Boeing CH-47 Chinook

ChinookCH-47 ChinookCH-47Chinook helicopterCH-47F ChinookChinooksMH-47ECH-47JCH-147 ChinookMH-47 Chinook
The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is an American twin-engined, tandem rotor, heavy-lift helicopter developed by American rotorcraft company Vertol and manufactured by Boeing Vertol (later known as Boeing Rotorcraft Systems).wikipedia
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Boeing Chinook (UK variants)

ChinookBoeing ChinookChinooks
The military version of the helicopter has been subject to numerous export sales from nations across the world, typically using it as heavy-lift rotorcraft in a military context; the U.S. Army and the Royal Air Force (see Boeing Chinook (UK variants)) have been its two largest users.
A series of variants based on the United States Army's Boeing CH-47 Chinook, the RAF Chinook fleet is the largest outside the United States.

Aerial firefighting

water bomberwater bomberswaterbomber
It has been used for a variety of purposes by a range of different civil operators, having often been used for passenger and cargo transport, along with niche roles such as aerial firefighting and to support various industrial activities, including logging, construction, and oil extraction.
Popular firefighting helicopters include variants of the Bell 204, Bell 205, Bell 212, Boeing Vertol 107, Boeing Vertol 234 and the Sikorsky S-64 Aircrane helitanker, which features a snorkel for filling from a natural or man-made water source while in hover.

Piasecki H-21

H-21CH-21CH-21 Shawnee
Some officials in Army Aviation thought that the new helicopter should be operated as a light tactical transport aimed at taking over the missions of the old piston-engined Piasecki H-21 and Sikorsky H-34 helicopters, and be consequently capable of carrying about 15 troops (one squad).
In 1965, the Boeing CH-47 Chinook was deployed to Vietnam, and later that year, most CH-21 helicopters were withdrawn from active inventory in the U.S. Army and Air Force.

1978 Iranian Chinook shootdown

1978, 4 Iranian ChinooksIn a similar incident a decade earliershot down
In the 1978 Iranian Chinook shootdown, four Iranian CH-47Cs penetrated 15–20 km into Soviet airspace in the Turkmenistan Military District.
The 1978 Iranian Chinook shootdown was an incident on 21 June 1978, when four Boeing CH-47 Chinook of the Imperial Iranian Air Force strayed into Soviet airspace during a training mission, with the end result being that two of the aircraft were shot down by the PVO.

Boeing Rotorcraft Systems

Boeing VertolBoeing-VertolBoeing
The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is an American twin-engined, tandem rotor, heavy-lift helicopter developed by American rotorcraft company Vertol and manufactured by Boeing Vertol (later known as Boeing Rotorcraft Systems).
The company was responsible for the design and production of the CH-46 Sea Knight and the CH-47 Chinook.

Kawasaki Heavy Industries

KawasakiKawasaki HIKawasaki Sharyo
The Chinook has also been licensed to be built by companies outside the United States, such as Elicotteri Meridionali (now AgustaWestland) in Italy and Kawasaki in Japan.
It also produces the CH-47J / JA helicopter.

Cargo hook (helicopter)

cargo hookcargo hooksexternal cargo load
The Chinook possesses several means of loading various cargoes, including multiple doors across the fuselage, a wide loading ramp located at the rear of the fuselage, and a total of three external ventral cargo hooks to carry underslung loads, as well.

Libyan Air Force

Air ForceLibyan Arab Air ForceLibyan Arab Republic Air Force
In 1976, the Libyan Air Force purchased 24 Italian-built CH-47C helicopters, 14 of which were transferred to the Libyan Army during the 1990s.
In 1976, 20 CH-47 Chinook heavy transport helicopters were acquired from Italy, 14 of which were transferred to the army during the 1990s.

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23

MiG-23MiG-23BNMiG-23s
They were intercepted by a MiG-23M which shot down one, killing eight crew members, and forced a second one to land.
In a similar incident a decade earlier, on 21 June 1978, a PVO MiG-23M flown by Pilot Captain V. Shkinder shot down two Iranian Boeing CH-47 Chinook helicopters that had trespassed into Soviet airspace, one helicopter being dispatched by two R-60 missiles and the other by cannon fire.

Boeing

The Boeing CompanyBoeing CompanyBoeing Aircraft Company
After an agreement signed between Boeing and Elicotteri Meridionali, the Imperial Iranian Air Force purchased 20 Elicotteri Meridionali-built CH-47Cs in 1971.
The twin-rotor CH-47 Chinook, produced by Vertol, took its first flight in 1961.

Iran–Iraq War

Iran-Iraq Warwarwar with Iraq
During the Iran–Iraq War, Iran made heavy use of its US-bought equipment, and lost at least eight CH-47s during the 1980–1988 period, most notably during a clash on 15 July 1983, when an Iraqi Mirage F1 destroyed three Iranian Chinooks transporting troops to the front line, and on 25–26 February 1984, when Iraqi MiG-21 fighters shot down two examples.
On 22 March 1982, Iran launched an attack which took the Iraqi forces by surprise: using Chinook helicopters, they landed behind Iraqi lines, silenced their artillery, and captured an Iraqi headquarters.

