Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus IBoleslaus I of BohemiaBoleslaus I the CruelBoleslav IBoleslausBoleslaus the CruelBoleslavBoleslav I of BohemiaBoleslav I the CruelBoleslav the Cruel
Boleslaus I the Cruel, also called Boleslav I (Boleslav I. Ukrutný) (c. 915 – 15 July, 967 or 972), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was ruler (kníže, "duke" or "prince") of the Duchy of Bohemia from 935 to his death.wikipedia
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Přemyslid dynasty

PřemyslidPřemyslidsPremyslid dynasty
915 – 15 July, 967 or 972), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was ruler (kníže, "duke" or "prince") of the Duchy of Bohemia from 935 to his death.
Under the reign of Prince Boleslaus I the Cruel (935) and his son Boleslaus II the Pious (972), the Přemyslids ruled territory stretching to today's Belarus.

Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia

St. WenceslasSaint WenceslasSaint Wenceslaus
He is notorious for the murder of his elder brother Wenceslaus, through which he became duke.
His younger brother, Boleslaus the Cruel, was complicit in the murder.

Duchy of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianHistory of the Czech lands in the Middle Ages
915 – 15 July, 967 or 972), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was ruler (kníže, "duke" or "prince") of the Duchy of Bohemia from 935 to his death.
Late Duke Wenceslaus I of Bohemia, killed by his younger brother Boleslaus in 935, became the land's patron saint.

Vratislaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Vratislaus IVratislaus I of BohemiaVratislaus
Boleslaus was the son of Duke Vratislaus I of Bohemia (d.
Vratislaus had at least two sons, Wenceslaus and Boleslaus, both of whom succeeded him as Bohemian dukes.

Drahomíra

921) by his marriage with Drahomíra (d.
Drahomíra gave birth to at least six children: her sons were Wenceslaus and Boleslaus, who both succeeded their father as Bohemian dukes.

Mlada (abbess)

MladaMlada of Bohemia
In no way did he impede the growth of Christianity during his reign in Bohemia, and in fact, he actually sent his daughter Mlada, a nun, to Pope John XIII in Rome to ask permission to make Prague a bishopric.
Mlada was the youngest daughter of the Bohemian prince Boleslav I.

Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav

Stará BoleslavBrandýs nad LabemAlt-Bunzlau
Shortly afterwards, in 935 (or in 929, according to other sources), Wenceslaus was murdered at Stará Boleslav to where he was invited by Boleslaus.
The town was originally named as Boleslav by Boleslav I who built here his castle in the beginning of the 10th century.

Strachkvas

The child was given a strange name: Strachkvas, which means "a dreadful feast".
Strachkvas (Kristián) (September 28, 929 or 935, Prague – 996, Prague) was a prince of Bohemia, son of Boleslav I and brother of Boleslav II, all members of the Přemyslid dynasty.

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto IOtto the GreatEmperor Otto I
He stopped the payment shortly after he ascended the throne, which led to a prolonged war with Henry's successor King Otto.
Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, assumed the Bohemian throne in 935.

Kraków

KrakowCracowKraków, Poland
By occupying the city of Kraków, he controlled important trade routes from Prague to Kiev and Lviv.
The first written record of the city's name dates back to 965, when Kraków was described as a notable commercial centre controlled first by Moravia (876–879), but captured by a Bohemian duke Boleslaus I in 955.

History of Poland during the Piast dynasty

Polishfragmentation of PolandPoland
As a result of the victory, Boleslaus freed the Moravian lands from Magyar raids and expanded his territory, which in turn was later conquered by Polish dukes and became known as Upper Silesia and Lesser Poland.
In 965, Mieszko, who was allied with Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia at the time, married the duke's daughter Doubravka, a Christian princess.

Doubravka of Bohemia

DobrawaDobrawa of BohemiaDoubravka
To defuse the Bohemian-Polish conflict, Duke Boleslav married his daughter Dobrawa to the pagan Piast prince Mieszko I in 963/964, and helped bring Christianity to Poland.
She was the daughter of Boleslaus I the Cruel, Duke of Bohemia, whose wife may have been the mysterious Biagota.

Moravia

Habsburg MoraviaMoravianMorava
As a result of the victory, Boleslaus freed the Moravian lands from Magyar raids and expanded his territory, which in turn was later conquered by Polish dukes and became known as Upper Silesia and Lesser Poland.
Following the defeat of the Magyars by Emperor Otto I at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955, Otto's ally Boleslaus I, the Přemyslid ruler of Bohemia, took control over Moravia.

Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus II of BohemiaBoleslaus IIBoleslaus II the Pious
He was succeeded by his eldest son Boleslaus the Pious.
Boleslaus was an elder son of Duke Boleslaus I the Cruel and brother of the three other children of his father who survived to adulthood: Strachkvas, Dobrawa (the wife of Duke Mieszko I of Poland) and the abbess Mlada.

Battle of Lechfeld

LechfeldBattle of Lechfeld (955)Battle of Lechfeld of 955
Five years later, the armies of Czechs and Germans allied against the Magyars in the victorious Battle of Lechfeld on 10 August 955.
According to Widukind, Otto had at his disposal eight legiones (divisions) included three from Bavaria, two from Swabia, one from Franconia under Duke Conrad and one well-trained legion from Bohemia, under a prince of an unknown name, son of Boleslaus I.

Biagota

undefined 901 ) was probably the wife of duke Boleslaus I of Bohemia.

Mieszko I of Poland

Mieszko IMieszkoMieszko I, Duke of Poland
To defuse the Bohemian-Polish conflict, Duke Boleslav married his daughter Dobrawa to the pagan Piast prince Mieszko I in 963/964, and helped bring Christianity to Poland.
Mieszko and his people were described around 966 by Abraham ben Jacob, a Sephardi Jewish traveller, who at that time visited the Prague court of Duke Boleslav I the Cruel.

Wichmann the Younger

Wichmann IIWichmann II the Younger
He even allied with Mieszko in the campaign against the Saxon count Wichmann the Younger.
In 967, he and the western Pomeranians were defeated at Wolin by an alliance of Mieszko and Duke Boleslaus I of Bohemia and Wichmann was killed in action.

Knyaz

knezPrinceKniaz
915 – 15 July, 967 or 972), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was ruler (kníže, "duke" or "prince") of the Duchy of Bohemia from 935 to his death.

Fratricide

fratricidala knife in Levi's gutbrothers killing brothers
Despite his complicity in this fratricide, Boleslaus is generally respected by Czech historians as an energetic ruler who significantly strengthened the Bohemian state and expanded its territory.

Hevelli

HavelliHevellerHavolane
934), probably a Hevellian princess.

Prague Castle

PragueCastle of PraguePražský hrad
His father took over the rule in Prague during the time of his birth, he had to deal with both the exertion of influence by both the East Frankish dukes of Bavaria and Saxony and the Magyar incursions.

East Francia

East FrankishEast Frankish KingdomEastern Francia
His father took over the rule in Prague during the time of his birth, he had to deal with both the exertion of influence by both the East Frankish dukes of Bavaria and Saxony and the Magyar incursions.

Duchy of Bavaria

BavariaBavarianDukes of Bavaria
His father took over the rule in Prague during the time of his birth, he had to deal with both the exertion of influence by both the East Frankish dukes of Bavaria and Saxony and the Magyar incursions.