Boer Republics

Boer RepublicrepublicBoerdifferent republicsOrange Free State RepublicrepublicanrepublicsVoortrekker Republics
The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were independent, self-governed republics in the last half of the nineteenth century, created by the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony and their descendants, variously named Trekboers, Boers and Voortrekkers in mainly the middle, northern and north eastern and eastern parts of what is now the country of South Africa.wikipedia
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Great Trek

voortrekkervoortrekkersBoer Trek
The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were independent, self-governed republics in the last half of the nineteenth century, created by the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony and their descendants, variously named Trekboers, Boers and Voortrekkers in mainly the middle, northern and north eastern and eastern parts of what is now the country of South Africa.
The Great Trek led directly to the founding of several autonomous Boer republics, namely the South African Republic (also known simply as the Transvaal), the Orange Free State, and the Natalia Republic.

Boer

Boerstrekboerswhite farmers
The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were independent, self-governed republics in the last half of the nineteenth century, created by the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony and their descendants, variously named Trekboers, Boers and Voortrekkers in mainly the middle, northern and north eastern and eastern parts of what is now the country of South Africa.
In addition, the term "Boers" also applied to those who left the Cape Colony during the 19th century to settle in the Orange Free State, Transvaal (together known as the Boer Republics), and to a lesser extent Natal.

Orange Free State

Free StateOrange Free State RepublicRepublic of the Orange Free State
Two of the Boer Republics achieved international recognition and complete independence: the South African Republic (ZAR or Transvaal) and the Orange Free State.
It ceased to exist as an independent Boer republic on 31 May 1902 with the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging at the conclusion of the Second Anglo-Boer War.

South Africa

🇿🇦South AfricanRepublic of South Africa
The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were independent, self-governed republics in the last half of the nineteenth century, created by the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony and their descendants, variously named Trekboers, Boers and Voortrekkers in mainly the middle, northern and north eastern and eastern parts of what is now the country of South Africa.
The Boers founded the Boer Republics: the South African Republic (now Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and North West provinces), the Natalia Republic (KwaZulu-Natal), and the Orange Free State (Free State).

Cape Colony

Cape of Good HopeCapeGovernor of the Cape of Good Hope
The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were independent, self-governed republics in the last half of the nineteenth century, created by the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony and their descendants, variously named Trekboers, Boers and Voortrekkers in mainly the middle, northern and north eastern and eastern parts of what is now the country of South Africa. The United Kingdom took over from the Netherlands as the colonial power at the Cape of Good Hope in 1806.
This was known as the Great Trek, and the migrating Boers settled inland, forming the "Boer republics" of Transvaal and the Orange Free State.

Natalia Republic

NataliaNatalRepublic of Natalia
The Natalia Republic was established in 1839 by the local Boers after Pretorius entered into an alliance with Mpande, the new Zulu king.
The Natalia Republic was a short-lived Boer republic on the coast of Southern Africa, established in 1839 by Voortrekkers shortly after the Battle of Blood River.

Nieuwe Republiek

New RepublicNieuwe Republiek Zuid Afrika
The New Republic (comprising the town of Vryheid) was established in 1884 on land given to the local Boers by the Zulu King Dinuzulu, the son of Cetshwayo, after he recruited local Boers to fight on his side.
The Nieuwe Republiek ("New Republic") was a small Boer republic which existed from 1884 to 1888 in present-day South Africa.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
The United Kingdom took over from the Netherlands as the colonial power at the Cape of Good Hope in 1806.
In 1902 Britain occupied both republics, concluding a treaty with the two Boer Republics following the Second Boer War (1899–1902).

Vaal River

VaalTransvaalRiver Vaal
Potgieter declared the lands north and south of the Vaal river as Boer lands.
Historically, the river formed the northern border of Moshoeshoe I's Basotho kingdom at its height in the mid-19th century, then became the boundary between two Boer republics: The South African Republic (later the Transvaal province) and the Orange Free State.

State of Goshen

GoshenGoosenGoshen Republic
Located in an area of Bechuanaland, west of the Transvaal, the State of Goshen existed as an independent nation for a short period: from 1882–1883 as the State of Goshen and, after unification with neighbouring Stellaland, as the United States of Stellaland (Dutch: Verenigde Staten van Stellaland) from 1883–1885.
Goshen, officially known as the State of Goshen (Het Land Goosen) was a short-lived Boer Republic in southern Africa founded by Boers opposing British rule in the region.

