A report on Boston

In 1773, a group of angered Bostonian citizens threw a shipment of tea by the East India Company into Boston Harbor as a response to the Tea Act, in an event known as the Boston Tea Party.
Map showing a British tactical evaluation of Boston in 1775.
Boston, as the Eagle and the Wild Goose See It, 1860, by J.W. Black, the first recorded aerial photograph
State Street, 1801
View of downtown Boston from Dorchester Heights, 1841
Tremont Street, 1843
The was home to the Boston city council from 1865 to 1969.
General view of Boston, by J. J. Hawes, c. 1860s–1880s
Haymarket Square, 1909
Back Bay neighborhood
Boston as seen from ESA Sentinel-2. Boston Harbor, at the center, has made Boston a major shipping port since its founding.
Panoramic map of Boston (1877)
200 Clarendon Street is the tallest building in Boston, with a roof height of 790 ft.
Boston's skyline in the background, with fall foliage in the foreground
A graph of cumulative winter snowfall at Logan International Airport from 1938 to 2015. The four winters with the most snowfall are highlighted. The snowfall data, which was collected by NOAA, is from the weather station at the airport.
Per capita income in the Greater Boston area, by US Census block group, 2000. The dashed line shows the boundary of the City of Boston.
Map of racial distribution in Boston, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
Chinatown, with its paifang gate, is home to many Chinese and also Vietnamese restaurants.
U.S. Navy sailors march in Boston's annual St. Patrick's Day Parade. Irish Americans constitute the largest ethnicity in Boston.
Boston gay pride march, held annually in June
Old South Church, a United Church of Christ congregation first organized in 1669
Boston Latin School was established in 1635 and is the oldest public high school in the US.
Map of Boston-area universities
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is often cited as among the world's top universities
Harvard Business School, one of the country's top business schools
A Boston Police cruiser on Beacon Street
The Old State House, a museum on the Freedom Trail near the site of the Boston massacre
In the nineteenth century, the Old Corner Bookstore became a gathering place for writers, including Emerson, Thoreau, and Margaret Fuller. Here James Russell Lowell printed the first editions of The Atlantic Monthly.
Symphony Hall, home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra
Museum of Fine Arts
Population density and elevation above sea level in Greater Boston (2010)
Fenway Park is the oldest professional baseball stadium still in use.
The Celtics play at the TD Garden.
Harvard Stadium, the first collegiate athletic stadium built in the U.S.
An aerial view of Boston Common
Chamber of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in the Massachusetts State House
Boston City Hall is a Brutalist landmark in the city
Harvard Medical School, one of the most prestigious medical schools in the world
An MBTA Red Line train departing Boston for Cambridge. Bostonians depend heavily on public transit, with over 1.3 million Bostonians riding the city's buses and trains daily (2013).
South Station, the busiest rail hub in New England, is a terminus of Amtrak and numerous MBTA rail lines.
Bluebikes in Boston
Michelle Wu, the 55th Mayor of Boston
Headquarters of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston

Capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States and 24th-most populous city in the country.

- Boston

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Most populous state in the New England region of the United States.

Most populous state in the New England region of the United States.

The Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882). The Pilgrims founded Plymouth in 1620.
An illustration of the Battles of Lexington and Concord
John Adams, 2nd President of the United States (1797–1801)
Textile mills such as the one in Lowell made Massachusetts a leader in the Industrial Revolution.
John F. Kennedy, Massachusetts native and 35th President of the United States (1961–1963)
Boston Marathon bombing
A portion of the north-central Pioneer Valley in South Deerfield
Köppen climate types in Massachusetts
Massachusetts population density map. The centers of high-density settlement, from east to west, are Boston, Worcester, Springfield, and Pittsfield, respectively.
Saint Patrick's Day parade in Scituate, the municipality with the highest percentage identifying Irish ancestry in the United States, at 47.5% in 2010. Irish Americans constitute the largest ethnicity in Massachusetts.
Boston's Chinatown, with its paifang gate, is home to many Chinese and also Vietnamese restaurants.
Boston gay pride march, held annually in June. In 2004 Massachusetts became the first U.S. state to legalize same-sex marriage.
Built in 1681, the Old Ship Church in Hingham is the oldest church in America in continuous ecclesiastical use. Massachusetts has since become one of the most irreligious states in the U.S.
Towns in Massachusetts by combined mean SAT of their public high school district for the 2015–2016 academic year
Sunset at Brewster, on Cape Cod Bay.
The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, serving Greater Boston
Logan International Airport in Boston is the largest airport in New England in terms of passenger volume
Prominent roads and cities in Massachusetts
The Massachusetts State House, topped by its golden dome, faces Boston Common on Beacon Hill.
Charlie Baker (R), the 72nd Governor of Massachusetts
Boston Pride Parade, 2012. From left: Representative Joe Kennedy III, Senator Elizabeth Warren, and former representative Barney Frank.
The site of Henry David Thoreau's cabin at Walden Pond in Concord
Massachusetts has the largest population of the New England states. New Englander culture and identity remains strong in Massachusetts (Flag of New England pictured above).
An outdoor dance performance at Jacob's Pillow in Becket
USS Constitution fires a salute during its annual Fourth of July turnaround cruise
Map showing the average medicare reimbursement per enrollee for the counties in Massachusetts.
Gillette Stadium in Foxborough is the home venue for the New England Patriots (NFL) and the New England Revolution (MLS)
Koppen climate of Massachusetts
A 1779 five-shilling note issued by Massachusetts.
Koppen climate of Massachusetts

