Marcos in 2012
Marcos in 1982 during a ceremony
Marcos during his first State of the Nation Address.
Ferdinand Marcos (right) with his family in the 1920s
Marcos during his first State of the Nation Address.
Petitions were filed before the current Philippine government to recognize Andres Bonifacio as the first Philippine president.
Senator Marcos during a Kapihan sa Senado forum in June 2014
Ferdinand Marcos being conferred with a Doctor Laws, honoris causa degree during the investiture of the first Filipino president of Central Philippine University, Rex. D. Drilon, on April 21, 1967.
Emilio Aguinaldo and ten of the Malolos Congress delegates that passed the Constitución Política de la República Filipina in 1899
Ferdinand Marcos as a soldier in the 1940s
Manuel Luis Quezon, the first president of the Philippine Commonwealth, is officially recognized as the second president of the Philippines
Marcos (center) and his running mate Sara Duterte during a grand caravan in Quezon City in December 2021
Ferdinand Marcos is sworn into his first term on December 30, 1965.
José P. Laurel giving a speech after his inauguration as President of the Second Philippine Republic
Marcos won in 64 out of 81 provinces in the 2022 presidential election
The leaders of some of the SEATO nations in front of the Congress Building in Manila, hosted by Marcos on October 24, 1966
Home provinces (blue and purple) of the presidents.
Marcos delivering his inaugural address.
President Marcos (left) and his wife Imelda (center) meet with US President Lyndon B. Johnson (right) in Manila in October 1966.
Carlos P. Garcia is sworn in as the eighth president of the Philippines after winning the election of 1957
Marcos with Japanese Emperor Hirohito in 1966
Rodrigo Duterte during his inauguration
Ferdinand Marcos takes the Oath of Office for a second term before Chief Justice Roberto Concepcion on December 30, 1969.
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo delivering her seventh State of the Nation Address at the Batasang Pambansa
Richard Nixon with the Marcos family in 1969
Ferdinand Marcos was the only president to serve three terms (1965–1969, 1969–1981, 1981–1986).
September 24, 1972, issue of the Sunday edition of the Philippine Daily Express
Sergio Osmeña was the first vice president to succeed to the presidency upon the death of a chief executive, who was Manuel L. Quezon, in 1944.
Imperial Japanese Army soldier Hiroo Onoda offering his military sword to Marcos on the day of his surrender on March 11, 1974
An Aérospatiale SA-330 Puma carrying President Corazon C. Aquino at Subic Bay Naval Base.
Ferdinand Marcos with US Secretary of State George Shultz, 1982
Presidents Emilio Aguinaldo and Manuel L. Quezon during the 1935 campaign.
President Ferdinand E. Marcos in Washington in 1983
Bongbong Marcos during his inauguration
Marcos at the North–South Summit on International Cooperation and Development in Cancun alongside other world leaders including I. Gandhi, F. Mitterrand, R. Reagan, M. Thatcher, K. Waldheim, Zhao Ziyang; October 23, 1981
Malacañang Palace, the official residence
Corazon Aquino, widow of the assassinated opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr., takes the Oath of Office on February 25, 1986
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos at the White House with US President Ronald Reagan in 1982
The body of Ferdinand Marcos was stored in a refrigerated crypt at the Ferdinand E. Marcos Presidential Center in Batac, Ilocos Norte until 2016.
Students of the Ateneo de Manila University along Katipunan Avenue protesting against the burial of Marcos insisting that the former president is not a hero, but a dictator
Ferdinand Marcos in Washington, 1983
A 1999 view of the San Fernando segment of North Luzon Expressway, one of Marcos's infrastructure projects
San Juanico Bridge connecting Leyte and Samar
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos with the Johnsons in 1966
Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos with the Nixons in 1969
Marcos greeting Robert Muldoon on the latter's official visit to the Philippines, 1980. New Zealand was a valuable strategic partner for the country in the last years of Marcos' rule.

Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr. (, ; born September 13, 1957), commonly referred to as Bongbong Marcos and by the initials BBM or PBBM, is a Filipino politician who is the 17th and current president of the Philippines.

- Bongbong Marcos

Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (, ; September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician, lawyer, dictator, and kleptocrat who was the 10th president of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.

