Bordeaux

Bordeaux, FranceBurdigalaBordelaisBordelaiseBordeauBordelais.Bordeaux, Port of the MoonBordeuxBordeaux le BouscatBordèu
Bordeaux (Gascon Bordèu ) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.wikipedia
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France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
Bordeaux (Gascon Bordèu ) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Nouvelle AquitaineNew AquitaineAquitaine
It is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde department.
Its largest city, Bordeaux, together with its suburbs and satellite cities, forms the 7th-largest metropolitan area of France, with 850,000 inhabitants.

Garonne

Garonne RiverRiver GaronneGarona
Bordeaux (Gascon Bordèu ) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
It flows into the Atlantic Ocean at Bordeaux.

Bordeaux Métropole

BordeauxUrban Community of BordeauxBordeaux Urban Community
Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Bordeaux is the centre of the Bordeaux Métropole.
Bordeaux Métropole is the métropole, an intercommunal structure, centred on the city of Bordeaux.

Count of Bordeaux

County of BordeauxBordeauxCounts of Bordeaux
Around 585 Gallactorius was made count of Bordeaux and fought the Basques.
The Count of Bordeaux (Latin comes Burdagalensis) was the ruler of the city of Bordeaux and its environs in the Merovingian and Carolingian periods.

Battle of Tours

Battle of PoitiersPoitiersTours
The battle had a high death toll, and although Eudes was defeated he had enough troops to engage in the Battle of Poitiers and so retain his grip on Aquitaine.
Umayyad military campaigns reached northward into Aquitaine and Burgundy, including a major engagement at Bordeaux and a raid on Autun.

Eleanor of Aquitaine

EleanorQueen EleanorEleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine
From the 12th to the 15th century Bordeaux regained importance following the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of Aquitaine to the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who within months of their wedding became King Henry II of England.
Her birthplace may have been Poitiers, Bordeaux, or Nieul-sur-l'Autise, where her mother and brother died when Eleanor was 6 or 8.

Aristides de Sousa Mendes

Aristides Sousa MendesAristides de Sousa MendezSousa Mendes Foundation
In May and June 1940, Bordeaux was the site of the life-saving actions of the Portuguese consul-general, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who illegally granted thousands of Portuguese visas, which were needed to pass the Spanish border, to refugees fleeing the German Occupation.
As the Portuguese consul-general in the French city of Bordeaux, he defied the orders of António de Oliveira Salazar's Estado Novo regime, issuing visas and passports to an undetermined number of refugees fleeing Nazi Germany, including Jews.

Departments of France

departmentdépartementdepartments
Bordeaux (Gascon Bordèu ) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.

BETASOM

BordeauxItalianbase
From 1940 to 1943, the Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina Italiana) established BETASOM, a submarine base at Bordeaux.
BETASOM (an Italian language acronym of Bordeaux Sommergibile or Sommergibili) was a submarine base established at Bordeaux, France by the Italian Regia Marina Italiana during World War II.

Vinexpo

It is home to the world's main wine fair, Vinexpo, and the wine economy in the metro area takes in 14.5 billion euros each year.
Vinexpo is one of the largest exhibitions for wine and spirits professionals from all over the world, held in Bordeaux in uneven years.

First Growth

premier crufirst growthsPremier Cru Supérieur
Included among the latter are the area's five premier cru (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855:
First Growth (Premier Cru) status is a classification of wines primarily from the Bordeaux region of France.

Bordeaux wine

BordeauxclaretBordeaux style
Bordeaux wine has been produced in the region since the 8th century.
Bordeaux is centered on the city of Bordeaux, on the Garonne River.

Sauvignon blanc

SauvignonFumé BlancFie (grape)
White Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle.
Sauvignon blanc is a green-skinned grape variety that originates from the Bordeaux region of France.

Georges-Eugène Haussmann

Baron HaussmannHaussmannGeorges Eugène Haussmann
Baron Haussmann, a long-time prefect of Bordeaux, used Bordeaux's 18th-century large-scale rebuilding as a model when he was asked by Emperor Napoleon III to transform a then still quasi-medieval Paris into a "modern" capital that would make France proud.
He was married on 17 October 1838 in Bordeaux to Octavie de Laharpe.

Communes of France

communecommunesintercommunal
The municipality (commune) of Bordeaux proper has a population of 252,040 (2016).
In the north, cities tended to be administered by échevins (from an old Germanic word meaning judge), while in the south, cities tended to be administered by consuls (in a clear reference to Roman antiquity), but Bordeaux was administered by jurats (etymologically meaning "sworn men") and Toulouse by capitouls ("men of the chapter").

Bituriges Vivisci

Bituriges Vivisques
Around 567 BC the region was the settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Bituriges Vivisci, who named the town Burdigala, probably of Aquitanian origin.
The tribe's capital was in Burdigala, modern-day Bordeaux.

Bordeaux Cathedral

Cathedral of BordeauxCathedral of Saint-AndréCathédrale Saint-André
The city flourished, primarily due to the wine trade, and the cathedral of St. André was built.
Bordeaux Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux) is a Roman Catholic church dedicated to Saint Andrew and located in Bordeaux, France.

Battle of Castillon

CastillonBattle of CastillionFrench victory at Castillon
It was also the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince (1362–1372), but after the Battle of Castillon (1453) it was annexed by France, and so extended its territory.
After the 1451 French capture of Bordeaux by the armies of Charles VII, the Hundred Years' War appeared to be at an end.

Merlot

White MerlotBini (grape)Higney
Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère.
The earliest recorded mention of Merlot (under the synonym of Merlau) was in the notes of a local Bordeaux official who in 1784 labeled wine made from the grape in the Libournais region as one of the area's best.

Carménère

CarmenereCarmenère
Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère.
The Carménère grape is a wine grape variety originally planted in the Médoc region of Bordeaux, France, where it was used to produce deep red wines and occasionally used for blending purposes in the same manner as Petit Verdot.

Duchy of Aquitaine

AquitaineKing of AquitaineKingdom of Aquitaine
From the 12th to the 15th century Bordeaux regained importance following the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of Aquitaine to the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who within months of their wedding became King Henry II of England.
Soon after this battle, in 732, the Moors raided Vasconia and Aquitaine as far north as Poitiers and defeated Odo twice near Bordeaux.

Petit Verdot

Petite Verdot
Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère.
Petit Verdot is a variety of red wine grape, principally used in classic Bordeaux blends.

Hunald I

HunaldHunald I of Aquitaineduke Hunald
In 735 following his father Eudes's death, the Aquitanian duke Hunald led a rebellion to which Charles responded by launching an expedition that captured Bordeaux.
He marched the breadth of the country and occupied the well-fortified city of Bordeaux.

Graves (wine region)

GravesGraves AOCSauternes
Sauternes is a sub-region of Graves known for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d'Yquem.
Graves is situated on the left bank of the Garonne River, in the upstream part of the region, southeast of the city Bordeaux and stretches over 50 km.