Blood vessel

vascularblood vesselsintravascularvesselsavascularvesselextravascularvasculaturevascularityvascularized
The blood vessels are the components of the circulatory system that transport blood throughout the human body.wikipedia
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Artery

arteriesarterialarterial system
There are five types of blood vessels: the arteries, which carry the blood away from the heart; the arterioles; the capillaries, where the exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues occurs; the venules; and the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries back towards the heart.
An artery (plural arteries) is a blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to all parts of the body (tissues, lungs, etc.).

Heart

cardiachuman heartapex of the heart
There are five types of blood vessels: the arteries, which carry the blood away from the heart; the arterioles; the capillaries, where the exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues occurs; the venules; and the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries back towards the heart.
The heart is a muscular organ in most animals, which pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system.

Circulatory system

cardiovascularcirculationcardiovascular system
The blood vessels are the components of the circulatory system that transport blood throughout the human body.
The cardiovascular (from Latin words meaning "heart" and "vessel") system comprises the blood, heart, and blood vessels.

Capillary

capillariessinusoidscapillary bed
There are five types of blood vessels: the arteries, which carry the blood away from the heart; the arterioles; the capillaries, where the exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues occurs; the venules; and the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries back towards the heart. Capillaries consist of a single layer of endothelial cells with a supporting subendothelium consisting of a basement membrane and connective tissue.
A capillary is a small blood vessel from 5 to 10 micrometres (μm) in diameter, and having a wall one endothelial cell thick.

Arteriole

arteriolesarteriolararterial
There are five types of blood vessels: the arteries, which carry the blood away from the heart; the arterioles; the capillaries, where the exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues occurs; the venules; and the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries back towards the heart.
An arteriole is a small-diameter blood vessel in the microcirculation that extends and branches out from an artery and leads to capillaries.

Blood

human bloodhematologicaloxygen consumption
The blood vessels are the components of the circulatory system that transport blood throughout the human body.
Blood is circulated around the body through blood vessels by the pumping action of the heart.

Vein

veinsvenousvenous system
There are five types of blood vessels: the arteries, which carry the blood away from the heart; the arterioles; the capillaries, where the exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues occurs; the venules; and the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries back towards the heart.
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart.

Venule

venulesvenulavenular
There are five types of blood vessels: the arteries, which carry the blood away from the heart; the arterioles; the capillaries, where the exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues occurs; the venules; and the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries back towards the heart.
A venule is a very small blood vessel in the microcirculation that allows blood to return from the capillary beds to drain into the larger blood vessels, the veins.

Epithelium

epithelialepithelial cellsepithelial cell
Some structures – such as cartilage, the epithelium, and the lens and cornea of the eye – do not contain blood vessels and are labeled avascular.
Epithelial tissues line the outer surfaces of organs and blood vessels throughout the body, as well as the inner surfaces of cavities in many internal organs.

Endothelium

endothelialendothelial cellsendothelial cell
Capillaries consist of a single layer of endothelial cells with a supporting subendothelium consisting of a basement membrane and connective tissue.
Endothelium refers to cells that line the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood or lymph in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall.

Human body

bodyhuman anatomyhuman physiology
The blood vessels are the components of the circulatory system that transport blood throughout the human body.
The circulatory system consists of the heart and blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries).

Circulatory anastomosis

anastomosesarteriovenous anastomosesanastomose
When blood vessels connect to form a region of diffuse vascular supply it is called an anastomosis.
A circulatory anastomosis is a connection (an anastomosis) between two blood vessels, such as between arteries (arterio-arterial anastomosis), between veins (veno-venous anastomosis) or between an artery and a vein (arterio-venous anastomosis).

Tissue (biology)

tissuetissuesbiological tissue
There are five types of blood vessels: the arteries, which carry the blood away from the heart; the arterioles; the capillaries, where the exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues occurs; the venules; and the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries back towards the heart.
The epithelium in all animals is derived from the ectoderm and endoderm, with a small contribution from the mesoderm, forming the endothelium, a specialized type of epithelium that composes the vasculature.

Cornea

cornealcorneal diseasecorneal diseases
Some structures – such as cartilage, the epithelium, and the lens and cornea of the eye – do not contain blood vessels and are labeled avascular.
Because transparency is of prime importance, the healthy cornea does not have or need blood vessels within it.

Vascular smooth muscle

vascular smooth muscle cellssmooth musclevascular
Vasoconstriction is the constriction of blood vessels (narrowing, becoming smaller in cross-sectional area) by contracting the vascular smooth muscle in the vessel walls.
Vascular smooth muscle refers to the particular type of smooth muscle found within, and composing the majority of the wall of blood vessels.

Vasa vasorum

blood vessels supplying the artery itselfsmall blood vesselsvasa-vasorum
The vasa vasorum is a network of small blood vessels that supply the walls of large blood vessels, such as elastic arteries (e.g., the aorta) and large veins (e.g., the venae cavae).

Nerve

nervesinnervationinnervated
Nerves are bundled and often travel along with blood vessels, since the neurons of a nerve have fairly high energy requirements.

Tunica externa

tunica adventitiaadventitiaouter adventitial layer
The tunica externa (New Latin "outer coat") — also known as the tunica adventitia (New Latin "additional coat"), is the outermost tunica (layer) of a blood vessel, surrounding the tunica media.

Organ (anatomy)

organorgansviscera
In general, arteries and arterioles transport oxygenated blood from the lungs to the body and its organs, and veins and venules transport deoxygenated blood from the body to the lungs.
The main tissue is unique for the specific organ, such as the myocardium, the main tissue of the heart, while sporadic tissues include the nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues.

Inflammation

inflammatoryinflammatory responseinflamed
It is also increased in inflammation in response to histamine, prostaglandins and interleukins, which leads to most of the symptoms of inflammation (swelling, redness, warmth and pain).
Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.

Lung

lungspulmonaryright lung
(The values are reversed in the pulmonary circulation.) In addition to carrying oxygen, blood also carries hormones, waste products and nutrients for cells of the body.
Both lungs have a central recession called the hilum at the root of the lung, where the blood vessels and airways pass into the lungs.

Vasodilation

vasodilatorvasodilatorsvasodilatation
Vasodilation is a similar process mediated by antagonistically acting mediators.
Vasodilation is the widening of blood vessels.

Angiogenesis

angiogenicvascularizationvascularized
Cancer, for example, cannot progress unless the tumor causes angiogenesis (formation of new blood vessels) to supply the malignant cells' metabolic demand.
Angiogenesis is the physiological process through which new blood vessels form from pre-existing vessels, formed in the earlier stage of vasculogenesis.

Cardiovascular disease

heart diseasecardiac diseasecardiovascular
Atherosclerosis, the formation of lipid lumps (atheromas) in the blood vessel wall, is the most common cardiovascular disease, the main cause of death in the Western world.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.

Prostaglandin

prostaglandinsprostoglandinprostaglandins a
It is also increased in inflammation in response to histamine, prostaglandins and interleukins, which leads to most of the symptoms of inflammation (swelling, redness, warmth and pain).
However, while COX-1 and COX-2 are both located in the blood vessels, stomach and the kidneys, prostaglandin levels are increased by COX-2 in scenarios of inflammation and growth.