- Ferdinand Marcos

He is the second child and only son of former president Ferdinand Marcos Sr. and former first lady Imelda Romualdez Marcos.

- Bongbong Marcos

The current president of the Philippines is Bongbong Marcos, who was sworn in on June 30, 2022.

- President of the Philippines

In the text of Proclamation No. 1081 that placed the country under martial law in September 1972, President Ferdinand E. Marcos consistently referred to himself as "President of the Philippines."

- President of the Philippines

Two of their children, Imee Marcos and Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr., are still active in Philippine politics, with Bongbong having been elected president in the 2022 election.

- Ferdinand Marcos

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Aquino in 1986

Corazon Aquino

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Filipina politician who served as the 11th president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992.

Filipina politician who served as the 11th president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992.

Aquino in 1986
Corazon Aquino taking the oath of office before Chief Justice Claudio Teehankee Sr. in Club Filipino, San Juan on 25 February 1986
Corazon Aquino during a ceremony honoring the United States Air Force.
President Corazon Aquino with U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle participate in the Veterans' Day Service at Arlington National Cemetery on 10 November 1989.
President Aquino holds talks with the officials from the International Rice Research Institute.
President Corazon Aquino addresses base workers at a rally at Remy Field concerning jobs for Filipino workers after the Americans withdraw from the U.S. facilities.
Corazon Aquino speaking before the 2003 Ninoy Aquino Award ceremony at the U.S. Embassy in Manila.
Queue for Aquino's wake in front of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila campus, which had opened its facilities including a clinic and restrooms for the mourners. The cross topping the dome of Manila Cathedral is visible in the upper right of the photo.
The grave of Corazon and Ninoy Aquino photographed on 8 August 2009, a week after Corazon Aquino's death. Corazon Aquino shares a gravestone with her husband Ninoy Aquino at the Manila Memorial Park in Parañaque, Philippines. Their son, Benigno III, was later interred beside their graves upon his death in June 2021.
Cory Aquino memorial at General Tinio, Nueva Ecija

She was the most prominent figure of the 1986 People Power Revolution, which ended the two-decade rule of President Ferdinand Marcos and led to the establishment of the current democratic Fifth Philippine Republic.

As Benigno Aquino Jr. emerged as a leading critic of the government of President Ferdinand Marcos, he became seen as a strong candidate for president to succeed Marcos in the 1973 elections.

On August 4, 2009, Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos, Jr. and Imee Marcos, two prominent children of late former President Ferdinand Marcos, paid their last respects to Aquino in spite of the two families' longstanding feud.

Official portrait, 2016

Rodrigo Duterte

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Official portrait, 2016
Official portrait, 2016
Then-Mayor Duterte (left) with then-President Benigno Aquino III during a meeting with local government unit leaders in Davao City in 2013
Then-newly elected Davao City Vice Mayor Duterte reading his inaugural speech in June 2010
Duterte speaks with Davao City residents in 2009.
Duterte–Cayetano 2016 campaign logo
Duterte (3rd from right) and allies campaigning in Pandacan, Manila
President-elect Duterte (left) and outgoing President Benigno Aquino III at Malacañang Palace on inauguration day, June 30, 2016
Duterte takes his oath of office as the 16th president of the Philippines on June 30, 2016.
Athletic Stadium of the New Clark City sports complex
Duterte during an ocular inspection of the seized shabu laboratory in Arayat, Pampanga on September 27, 2016.
Duterte welcomes Norwegian Kjartan Sekkingstad following his release from Abu Sayyaf captivity.
Duterte (center) with other officials during the presentation of the Bangsamoro Organic Law to the MILF at Malacañang Palace on August 6, 2018
Duterte (2nd from right) presides over a meeting with the NTF-ELCAC at the Malacañang Palace on April 15, 2019.
International trips made by Duterte during his presidency
Duterte presides over the 29th Cabinet Meeting at the Malacañang Palace on September 11, 2018.
Duterte (left) endorsing Bong Go, who filed his certificate of candidacy for vice president on October 2, 2021.
Duterte meets with the Filipino community in Jakarta, September 9, 2016.
Duterte (seated, left) with his first family after delivering his 3rd State of the Nation Address in 2018
Duterte with Avanceña along with their daughter, Veronica
Duterte (center) and his cabinet members pray before the start of the 6th Cabinet Meeting on September 14, 2016.
Duterte distributes awards to Filipino athletes on October 16, 2019.
Duterte signs the Freedom of Information executive order in Davao City on July 24, 2016.
Duterte (right) during Sara's oath of office as vice president in Davao City on June 19, 2022