The capital of Massachusetts is Boston, which is the most populous city in New England.

New England

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Region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Indigenous territories, circa 1600 in present-day southern New England
Soldier and explorer John Smith coined the name "New England" in 1616.
A 1638 engraving depicting the Mystic massacre
An English map of New England c. 1670 depicts the area around modern Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
The New England Ensign, one of several flags historically associated with New England. This flag was reportedly used by colonial merchant ships sailing out of New England ports, 1686 – c. 1737.
New England's Siege of Louisbourg (1745) by Peter Monamy
The Slater Mill Historic Site in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
Bread and Roses Strike. Massachusetts National Guard troops surround unarmed strikers in Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1912.
Autumn in New England, watercolor, Maurice Prendergast, c.1910–1913
Cambridge, Massachusetts, has a high concentration of startups and technology companies.
A political and geographical map of New England shows the coastal plains in the southeast, and hills, mountains and valleys in the west and the north.
A portion of the north-central Pioneer Valley in Sunderland, Massachusetts
Köppen climate types in New England
The White Mountains of New Hampshire are part of the Appalachian Mountains.
Montpelier, Vermont, is the smallest state capital in the United States.
Largest self-reported ancestry groups in New England. Americans of Irish descent form a plurality in most of Massachusetts, while Americans of English descent form a plurality in much of the central parts of Vermont and New Hampshire as well as nearly all of Maine.
World's largest Irish flag in Boston. People who claim Irish descent constitute the largest ethnic group in New England.
Southeastern New England is home to a number of Lusophone ethnic enclaves.
The Port of Portland in Portland, Maine, is the largest tonnage seaport in New England.
The Hartford headquarters of Aetna is housed in a 1931 Colonial Revival building.
A plowed field in Bethel, Vermont
Seabrook Station Nuclear Power Plant in Seabrook, New Hampshire
A New England town meeting in Huntington, Vermont
Flag of the New England Governor's Conference (NEGC)
Alumni Hall at Saint Anselm College has served as a backdrop for media reports during the New Hampshire primary.
New England is home to four of the eight Ivy League universities. Pictured here is Harvard Yard of Harvard University.
Phillips Exeter Academy and Phillips Academy are two prestigious New England secondary schools founded in the late 18th century
Flag of New England flying in Massachusetts. New Englanders maintain a strong sense of regional and cultural identity.
A classic New England Congregational church in Peacham, Vermont
Boston's Symphony Hall is the home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra—the second-oldest of the Big Five American symphony orchestras.
New England regionalist poet Robert Frost
Wes Anderson's Moonrise Kingdom is set on a fictional New England island and was largely filmed in Rhode Island
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
A Hartford Line Train at Hartford Union Station
The MBTA Commuter Rail serves eastern Massachusetts and parts of Rhode Island, radiating from downtown Boston, with planned service to New Hampshire. The CTrail system operates the Shore Line East and Hartford Line, covering coastal Connecticut, Hartford, and Springfield, Massachusetts.
1. Boston, Massachusetts
2. Worcester, Massachusetts
3. Providence, Rhode Island
4. Springfield, Massachusetts
5. Bridgeport, Connecticut
6. Stamford, Connecticut
7. New Haven, Connecticut
8. Hartford, Connecticut
9. Cambridge, Massachusetts
10. Manchester, New Hampshire
Harvard vs. Yale football game in 2003
Fenway Park
Bill Russell and Red Auerbach of the Boston Celtics
The New England Patriots are the most popular professional sports team in New England.
The Middlebury College rowing team in the 2007 Head of the Charles Regatta
Köppen climate types in New England

Boston is New England's largest city, as well as the capital of Massachusetts.

