Bombard (weapon)

bombardbombardsBombard cannonBombard weaponryBombardabombardesbombardettasHand Bombardhuge medieval cannonpedreros
The bombard is a cannon or mortar used throughout the Middle Ages and the early modern period.wikipedia
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Large-calibre artillery

large-calibre gunlarge-calibre cannonGiant Moving Turret
Bombards were mainly large calibre, muzzle-loading artillery pieces used during sieges to shoot round stone projectiles at the walls of enemy fortifications, enabling troops to break in. Other known 15th-century very large-calibre guns include the wrought-iron Pumhart von Steyr and Dulle Griet as well as the cast-bronze Faule Mette, Faule Grete, and Grose Bochse.
Historically, large-calibre weapons have included bombards and siege guns.

Mons Meg

There are many examples of bombards, including Mons Meg, the Dardanelles Gun, and the handheld bombard.
Mons Meg is a medieval bombard in the collection of the Royal Armouries, but on loan to Historic Scotland and located at Edinburgh Castle in Scotland.

Artillery

heavy artilleryordnanceartillery piece
Bombards were mainly large calibre, muzzle-loading artillery pieces used during sieges to shoot round stone projectiles at the walls of enemy fortifications, enabling troops to break in.
During the Hundred Years' War, these weapons became more common, initially as the bombard and later the cannon.

Dardanelles Gun

Great Turkish Bombard
There are many examples of bombards, including Mons Meg, the Dardanelles Gun, and the handheld bombard.
The Dardanelles Gun or Great Turkish Bombard (Şahi topu or simply Şahi) is a 15th-century siege cannon, specifically a super-sized bombard, which saw action in the 1807 Dardanelles Operation.

Gunpowder artillery in the Middle Ages

cannonsGunpowder weaponsartillery of the Middle Ages
The 'Vaso' shown by Walter de Milamete (see Gunpowder artillery in the Middle Ages) is usually dated to 1327 and shows a mailed knight firing a brass fire pot.
During the 15th century, cannon advanced significantly, so that bombards were effective siege engines.

Cannon

cannonsgunsartillery pieces
The bombard is a cannon or mortar used throughout the Middle Ages and the early modern period.

Gunpowder

black powderpowderblack-powder
Most bombards were made of iron and used gunpowder to launch the projectiles.
Loading cannons or bombards before the powder-making advances of the Renaissance was a skilled art.

Battle of Crécy

CrécyBattle of CrecyCrecy
Field artillery was deployed by King Edward III at the Battle of Crecy in 1346 but equipment which may have been an artillery piece was listed as captured on a French ship by the English, at Sluys, as early as 1340.
The English army was also equipped with several types of gunpowder weapons, in unknown numbers: small guns firing lead balls; ribauldequins firing either metal arrows or grapeshot; and bombards, an early form of cannon firing metal balls 3.2 – in diameter.

Pumhart von Steyr

Other known 15th-century very large-calibre guns include the wrought-iron Pumhart von Steyr and Dulle Griet as well as the cast-bronze Faule Mette, Faule Grete, and Grose Bochse.
The Pumhart von Steyr is a medieval large-calibre cannon from Styria, Austria, and the largest known wrought-iron bombard by caliber.

Edinburgh Castle

EdinburghCastleEdinburgh Castle Esplanade
It is now housed on public display at Edinburgh Castle.
The first known purchase of a gun was in 1384, and the "great bombard" Mons Meg was delivered to Edinburgh in 1457.

List of the largest cannon by caliber

List of the largest cannons by caliberlargest bombard by caliberList of the largest cannon by calibre
*List of the largest cannons by caliber

Faule Grete

Other known 15th-century very large-calibre guns include the wrought-iron Pumhart von Steyr and Dulle Griet as well as the cast-bronze Faule Mette, Faule Grete, and Grose Bochse.
The bronze bombard was cast in 1409 in the cannon foundry of the Marienburg by the gunfounder Heynrich Dumechen.

Dulle Griet

Other known 15th-century very large-calibre guns include the wrought-iron Pumhart von Steyr and Dulle Griet as well as the cast-bronze Faule Mette, Faule Grete, and Grose Bochse.
The wrought-iron bombard was constructed in the first half of the 15th century from 32 longitudinal bars enclosed by 61 rings.

Tsar Cannon

Czar CannonTsar Pushka
The Tsar Cannon is a late 16th-century show-piece.
However, in the 17th to the 18th century, it was rather called a "Bombard cannon", since mortars at that time had barrel lengths of no more than 2.5 calibers, or 3.5 calibers at maximum for long-range mortars.

Grose Bochse

Other known 15th-century very large-calibre guns include the wrought-iron Pumhart von Steyr and Dulle Griet as well as the cast-bronze Faule Mette, Faule Grete, and Grose Bochse.
The cannon was even bigger than the slightly later finished Faule Grete and may have reached the dimensions of the largest known bombard by caliber, the Pumhart von Steyr.

Mortar (weapon)

mortarmortarsspigot mortar
The bombard is a cannon or mortar used throughout the Middle Ages and the early modern period.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
The bombard is a cannon or mortar used throughout the Middle Ages and the early modern period.

Early modern period

early moderncolonial eraearly modern era
The bombard is a cannon or mortar used throughout the Middle Ages and the early modern period.

Muzzleloading

muzzle-loadingBlack powdermuzzle-loaded
Bombards were mainly large calibre, muzzle-loading artillery pieces used during sieges to shoot round stone projectiles at the walls of enemy fortifications, enabling troops to break in.

Siege

besiegedsiege warfarebesiege
Bombards were mainly large calibre, muzzle-loading artillery pieces used during sieges to shoot round stone projectiles at the walls of enemy fortifications, enabling troops to break in.

Round shot

cannonballsolid shotcannonballs
Bombards were mainly large calibre, muzzle-loading artillery pieces used during sieges to shoot round stone projectiles at the walls of enemy fortifications, enabling troops to break in.

Defensive wall

city wallsrampartramparts
Bombards were mainly large calibre, muzzle-loading artillery pieces used during sieges to shoot round stone projectiles at the walls of enemy fortifications, enabling troops to break in.

Iron

FeFe 2+ Fe(III)
Most bombards were made of iron and used gunpowder to launch the projectiles.

Royal Artillery

Royal Regiment of ArtilleryRAartillery
The weapon provided the name to the Royal Artillery rank of bombardier and the word bombardment.

Military rank

rankwar substantivetemporary
The weapon provided the name to the Royal Artillery rank of bombardier and the word bombardment.