during his absence from 1248 until 1252.
Louis was crowned in Reims at the age of 12, following the death of his father Louis VIII; his mother, Blanche of Castile, ruled the kingdom as regent until he reached maturity.

Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile

Eleanor of EnglandEleanorLeonora of England
She was born in Palencia, Spain, 1188, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII, King of Castile, and Eleanor of England.

Philip II of France

Philip AugustusPhilip IIPhilip II Augustus
In consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sister, Urraca, was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis.
To seal the treaty, a marriage between Blanche of Castile, John's niece, and Louis the Lion, Philip's son, was contracted.

Alphonse, Count of Poitiers

AlphonseAlfonsoAlphonse de Poitiers
By the terms of the agreement, his daughter and heir, Joan, married Blanche's son, Alphonse, and the county could only pass to his heirs.
Born at Poissy, Alphonse was a son of Louis VIII, King of France and Blanche of Castile.

Theobald I of Navarre

Theobald IVTheobald ITheobald IV of Champagne
Helped by Theobald IV of Champagne and the papal legate to France, Romano Bonaventura, she organized an army.
At the beginning of the regency of Blanche of Castile, he abandoned a conspiracy against the French king, which also included Hugh X of Lusignan and Peter I of Brittany, and cemented a strong relation with the regent.

Isabella of Angoulême

IsabellaIsabella of AngoulemeIsabelle of Angoulême
At the cost of some of the crown's influence in Poitou, Blanche managed to keep the English Queen mother Isabelle, Countess of Angoulême and her second husband, Hugh X of Lusignan, from supporting the English side.
Some of Isabella's contemporaries, as well as later writers, claim that Isabella formed a conspiracy against King Louis IX of France in 1241, after being publicly snubbed by his mother, Blanche of Castile, for whom she had a deep-seated hatred.

Eleanor of Aquitaine

EleanorQueen EleanorEleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine
Their grandmother Eleanor of Aquitaine, after meeting the two sisters, judged that Blanche's personality was more fit for a queen consort of France.
King Alfonso VIII and Eleanor's daughter, Queen Eleanor of Castile, had two remaining unmarried daughters, Urraca and Blanche.

John, King of England

King JohnJohnJohn of England
In consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sister, Urraca, was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis.
The rebel barons responded by inviting the French prince Louis to lead them: Louis had a claim to the English throne by virtue of his marriage to Blanche of Castile, a granddaughter of Henry II.

Treaty of Paris (1229)

Treaty of ParisTreaty of MeauxTreaty of Meaux-Paris
In 1229, she was responsible for the Treaty of Paris, in which Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse, submitted to Louis.
Louis was still a minor, and it was his mother Blanche of Castile who was responsible for the treaty.

Treaty of Le Goulet

Treaty (or Peace) of Le Goulet
In consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche's sister, Urraca, was betrothed to Philip's son, Louis.
John's niece Blanche, daughter of his sister Leonora and Alfonso VIII of Castile, married Philip's eldest son, Louis VIII of France (to be eventually known as Louis the Lion).

Margaret of Provence

MargaretMarguerite of ProvenceMarguerite de Provence
In 1234, Louis married Margaret of Provence, who was the eldest of the four daughters of Ramon, Count of Provence, and Beatrice of Savoy.
In 1233, Blanche of Castile sent one of her knights to Provence, partly to offset the troublesome Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse, and partly to meet Margaret, whose grace and beauty were widely reported.

Maubuisson Abbey

Abbey of MaubuissonAbbess of MaubuissonMaubuisson
She was buried at Maubuisson Abbey, which she had founded herself.
It was founded in A.D. 1236 by Blanche of Castile.

Queen mother

empress motherEmpress Mother of the Roman EmpireQueen
At the cost of some of the crown's influence in Poitou, Blanche managed to keep the English Queen mother Isabelle, Countess of Angoulême and her second husband, Hugh X of Lusignan, from supporting the English side.

Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse

Raymond VII of ToulouseRaymond VIICount Raymond VII of Toulouse
In 1229, she was responsible for the Treaty of Paris, in which Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse, submitted to Louis.
He then tried to get support of Blanche, Queen mother of France to marry Beatrice of Provence, who had just become Countess of Provence, but Beatrice married Blanche's son Charles instead.

Isabelle of France (saint)

Isabelle of FranceIsabelleIsabel of France
Both Louis and Isabelle, her only surviving daughter, were canonized.
Isabelle of France (March 1225 – 23 February 1270) was the daughter of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.

Charles I of Anjou

Charles of AnjouCharles I of NaplesCharles I of Sicily
The youngest son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile, Charles was destined for a Church career until the early 1240s.

Robert I, Count of Artois

Robert I of ArtoisRobertRobert of Artois
Robert I (25 September 1216 – 8 February 1250), called the Good, was the first Count of Artois, the fifth (and second surviving) son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.

Yolande of Brittany

YolandeYolande de Dreux, Countess of Penthièvre and of PorhoetYolande, Countess of Penthièvre
In 1226, he sought to marry Yolande of Brittany, Mauclerc's daughter.
Blanche, regent of France, wanted to prevent Henry from gaining land or influence in France, and so forced Yolande's father to change her betrothal.

Ferdinand, Count of Flanders

FerdinandFerdinand of FlandersFerdinand of Portugal
To gain support, she released Ferdinand, Count of Flanders, who had been in captivity since the Battle of Bouvines.
He was released in 1226, by the French regent, Blanche of Castile, after the accession of her son Louis IX of France.

King John (play)

King JohnThe Life and Death of King JohnKing John'' (play)
The character Blanche of Castile is featured in the Shakespearean history play King John.

Peter I, Duke of Brittany

Peter IPierre MauclercPeter Mauclerc
Several key barons, led by Peter Mauclerc, refused to recognize the coronation of the young king.
He also accompanied Louis VIII by joining the Albigensian Crusade, but with the latter's death, he participated, with Count Theobald IV of Champagne and Count Hugh X of La Marche, in rebellions against the regent Blanche of Castile, between 1227 and 1234.

Philip I, Count of Boulogne

Philip HurepelPhilippe HurepelPhilip I
She ceded land and castles to Philip I, Count of Boulogne, son of Philip II and his controversial wife, Agnes of Merania.
He revolted against his sister-in-law Blanche of Castile when his elder half-brother Louis VIII died in 1226.

Joan, Countess of Ponthieu

Jeanne of DammartinJoan of DammartinJoan of Ponthieu
When Henry became engaged to Joan, Countess of Ponthieu, Blanche lobbied the Pope to deny the marriage based on consanguinity, denying the dispensation Henry sought.
In 1235, the queen-regent of France, Blanche of Castile, invoked that promise on behalf of her son, King Louis IX of France, and threatened to deprive Simon of all his lands if Joan married Henry III.