Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus II of BohemiaBoleslaus IIBoleslaus II the PiousBoleslav II of BohemiaBoleslav IIBoleslausBoleslaus IBoleslaus II "the PiousBoleslaus the PiousBoleslav II the Pious
Boleslaus II the Pious (Boleslav II. Pobožný; c. 930 - 7 February 999), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 972 until his deathwikipedia
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Přemyslid dynasty

PřemyslidPřemyslidsPremyslid dynasty
930 - 7 February 999), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 972 until his death
Under the reign of Prince Boleslaus I the Cruel (935) and his son Boleslaus II the Pious (972), the Přemyslids ruled territory stretching to today's Belarus.

Duchy of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianHistory of the Czech lands in the Middle Ages
Boleslaus II took over the rule of the Duchy of Bohemia as kníže (a title that may be translated either as duke or prince) on his father's death in 972.
In 973 the Diocese of Prague was founded through the joint efforts of Duke Boleslaus II and Emperor Otto I.

Strachkvas

Boleslaus was an elder son of Duke Boleslaus I the Cruel and brother of the three other children of his father who survived to adulthood: Strachkvas, Dobrawa (the wife of Duke Mieszko I of Poland) and the abbess Mlada.
Strachkvas (Kristián) (September 28, 929 or 935, Prague – 996, Prague) was a prince of Bohemia, son of Boleslav I and brother of Boleslav II, all members of the Přemyslid dynasty.

Biagota

His mother may have been Biagota, a mysterious figure known only from her coins.
It is not even sure that Biagota was the mother of all four adult children of Boleslaus I (Dobrawa, Boleslaus II of Bohemia, Strachkvas and Mlada of Bohemia).

Doubravka of Bohemia

DobrawaDobrawa of BohemiaDoubravka
Boleslaus was an elder son of Duke Boleslaus I the Cruel and brother of the three other children of his father who survived to adulthood: Strachkvas, Dobrawa (the wife of Duke Mieszko I of Poland) and the abbess Mlada.
When, after the death of Emperor Otto I in 973, a struggle for the supremacy in Germany began, both Doubravka husband and brother Boleslaus II the Pious, Duke of Bohemia, supported the same candidate for the German throne, Duke Henry II of Bavaria.

Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto IIEmperor Otto IIHoly Roman Emperor Otto II
In 974 he and Duke Mieszko I of Poland supported the rebellious Duke Henry II of Bavaria in his civil war against the rule of Emperor Otto II.
He and his advisor, Bishop Abraham of Freising, conspired with the Duke of Poland Mieszko I and the Duke of Bohemia Boleslaus II against Otto II in 974.

Henry II, Duke of Bavaria

Henry II of BavariaHenry the WranglerHenry II
In 974 he and Duke Mieszko I of Poland supported the rebellious Duke Henry II of Bavaria in his civil war against the rule of Emperor Otto II.
With support of his sister Hadwig, he forged alliances with Bavarian and Saxon nobles, and also with Duke Boleslaus II of Bohemia and Duke Mieszko I of Poland.

Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto IIIEmperor Otto IIIKing Otto III
When Emperor Otto II died in 983 and was succeeded by his minor son Otto III, the alliance was overturned, as Boleslaus again allied with the insurgent Bavarian Duke Henry, while Mieszko I took the side of the young king.
Among those who supported his claims were Duke Mieszko I of Poland and Duke Boleslaus II of Bohemia.

Bolesław I the Brave

Bolesław I ChrobryBolesław IBoleslaw I of Poland
Moreover, when Boleslaus occupied the Saxon Margravate of Meissen, he thwarted the plans of Mieszko's son Bolesław, who had married a daughter of Margrave Ricdag.
Jerzy Strzelczyk says that Bolesław received Lesser Poland from his father; Tadeusz Manteuffel states that he seized the province from his father with the local lords' support; and Henryk Łowmiański writes that his uncle, Boleslav II of Bohemia, granted the region to him.

Polish–Bohemian War (990)

Polish-Bohemian WarPolish-Bohemian War (990)at least 990
In 987 Boleslaus had to retire from Meissen; from about 990, he sparked a long-lasting conflict with Poland around the lands of Silesia and Lesser Poland (the Polish-Bohemian War).
The Polish–Bohemian War or Polish–Czech War (Wojna polsko-czeska) was a conflict in Europe in 990 between the Polish duke Mieszko I of Civitas Schinesghe and the Bohemian duke Boleslaus II of the Duchy of Bohemia.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Prague

PragueArchdiocese of PragueArchbishop of Prague
Boleslaus's reign is most notable for the foundation of the Diocese of Prague in 973, earning him the epithet "The Pious" by the medieval chronicler Cosmas of Prague.

