Boat

A recreational motorboat with an outboard motor
Silver model of a boat, tomb PG 789, Royal Cemetery of Ur, 2600-2500 BCE.
Boats with sails in Bangladesh
Traditional Toba Batak boat (circa 1870), photograph by Kristen Feilberg
Fishing boats in Visakhapatnam, India

Watercraft of a large range of types and sizes, but generally smaller than a ship, which is distinguished by its larger size, shape, cargo or passenger capacity, or its ability to carry boats.

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Outboard motor

Basic parts of an outboard motor
Bolinder's two-cylinder Trim outboard engine.
A Mercury Marine 50 hp outboard engine, circa 1980s
1979 Evinrude 70 hp outboard, cowling and air silencer removed, exposing its shift/throttle/spark advance linkages, flywheel, and three carburetors
A motorboat with an outboard motor attached to it
Neutral trim
Trimmed in
Trimmed out
Rotor of the impeller pump (cooling system) of an outboard motor
Vietnamese-style "Shrimp Tail Outboard Motor" Schematic.

An outboard motor is a propulsion system for boats, consisting of a self-contained unit that includes engine, gearbox and propeller or jet drive, designed to be affixed to the outside of the transom.

Dugout canoe

Dugouts on the shore of Lake Malawi
Building a seagoing dugout. The sides have likely been heated and bent outward.
Remains of an 8000-year-old dugout excavated in China
The Pesse canoe is the world's oldest known dugout
Slavic dugout from the 10th century
Ukrainian dugout (dowbanka) from the end of the 19th century
Building a dugout in Estonia
Native Americans making a dugout canoe, 1590
Contemporary seagoing dugout from the Pacific Northwest
Māori waka canoe in a museum

A dugout canoe or simply dugout is a boat made from a hollowed tree.

Ship

Large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep waterways, carrying cargo or passengers, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, research, and fishing.

Main parts of ship. 1: Funnel; 2: Stern; 3: Propeller and Rudder; 4: Portside (the right side is known as starboard); 5: Anchor; 6: Bulbous bow; 7: Bow; 8: Deck; 9: Superstructure
Fijian voyaging outrigger boat with a crab claw sail
One of the sailing trimarans depicted in Borobudur temple, c. 8th century AD in Java, Indonesia
Egyptian sailing ship, c. 1422–1411 BC
A Roman ship carved on the face of the "Ship Sarcophagus", c. 2nd century AD
A Japanese atakebune from the 16th century
Replica of Magellan's Victoria. Ferdinand Magellan led the first expedition that circumnavigated the globe in 1519–1522.
Painting of the Battle of Trafalgar by Auguste Mayer.
Italian full-rigged ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor
RMS Titanic departs from Southampton. Her sinking led to tighter safety regulations
Colombo Express, one of the largest container ships in the world, owned and operated by Hapag-Lloyd of Germany
Ship carrying containers in Gadiara (West Bengal, India)
Passenger ship of Köln-Düsseldorfer on the river Rhine
Hurma, Hans and Voima at the Lake Saimaa in the harbour of Imatra, Finland, at a heritage ship meeting in 2009
Two modern container ships in San Francisco
Albatun Dos, a tuna boat at work near Victoria, Seychelles
The weather ship MS Polarfront at sea.
American aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman and a replenishment ship
A ship's hull endures harsh conditions at sea, as illustrated by this reefer ship in bad weather.
A ship's engine room
The rudder and propeller on a newly built ferry
Aerial view of the, showing a 39° wake, characteristic of vessels passing through water.
Vessels move along the three axes: 1. heave, 2. sway, 3. surge, 4. yaw, 5. pitch, 6. roll
Lines plan for the hull of a basic cargo ship
MS Freedom of the Seas under construction in a shipyard in Turku.
A ship launching at the Northern Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland
Able seaman using a needlegun scaler on a mooring winch.
Workers drag steel plate ashore from beached ships in Chittagong, Bangladesh
The tanker Exxon Valdez spilled 10800000 USgal of oil into Alaska's Prince William Sound.
A cargo ship pumps ballast water over the side
Exhaust stack on a container ship.
Ship breaking near Chittagong, Bangladesh

Ships are generally distinguished from boats, based on size, shape, load capacity, and purpose.

Whaleboat

A modern copy of a whaleboat at Mystic Seaport. The mast is stowed with its heel under the after thwart and resting on the gunwale on the starboard quarter. The 2 tubs containing the whale rope are in the after half of the boat, and the rope is led round the loggerhead and then forward to the bow, between the chocks. The harpoons are already attached to the rope.
Whaleboat aboard the whaling ship Charles W. Morgan at Mystic Seaport

A whaleboat is a type of open boat that was used for catching whales, or a boat of similar design that retained the name when used for a different purpose.

Inboard motor

A 260 hp diesel inboard motor
A 16 hp inboard marine diesel engine, installed in a sailboat.
Engine room layout of a rescue boat
A 8300 kW 5-cylinder, 2-stroke, low-speed marine diesel engine, powering a ship.

An inboard motor is a marine propulsion system for boats.

Lake freighter

Lake freighters, or lakers, are bulk carrier vessels that ply the Great Lakes of North America.