Stellaland

Republic of StellalandGoshen
Located in an area of Bechuanaland, west of the Transvaal, the State of Goshen existed as an independent nation for a short period: from 1882–1883 as the State of Goshen and, after unification with neighbouring Stellaland, as the United States of Stellaland (Dutch: Verenigde Staten van Stellaland) from 1883–1885.
The Republic of Stellaland (Republiek Stellaland) was from 1882 to 1883 a Boer republic located in an area of British Bechuanaland (now in South Africa's North West Province), west of the Transvaal.

Orange River Convention

The Orange Free State became independent on 23 February 1854 with the signing of the Bloemfontein or Orange River Convention.
This resulted in the formation of the independent Boer Republic of the Orange Free State (OFS).

Trekboer

trekboerstrekking
The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were independent, self-governed republics in the last half of the nineteenth century, created by the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony and their descendants, variously named Trekboers, Boers and Voortrekkers in mainly the middle, northern and north eastern and eastern parts of what is now the country of South Africa.
Boer republics

Afrikaners

AfrikanerAfrikaansAfrikaner people
On 24 April 2014, political party Front Nasionaal (FN) submitted a land claim to the Land Claims Commissioner in Pretoria on behalf of the Afrikaner nation.
The term was in common usage in both the Boer republics and the Cape Colony by the late nineteenth century.

First Boer War

FirstBoer WarFirst Anglo-Boer War
These two countries continued to exist for several decades, despite the First Boer War with Britain.
a series of Boer republics expanding into territories north of the British sphere of influence in the Cape

Upingtonia

Republic of UpingtoniaRepublic of Upingtonia/Lijdensrust
Republic of Upingtonia/Lijdensrust (1885–1887)
Upingtonia, or the Republic of Upingtonia, was a short-lived Boer republic in the area of present-day Namibia.

Griqualand West

Klipdrift Republic West Griqualand
Most notable among these were Griqualand West and Griqualand East.
This was land through which the Griqua regularly moved with their herds and it was additionally situated in part on land claimed by both the Griqua chief Nicholas Waterboer and by the Boer Republic of the Orange Free State.

Burgher (Boer republics)

burghersburgher
Burgher (Boer republics)
In the South African Boer republics of the 19th century, a burgher was a fully enfranchised citizen.

Klein Vrystaat

Klein Vrystaat (1876–1891), literally Little Free State
Klein Vrystaat (Afrikaans for "Little Free State") was a short-lived Boer republic in what is now South Africa (around the town of Piet Retief).

Potchefstroom

Potchefstroom, South AfricaPotchefstroom CampusPotchefstroom, North West, South Africa
Potchefstroom (1837–1844)
Until 1840, the towns of Potchefstroom and Winburg and their surrounding territories were a Boer Republic known as the Republic of Winburg-Potchefstroom.

Griqua people

GriquaGriquasKorana
States were also established by other population groups, most notably the Griqua, a subgroup of South Africa's heterogeneous and multiracial Coloured people.
He eventually led them beyond the Cape Colony, near the Orange River just west and south of what would eventually become the Boer Republics of the Orange Free State and Transvaal, respectively.

Griqualand East

Most notable among these were Griqualand West and Griqualand East.
and had settled in the area around present-day Philippolis in 1826 faced the prospect of their area coming under the control of the emerging Orange Free State (Oranje Vrijstaat - officially established as a Boer republic in 1854).

Treaty of Vereeniging

VereenigingTreaty of the Peace of Vereenigingconclusion of peace
In this war, the Transvaal and Orange Free State were defeated and annexed by the overwhelmingly larger British forces, ceasing to exist on 31 May 1902, with the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging.
The Boer Republics agreed to come under the sovereignty of the British Crown and the British government agreed on various details including the following:

Winburg

Winburg (1836–1844)
The monument is built near the site of the birth-house of Martinus Theunis Steyn, who was president of the Boer Republic of the Orange Free State.

History of South Africa

South AfricaSouth African historyBritish rule in South Africa
History of South Africa
Kaiser Wilhelm's government arranged for the two Boer Republics to purchase modern breech-loading Mauser rifles and millions of smokeless gunpowder cartridges.