1st Cavalry Division (United States)

1st Cavalry Division1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile)1st Air Cavalry Division
The 1st Cavalry Division had brought its organic Chinook battalion when it arrived in 1965 and a separate aviation medium helicopter company, the 147th, had arrived in Vietnam on 29 November 1965.
Shortly thereafter, the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) began deploying to Camp Radcliff, An Khe, Vietnam, in the Central Highlands and was equipped with the new M16 rifle, the UH-1 troop carrier helicopter, UH-1C gunships, the CH-47 Chinook cargo helicopter, and the massive CH-54 Skycrane cargo helicopter.

M60 machine gun

M60M60 7.62 mm/30 caliber machine gunsM-60
The CH-47s in Vietnam were generally armed with a single 7.62-mm M60 machine gun on a pintle mount on either side of the aircraft for self-defense, with stops fitted to keep the gunners from firing into the rotor blades.
The M60D was equipped on the UH-1B Huey (using the M23, XM29, M59, and the Sagami mounts), the CH-47 Chinook (using the M24 and M41 mounts) in both door and ramp locations, the ACH-47A "Guns-A-Go-Go" variant of the Chinook (using the XM32 and XM33 mounts), and on the UH-60 Black Hawk (using the M144 mount).

Tandem rotors

tandem rotortandem-rotorTandem
The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is an American twin-engined, tandem rotor, heavy-lift helicopter developed by American rotorcraft company Vertol and manufactured by Boeing Vertol (later known as Boeing Rotorcraft Systems).
CH-47 Chinook (1961) - most-produced tandem-rotor helicopter (over 1,200 built)

United States Army Aviation Branch

AviationArmy AviationAviation Branch
Some officials in Army Aviation thought that the new helicopter should be operated as a light tactical transport aimed at taking over the missions of the old piston-engined Piasecki H-21 and Sikorsky H-34 helicopters, and be consequently capable of carrying about 15 troops (one squad).
These included the UH-60 Black Hawk, AH-64 Apache, D-model of the CH-47 Chinook, and OH-58D version of the Kiowa.

Lycoming T55

T55Lycoming T-55-L-7CAvco Lycoming AL5512
The CH-47 is powered by two Lycoming T55 turboshaft engines, mounted on each side of the helicopter's rear pylon and connected to the rotors by drive shafts.
Boeing CH-47 Chinook

MGM-31 Pershing

PershingPershing missileMGM-31 "Pershing" missile system
Another faction in Army Aviation thought that the new helicopter should be much larger, enabling it to be able to airlift large artillery pieces and possess enough internal space to carry the new MGM-31 "Pershing" missile system.
The erector-launcher, PTS, PS and RTS could be removed from the carriers and air-transported in fourteen CH-47 Chinook loads.

Airlift

strategic airlifttactical airliftstrategic airlifter
Another faction in Army Aviation thought that the new helicopter should be much larger, enabling it to be able to airlift large artillery pieces and possess enough internal space to carry the new MGM-31 "Pershing" missile system.
Larger helicopters such as the CH-47 Chinook and Mil Mi-26 can also be used to airlift men and equipment.

Islamic Republic of Iran Army Aviation

Army AviationIranian Army AviationArmy Aviation (''Havanirooz'')
The Imperial Iranian Army Aviation purchased 70 CH-47Cs from Elicotteri Meridionali between 1972 and 1976.
Iran also took delivery of 70 Boeing (Elicotteri Meridionali) CH-47C Chinooks and 11 more after the Revolution from Italy.

Chinookan peoples

ChinookChinookanChinook Indian Nation
Its name, Chinook, is from the Native American Chinook people of modern-day Washington state.
Boeing CH-47 Chinook

160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Airborne)

160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment160th SOARNight Stalkers
The MH-47D was used by U.S. Army 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment.
(Their unit in TF Sword was designated Task Force Brown.) In the evening of 18 October into 19 October 2001, two SOAR MH-47E helicopters, escorted by MH-60L DAPs (Direct Action Penetrators), airlifted U.S. troops from the Karshi-Khanabad Air Base in Uzbekistan more than 300 km across the 16000 ft Hindu Kush mountains into Afghanistan.

Ridley Park, Pennsylvania

Ridley ParkRidley Park Borough, Delaware CountyRidley Park, PA
In 2001, the first CH-47F, an upgraded CH-47D, made its maiden flight; the first production model rolled out on 15 June 2006 at Boeing's facility in Ridley Park, Pennsylvania, and first flew on 23 October 2006.
Ridley Park is the home of The Boeing Company's CH-47 Chinook helicopter division.

M198 howitzer

M198M198 155 mmM198 155 mm howitzer
In air assault operations, it often serves as the principal mover of the 155 mm M198 howitzer, accompanying 30 rounds of ammunition, and an 11-man crew.
The M198 155 mm howitzer weighs less than 16000 lb, allowing it to be dropped by parachute or transported by a CH-53E Super Stallion or CH-47 Chinook.

Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight

CH-46 Sea KnightCH-46CH-46E Sea Knight
While the YHC-1A would be improved and adopted by the U.S. Marine Corps as the CH-46 Sea Knight, the Army sought a heavier transport helicopter, and ordered an enlarged derivative of the V-107 with the Vertol designation Model 114.

Bravo November

lone surviving Chinook
The sole surviving British Chinook, Bravo November, did outstanding service in the Falklands, even lifting 81 troops on one occasion.
These helicopters were to become British variants of the United States Army's Boeing CH-47 Chinook.