A report on Bodh Gaya

The Bodhi Tree under which Gautama Buddha is said to have obtained Enlightenment
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Mahabodhi temple, built under the Gupta Empire, 6th century CE.
Buddhist monks meditating in Bodh Gaya
Illustration of the temple built by Asoka at Bodh-Gaya around the Bodhi tree. Sculpture of the Satavahana period at Sanchi, 1st century CE.

Religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar.

- Bodh Gaya

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Vajrasana, Bodh Gaya

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The Vajrasana in the early 20th century
the lost frieze
Anagarika Dharmapala (1864-1933) at the Vajrasana. The throne appears clearly in its exact shape, with supporting columns.
Bharhut relief with the Vajrasana (similar to the [[:File:Anagarika Dharmapala (1864-1933) at the Vajrasana.jpg|Anagarika Dharmapala photograph]] with its supporting columns), and the Mahabodhi Temple around the Bodhi Tree (2nd century BCE).
The Vajrasana as illustrated in Bharhut (2nd century BCE).
Offerings found in Bodh Gaya under the "Enlightenment Throne of the Buddha", with a decorated coin of the Kushan emperor Huvishka, 3rd century CE. British Museum.
Vajrasana top surface as excavated, and geometrical details of closest side.
Vajrasana frieze (right side of the throne).
Modern image. Detail of the decorative frieze on the left side, consisting in honeysuckles and geese, which can also be found on several of the pillar capital of Ashoka.
Front frieze of the Vajrasana: lotuses with multiple calyx, alternating with "flame palmettes". This design is broadly similar to that of [[:File:Frieze of capital of Lat at Allahabad.jpg|the frieze]] of the Allahabad pillar of Ashoka, or [[:File:Sankissa elephant abacus detail.jpg|the abacus of the Sankissa elephant]].
Back frieze detail (nowadays hidden from view): pigeons and flame palmettes.
Right side frieze detail: geese and flame palmettes.

The Vajrasana (diamond throne; Chinese 金剛座 jīngāng zuò; Tibetan རྡོ་རྗེའི་གདན་), or Enlightenment Throne of the Buddha, is an ancient stone slab located under the Bodhi tree, directly beside the Mahabodhi Temple at Bodh Gaya.

Man on a relief, Bharhut, Shunga period.

Shunga Empire

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Ancient Indian dynasty from Magadha that controlled areas of the central and eastern Indian subcontinent from around 185 to 73 BCE.

Ancient Indian dynasty from Magadha that controlled areas of the central and eastern Indian subcontinent from around 185 to 73 BCE.