The Bunker Hill Monument and William Prescott Statue

Charlestown, Boston

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The Bunker Hill Monument and William Prescott Statue
1629 site of Puritan leader John Winthrop's "Great House" in City Square, uncovered during the Big Dig
Bird's-eye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill, between 1890 and 1910
Sailboats moored on the Charlestown side of the Charles River with Bunker Hill Monument in the distance
Interior of St. Mary's Church (1887–1893)
Bunker Hill Monument. Bunker Hill Day, Boston, and Charlestown, between 1890 and 1901
Winthrop Square
Charlestown Civil War Memorial

Charlestown is the oldest neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, in the United States.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

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English settlement on the east coast of America around the Massachusetts Bay, the northernmost of the several colonies later reorganized as the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

English settlement on the east coast of America around the Massachusetts Bay, the northernmost of the several colonies later reorganized as the Province of Massachusetts Bay.

Map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Map depicting tribal distribution in southern New England, circa 1600; the political boundaries shown are modern
Map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop led the first large wave of colonists from England in 1630 and served as governor for 12 of the colony's first 20 years
The Dominion of New England in 1688
Constructed in 1641, the Fairbanks House is a First Period home with clapboard siding
Salem Common was established as a village green in 1667
Quaker Mary Dyer was hanged on Boston Common in 1660

The lands of the settlement were in southern New England, with initial settlements on two natural harbors and surrounding land about 15.4 mi apart—the areas around Salem and Boston, north of the previously established Plymouth Colony.

Cambridge, Massachusetts

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City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area as a major suburb of Boston.

City in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area as a major suburb of Boston.

Map showing the original boundaries of Cambridge and other Massachusetts cities and towns
George Washington in Cambridge, 1775
Map of Cambridge from 1873
1852 Map of Boston area showing Cambridge and regional rail lines and highlighting the course of the Middlesex Canal. Cambridge is toward the bottom of the map and outlined in yellow, and should not be confused with the pink-outlined and partially cropped "West Cambridge", now Arlington.
A view from Boston of Harvard's Weld Boathouse and Cambridge in winter. The Charles River is in the foreground.
Buildings of Kendall Square, center of Cambridge's biotech economy, seen from the Charles River
Fogg Museum, Harvard
Longfellow House–Washington's Headquarters National Historic Site
Stata Center, MIT
Simmons Hall, MIT
Alewife Brook Reservation
Cambridge City Hall in the 1980s
Aerial view of part of MIT's main campus
Dunster House, Harvard
The 1888 part of the Cambridge Public Library
Massachusetts Avenue in Harvard Square
Central Station on the MBTA Red Line
The Weeks Bridge provides a pedestrian-only connection between Boston's Allston-Brighton neighborhood and Cambridge over the Charles River.
Engine 2, Paramedic Squad 2, Ladder 3 firehouse
Central Square
Harvard Square
Inman Square

As of the 2020 United States Census, the city's population was 118,403, making it the fourth most populous city in the state, behind Boston, Worcester, and Springfield.

Greater Boston

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Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area and Red represents the City of Boston.
Cambridge and Boston; MIT and Kendall Square in the foreground, and Boston's Financial District in the background
Winthrop, MA
St. Patrick's Day Parade in Scituate, Massachusetts, in Plymouth County, the municipality with the highest percentage identifying Irish ancestry in the United States, at 47.5% in 2010. Irish Americans constitute the largest ethnicity in Greater Boston.
Boston's Chinatown, with its paifang gate, is home to many Chinese and also Vietnamese restaurants.
Boston gay pride march, held annually in June
Harvard University, a leading global university, is located in Cambridge, MA in Greater Boston
The MBTA district, with Commuter Rail lines in purple
The Salem Ferry, 92 ft. Catamaran is photographed approaching its dock off Blaney Street at the Salem Maritime National Historic Site in Salem, Massachusetts, United States.

Greater Boston is the metropolitan region of New England encompassing the municipality of Boston (the capital of the U.S. state of Massachusetts and the most populous city in New England) and its surrounding areas.

Charles River

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80 mi river in eastern Massachusetts.

80 mi river in eastern Massachusetts.

