Bolivia

BOLBolivianPlurinational State of BoliviaRepublic of BoliviaBolivia (Plurinational State of)BolíviaBolivaAlto PerúBOWildlife of Bolivia
Bolivia, officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia ), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.wikipedia
16,743 Related Articles

La Paz

La Paz, BoliviaChuquiagoNuestra Señora de La Paz
The capital is Sucre, while the seat of government and financial center is located in La Paz.
La Paz, officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz ("Our Lady of Peace"), also named Chuqi Yapu (Chuquiago) in Aymara, is the seat of government and the de facto national capital of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the constitutional capital of Bolivia is Sucre).

Santa Cruz de la Sierra

Santa CruzSanta Cruz, BoliviaSanta Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia
The largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales (tropical lowlands), a mostly flat region in the east of the country.
Santa Cruz de la Sierra ( "Holy Cross of the Mountain Range"), commonly known as Santa Cruz, is the largest city in Bolivia and the capital of the Santa Cruz department.

South America

South AmericanSouthSouth-America
Bolivia, officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia ), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
It includes twelve sovereign states (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela), a part of France (French Guiana), and a non-sovereign area (the Falkland Islands, a British Overseas Territory though this is disputed by Argentina).

Sucre

ChuquisacaSucre, BoliviaCharcas
The capital is Sucre, while the seat of government and financial center is located in La Paz. The leader of Venezuela, Antonio José de Sucre, had been given the option by Bolívar to either unite Charcas (present-day Bolivia) with the newly formed Republic of Peru, to unite with the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, or to formally declare its independence from Spain as a wholly independent state.
Sucre is the constitutional capital of Bolivia, the capital of the Chuquisaca Department and the 6th most populated city in Bolivia.

Geography of Bolivia

BoliviaclimateClimate of Bolivia
The largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales (tropical lowlands), a mostly flat region in the east of the country.
The geography of Bolivia includes the Eastern Andes Mountain Range (also called the Cordillera Oriental) which bisects Bolivia roughly from north to south.

Argentina

ArgentineARGArgentinian
It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru. Bolivia remained relatively politically stable until 1971, when Hugo Banzer led a coup d'état which replaced the socialist government of Juan José Torres with a military dictatorship headed by Banzer; Torres was murdered in Buenos Aires, Argentina by a right-wing death squad in 1976.
Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south.

Chile

Republic of ChileChileanCHI
It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru.
It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south.

Amazon basin

AmazonAmazon regionAmazonian
Its geography varies from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin.
It is located in the countries of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela.

Paraguay

ParaguayanRepublic of ParaguayEstablished
It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru.
It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.

Andes

AndeanAndes MountainsAndean region
Its geography varies from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin.
The range is 7000 km long, 200 to 700 km wide (widest between 18° south and 20° south latitude), and has an average height of about 4000 m. The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.

Departments of Bolivia

DepartmentdepartmentsDepartament
The sovereign state of Bolivia is a constitutionally unitary state, divided into nine departments.
Bolivia is a unitary state consisting of nine departments (departamentos).

Multinational state

multiethnicmulti-ethnicmultiethnic society
The country's population, estimated at 11 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans.
Present-day examples of multinational states are Afghanistan, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Ethiopia, France, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Madagascar, Montenegro, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, Malaysia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Turkey, Denmark, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Conquistador

conquistadorsconquistadoresSpanish conquistadors
Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuzco and Asunción took control of the region in the 16th century.
In Colombia, Bolivia, and Argentina conquistadors from Peru linked up with other conquistadors arriving more directly from the Caribbean and Río de la Plata-Paraguay respectively.

Juan José Torres

General Juan José TorresJuan Jose TorresJuan José Torres González
Bolivia remained relatively politically stable until 1971, when Hugo Banzer led a coup d'état which replaced the socialist government of Juan José Torres with a military dictatorship headed by Banzer; Torres was murdered in Buenos Aires, Argentina by a right-wing death squad in 1976.
Juan José Torres González (5 March 1920 – 2 June 1976) was a Bolivian socialist politician and military leader.

Aymara language

AymaraAymaráAimara
Spanish is the official and predominant language, although 36 indigenous languages also have official status, of which the most commonly spoken are Guarani, Aymara and Quechua languages.
Aymara, along with Spanish, is an official language of Bolivia.

Unitary state

Unitaryunitary republicunitary government
The sovereign state of Bolivia is a constitutionally unitary state, divided into nine departments.

Guarani dialects

GuaranigrnGuaraní
Spanish is the official and predominant language, although 36 indigenous languages also have official status, of which the most commonly spoken are Guarani, Aymara and Quechua languages.
The Guaraní people inhabit regions in Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, as well as Argentina.

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru. The leader of Venezuela, Antonio José de Sucre, had been given the option by Bolívar to either unite Charcas (present-day Bolivia) with the newly formed Republic of Peru, to unite with the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, or to formally declare its independence from Spain as a wholly independent state.
It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Simón Bolívar

Simon BolivarBolívarSimón Bolivar
After the first call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar.
Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios Ponte-Andrade y Blanco (24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), generally known as Simón Bolívar (, also ) and also colloquially as El Libertador, or the Liberator, was a Venezuelan military and political leader who led the independence of what are currently the states of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama from the Spanish Empire.

Latin America

Latin AmericanLatin-AmericaCentral and South America
It is a developing country, with a medium ranking in the Human Development Index, a poverty level of 38.6%, and one of the lowest crime rates in Latin America.
Neither area is culturally or linguistically homogeneous; in substantial portions of Latin America (e.g., highland Peru, Bolivia, Mexico, Guatemala), Native American cultures and, to a lesser extent, Amerindian languages, are predominant, and in other areas, the influence of African cultures is strong (e.g., the Caribbean basin – including parts of Colombia and Venezuela).

Antonio José de Sucre

Antonio Jose de SucreSucreAntonio José de Sucre y Alcalá
The leader of Venezuela, Antonio José de Sucre, had been given the option by Bolívar to either unite Charcas (present-day Bolivia) with the newly formed Republic of Peru, to unite with the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, or to formally declare its independence from Spain as a wholly independent state.
Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá (1795–1830), known as the "Gran Mariscal de Ayacucho" ("Grand Marshal of Ayacucho"), was a Venezuelan independence leader who served as the fourth President of Peru and as President of Bolivia.

Tiwanaku empire

TiwanakuTiwanaku cultureTiahuanaco
However, present-day Aymara associate themselves with the ancient civilization of the Tiwanaku culture which had its capital at Tiwanaku, in Western Bolivia.
The Tiwanaku state (Tiahuanaco or Tiahuanacu) was a Pre-Columbian polity in western Bolivia based in the southern Lake Titicaca Basin.

Potosí

PotosiPotosí, BoliviaPotosi, Bolivia
Founded in 1545 as a mining town, Potosí soon produced fabulous wealth, becoming the largest city in the New World with a population exceeding 150,000 people.
Potosí is the capital city and a municipality of the Department of Potosí in Bolivia.

Tiwanaku

TiahuanacoTihuanacoTiawanaku
However, present-day Aymara associate themselves with the ancient civilization of the Tiwanaku culture which had its capital at Tiwanaku, in Western Bolivia.
Tiwanaku (Tiahuanaco or Tiahuanacu) is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia near Lake Titicaca and one of the largest sites in South America.

Brazil

BRABrasilBrazilian
It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru.
Brazil occupies a large area along the eastern coast of South America and includes much of the continent's interior, sharing land borders with Uruguay to the south; Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest; Bolivia and Peru to the west; Colombia to the northwest; and Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and France (French overseas region of French Guiana) to the north.