Man on a relief, Bharhut, Shunga period.
Royal family, Shunga, West Bengal 1st century BCE.
Shunga horseman, Bharhut.
Shunga period stupa at Sanchi.
East Gateway and Railings, Red Sandstone, Bharhut Stupa, 2nd century BCE. Indian Museum, Kolkata.
The Great Stupa under the Shungas. The Shungas nearly doubled the diameter of the initial stupa, encasing it in stone, and built a balustrade and a railing around it.
Extent of the Shunga Empire
Vedika pillar with "Yavana" Greek warrior. Bharhut, Madhya Pradesh, Shunga Period, c. 100-80 BC. Reddish brown sandstone. Indian Museum, Calcutta.
The Yavanarajya inscription, dated to "year 116 of Yavana hegemony", probably 70 or 69 BCE, was discovered in Mathura. Mathura Museum.
The Heliodorus pillar was built in Vidisha under the Shungas, at the instigation of Heliodorus, ambassador of the Indo-Greek king Antialcidas. The pillar originally supported a statue of Garuda. Established circa 100 BCE.
The Sunga territory circa 100 BCE, greatly reduced to the region of Magadha only, with many independent, petty kingdoms such as such as Mathura and Panchala
Shunga balustrade and staircase.
Shunga stonework.
Shunga vedika (railing) with inscriptions.
Deambulatory pathway.
Summit railing and umbrellas.
Elephant and Riders.
Balustrade post with Lakshmi.
Balustrade post with Yaksha.
Pillar with elephants supporting a wheel.
Personage.
Lotus.
Floral motif.
Foreigner on a horse, circa 115 BCE.
Ashoka supported by his two wives. Similar to [[:File:Sanchi King Ashoka with his Queens, South Gate, Stupa no. 1.jpg|the later relief at Gateway 1]].
Relic boxes found inside the stupa.
Stairway and railing.
Lotus medallions.
Floral designs.
Post relief.<ref>Marshall p.82</ref>
Relics of Sariputra and Mahamoggallana.
Chandraketugarth, goddess of fecundity.
Chandraketugarth.
Shunga Yakshi, 2nd–1st century BCE.
Shunga masculine figurine (molded plate). 2nd–1st century BCE.
Shunga woman with child. 2nd–1st century BCE.
Shunga Yaksha. 2nd–1st century BCE.
Shunga mother figure, with attendant. 2nd–1st century BCE.
Shunga fecundity deity. 2nd–1st century BCE.
Baluster-holding yakṣa, Madhya Pradesh, Shunga period (2nd–1st century BCE). Guimet Museum.
Amorous royal couple. Shunga, 1st century BCE, West Bengal.
Sunga Love Scene.
Bronze coin of the Shunga period, Eastern India. 2nd–1st century BCE.
Another Shunga coin
A copper coin of 1/4 karshapana of Ujjain in Malwa.
Shunga coin.

The style of the Shunga period decorations at Sanchi bear a close similarity to those of Bharhut, as well as the peripheral balustrades at Bodh Gaya, which are thought to be the oldest of the three.

Buddha's Birthday celebration in Seoul, South Korea

Buddha's Birthday

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Buddhist festival that is celebrated in most of East Asia and South Asia commemorating the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha, who was the founder of Buddhism.

Buddhist festival that is celebrated in most of East Asia and South Asia commemorating the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha, who was the founder of Buddhism.

Buddha's Birthday celebration in Seoul, South Korea
Buddha's statue located near Belum Caves, Andhra Pradesh, India
Lotus Lantern Festival Yeondeunghoe celebrating Buddha's Birthday, in South Korea
Floating lanterns on a lake for Buddha's Birthday in Jaffna, Sri Lanka
Hanamatsuri in Japan
Shaka at Birth at Tōdaiji (National Treasure of Japan)
Buddha statues at Swayambhu in Nepal
Buddha lantern parade in Daegu, Korea
Vesak Thorana in Piliyandala, Sri Lanka

It is celebrated especially in Sikkim, Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bodh Gaya, Lahaul and Spiti district, Kinnaur, various parts of North Bengal such as Kalimpong, Darjeeling, and Kurseong, and Maharashtra (where 77% of total Indian Buddhists live), as well as other parts of India as per Indian calendar.

An honorary Faxian statue in a Singapore museum.

Faxian

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Chinese Buddhist monk and translator who traveled by foot from China to India to acquire Buddhist texts.

Chinese Buddhist monk and translator who traveled by foot from China to India to acquire Buddhist texts.

An honorary Faxian statue in a Singapore museum.
12th-century woodblock print, 1st page of the Travels of Faxian (Record of the Buddhist Countries). The first sentences read: "In Chang'an, Faxian was distressed that the Vinaya collections was incomplete, so in the 2nd year of Hóngshǐ, or jǐ-hài in the sexagenary cycle [year 399/400], he agreed with Huijing, Daozheng, Huiying and Huiwéi to go seek out more of the Vinaya in India.
Fa Hien at the ruins of Ashoka palace
Faxian´s route through India
Faxian at Daishō-in Temple, Miyajima

He visited Kapilvastu (Lumbini), Bodh Gaya, Benares (Varanasi), Shravasti, and Kushinagar, all linked to events in Buddha's life.

