Bluetooth Low Energy

BLELELow EnergyBluetooth LE4.0 (LE)Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) Bluetooth low energy (IPSP)4.0BluetoothBluetooth 4.0 + LE (low energy)
Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart ) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.wikipedia
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Bluetooth

Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR4.0Bluetooth 2.1+EDR
Compared to Classic Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy is intended to provide considerably reduced power consumption and cost while maintaining a similar communication range.
Bluetooth Low Energy uses 2MHz spacing, which accommodates 40 channels.

List of Bluetooth profiles

A2DPA2DP HSP
Borrowing from the original Bluetooth specification, the Bluetooth SIG defines several profiles — specifications for how a device works in a particular application — for low energy devices.
For the Bluetooth low energy stack according to Bluetooth 4.0 a special set of profiles applies.

Bluetooth mesh networking

Bluetooth mesh Lighting modelBluetooth meshMesh
Mesh specification enables using Bluetooth Low Energy for many-to-many device communications for home automation, sensor networks and other applications.
Bluetooth mesh networking, conceived in 2015, adopted on July 13, 2017 is a protocol based upon Bluetooth Low Energy that allows for many-to-many communication over Bluetooth radio.

IBeacon

BeaconsiBeacon microlocationiBeacon technology
Manufacturers of iBeacon devices implement the appropriate specifications for their device to make use of proximity sensing capabilities supported by Apple's iOS devices.
Various vendors have since made iBeacon-compatible hardware transmitters – typically called beacons – a class of Bluetooth low energy (BLE) devices that broadcast their identifier to nearby portable electronic devices.

Continua Health Alliance

The Continua Health Alliance consortium promotes these in cooperation with the Bluetooth SIG.
Continua selected Bluetooth Low Energy and ZigBee wireless protocols as the wireless standards for its Version 2 Design Guidelines which have been released.

Internet of things

IoTInternet of Things (IoT)Internet-of-Things
On the technical side, Bluetooth 5 will quadruple the range by using increased transmit power or coded physical layer, double the speed by using optional half of the symbol time compared to Bluetooth 4.x, and provide an eight-fold increase in data broadcasting capacity by increasing the advertising data length of low energy Bluetooth transmissions compared to Bluetooth 4.x, which could be important for IoT applications where nodes are connected throughout a whole house.
Bluetooth mesh networking – Specification providing a mesh networking variant to Bluetooth low energy (BLE) with increased number of nodes and standardized application layer (Models).

List of iOS devices

iOS devicesiDeviceiOS device
Manufacturers of iBeacon devices implement the appropriate specifications for their device to make use of proximity sensing capabilities supported by Apple's iOS devices.

Windows 8

8Windows 8.18 – 64 bit
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

Electronic leash

"Electronic leash" applications are well suited to the long battery life possible for 'always-on' devices.
A relevant existing standard for such application is Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) with the profiles Find Me and Proximity. Due to this standardized technology, many devices are electronically leashed without significantly depleting the power source of the main device or the wireless token that is near or worn on the body.

Cypress Semiconductor

CypressCypress Semiconductor CorpZantaz
Several chipmakers including Cambridge Silicon Radio, Dialog Semiconductor, Nordic Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics, Cypress Semiconductor, Silicon Labs and Texas Instruments have introduced their Bluetooth Low Energy optimized chipsets over the last few years.
It offers NOR flash memories, F-RAM and SRAM Traveo microcontrollers, and is the only PSoC programmable system-on-chip solutions, analog and PMIC Power Management ICs, CapSense capacitive touch-sensing controllers, Wireless BLE Bluetooth Low-Energy and USB connectivity solutions.

ANT (network)

ANTANT network standard
ANT
It is conceptually similar to Bluetooth low energy, but is oriented towards usage with sensors.

Human interface device

HIDhuman interface devices(HMI)
* HOGP (HID over GATT Profile) allowing Bluetooth LE-enabled Wireless mice, keyboards and other devices offering long-lasting battery life.
HOGP (HID over GATT) – Used for HID devices connected using Bluetooth low energy technology

Nordic Semiconductor

NordicNordic Semiconductor ASA
Several chipmakers including Cambridge Silicon Radio, Dialog Semiconductor, Nordic Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics, Cypress Semiconductor, Silicon Labs and Texas Instruments have introduced their Bluetooth Low Energy optimized chipsets over the last few years.
Nordic Semiconductor have products that support 3 main connectivity topologies: Bluetooth low energy, ANT, ANT+ and 2.4 GHz proprietary protocols.

Indoor positioning system

indoor navigationindoor positioningindoor localization system
Indoor positioning system (IPS)
Micromapping and indoor mapping has been linked to Bluetooth and to the Bluetooth LE based iBeacon promoted by Apple Inc..

CCM mode

CCMCounter Mode CBC-MACCounter mode with CBC-MAC
CCM mode is used in the IEEE 802.11i (as CCMP, an encryption algorithm for WPA2), IPsec, and TLS 1.2, as well as Bluetooth Low Energy (as of Bluetooth 4.0).

IEEE 802.15

802.15802.15.4IEEE 802.15 TG1
IEEE 802.15 / IEEE 802.15.4-2006
Bluetooth low energy

Wireless USB

Certified Wireless USBWUSBMedia Agnostic USB
Wireless USB
Wibree

Personal area network

PANWPANwireless personal area network
Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart ) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.

Bluetooth Special Interest Group

Bluetooth SIGassociate member of the Bluetooth Special Interest Group
Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart ) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.

Physical fitness

fitnessphysical trainingphysical
Bluetooth Low Energy (Bluetooth LE, colloquially BLE, formerly marketed as Bluetooth Smart ) is a wireless personal area network technology designed and marketed by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (Bluetooth SIG) aimed at novel applications in the healthcare, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment industries.

IOS

iPhone OSApple iOSiPhone
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

Android (operating system)

AndroidAndroid operating systemAndroid OS
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

Windows Phone

WPWindowsWindows Phone 7
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.

BlackBerry 10

BlackBerryBlackBerry AssistantBlackBerry 10+
Mobile operating systems including iOS, Android, Windows Phone and BlackBerry, as well as macOS, Linux, Windows 8 and Windows 10, natively support Bluetooth Low Energy.