Rodrigo Roa Duterte (, ; born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong, Rody, and by the initials DU30 and PRRD, is a Filipino lawyer and politician who served as the 16th president of the Philippines from 2016 to 2022.

After the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled the regime of President Ferdinand Marcos, Duterte was appointed officer-in-charge vice mayor by President Corazon Aquino.

Camarines Sur representative Leni Robredo on the other hand, was proclaimed as the vice president-elect of the Philippines with 14,418,817 votes, narrowly defeating Senator Bongbong Marcos by 263,473 votes.

The 2022 election decided the successor of both President Rodrigo Duterte and Vice President Leni Robredo. This photo shows Duterte inducting Robredo to head the HUDCC.

2022 Philippine presidential election

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The 2022 Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections were held on May 9, 2022, as part of the 2022 general election.

The 2022 Philippine presidential and vice presidential elections were held on May 9, 2022, as part of the 2022 general election.

The 2022 election decided the successor of both President Rodrigo Duterte and Vice President Leni Robredo. This photo shows Duterte inducting Robredo to head the HUDCC.
"Vote-rich provinces," or provinces and Metro Manila as a whole that have more than one million voters. Nationally elected candidates and parties typically campaign in these areas to reduce costs.
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Provincial and city breakdown of the Vice presidential election of 2022.
Marcos and Robredo province swing from 2016 and 2022.
Bongbong Marcos campaigning in Makati
Isko Moreno and Willie Ong campaigning in Navotas
Leni Robredo and Francis Pangilinan campaigning at the Quezon Memorial Circle
Manny Pacquiao campaigning in Marikina City
Panfilo Lacson and Tito Sotto at a town hall meeting in Pasig
From left to right: Presidential candidates Manny Pacquiao, Isko Moreno, and Leni Robredo during the closing moments of the second PiliPinas Debates 2022 on April 3, 2022.
From left to right: Presidential candidates Isko Moreno, Norberto Gonzales, and Panfilo Lacson hold a joint press conference on fighting election sabotage during a press conference at The Peninsula Manila on April 17, 2022. Not present in the event is Manny Pacquiao who also signed the joint statement.
Results per province, city, in the special geographic area of Bangsamoro, and by type of absentee ballot
Results per province, city, in the special geographic area of Bangsamoro, and by type of absentee ballot

Therefore, this election determined the 17th president and the 15th vice president.

Bongbong Marcos and Sara Duterte won the presidency and vice presidency, becoming the first presidential and vice presidential candidates to be elected by a majority since the establishment of the Fifth Republic in 1987, and the first presidential ticket to win together since 2004.

Marcos also became the second president from Ilocos Norte, after his father, Ferdinand Marcos, while Duterte became the first vice president from Davao City.

Joint session of Philippine Legislature including the newly elected Senate, November 15, 1916

Senate of the Philippines

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Upper house of Congress of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines with the House of Representatives as the lower house.

Upper house of Congress of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines with the House of Representatives as the lower house.

Joint session of Philippine Legislature including the newly elected Senate, November 15, 1916
The post–World War II Philippine Senate in 1951: Cipriano P. Primicias, Sr., far left, debates Quintín Paredes, far right. In the middle are Justiniano Montano, Mariano Jesús Cuenco, Enrique B. Magalona, and Francisco Delgado; in the foreground is Edmundo Cea. Deliberations were once held at the Old Legislative Building.

Aside from having its concurrence on every bill in order to be passed for the president's signature to become a law, the Senate is the only body that can concur with treaties, and can try impeachment cases.

The Senate finally convened in 1945 and served as the upper chamber of Congress from thereon until the declaration of martial law by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1972, which shut down Congress.

Ferdinand Marcos Jr., 17th President