Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005
Vietnam War: Republic of Korea Armed Forces soldiers show Vietnamese villagers types of Viet Cong booby traps.
This Cougar in Al Anbar, Iraq, was hit by a directed charge IED, approximately 90 –.
A group of 105mm artillery shells with plastic explosive stuffed into their fuze pockets. Each of the 5 shells has been linked together with red detcord to make them detonate simultaneously. To turn this assembly into a booby trap, the final step would be to connect an M142 firing device to the detcord and hide everything under some form of cover e.g. newspapers or a bed-sheet.
X-ray of a suitcase showing a pipe bomb and a laptop.
Booby-trap firing devices, c. 1941: press, pull and release switches; mass-produced components intended for the construction of booby traps.
Improvised explosive device in Iraq. The concave copper shape on top defines an explosively formed penetrator/projectile
A Yugoslav POMZ anti-personnel mine that has been booby trapped with a hand grenade. A deminer could disable the stake mine, only to set off the hand-grenade when they remove the mine for disposal. (Balkans 1996)
Artillery shells and gasoline cans discovered in the back of a pick-up truck in Iraq
Simple Trou de loup booby trap: concealed pitfall with sharp spike at the bottom
A U.S. Marine in Iraq shown with a robot used for disposal of buried devices
USSR booby trap firing device - pull fuze: normally connected to a tripwire
Israeli IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozer, which is used by the IDF Combat Engineering Corps for clearing heavy belly charges and booby-trapped buildings.
Alternative design of USSR booby trap firing device - pull fuze: normally connected to tripwire
U.S. Marines with Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) destroy an improvised explosive device cache in southern Afghanistan in June 2010.
USSR booby-trap firing device - pressure fuze: victim steps on loose floorboard with fuze concealed underneath
A Stryker lies on its side following a buried IED blast in Iraq. (2007)
Oil-drum roadside IED removed from culvert in 1984
Wheelbarrow counter-IED robot on streets of Northern Ireland in 1978
Captured IEDs from a cache left behind by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Syria, 26 January 2019

It can also be triggered by vehicles driving along a road, as in the case of improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

- Booby trap

Victim-operated improvised explosive devices (VOIED), also known as booby traps, are designed to function upon contact with a victim.

- Improvised explosive device
Ammunition rigged for an IED discovered by Iraqi police in Baghdad in November 2005

3 related topics

Alpha

Examples of anti-personnel mines. Center: Valmara 69 (a bounding mine); right: VS-50

Land mine

Explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.

Explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.

Examples of anti-personnel mines. Center: Valmara 69 (a bounding mine); right: VS-50
Swedish FFV 028 anti-tank-mines of the German Bundeswehr (inert versions)
Roman caltrop
Illustration of the "self-tripped trespass land mine" from the Huolongjing
'Underground sky soaring thunder', land mines connected to weapons above ground, from the Wubei Zhi
Cutaway diagram of the S-mine
The Schu-mine 42, the most common mine used in the Second World War
Claymore mine with firing device and electric blasting cap assembly
An L9 Bar Mine
Section of an anti-tank mine. Note the yellow main charge wrapped around a red booster charge, and the secondary fuze well on the side of the mine designed for an anti-handling device
Diagram of components
Examples of anti-handling devices
Anti personnel mine in Cambodia
A U.S. Army Explosive Ordnance Disposal technician removing the fuze from a Russian-made mine to clear a minefield outside of Fallujah, Iraq
Argentine minefield at Port William, Falkland Islands created in 1982; clearance inhibited by boggy terrain
Minefield warning on the Golan Heights, still valid more than 40 years after creation of the field by the Syrian army
School posters in Karabakh educating children on mines and UXO
British Royal Engineers practice mine clearance
Party states to the Ottawa Treaty (in blue)
Bomb disposal Advanced Bomb Suit

Similar in function is the booby-trap, which the protocol defines as "any device or material which is designed, constructed or adapted to kill or injure and which functions unexpectedly when a person disturbs or approaches an apparently harmless object or performs an apparently safe act".

Overlapping both categories is the improvised explosive device (IED), which is "a device placed or fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating explosive material, destructive, lethal, noxious, incendiary, pyrotechnic materials or chemicals designed to destroy, disfigure, distract or harass. They may incorporate military stores, but are normally devised from non-military components."

An IRA badge, with the phoenix symbolising the origins of the Provisional IRA

Provisional Irish Republican Army

Irish republican paramilitary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate Irish reunification and bring about an independent, socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.

Irish republican paramilitary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate Irish reunification and bring about an independent, socialist republic encompassing all of Ireland.

An IRA badge, with the phoenix symbolising the origins of the Provisional IRA
The Proclamation of the Irish Republic, issued during the 1916 Easter Rising against British rule in Ireland
Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, who was twice chief-of-staff of the pre-1969 IRA during the Border campaign of 1956–1962, was a member of the first Army Council of the Provisional IRA in 1969.
Martin McGuinness was part of an IRA delegation which took part in peace talks with British politician William Whitelaw, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, in July 1972.
Memorial to the victims of the Birmingham pub bombings, which killed twenty-one people in November 1974
IRA political poster from the 1980s, featuring a quote from Bobby Sands written on the first day of the 1981 hunger strike
Aftermath of the Brighton hotel bombing, an assassination attempt on British prime minister Margaret Thatcher in 1984
A "Sniper at Work" sign in Crossmaglen. The IRA's South Armagh Brigade killed seven members of the security forces in single-shot sniper attacks in 1993.
Memorial to the victims of the 1996 Docklands bombing, which killed two people and ended the IRA's seventeen-month ceasefire
An AG-3, Norwegian made variant of the Heckler & Koch G3. Over 50 of these, from a batch of 100 stolen from the Norwegian Army, ended up with the IRA.
The RPG-7, first obtained by the IRA from Libya in 1972
The Armalite AR-18, obtained by the IRA from the United States in the early 1970s, was a symbol of its armed campaign
Memorial to members of the IRA's Derry Brigade
Republican colour party in Dublin, March 2009. The blue flag being carried at the front is that of "Dublin Brigade IRA".
Former IRA volunteer Tommy McKearney, who left the IRA in 1986 and formed the League of Communist Republicans
1,200 AKM assault rifles were donated by Muammar Gaddafi in the 1980s
Over two tonnes of the plastic explosive Semtex were donated by Muammar Gaddafi in the 1980s
An IRA signpost with the word "Provoland" underneath in Omagh, County Tyrone

The IRA also used a variety of bombs during its armed campaign, such as car and truck bombs, time bombs, and booby traps, using explosives including ANFO, gelignite, and the plastic explosive Semtex.

The next most important department was engineering, which manufactured improvised explosive devices and improvised mortars.

Demonstration of a German stielhandgranate (shaft hand grenade), a high explosive grenade with time fuze, the Netherlands, 1946.

Grenade

Explosive weapon typically thrown by hand , but can also refer to a shell (explosive projectile) shot from the muzzle of a rifle (as a rifle grenade) or a grenade launcher.

Explosive weapon typically thrown by hand , but can also refer to a shell (explosive projectile) shot from the muzzle of a rifle (as a rifle grenade) or a grenade launcher.

Demonstration of a German stielhandgranate (shaft hand grenade), a high explosive grenade with time fuze, the Netherlands, 1946.
M67 fragmentation grenade, a modern (1968-present) hand grenade in the US
Hand grenades filled with Greek fire; surrounded by caltrops. (10th–12th centuries National Historical Museum, Athens, Greece)
Mongolian grenade attack on Japanese during Yuan dynasty.
Seven ceramic hand grenades of the 17th Century found in Ingolstadt Germany
An illustration of a fragmentation bomb known as the 'divine bone dissolving fire oil bomb' (lan gu huo you shen pao) from the Huolongjing. The black dots represent iron pellets.
Earliest known representation of a gun (a fire lance) and a grenade (upper right), Dunhuang, 10th century AD.
A cross-section of a Ketchum Grenade, used during the American Civil War.
One of the earliest modern hand grenades. Fielded in the British Army from 1908, it was unsuccessful in the trenches of World War I, and was replaced by the Mills bomb.
The Mills bomb – the first modern fragmentation grenade – was used in the trenches from 1915
Cross section of the Model 24 Stielhandgranate
World War II-era U.S. Mk 2 grenade
German DM51 hand grenade with blast core (top) and fragmentation sleeve (bottom)
Diagram of the Mk3A2 concussion grenade
Soviet RPG-43 HEAT grenade
M84 stun grenade (1995–present)
Incendiary grenade
Inert training grenade made from hard rubber
Hand grenade fuze system
M61 grenade (1959-1968), with safety clip around the lever and the bent tip of the safety pin at top
Typical safety pin. A cotter pin with a ring attached
An infantryman throwing a hand grenade during training, 1942
Grenade immediately after being thrown at a practice range. The safety lever has separated in mid-air from the body of the grenade.
Hand grenade converted to booby trap with pull trip wire trigger
Grenade on a kepi of the French Army

However, they were still used with limited success against lightly-armored mine-resistant ambush protected (MRAP) vehicles, designed for protection only against improvised explosive devices in the Iraqi insurgency in the early 2000s.

Grenades have often been used in the field to construct booby traps, using some action of the intended target (such as opening a door or starting a car) to trigger the grenade.