Bosnia and Herzegovina

🇧🇦BosniaBosnianBIHBosnia-HerzegovinaBosnian-HerzegovinianBosnia & HerzegovinaBosnian and HerzegovinianBAB&H
Bosnia and Herzegovina ( or ; Serbo-Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina [BiH] / Боснa и Херцеговина [БиХ]), sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, located within the Balkan Peninsula.wikipedia
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Sarajevo

Sarajevo, Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnasarayBosnia and Herzegovina
Sarajevo is the capital and largest city. Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural environment and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture, and its festivals, some of which are the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.
Sarajevo (, ; see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its administrative limits.

Serbo-Croatian

Serbo-CroatSerbo-Croato-SlovenianCroatian
Bosnia and Herzegovina ( or ; Serbo-Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina [BiH] / Боснa и Херцеговина [БиХ]), sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, located within the Balkan Peninsula.
Serbo-Croatian ( srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски also called Serbo-Croat, Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), or Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) ) is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.

Croatia

🇭🇷CroatianRepublic of Croatia
It is bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south; Serbia to the east; and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.

Adriatic Sea

AdriaticAdriatic coastAdria
Bosnia and Herzegovina is an almost landlocked country – it has a narrow coast at the Adriatic Sea, about 20 km long surrounding the town of Neum.
The countries with coasts on the Adriatic are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro and Slovenia.

Montenegro

🇲🇪MontenegrinMNE
It is bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south; Serbia to the east; and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
It borders Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north; Serbia and the disputed country of Kosovo to the east, Albania to the south and Croatia to the west.

Serbia

🇷🇸SRBSerbian
It is bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south; Serbia to the east; and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
The sovereign state borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, Macedonia to the south, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, and Montenegro to the southwest.

Neum

Luka Neum LighthouseMunicipality of Neumtwo mainland patches of its territory
Bosnia and Herzegovina is an almost landlocked country – it has a narrow coast at the Adriatic Sea, about 20 km long surrounding the town of Neum.
Neum is a town and municipality located in Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Herzegovina

HerzegovinianHerceg StjepanHerzegovian
The southern tip, Herzegovina, has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.
Herzegovina ( or ; Serbo-Croatian: Hercegovina, Херцеговина, ) is the southern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Banate of Bosnia

BosniaBosnian banBan of Bosnia
In the 12th century the Banate of Bosnia was established, which evolved into the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century, after which it was annexed into the Ottoman Empire, under whose rule it remained from the mid-15th to the late 19th centuries.
The Banate of Bosnia (Banovina Bosna / Бановина Босна), or Bosnian Banate (Bosanska banovina / Босанска бановина), was a medieval state based in what is today Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina

attractive for visitorsmost frequently visited countries in the regionTourism
The country is one of the most frequently visited countries in the region, projected to have the third highest tourism growth rate in the world until 2020. Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural environment and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture, and its festivals, some of which are the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.
Tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina is a fast-growing sector making up an important part in the economy of the country.

Culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina

cultureBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian
Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural environment and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture, and its festivals, some of which are the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.
The culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina encompasses the country's ancient heritage, architecture, literature, visual arts, music, cinema, sports and cuisine.

Bosnia and Herzegovina cuisine

BosnianBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian cuisine
Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural environment and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture, and its festivals, some of which are the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.
Bosnia and Herzegovina cuisine (Bosanska kuhinja) is balanced between Western and Eastern influences.

Architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina

architecturearchitecturalpost-war reconstruction
Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural environment and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture, and its festivals, some of which are the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.
The architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina is largely influenced by four major periods where political and social changes determined the creation of distinct cultural and architectural habits of the region.

Bosnia (region)

BosniaBosnianBosna
The inland, Bosnia, is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, with hot summers and cold and snowy winters.
Bosnia (Bosna/Босна; ) is the northern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina, encompassing roughly 81% of the country; the other eponymous region, the southern part, is Herzegovina.

Music of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnian folkmusicBosnian music
Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural environment and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique music, architecture, and its festivals, some of which are the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.
Like the surrounding Balkan countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina has had a turbulent past marked by frequent foreign invasions and occupation.

Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina

CroatsBosnian CroatCroat
Bosniaks are the largest group of the three, with Serbs second, and Croats third.
The Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina, often referred to as the Bosnian Croats, are the third most populous ethnic group in that country after Bosniaks and Serbs, and are one of the constitutive nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Islam in Bosnia and Herzegovina

MuslimIslamBosnia-Herzegovina
The Ottomans brought Islam to the region, and altered much of the cultural and social outlook of the country.
It was introduced to the local population in the 15th and 16th centuries as a result of the Ottoman conquest of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Ethnic groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina

constitutive nationsconstituent ethnic groupsconstituent peoples
The country is home to three main ethnic groups or, officially, constituent peoples, as specified in the constitution. Minorities, defined under the constitutional nomenclature "Others", include Jews, Roma, Poles, Ukrainians, and Turks.
More than 96% of population of Bosnia and Herzegovina belongs to one of its three autochthonous constituent nations: Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats. The term constituent refers to the fact that these three ethnic groups are explicitly mentioned in the constitution, and that none of them can be considered a minority or immigrant.

Republika Srpska

Bosnian SerbRepublic of SrpskaSerb Republic
However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third unit, the Brčko District, governed under local government.
Republika Srpska (, ; literally "Serb Republic") is one of two constitutional and legal entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnians

BosnianBosnian-HerzegovinianBosnia
A native of Bosnia and Herzegovina, regardless of ethnicity, is usually identified in English as a Bosnian.
Bosnians ( / Босанци; singular: Bosanac / Босанац) are referred to as members of the general population of Bosnia, one of two main regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Brčko District

BrčkoBrčko Area1 ''distrikt
However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third unit, the Brčko District, governed under local government.
Brčko District ( Serbo-Croatian: Брчко Дистрикт / Brčko Distrikt) is a self-governing administrative unit in north-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Romani people in Bosnia and Herzegovina

RomaBosniaBosnian Roma
Minorities, defined under the constitutional nomenclature "Others", include Jews, Roma, Poles, Ukrainians, and Turks.
The Romani people in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the largest of the 17 national minority in the country, although—due to the stigma attached to the label—this is often not reflected in statistics and censuses.

National minorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Poles, Ukrainians, and Turks
Minorities, defined under the constitutional nomenclature "Others", include Jews, Roma, Poles, Ukrainians, and Turks.
The legislation of Bosnia and Herzegovina recognises three constituent peoples and 17 national minorities (nacionalne manjine). These latter include 2.73% of the total population of the country, i.e. 96,539 persons.

Accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the European Union

Bosnia and Herzegovinaprogress towards the European Unionaccession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the EU
The country is a potential candidate for membership to the European Union and has been a candidate for NATO membership since April 2010, when it received a Membership Action Plan.
The accession of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the European Union is the stated aim of the present relations between the two entities.

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

FederationFBiHthe Federation
However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third unit, the Brčko District, governed under local government.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (abbreviated FB&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (FBiH) / Федерација Боснa и Херцеговина, Croatian: Federacija Bosna i Hercegovina (FBiH) ) is one of the two political entities that compose Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being Republika Srpska.