Lumbini

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Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi District of Lumbini Province in Nepal.

Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi District of Lumbini Province in Nepal.

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World Peace Pagoda at Lumbini
Ancient ruins at Lumbini
Bodhi tree
Mayadevi Temple and ruins of ancient monasteries in Lumbini
Chinese Monastery
Royal Thai Monastery
German Monastery
Sri Lankan Temple
South Korean Temple
Austrian Monastery
French Buddhist Monastery
Cambodian Monastery
Singapore monastery
Canadian monastery
Vietnamese Temple (Phat Quoc Tu)
Urgen Dorjee Choling Buddhist Centre
Golden Temple of Myanmar

🇮🇳 Bodh Gaya, India

Buddhaghosa with three copies of Visuddhimagga, Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara

Buddhaghosa

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5th-century Indian Theravada Buddhist commentator, translator and philosopher.

5th-century Indian Theravada Buddhist commentator, translator and philosopher.

Buddhaghosa with three copies of Visuddhimagga, Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara

He is said to have been born near Bodh Gaya, and to have been a master of the Vedas, traveling through India engaging in philosophical debates.

Bodhi Tree near the Mahabodhi Temple.

Bodh Gaya bombings

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Bodhi Tree near the Mahabodhi Temple.

On 7 July 2013 a series of ten bombs exploded in and around the Mahabodhi Temple complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Bodh Gaya, India.

Miracle of the Buddha walking on the River Nairañjanā. The Buddha is not visible (aniconism), only represented by a path on the water, and his empty throne bottom right. Sanchi.

Lilajan River

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River that flows through the Chatra and Gaya districts in the Indian states of Jharkhand and Bihar.

River that flows through the Chatra and Gaya districts in the Indian states of Jharkhand and Bihar.

Miracle of the Buddha walking on the River Nairañjanā. The Buddha is not visible (aniconism), only represented by a path on the water, and his empty throne bottom right. Sanchi.

This tree became known as the Bodhi Tree, and the site became known as Bodh Gayā.

Major Rock Edicts

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The Major Rock Edicts of Indian Emperor Ashoka refer to 14 separate major Edicts of Ashoka which are significantly detailed and represent some of the earliest dated rock inscriptions of any Indian monarch.

The Major Rock Edicts of Indian Emperor Ashoka refer to 14 separate major Edicts of Ashoka which are significantly detailed and represent some of the earliest dated rock inscriptions of any Indian monarch.

The Dhauli Major Rock Inscription of Ashoka. The front is shaped as an elephant. Dhauli, khordha Districts, India.
A Greek translation of Edicts 13 and 14, the Kandahar Greek Edict of Ashoka, was also discovered in Kandahar, Afghanistan.
"Aṃtiyako Yona Rājā" (𑀅𑀁𑀢𑀺𑀬𑀓𑁄 𑀬𑁄𑀦 𑀭𑀸𑀚𑀸, "The Greek king Antiochos"), mentioned in Major Rock Edict No.2, here at Girnar, Gujarat, India. Brahmi script.
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The Diamond Throne built by Ashoka in Bodh Gaya.
Seleucid king Antiochus II Theos (261-246 av.J-C).
King of Egypt Ptolemy II and his sister Arsinoe II.
Antigonus II Gonatas.
Magas, king of Cyrene

In Major Rock Edict No.8 though, Ashoka unambiguously describes his pilgrimage to Sambodhi ( Saṃ+bodhi, “Complete Enlightenment”), another name of Bodh Gaya, the location of the Buddha's awakening.

Gaya Airport

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Restricted international airport serving Gaya, Bihar, India.

Restricted international airport serving Gaya, Bihar, India.

IndiGo Airbus A320 at Gaya Airport

This airport is 12 kilometres south-west of Gaya and 5 kilometres away from the temple city of Bodh Gaya, from where Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment.