Bo Callaway

Howard CallawayHoward "Bo" CallawayHoward H. CallawayHoward Hollis CallawayCallaway for GovernorHoward H. (Bo) CallawayHoward “Bo” CallawayU.S. Representative Howard "Bo" Callaway
Howard Hollis "Bo" Callaway Sr. (April 2, 1927 – March 15, 2014) was an American politician and businessman from the state of Georgia.wikipedia
203 Related Articles

Callaway Gardens

Callaway Gardens ResortCason Callaway
He worked with his family to develop what is now Callaway Gardens in Pine Mountain, Georgia and owned Crested Butte ski resort in Colorado.
His son, Bo Callaway, helped develop and run the garden.

Jimmy Carter

CarterPresident CarterPresident Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter, the future president who was then a member of the Georgia State Senate, planned to oppose Callaway for reelection to the House.
When Bo Callaway was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in November 1964, Carter immediately began planning to unseat him.

Garland T. Byrd

He won, having defeated the former lieutenant governor, Garland T. Byrd, 57 percent to 43 percent.
However, he lost to Republican nominee (and 1966 gubernatorial standard-bearer nominee) Howard Callaway.

Lester Maddox

Lester G. MaddoxLester, wielder of the mighty Axe HandlePickrick
The media continually speculated that Callaway would wage a formidable campaign against either Arnall or Lester Maddox, the segregationist businessman who finished in second place in the first primary election.
Republicans cast ballots in the open Democratic primary election, and some chose the candidate they believed would most likely lose the general election to their nominee, Howard "Bo" Callaway.

George Murphy

George Lloyd MurphyGeorge L. MurphySenator George Murphy
National figures like U.S. Representative Gerald Ford and U.S. Senator George Murphy of California campaigned in Georgia for Callaway.
In 1966, he hosted a fundraising dinner in Atlanta, Georgia for US Representative Howard "Bo" Callaway, the first Republican candidate for Governor of Georgia since Reconstruction.

Rosalynn Carter

RosalynnRosalynRosalynn Smith Carter
However, Rosalynn Smith Carter termed Callaway a "favorite" of the John Birch Society even though Callaway had repudiated the anti-communist group founded by Robert Welch after Welch alleged that former President Dwight D. Eisenhower had been a "conscious agent of the communist conspiracy".
In one encounter, she tried endorsing her husband to a man in Washington, Georgia, the latter declaring his support for Republican candidate Bo Callaway before spitting on her.

Ellis Arnall

Arnall, Ellis G.Ellis G. ArnallEllis Gibbs Arnall
Carter complained to Eugene Patterson, then editor of the Atlanta Constitution, that the state's largest newspaper was partial to Callaway despite its primary preference for Democratic former Governor Ellis Arnall, rather than Carter and its neutrality in the general election.
Arnall practically ignored Maddox and concentrated his fire on Republican Howard Callaway, on whom Arnall had compiled a dossier that he said would guarantee Republican defeat in the general election.

Georgia's 3rd congressional district

3rd3rd district3
In 1964, he ran as a "Goldwater Republican" for a seat in the House of Representatives from Georgia's 3rd congressional district.

1966 Georgia gubernatorial election

19661966 gubernatorial race1966 election
However, when Callaway decided to leave the House after a single term to run for governor in 1966, Carter switched races and himself sought the Democratic gubernatorial nomination.
The Republican nominee was U.S. Representative Howard "Bo" Callaway.

Benjamin B. Blackburn

Benjamin B. Blackburn, a suburban Atlanta Republican congressman from 1967 to 1975, said that Callaway was not "racist" but abhorred the high costs of such federal social programs at the expense of taxpayers.
In that same election fellow Republican Bo Callaway challenged the Democrat Lester Maddox, a strong segregationist from Atlanta, in the 1966 gubernatorial race.

Hosea Williams

Hosea L. WilliamsHosea L. Williams, Sr.Rev. Hosea Williams
Several celebrities endorsed the Arnall write-in, including television personality Hugh Downs and singers Peter, Paul, and Mary, Frank Sinatra, and Sammy Davis, Jr. The Georgia civil rights activist Hosea Williams challenged Callaway on a myriad of issues important to liberals and claimed that the Republican nominee had purchased the endorsement of the Atlanta Journal.
In the 1966 gubernatorial race, Williams opposed both the Democratic nominee, segregationist Lester Maddox, and the Republican choice, U.S. Representative Howard Callaway.

Hugo Black

BlackJustice BlackHugo L. Black
Justice Hugo Black, a former Democratic U.S. senator from Alabama, took the strict constructionist line by emphasizing that the Constitution does not dictate how a state must elect its governor.
Black forged the 5–4 majority in the 1967 decision Fortson v. Morris, which cleared the path for the Georgia State Legislature to choose the governor in the deadlocked 1966 race between Democrat Lester Maddox and Republican Howard Callaway.

Carl Sanders

Carl E. Sanders
As a Democrat in 1962, Callaway had supported former Governor Marvin Griffin, who lost the primary to Carl Sanders.
In his speech, Sanders likened Maddox's Republican opponent, U.S. Representative Howard Callaway, to the "arrogance of Richard Nixon, the chameleon ability of Ronald Reagan to switch rather than fight, and the callous concern for human needs that is a throwback to McKinley, Harding, and Coolidge."

Griffin Bell

Griffin B. BellGriffin Boyette BellJudge Griffin Bell
After certification of the election returns, a three-judge federal panel, including future Attorney General of the United States Griffin Bell, a Democrat, and Judge Elbert Tuttle, a Republican, struck down the constitutional provision permitting the legislature to elect the governor.
In the aftermath of the disputed 1966 Georgia gubernatorial election between Democrat Lester Maddox and Republican Howard "Bo" Callaway, Bell joined Republican Judge Elbert Tuttle in striking down the Georgia constitutional provision requiring that the legislature chose the governor if no general election candidate receives a majority of the vote.