, with pilothouse forward and engine room astern, also equipped with a self-unloading boom.
Cason J. Callaway laid up in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin. (2021)
1000-footer George A. Stinson (now American Spirit) pounds through Lake Huron waves.
Self-unloading freighter discharging bulk cargo at Duluth, Minnesota.
Freighter James R Barker passing through the Straits of Mackinac
MV John B. Aird, a laker with a single aft superstructure.
A lake freighter leaving the Soo Locks (bottom right). Michigan on right foreground, Ontario left and background.
In 2006, (left) in use for cement storage at age 102 with J. A. W. Iglehart (right) in her last month of a 70-year sailing career, which included surviving a U-boat attack in the Atlantic during World War II.
Cedarglen beset in ice during a December trip until freed by two US Coast Guard icebreakers.
Edward L. Ryerson
on winter lay-up in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin, on February 19, 2008.
MV Maumee, one of the long-lived bulk freighters on the Lakes, unloads in Holland, Michigan. Scrapped in 2012 when she was 83 years old.
Willis B. Boyer and Buckeye in the Maumee River, Toledo. Buckeye was later converted to a barge and renamed Lewis J. Kuber and currently is named Menominee.
A modern laker, Earl W. (now Manitowoc), passes the Renaissance Center in Detroit, Michigan.
in Milwaukee for winter layup in February 2014

These vessels are traditionally called boats, although classified as ships.

Gondola

Gondola Ride by Shaun Bowden
La Riva by John Singer Sargent
A gondola on the Grand Canal
Gondolas on the Grand Canal
Gondolas at Santi Giovanni e Paolo in a painting by Michele Marieschi
Traghetti; by 2017, only three remained in Venice.
Gondolas at their moorings
Gondolier
Gondoliers plying their craft in a narrow canal
On the Grand Canal
Gondola on the Providence River, Rhode Island
Gondola Races on the Grand Canal of Venice, by Grigory Gagarin (1830s) "Gondolinos, a slimmer and light-weight version of the gondola, were built for racing and elegant outings.

The gondola (, ; góndoła ) is a traditional, flat-bottomed Venetian rowing boat, well suited to the conditions of the Venetian lagoon.

Motorboat

A motorboat with an outboard motor
Lazzara 80 Sky Lounge enclosed bridge
Model of the first motor boat constructed by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in 1886
Dorothy Levitt won the first Harmsworth Cup, driving the Napier motor yacht in 1903
John Hacker's 1911 Kitty Hawk was the fastest boat in the world between 1911 and 1915
A 2010 Hacker-Craft triple cockpit runabout
2004, 22 ft Spencer runabout
1928 Chris Craft Cadet
1929 Richardson Croisette, 29 foot, Chrysler Ace engine
A motorboat pulling a waterskier

A motorboat, speedboat or powerboat is a boat that is exclusively powered by an engine.

Fishing vessel

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Viking boat showing clinker planking.
Herring Buss taking aboard its drift net (G. Groenewegen).
A dogger viewed from before the port beam. c. 1675 by Willem van de Velde the Younger.
The Herring Fleet Leaving the Dee by David Farquharson, 1888
A Brixham trawler by William Adolphus Knell. The painting is now in the National Maritime Museum.
Seine Net Trawler, Hopeman 1958.
Armed trawler off Iceland.
The German factory ship Kiel NC 105
A seiner fishing for salmon off the coast of Raspberry Island, Alaska.
Lobster fishing boats
Fishing boat in a heavy sea
The fisheries research vessel RV Celtic Explorer
Standard aluminum bass boat, with trolling motor
Drum winches mounted at the stern of an Irish trawler
Puretic power block
Purse seiner
Large purse seiner
Spanish tuna purse seiner, Albatun Dos, near Victoria, Seychelles
Fisherman landing his catch in the Seychelles.
Indian split-log fishing canoe
Fishing boats in Gambia.
Traditional Vietnamese fishing boat
Fishing junk, 1871
A small Philippine basnigan with the characteristic poles used for anchoring nets and holding gas-powered lamps for attracting fish
Traditional fishing lakana with a crab claw sail from Madagascar
The elegant jangada on the coast off Mossoró in Brazil
Indian clinker fishing boats
Traditional Philippine fishing outrigger canoes (bangka)
Fly fishing from a dinghy
Angling from a small inflatable on Saint-Cassien's lake, France
Small sport fishing boat
A larger charter big game rig in Bermuda.

A fishing vessel is a boat or ship used to catch fish in the sea, or on a lake or river.

Boating

Yachts are recreational boats
Boating on the Royal Military Canal at Hythe
Yacht clubs and marinas are centers of boating activities – Yacht Harbour Residence "Hohe Düne" in Rostock, Germany.
Downeast style charter boat Wreck Valley
Boating as a sport
Rack storage.
Sailor equipped with PFD.
Commercial fisherman wearing a PFD with pockets among other safety equipment. Likely pocket contents: A whistle (on the lanyard, left side), dye packet, shark repellent, strobe light and pen knife. A mini-flare is clipped to the 'vest' on the user's left lapel.

Boating is the leisurely activity of travelling by boat, or the recreational use of a boat whether powerboats, sailboats, or man-powered vessels (such as rowing and paddle boats), focused on the travel itself, as well as sports activities, such as fishing or waterskiing.