View of the bridge over Charles River, New York Public Library
View of the Charles River, Memorial Drive in Cambridge(foreground), and the Back Bay skyline at night
A sunny day on the Charles River Esplanade
Sailboats moored on the Charlestown side of the Charles River with Bunker Hill Monument in the distance
Sunset at Charles River in December 2010
American Shad (Alosa Sapidissima)
View of the Charles River, Community Rowing, Inc. and Boston from Nonantum.
The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Weld Boathouse and the main campus of Harvard University in Cambridge.
View of Charles River at Newton Upper Falls
Charles River under Echo Bridge in Newton
Charles River at Medfield-Millis town line
Charles River basin from an office tower in Boston.
Charles River Esplanade, 2013
Charles River Esplanade, 2013
View of the Charles River and Downtown Boston from the Boston University Bridge
John W. Weeks Bridge

It flows northeast from Hopkinton to Boston along a highly meandering route, that doubles back on itself several times and travels through 23 cities and towns before reaching the Atlantic Ocean.

Dorchester, Boston

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Old Blake House c. 1905
Dorchester looking north toward Boston, c. 1781
Baker's Cocoa Advertisement in Overland Monthly, January 1919. The manufacture of chocolate had been introduced in the United States in 1765 by John Hannon and Dr. James Baker in Dorchester. Walter Baker & Company was located in Dorchester.
One of Dorchester's most influential residents, Lucy Stone was an early advocate for women's rights.
Two people play tennis in Franklin Park, 1906.
Map of Dorchester, Massachusetts, and surrounding area from the H. F. Walling Map of the County of Norfolk, Massachusetts, 1858
Map showing all ground in Boston occupied by buildings in 1880, just after Dorchester was annexed to Boston in 1870. Dorchester is in the lower left quadrant. From U.S. Census Bureau.
John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum on the Columbia Point peninsula (2007)
Uphams Corner section of Dorchester showing the typical urban street-scape found in the neighborhood (2010)
Map of the neighborhoods of Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts
The Red Line MBTA platform at the JFK/UMass station with a commuter rail at the station (2007)
The headquarters of the Boston Globe was located on Morrissey Boulevard in Dorchester (2009).
The University of Massachusetts Boston is located on Columbia Point in Dorchester (2009).

Dorchester (colloquially referred to as Dot) is a Boston neighborhood comprising more than 6 mi2 in the City of Boston, Massachusetts, United States.


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Largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sixth most populous city in the U.S., and the second most populous city in the Northeast megalopolis, behind New York City.

Largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the sixth most populous city in the U.S., and the second most populous city in the Northeast megalopolis, behind New York City.