Mieszko I of Poland

Mieszko IMieszkoMieszko I, Duke of Poland
Boleslaus was an elder son of Duke Boleslaus I the Cruel and brother of the three other children of his father who survived to adulthood: Strachkvas, Dobrawa (the wife of Duke Mieszko I of Poland) and the abbess Mlada. In 974 he and Duke Mieszko I of Poland supported the rebellious Duke Henry II of Bavaria in his civil war against the rule of Emperor Otto II.
After the death of Emperor Otto I in 973 Mieszko, like his brother-in-law, Duke Boleslav II of Bohemia, joined the German opposition in support of the attempted imperial succession of Henry II, Duke of Bavaria.

Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus IBoleslaus I of BohemiaBoleslaus I the Cruel
Boleslaus was an elder son of Duke Boleslaus I the Cruel and brother of the three other children of his father who survived to adulthood: Strachkvas, Dobrawa (the wife of Duke Mieszko I of Poland) and the abbess Mlada.
He was succeeded by his eldest son Boleslaus the Pious.

Lutici

LiutiziRedariansLiutizians
In 992 he approached King Otto III and participated in an unsuccessful campaign against the Lutici tribes in the wake of the 983 Great Slav Rising.
The coronation was not undisputed: an oppositional group had formed in the empire supporting the kingship of Bavarian duke Henry the Quarrelsome, and the Christian West Slavic dukes Boleslaus II of Bohemia and Mieszko I of Poland as well as the Christian Obodrite prince Mstivoj were among the latter's supporters.

Margravate of Meissen

Margraviate of MeissenMeissenMarch of Meissen
Moreover, when Boleslaus occupied the Saxon Margravate of Meissen, he thwarted the plans of Mieszko's son Bolesław, who had married a daughter of Margrave Ricdag.
Upon his appointment, Eckard allied with Duke Mieszko I of Poland in order to reconquer Meissen Castle from Duke Boleslaus II of Bohemia whose forces occupied it the year before.

Emma of Mělník

EmmaEmma of Melnik
950 – 1005/06) was a Bohemian duchess consort as the second wife of Boleslaus II of Bohemia.

Vršovci

Vršovice
On 28 September 995, Boleslaus' forces and the confederate Vršovci clan stormed Libice Castle in southern Bohemia and massacred the members of the Slavník dynasty that were found there.
Vršovci and Přemyslids led by Boleslav II the Pious, fought with the rival princely clan of Slavniki.

Adalbert of Prague

Saint AdalbertSt. AdalbertAdalbert
Upon Bishop Dětmar's death in 982, Soběslav's brother Adalbert (later known as Saint Adalbert of Prague) was appointed his successor until he abandoned his primacy to lead a mission to the Old Prussians in 994.
His family refused to support Duke Boleslaus in an unsuccessful war against Poland.

Jaromír, Duke of Bohemia

JaromírJaromirJaromir, Duke of Bohemia
He was the second son of Duke Boleslaus II the Pious (d.

Slavník dynasty

SlavníkSlavník's dynastySlavnik's dynasty
Meanwhile, the struggle with the rivalling Slavník dynasty flared up again from 981 onwards, when Prince Soběslav striving for independence began to forge alliances with the Polish and Saxon rulers.
Prague was the capital of the Duchy of Bohemia, ruled by Boleslaus II, and the Diocese of Prague was founded there in 973.

Boleslaus III, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus IIIBoleslaus III of BohemiaBoleslav III
The eldest son of Duke Boleslaus II "the Pious", probably with his first wife Adiva, he succeeded to the Bohemian throne upon the death of his father in 999.

Oldřich, Duke of Bohemia

OldřichOldřich of BohemiaOldrich
Oldřich was the third son of Duke Boleslaus II of Bohemia (d.

Dětmar

ThietmarDietmar of PragueThietmar of Prague
Nevertheless, the Bohemian diocese was placed at that time within the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Mainz and Emperor Otto II enforced the appointment of the Saxon monk Thietmar (Dětmar) as first bishop.
The diocese of Prague was assigned to the archbishopric of Mainz, when Thietmar was elected as the first bishop in 973 at the time of government by Boleslaus II of Bohemia.

Libice nad Cidlinou

Libice
On 28 September 995, Boleslaus' forces and the confederate Vršovci clan stormed Libice Castle in southern Bohemia and massacred the members of the Slavník dynasty that were found there.
In 995 Libice was stormed by Bohemian Duke Boleslav II (Přemyslid) and the Vršovci clan, who killed most of the Slavnik family and annexed Libice to Prague.