Boston Manufacturing Company, Waltham, Massachusetts
Boston Manufacturing Company, c. 1813
Boston Manufacturing Company
Boston Manufacturing Company and Dam in August, 2011
Waltham, 1793
Boston Manufacturing Company (1978), HAER-54
Map of Waltham, 1877
The Charles River in Waltham
Age Distribution
Waltham Supermarket on Main Street, established in 1936, was a large historic grocery store that closed in the 1990s. The building continues to be a supermarket, occupied subsequently by Shaw's, then Victory, and now Hannaford.
Brandeis University
Deena (Drossin) Kastor

The original home of the Boston Manufacturing Company, the city was a prototype for 19th century industrial city planning, spawning what became known as the Waltham-Lowell system of labor and production.

- Waltham, Massachusetts

In September 1813 The Boston Associates purchased the Boies Paper Mill site in Waltham.

- Boston Manufacturing Company

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Boston Manufacturing Co., Waltham, Massachusetts

Waltham-Lowell system

Labor and production model employed during the rise of the textile industry in the United States, particularly in New England, amid the larger backdrop of rapid expansion of the Industrial Revolution the early 19th century.

Labor and production model employed during the rise of the textile industry in the United States, particularly in New England, amid the larger backdrop of rapid expansion of the Industrial Revolution the early 19th century.

Boston Manufacturing Co., Waltham, Massachusetts
Slater Mill
Tintype of two young women in Lowell, Massachusetts (circa 1871)
One of the last remaining textile mill boarding houses in Lowell, Massachusetts on right, part of the Lowell National Historical Park

After the successes of Samuel Slater, a group of investors now called The Boston Associates and led by Newburyport, Massachusetts merchant Francis Cabot Lowell devised a new textile operation on the Charles River in Waltham, Massachusetts, west of Boston.

This new firm, the first in the nation to place cotton-to-cloth production under one roof, was incorporated as the Boston Manufacturing Company in 1814.

Profile of Francis Cabot Lowell. There are no surviving portraits of him, so this profile is commonly used.

Francis Cabot Lowell

American businessman for whom the city of Lowell, Massachusetts, is named.

American businessman for whom the city of Lowell, Massachusetts, is named.

Profile of Francis Cabot Lowell. There are no surviving portraits of him, so this profile is commonly used.
Boston Manufacturing Company, Waltham, Massachusetts

In 1814, he enlisted the support of his three brothers-in-law, Charles, James and Patrick Tracy Jackson, and obtained the financial backing of the merchants Nathan Appleton and Israel Thorndike to establish the Boston Manufacturing Company at Waltham, Massachusetts, using the power of the Charles River.

Aerial view of the museum in June 2017

Charles River Museum of Industry & Innovation

Aerial view of the museum in June 2017
Museum interior; Waltham Watch gallery is on mezzanine.

Charles River Museum of Industry & Innovation is a museum of the American Industrial Revolution located on the Charles River Bike Path, near the intersection of the Charles River and Moody Street in Waltham, Massachusetts.

The building was originally built as part of the Boston Manufacturing Company, Francis Cabot Lowell's seminal, fully integrated textile mill.