Bluetooth Low Energy

BLEBluetooth LELow EnergyLEBluetooth SmartBluetooth Low Energy (BLE)4.0 (LE)Wibree Bluetooth low energy (IPSP)4.0
Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart ) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.wikipedia
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Bluetooth

Bluetooth 4.0Bluetooth 5.0Bluetooth 2.0
Compared to Classic Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy is intended to provide considerably reduced power consumption and cost while maintaining a similar communication range.
Bluetooth Low Energy uses 2MHz spacing, which accommodates 40 channels.

List of Bluetooth profiles

A2DPAVRCPBluetooth profile
Borrowing from the original Bluetooth specification, the Bluetooth SIG defines several profiles — specifications for how a device works in a particular application — for low energy devices.
For the Bluetooth low energy stack according to Bluetooth 4.0 a special set of profiles applies.

Bluetooth mesh networking

Bluetooth MeshBluetooth mesh Lighting modelMesh
Mesh specification enables using Bluetooth Low Energy for many-to-many device communications for home automation, sensor networks and other applications.
Bluetooth Mesh is a computer mesh networking standard based on Bluetooth Low Energy that allows for many-to-many communication over Bluetooth radio.

IBeacon

BeaconsiBeacons
Manufacturers of iBeacon devices implement the appropriate specifications for their device to make use of proximity sensing capabilities supported by Apple's iOS devices.
Various vendors have since made iBeacon-compatible hardware transmitters – typically called beacons – a class of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) devices that broadcast their identifier to nearby portable electronic devices.

Continua Health Alliance

The Continua Health Alliance
The Continua Health Alliance consortium promotes these in cooperation with the Bluetooth SIG.
Continua selected Bluetooth Low Energy and ZigBee wireless protocols as the wireless standards for its Version 2 Design Guidelines which have been released.

Windows 8

8Microsoft Windows 8Windows 8.0
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

Internet of things

IoTInternet of Things (IoT)Internet-of-Things
On the technical side, Bluetooth 5 will quadruple the range by using increased transmit power or coded physical layer, double the speed by using optional half of the symbol time compared to Bluetooth 4.x, and provide an eight-fold increase in data broadcasting capacity by increasing the advertising data length of low energy Bluetooth transmissions compared to Bluetooth 4.x, which could be important for IoT applications where nodes are connected throughout a whole house.

List of iOS devices

iOS devicesiOS deviceiDevice
Manufacturers of iBeacon devices implement the appropriate specifications for their device to make use of proximity sensing capabilities supported by Apple's iOS devices.

Electronic leash

"Electronic leash" applications are well suited to the long battery life possible for 'always-on' devices.
A relevant existing standard for such application is Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) with the profiles Find Me and Proximity.

Cypress Semiconductor

CypressRamtron InternationalCypress Semiconductor Corp
Several chipmakers including Cambridge Silicon Radio, Dialog Semiconductor, Nordic Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics, Cypress Semiconductor, Silicon Labs and Texas Instruments have introduced their Bluetooth Low Energy optimized chipsets over the last few years.
It offers NOR flash memories, F-RAM and SRAM Traveo microcontrollers, the industry's only PSoC programmable system-on-chip solutions, analog and PMIC Power Management ICs, CapSense capacitive touch-sensing controllers, Wireless BLE Bluetooth Low-Energy and USB connectivity solutions.

Human interface device

HIDhuman interface devices3D motion controller
* HOGP (HID over GATT Profile) allowing Bluetooth LE-enabled Wireless mice, keyboards and other devices offering long-lasting battery life.

ANT (network)

ANT+ANTANT network standard
It is conceptually similar to Bluetooth low energy, but is oriented towards usage with sensors.

Nordic Semiconductor

NordicNordic SemiNordic Semiconductor ASA
Several chipmakers including Cambridge Silicon Radio, Dialog Semiconductor, Nordic Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics, Cypress Semiconductor, Silicon Labs and Texas Instruments have introduced their Bluetooth Low Energy optimized chipsets over the last few years.
Nordic Semiconductor have products that support 3 main connectivity topologies: Bluetooth low energy, ANT, ANT+ and 2.4 GHz proprietary protocols.

Indoor positioning system

Indoor positioningindoor navigationindoor location
Micromapping and indoor mapping has been linked to Bluetooth and to the Bluetooth LE based iBeacon promoted by Apple Inc..

CCM mode

CCMCounter mode with CBC-MACCounter with CBC-MAC (CCM) mode
CCM mode is used in the IEEE 802.11i (as CCMP, an encryption algorithm for WPA2), IPsec, and TLS 1.2, as well as Bluetooth Low Energy (as of Bluetooth 4.0).

Wireless USB

Certified Wireless USBWireless Host Controller InterfaceWUSB

Personal area network

wireless personal area networkPANWPAN
Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart ) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.

Bluetooth Special Interest Group

Bluetooth SIGassociate member of the Bluetooth Special Interest Group
Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart ) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.

Physical fitness

fitnessphysical trainingphysical
Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart ) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.

IOS

Apple iOSiPhone OSiPhone
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

Android (operating system)

AndroidAndroid operating systemList of Android devices
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

Windows Phone

WindowsWPWindows Phones
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

BlackBerry 10

BlackBerryBlackBerry AssistantBlackBerry 10+
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

MacOS

Mac OS XOS XMac
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.