Bomber destroyer

anti-bomberdestroyer of bombersthe destruction of Allied bombers
Historically, several aircraft were designated bomber destroyers prior to and during the Second World War.wikipedia
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Interceptor aircraft

interceptorinterceptorsfighter-interceptor
They were a type of interceptor aircraft intended to destroy enemy bomber aircraft.
Night fighters and bomber destroyers are, by definition, interceptors of the heavy type, although initially they were rarely referred to as such.

Bell YFM-1 Airacuda

YFM-1 AiracudaXFM-1 AiracudaBell 1
The United States Army Air Corps considered powerfully armed destroyers, like the Bell YFM-1 Airacuda prototype, to counter a potential attack of high-performance bombers.
The Airacuda was Bell Aircraft's answer for a "bomber destroyer" aircraft.

Heavy fighter

ZerstörerheavyZerstorer
A deceptively similar, although completely different, designation was the German Zerstörer (meaning "destroyer").
The twin-engine heavy fighter was a major design class during the pre-World War II period, conceived as long-range escort fighters or heavily armed bomber destroyers.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 operational history

heavily armed Fw 190AsSturmböckeFocke-Wulf Fw 190A ''Sturmbock
In addition, the Luftwaffes original solution of Zerstörer twin-engine Messerschmitt Bf 110G bomber destroyers, while effective against unescorted Allied bomber formations, lacked maneuverability and were eviscerated by the USAAF's fighter escorts in late 1943 and early 1944.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Historically, several aircraft were designated bomber destroyers prior to and during the Second World War.

Bomber

bombersBombardmentbomber aircraft
They were a type of interceptor aircraft intended to destroy enemy bomber aircraft.

Night fighter

night-fighternight fightersnightfighter
They were a generally intended for day use, so were a separate category from the existing night fighters, although their characteristics overlapped heavily with night fighters, and with the concept of an interceptor in general.

United States Army Air Corps

Army Air CorpsU.S. Army Air CorpsAir Corps
The United States Army Air Corps considered powerfully armed destroyers, like the Bell YFM-1 Airacuda prototype, to counter a potential attack of high-performance bombers.

Lockheed P-38 Lightning

P-38 LightningP-38Lockheed P-38
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning and Bell P-39 Airacobra were also designed with the aim of mounting very heavy armament, including 37 mm guns, in the anti-bomber role.

Bell P-39 Airacobra

P-39 AiracobraP-39Bell Airacobra
The Lockheed P-38 Lightning and Bell P-39 Airacobra were also designed with the aim of mounting very heavy armament, including 37 mm guns, in the anti-bomber role.

Boulton Paul Defiant

DefiantBoulton-Paul DefiantDefiants
Great Britain, by contrast, favored specialized "turret fighters", such as the Boulton Paul Defiant, which mounted heavy armament in a rotating turret.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
A deceptively similar, although completely different, designation was the German Zerstörer (meaning "destroyer").

North American P-51 Mustang

P-51 MustangP-51F-51 Mustang
Even small fighters were able to carry enough firepower to deal effectively with enemy bombers, and high-performance all-purpose late-war fighters—the P-51 Mustang being the prime example—excelled at all fighter roles: pursuit, bomber escort, interception, and ground attack.

List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients of the Luftwaffe fighter force

453 German day and bomber destroyer pilots, 85 night fighter pilots, including 14 crew members, were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords or Diamonds recipients of the Luftwaffe fighter force

453 German day and bomber destroyer (Zerstörer) pilots, 85 night fighter pilots, including 14 crew members, were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

Jagdfaust

a battery of eight 50mm mortarsJägerfaustSondergerät 500 Jägerfaust
The Sondergerät SG 500 Jagdfaust ("hunting fist") or Jägerfaust ("hunter's fist") was an experimental airborne anti-bomber recoilless rifle designed for use in the Me 163 Komet rocket plane by the German Luftwaffe during World War II.

Luftwaffe

German Air ForceGermanair force
Despite its belated use of advanced turbojet and rocket propelled aircraft for the destruction of Allied bombers, the Luftwaffe was overwhelmed by the Allies' superior numbers and improved tactics, and a lack of trained pilots and aviation fuel.

Junkers Ju 388

Ju 388Ju 388LJu 388L-1
To counter the B-29, the Luftwaffe would need new day fighters and bomber destroyers with greatly enhanced performance at extreme altitude.

Junkers Ju 88

Ju 88Junkers 88Ju 88s
The Ju 88P was a specialized variant for ground attack and to function as a bomber destroyer, designed starting from 1942 and produced in small numbers, using examples of the Bordkanone heavy calibre aviation autocannon series, which required the omission of the Bola undernose gondola for clearance.

Tiny Tim (rocket)

Tiny Tim11.75-inch (Tiny Tim)Tiny Tim rocket
The Tiny Tim's diameter of 11.75 in (29.8 cm) was the first Allied aerial rocket to have a larger calibre than the Luftwaffe-deployed bomber destroyer aerial rocket ordnance, the Nebelwerfer-based BR 21 of 21 cm (8-1/4 in) calibre.

Eighth Air Force

VIII Bomber Command8th Air ForceEighth
This strategy fatally disabled the twin-engined Zerstörergeschwader heavy fighter wings and their replacement, single-engined Sturmgruppen of heavily armed Fw 190As, clearing each force of bomber destroyers in their turn from Germany's skies throughout most of 1944.

Folding-Fin Aerial Rocket

Mighty Mouse rocketFFARMighty Mouse rockets
The summer and autumn of 1944 saw the adoption of the folding-fin R4M unguided rocket for use underneath the wings of the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter for bomber destroyer duties against the USAAF's Eighth Air Force heavy bombers.

Messerschmitt Me 410

Me 410410Me 410 ''Hornisse
The Me 410 was also used as a bomber destroyer against the daylight bomber formations of the USAAF, upgraded with Umrüst-Bausätze factory conversion kits, all bearing a /U suffix, for the design — these suffixes could vary in meaning between subtypes.