William O. Douglas

DouglasJustice DouglasJustice William Douglas
The two liberal dissenters, Abe Fortas and William O. Douglas, supported Callaway's position.
Douglas and Black also disagreed in Fortson v. Morris (1967), which cleared the path for the Georgia State Legislature to choose the governor in the deadlocked 1966 race between Democrat Lester Maddox and Republican Howard Callaway.

George Busbee

George D. BusbeeBusbeeGeorge Dekle Busbee
Also in 1974, George Busbee, another Callaway supporter, defeated Maddox for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination and then trounced the Republican nominee, Ronnie Thompson, the former mayor of Macon.
In 1967, Busbee was one of thirty Democrats in the legislature who voted for the Republican Howard Callaway in the disputed 1966 gubernatorial race, rather than the Democratic nominee Lester Maddox, a segregationist from Atlanta.

Ernest Vandiver

Ernest '''VAN'''diverErnest S. Vandiver Jr.Governor Ernest Vandiver
Conversely, former Governor Ernest Vandiver, who as lieutenant governor from 1955 to 1959 had quarreled with Governor Griffin, dismissed Maddox as "a pipsqueak" and endorsed Callaway.
When the Democratic nomination went not to Arnall but to the Atlanta businessman Lester Maddox, a strong segregationist, the Democrat Vandiver endorsed in the general election the Republican nominee, U.S. Representative Howard "Bo" Callaway, then of Pine Mountain.

Marvin Griffin

S. Marvin GriffinGovernor Marvin GriffinSamuel Marvin Griffin
As a Democrat in 1962, Callaway had supported former Governor Marvin Griffin, who lost the primary to Carl Sanders.
Maddox's opponent, Republican U.S. Representative Howard Callaway, had supported Griffin in the latter's 1962 campaign.

Gary Hart

Gary W. HartHart1988 Democratic Party presidential process
Buchanan then narrowly lost to the incumbent Democrat Gary Hart despite the victory in Colorado of the Reagan/Bush ticket.
In something of a surprise, his Republican opponent was Colorado Secretary of State Mary Estill Buchanan, a moderate candidate who narrowly defeated the more conservative choice, Howard "Bo" Callaway, in the party primary, by less than 2,000 primary votes.

Republican National Committee

RNCRepublican national committeemanChairman of the Republican National Committee
A few months later, he became the Georgia Republican national committeeman and Richard M. Nixon's 1968 "southern coordinator," which secured Nixon's nomination through the Southern Strategy with the help of other Deep South figures, such as Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina and the state chairmen Charlton Lyons of Louisiana and Clarke Reed of Mississippi.

Abe Fortas

Fortas(Abe) FortasFortas, Abe
The two liberal dissenters, Abe Fortas and William O. Douglas, supported Callaway's position.
In 1967, Fortas and Douglas dissented in the 5–4 decision Fortson v. Morris, which cleared the path for the Georgia State Legislature to choose the Governor of Georgia in the deadlocked Georgia gubernatorial election of 1966 between the Democrat Lester Maddox and the Republican Howard Callaway.

Strom Thurmond

J. Strom ThurmondThurmondJames Strom Thurmond
A few months later, he became the Georgia Republican national committeeman and Richard M. Nixon's 1968 "southern coordinator," which secured Nixon's nomination through the Southern Strategy with the help of other Deep South figures, such as Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina and the state chairmen Charlton Lyons of Louisiana and Clarke Reed of Mississippi.
At the 1968 Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida, Thurmond, along with Mississippi state chairman Clarke Reed, former U.S. Representative and gubernatorial nominee Howard Callaway of Georgia, and Charlton Lyons of Louisiana held the Deep South states solidly for Richard M. Nixon despite the sudden last-minute entry of Governor Ronald Reagan of California into the race.

Elliott H. Levitas

Elliott LevitasElliott Harris Levitas
Elliott Levitas, Arnall's law partner from Atlanta, backed Callaway.
In his second term in the state House, he was one of thirty Democrats who voted for the Republican Howard Callaway, rather than the Democratic nominee, Lester Maddox, a segregationist from Atlanta, in the disputed 1966 gubernatorial race.

Elbert Tuttle

Elbert P. TuttleElbert Parr TuttleJudge Elbert P. Tuttle
After certification of the election returns, a three-judge federal panel, including future Attorney General of the United States Griffin Bell, a Democrat, and Judge Elbert Tuttle, a Republican, struck down the constitutional provision permitting the legislature to elect the governor.
In the aftermath of the disputed 1966 Georgia gubernatorial election between Democrat Lester Maddox and Republican Howard "Bo" Callaway, Tuttle joined Judge Griffin Bell, later the United States Attorney General, in striking down the Georgia constitutional provision requiring that the legislature chose the governor if no general election candidate receives a majority of the vote.

Clarke Reed

A few months later, he became the Georgia Republican national committeeman and Richard M. Nixon's 1968 "southern coordinator," which secured Nixon's nomination through the Southern Strategy with the help of other Deep South figures, such as Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina and the state chairmen Charlton Lyons of Louisiana and Clarke Reed of Mississippi.
The southern support for Nixon held at the convention, with Reed taking a major role, along with Senator Thurmond, Drake Edens, and Harry S. Dent, Sr., of South Carolina, Charlton Lyons of Louisiana, Alfred Goldthwaite of Alabama, and Howard Callaway, the defeated 1966 Georgia gubernatorial nominee and Nixon's overall "southern coordinator".