Benjamin Franklin, 1777
Independence Hall on Chestnut Street between 5th and 6th Streets in Philadelphia, where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were ratified on July 4, 1776 and June 21, 1788, respectively
An 18th-century map of Philadelphia, circa 1752
Sentinel-2 true-color image of Philadelphia and the Delaware River, September 2020
This 1683 portrait of Philadelphia, created by Thomas Holme, is believed to be the first map ever developed of the city of Philadelphia
Center City Philadelphia's contrasting architectural styles can be seen in One Liberty Place, built between 1985 and 1987 (in the background), and Philadelphia City Hall, built between 1871 and 1901 (in the foreground), July 2009
Philadelphia's Fairmount Park along the Schuylkill River, circa 1900
Map of racial distribution in Philadelphia, 2010 Census. Each dot is 25 people:
Philadelphia's famed Italian Market, part of South Philadelphia's Italian heritage, June 2006
"Leacht Cuimhneacháin na Gael", an Irish famine memorial at Penn's Landing honors the large Irish community (14.2% of the city's population), April 2015
Gayborhood street sign, near Washington Square, April 2007
Philadelphia Episcopal Cathedral of the Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania, April 2010
Interior of the Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, built in the 1860s
The Philadelphia Stock Exchange, the oldest stock exchange in the United States, October 2009
FMC Tower at Cira Centre South, July 2018
William Penn Charter School, established in 1689, is the oldest Quaker school in the nation
The campus of the University of Pennsylvania, an Ivy League university in Philadelphia and one of the highest ranked universities in the world, November 2005
Medical Hall housing at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, the oldest medical school in the United States
Philadelphia Museum of Art, April 2010
Keys To Community, a bust of Ben Franklin by James Peniston, 2007
Kimmel Center, home of the Philadelphia Orchestra
Curtis Institute of Music, one of the world's premier conservatories
Pat's Steaks and Geno's Steaks in Philadelphia, August 2010
The Flyers play at the Wells Fargo Center, March 2014
Historic Boathouse Row at night on the Schuylkill, a symbol of the city's rich rowing history
Old City Hall served as Philadelphia's town hall from 1800 to 1854.
James A. Byrne United States Courthouse houses the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
Jim Kenney, the current and 99th Mayor of Philadelphia
Police Administration Building (the Roundhouse) in Center City, east of Chinatown
Mounted police officer in Center City, 1973
A Philadelphia police cruiser on Benjamin Franklin Parkway
Inquirer Building at 400 North Broad Street was home of The Philadelphia Inquirer, the third longest continuously published newspaper in the United States, until 2012. It is currently undergoing renovations to become the new headquarters of the Philadelphia Police Department.
Original studio for WCAU, Philadelphia's NBC affiliate, 1622 Chestnut Street
2016 photo of 30th Street Station, which accommodates both SEPTA regional and Amtrak national trains. 30th Street Station is Amtrak's third busiest train station in the nation.
Market–Frankford Line train departing 52nd Street station
Philadelphia International Airport, the busiest airport in Pennsylvania and 21st busiest in the nation
Traffic heading into Philadelphia on Interstate 95 during the morning rush hour, July 2008
The Ben Franklin Bridge, which connects Philadelphia and Camden, New Jersey
Suburban Station with art deco architecture at 16th Street and JFK Boulevard
Fairmount Water Works, Philadelphia's second municipal waterworks
Chinatown paifang at 10th and Arch (2013), a symbol of Philadelphia's friendship with Tianjin. Philadelphia is experiencing significant Chinese immigration from New York City, 95 miles to the north, and from China.
The Birth of Pennsylvania, 1680, by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris – William Penn, holding paper, and King Charles II
Penn's Treaty with the Indians by Benjamin West
John Trumbull's Declaration of Independence – the Committee of Five presents their draft in Independence Hall, June 28, 1776.<ref>John Hazelton, The Historical Value of Trumbull's: Declaration of Independence, Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, volume 31 (Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1907), 38.</ref>
President's House – the presidential mansion of George Washington and John Adams, 1790–1800
Opening day ceremonies at the Centennial Exposition at Memorial Hall, 1876 – first official World's fair in the United States
Elfreth's Alley, "Our nation's oldest residential street", 1702–1836<ref name="marker">Historical marker on Elfreth's Alley</ref>
Carpenters' Hall exhibiting Georgian architecture, 1770–1774
Second Bank of the United States exhibiting Greek Revival architecture, 1818–1824
Second Empire-style Philadelphia City Hall, 1871–1901, from South Broad Street
The grand concourse of the 30th Street Station, in Art Deco style, 1927–1933
The University of Pennsylvania Medical School, the oldest medical school in the United States
The paifang “Friendship Arch” at Chinatown, one of America’s largest, attracting Chinese immigrants from both New York City and China.
The annual Naked Bike Ride attracts participants domestically and worldwide to Philadelphia.
The Wharton School of Business is one of the world’s most prestigious business schools.
Jim Kenney, the 99th Mayor of Philadelphia

By the 1750s, Philadelphia had surpassed Boston to become the largest city and busiest port in British America, and second in the British Empire after London.

Providence, Rhode Island

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Capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island.

Capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island.

The First Baptist Church in America is the oldest Baptist congregation in America. Founded by Roger Williams in 1638, its present meetinghouse was first occupied in 1775.
Satellite photograph of greater Providence
Map of neighborhoods in Providence
The Providence skyline as viewed from across the Providence River
Downtown Providence and the East Side, 2010. Note the demolition of the previous I-195 as part of the Iway project.
Map of racial distribution in Providence, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:
The Providence Performing Arts Center
Friday night diners at DePasquale Square, the heart of Providence's Little Italy
A 2019 hockey game between Providence College and Cornell University at the Dunkin’ Donuts Center
1879 National League champion Providence Grays
Women & Infants Hospital
Providence Station
The Iway Bridge and Fox Point Hurricane Barrier
The Michael S. Van Leesten Memorial Bridge opened in August 2019
A bike lane in Elmhurst
The Shepard Company Building in Downtown Providence's compact urban center
Burnside Park in Downtown Providence facing the city's primary row of high rises
Downtown Weybosset Street at the Providence Performing Arts Center Square
The Providence Riverwalk, at the edge of downtown
Providence City Council chambers

As of the 2020 United States Census, Providence has a population of 190,934, making it the third-most-populous city in New England after Boston and Worcester, Massachusetts.