Boston Manufacturing Company, Waltham, Massachusetts
Profile of Francis Cabot Lowell. There are no surviving portraits of him, so this profile is commonly used.
Boston Manufacturing Company, c. 1813
Boston Manufacturing Company, Waltham, Massachusetts
Boston Manufacturing Company and Dam in August, 2011
Boston Manufacturing Company
Boston Manufacturing Company (1978), HAER-54
Waltham, 1793
Map of Waltham, 1877
The Charles River in Waltham
Age Distribution
Waltham Supermarket on Main Street, established in 1936, was a large historic grocery store that closed in the 1990s. The building continues to be a supermarket, occupied subsequently by Shaw's, then Victory, and now Hannaford.
Brandeis University
Deena (Drossin) Kastor

It was organized in 1813 by Francis Cabot Lowell, a wealthy Boston merchant, in partnership with a group of investors later known as The Boston Associates, for the manufacture of cotton textiles.

- Boston Manufacturing Company

The original home of the Boston Manufacturing Company, the city was a prototype for 19th century industrial city planning, spawning what became known as the Waltham-Lowell system of labor and production.

- Waltham, Massachusetts

In the early 19th century, Francis Cabot Lowell and his friends and colleagues established in Waltham the Boston Manufacturing Company—the first integrated textile mill in the United States, with the goal of eliminating the problems of co-ordination, quality control, and shipping inherent in the subcontracting based textile industry.

- Waltham, Massachusetts

In September 1813 The Boston Associates purchased the Boies Paper Mill site in Waltham.

- Boston Manufacturing Company

In 1814, he enlisted the support of his three brothers-in-law, Charles, James and Patrick Tracy Jackson, and obtained the financial backing of the merchants Nathan Appleton and Israel Thorndike to establish the Boston Manufacturing Company at Waltham, Massachusetts, using the power of the Charles River.

- Francis Cabot Lowell
Boston Manufacturing Company, Waltham, Massachusetts

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Boston Manufacturing Co., Waltham, Massachusetts

Waltham-Lowell system

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Labor and production model employed during the rise of the textile industry in the United States, particularly in New England, amid the larger backdrop of rapid expansion of the Industrial Revolution the early 19th century.

Labor and production model employed during the rise of the textile industry in the United States, particularly in New England, amid the larger backdrop of rapid expansion of the Industrial Revolution the early 19th century.

Boston Manufacturing Co., Waltham, Massachusetts
Slater Mill
Tintype of two young women in Lowell, Massachusetts (circa 1871)
One of the last remaining textile mill boarding houses in Lowell, Massachusetts on right, part of the Lowell National Historical Park

After the successes of Samuel Slater, a group of investors now called The Boston Associates and led by Newburyport, Massachusetts merchant Francis Cabot Lowell devised a new textile operation on the Charles River in Waltham, Massachusetts, west of Boston.

This new firm, the first in the nation to place cotton-to-cloth production under one roof, was incorporated as the Boston Manufacturing Company in 1814.