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Nonverbal communication

non-verbal communicationnonverbalnon-verbal
Body language is a type of nonverbal communication in which physical behaviors, as opposed to words, are used to express or convey information.
It includes the use of visual cues such as body language (kinesics), distance (proxemics) and physical environments/appearance, of voice (paralanguage) and of touch (haptics).

Gesture

gesturesgesturalgesticulation
Such behavior includes facial expressions, body posture, gestures, eye movement, touch and the use of space.
Gestures allow individuals to communicate a variety of feelings and thoughts, from contempt and hostility to approval and affection, often together with body language in addition to words when they speak.

Sign language

deaf sign languagesign languagessigning
Body language must not be confused with sign language, as sign languages are full languages like spoken languages and have their own complex grammar systems, as well as being able to exhibit the fundamental properties that exist in all languages.
Sign language should not be confused with body language, a type of nonverbal communication.

Kinesics

kinesicmovementreading body language
It is also known as kinesics.
The equivalent popular culture term is body language, a term Ray Birdwhistell, considered the founder of this area of study, neither used nor liked (on the grounds that what can be conveyed with the body does not meet the linguist's definition of language).

Blinking

blinkBlinksreflex blink
Moreover, normally our instinctive eyes need to blink, but when our emotions and feelings towards of person, subconsciously alter our blink rate, blinking more than the average 6-10 times per minute.
Humans use winking, the blinking of only one eye, as a form of body language.

Animal communication

communicationvocalizationsvocalization
Body language exists in both animals and humans, but this article focuses on interpretations of human body language.
Given how recently spoken language has emerged, it is very likely that human body language does include some more or less involuntary responses that have a similar origin to the communication we have.

Computer processing of body language

understand human body language
Computer processing of body language
However the latest technology and computer innovation might allow a computer to not only detect body language but also respond to it. Modern devices are being experimented with, that may potentially allow that computer related device to respond to and understand an individual's hand gesture, specific movement or facial expression.

Albert Mehrabian

Albert Mehrabian maintains that during a conversation, 7% of what is communicated is via what is said, 38% is via tone of voice, and the majority, 55%, is via body language.
His findings on inconsistent messages of feelings and attitudes have been misquoted and misinterpreted throughout human communication seminars worldwide, and have also become known as the "7%-38%-55% Rule", for the relative impact of words, tone of voice, and body language when speaking.

Allan Pease

AllanBarbara Pease
Allan Pease
Allan Pease is an Australian body language expert and author or co-author of fifteen books.

Ray Birdwhistell

Birdwhistell
However, Ray Birdwhistell, who is considered the founder of this area of study, never used the term body language, and did not consider it appropriate.
And, he "resisted the idea that "body language" could be deciphered in some absolute fashion".

Smiley

smiley facehappy facesmiley faces
Smiley
Body language

Facial expression

facial expressionsexpressionmoue
Such behavior includes facial expressions, body posture, gestures, eye movement, touch and the use of space.

Language

languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity
Body language must not be confused with sign language, as sign languages are full languages like spoken languages and have their own complex grammar systems, as well as being able to exhibit the fundamental properties that exist in all languages.

Grammar

grammaticalgrammaticallyrules of language
Body language, on the other hand, does not have a grammar system and must be interpreted broadly, instead of having an absolute meaning corresponding with a certain movement, so it is not a language like sign language, and is simply termed as a "language" due to popular culture.

Ambiguity

ambiguousambiguitiesunambiguous
It helps to establish the relationship between two people and regulates interaction, but can be ambiguous.

Eye

eyesoculareyeball
Combinations of eyes, eyebrow, lips, nose, and cheek movements help form different moods of an individual (example happy, sad, depressed, angry, etc.).

Eyebrow

eyebrowsbrowbrow shaping
Combinations of eyes, eyebrow, lips, nose, and cheek movements help form different moods of an individual (example happy, sad, depressed, angry, etc.).

Emotion

emotionsemotionalemotional state
This is because the face and the body are normally seen together in their natural proportions and the emotional signals from the face and body are well integrated.

Pupil

pupilspupillaryanatomical pupil
For instance, the research approved that, the person has no control over of his pupils, and the pupils expanded when someone interested in the other person, or looking at something.

Hindus

hinduHindiHindoos
However, pointing at a person may be viewed as aggressive in other cultures—for example, people who share Hindu beliefs consider finger pointing offensive.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
Likewise, the thumbs up gesture could show "OK" or "good" in countries like the US, France and Germany.

France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
Likewise, the thumbs up gesture could show "OK" or "good" in countries like the US, France and Germany.