Border control

border crossingimmigration policyInternational Zoneneutral territoryborder securityborder zoneimmigration controlpassport controlcustoms areaborder controls
Border controls are measures taken by a country or a bloc of countries to monitor its borders in order to regulate the movement of people, animals and goods.wikipedia
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boundaryinternational borderBorders
Border controls are measures taken by a country or a bloc of countries to monitor its borders in order to regulate the movement of people, animals and goods.
Other borders are partially or fully controlled, and may be crossed legally only at designated border checkpoints and border zones may be controlled.

Schengen Area

SchengenSchengen zoneSchengen countries
In most EU member states, travellers coming from other EU countries within the Schengen Area can use the green lane, although airports outside the Schengen Area or with frequent flights arriving from jurisdictions within Schengen but outside the European Union may use blue channels for convenience and efficiency.
The Schengen Area is an area comprising 26 European states that have officially abolished all passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders.

Border Security Force

BSFBorder Security PersonnelIndian Border security
On the Pakistani border, the Border Security Force aims to prevent the infiltration of Indian territory by terrorists from Pakistan and other countries in the west (Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, etc.).
The Border Security Force (BSF) is the border defence organisation of India.

Border guard

border patrolborder guardsborder police
The zones function as buffer zones specifically monitored by border patrols in order to prevent illegal entry or exit.
A border guard of a country is a national security agency that performs border security, i.e., enforces the security of the country's national borders.

Frontier Closed Area

Closed AreaClosed Area Permitclosure of borders
There are also intra-country zones such as the Cactus Curtain surrounding the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba, the Korean Demilitarised Zone along the North Korea-South Korea demarcation line and the Frontier Closed Area in Hong Kong. In the area stretching inwards from its internal border with the mainland, Hong Kong maintains a Frontier Closed Area out of bounds to those without special authorisation.
The Frontier Closed Area, established by the Frontier Closed Area Order, 1951, is a border zone area in Hong Kong, extended inwards from the border with China.

Border Security Zone of Russia

border security zoneborder zoneForbidden Border Zone
Examples of international border zones are the Border Security Zone of Russia and the Finnish border zone on the Finnish–Russian border.
A Border Security Zone in Russia is the designation of a strip of land (usually, though not always, along a Russian external border) where economic activity and access are restricted in line with the Frontier Regime Regulations set by the Federal Security Service (FSB).

International airport

internationalinternational airportsairport of entry
The term most commonly refers to the areas of international airports after border exit controls or before border entry controls.
An international airport is an airport with customs and border control facilities enabling passengers to travel between countries.

Exclusion zone

Exclusion arearestricted areaexclusion
In the area stretching inwards from its internal border with the mainland, Hong Kong maintains a Frontier Closed Area out of bounds to those without special authorisation.
These zones are created for control of populations for safety, crowd control, or military purposes, or as a border zone, and they may be temporary or permanent.

Buffer zone

green bufferbufferbuffered
The zones function as buffer zones specifically monitored by border patrols in order to prevent illegal entry or exit.
Common types of buffer zones are demilitarized zones, border zones and certain restrictive easement zones and green belts.

Duty-free shop

duty-freeduty freeduty-free store
A common feature of the international zone is duty-free shopping for departing and transit passengers, and in some cases arriving passengers subject to duty-free allowances.
Duty-free shops are often found in the international zone of international airports, sea ports, and train stations but goods can also be bought duty-free on board airplanes and passenger ships.


This allows easy transshipment to a third country without customs authorities being involved.
Much international transshipment also takes place in designated customs areas, thus avoiding the need for customs checks or duties, otherwise a major hindrance for efficient transport.

Mexico–United States barrier

border wallwallU.S.–Mexico border wall
President Donald Trump's proposal to build a wall along the border was a major feature of his campaign, and he has since attempted to have Congress pay US$18 billion for its cost in the short term.
This would also have included a 100 yd border zone on the U.S. side.

Green Zone

International ZoneFOB Union IIIBaghdad's Green Zone
The Green Zone was the most common name for the International Zone of Baghdad.


extraterritorialextraterritorial rightsextraterritorial status
An international zone is a type of extraterritorial area not fully subject to any country’s border control policies.
Making the maternity ward outside of the Canadian domain caused it to be unaffiliated with any jurisdiction and technically international territory.

Gaza Strip smuggling tunnels

smuggling tunnelssmuggling tunnels connecting the Gaza Strip to Egyptcross-border tunnels
On the land border between Palestine and the portion of the Sinai peninsula administered by the African nation of Egypt, the latter began construction of a border barrier in 2009 prompted by concern that militant organisations were making use of the Gaza Strip smuggling tunnels to move weapons and personnel between Gaza and Egypt.
Following the takeover, Egypt and Israel largely sealed their border crossings with Gaza, on the grounds that Fatah had fled and was no longer providing security on the Palestinian side.

Travel visa

visavisasHenley Passport Index
Transit passengers can take connecting international flights in the international zone without clearing customs and immigration controls, and in most cases do not require a visa.
In each instance, a visa is subject to entry permission by an immigration official at the time of actual entry, and can be revoked at any time.

Allied-occupied Austria

AustriaAllied occupationAllied occupation of Austria
The historical center of Vienna was declared an international zone, in which occupation forces changed every month.

United Nations

UNU.N.the United Nations
The United Nations' International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights mandates that all countries allow entry to their own citizens.
Its site—like UN headquarters buildings in Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi—is designated as international territory.

Border Force

UK Border ForceUnited Kingdom Border Forceborder entry data
ePassport gates are operated by the UK Border Force and are located at immigration checkpoints in the arrival halls of some airports across the United Kingdom, offering an alternative to using desks staffed by immigration officers.
Border Force is a part of the Home Office, responsible for frontline border control operations at air, sea and rail ports in the United Kingdom.

Mexican Drug War

Mexican drug carteldrug warMexico's drug war
The Mexican Drug War and similar cartel activity in neighbouring areas has exacerbated the problem.
The export rate of cocaine to the U.S. has decreased following stricter border control measures in response to the September 11 attacks.


For this reason, customs areas are usually carefully controlled and fenced to prevent smuggling.
Submitting to border checks with the goods or people hidden in a vehicle or between (other) merchandise, or the goods hidden in luggage, in or under clothes, inside the body (see body cavity search, balloon swallower and mule), etc. Many smugglers fly on regularly scheduled airlines.

Canada–United States border

Canada–US borderCanadian borderInternational Boundary
An example of a border vista is a six-metre cleared space around unguarded portions of the Canada–United States border.
In 1925, the International Boundary Commission (Commission de la frontière internationale) was made a permanent organization responsible for surveying and mapping the boundary, maintaining boundary monuments (and buoys where applicable), and keeping the boundary clear of brush and vegetation for 6 m. This "border vista" extends for 3 m on each side of the line.


eGateSmartgate system
SmartGates located at major Australian airports allow Australian ePassport holders and ePassport holders of a number of other countries to clear immigration controls more rapidly, and to enhance travel security by performing passport control checks electronically.
SmartGate is an automated self-service border control system operated by the Australian Border Force and located at immigration checkpoints in departure and arrival halls in ten Australian international airports.

United States Passport Card

passport cardU.S. Passport CardPassport Cards
In North America, American citizens may travel using passport cards, a form of voluntary identity card issued to American citizens.
As a result of the September 11, 2001, attacks, the United States began implementing a range of measures to increase the security of its borders and its identity documents.

Customs territory

customs territoriescustoms administrationsList of customs territories
The term is also sometimes used to define an area (usually composed of several countries) which form a customs union, a customs territory, or to describe the area at airports and ports where travellers are checked through customs.