Botswana

MotswanaRepublic of BotswanaBotswananBWBatswanaChief JusticeChief Justice of Botswana Botswana Administrative divisions of BotswanaBatswanan independence
Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.wikipedia
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South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.
It is bounded to the south by 2,798 km of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho.

Elections in Botswana

Botswanaany electionelections
Since then, it has been a representative republic, with a consistent record of uninterrupted democratic elections and the best perceived corruption ranking in Africa since at least 1998.
Elections in Botswana take place within the framework of a multi-party democracy and a parliamentary system.

Namibia

NamibianRepublic of NamibiaSouth West Africa
It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.

Zimbabwe

🇿🇼 ZimbabweanRepublic of Zimbabwe
It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique.

Bechuanaland Protectorate

BechuanalandprotectorateProtectorate of Bechuanaland
Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966.
It became the Republic of Botswana on 30 September 1966.

Southern Africa

SouthernSouthern AfricanSouth Africa
Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.
The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (also known as Swaziland), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe in East Africa.

Gaborone

Gaborone, BotswanaGaborone Private HospitalGaberones
Around 10 percent of the population lives in the capital and largest city, Gaborone. The seat of government was moved in 1965 from Mahikeng in South Africa, to the newly established Gaborone, which is located near Botswana's border with South Africa.
Gaborone is the capital and largest city of Botswana with a population of 231,626 based on the 2011 census, about 10% of the total population of Botswana.

Zambia

ZambianRepublic of ZambiaNorthern Rhodesia
Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula is poorly defined but is, at most, a few hundred metres long.
Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west.

Mining industry of Botswana

miningMining in Botswana
The economy is dominated by mining, cattle, and tourism.
The mineral industry of Botswana has dominated the national economy since the 1970s.

Tourism in Botswana

tourismVisitor attractions in Botswana
The economy is dominated by mining, cattle, and tourism.
Botswana's principal tourist attractions are its game reserves, with hunting and photographic safaris available.

HIV/AIDS in Botswana

HIV/AIDS epidemic
The country has been among the hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
Botswana is experiencing one of the most severe HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world.

Southern African Development Community

SADCSouthern Africa Development CommunitySADC PF
Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations.
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.

List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate

HIV/AIDS rateHIV/AIDS prevalence rateHIV prevalence rate
, Botswana has the third-highest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, with roughly 20% of the population infected.
Adult HIV prevalence exceeds 20% in Eswatini (Swaziland), Botswana, and Lesotho, while an additional six countries report adult HIV prevalence of at least 10%.

San people

SanBushmenBushman
The original inhabitants of southern Africa were the Bushmen (San) and Khoi peoples.
The San or Saan peoples, also known as the "Bushmen" (also Sākhoen, Sonqua, and in Afrikaans: Boesmans, after Dutch Boschjesmens; and Saake in the Nǁng language), are members of various Khoesān-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherer groups that are the first nations of Southern Africa, and whose territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and South Africa.

Ethnic groups in Botswana

different ethnic groupsethnicethnic group in Botswana
The country's name means "land of the tswana", referring to the dominant ethnic group in Botswana.
The population of Botswana is divided into the main ethnic groups of Tswana people (79%), Kalanga people (11%), and Basarwa (or Bushmen) (3%).

Kalahari Desert

KalahariKalahari xeric savannaOmaheke Desert
Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert.
The Kalahari Desert is a large semi-arid sandy savanna in Southern Africa extending for 900000 km2, covering much of Botswana, parts of Namibia and regions of South Africa.

Tswana people

TswanaBatswanaMotswana
The country's name means "land of the tswana", referring to the dominant ethnic group in Botswana. In 1852 a coalition of Tswana chiefdoms led by Sechele I resisted Afrikaner incursions during Battle of Dimawe, and after about eight years of intermittent tensions and hostilities, eventually came to a peace agreement in Potchefstroom in 1860.
Ethnic Tswana made up approximately 85% of the population of Botswana in 2011.

Bangwaketse

Ngwaketse
The Bangwaketse occupied areas to the west, while the Bangwato moved northeast into formerly Kalanga areas.
The Bangwaketse (also known as the BaNgwaketse, or Ngwaketse) are one of the eight principal tribes in Botswana, and are ethnic Tswana.

Sechele I

SecheleSetshele ISetshele
In 1852 a coalition of Tswana chiefdoms led by Sechele I resisted Afrikaner incursions during Battle of Dimawe, and after about eight years of intermittent tensions and hostilities, eventually came to a peace agreement in Potchefstroom in 1860.
Sechele I a Motswasele "Rra Mokonopi" (1812–1892), also known as Setshele, was the ruler of the Kwêna people of Botswana.

Khoisan languages

KhoisanSanSan language
Both speak Khoisan languages and hunted, gathered, and traded over long distances.
They are currently restricted to the Kalahari Desert, primarily in Namibia and Botswana, and to the Rift Valley in central Tanzania.

Khama III

KhamaKgamaKhama III Boikanyo a Sekgoma
Khama III (reigned 1875–1923) was the first of the Tswana chiefs to make Christianity a state religion, and changed a great deal of Tswana customary law as a result.
During the 18th century, Malope, chief of the Bakwena tribe, led his people from the Transvaal region of South Africa into the southeast territory of Botswana.

Mahikeng

MafekingMafikeng Mahikeng, North West
The seat of government was moved in 1965 from Mahikeng in South Africa, to the newly established Gaborone, which is located near Botswana's border with South Africa.
Located close to South Africa's border with Botswana, Mahikeng is 1400 km northeast of Cape Town and 260 km west of Johannesburg.

Seretse Khama

Sir Seretse KhamaSeretsePresident Khama
Seretse Khama, a leader in the independence movement and the legitimate claimant to the Ngwato chiefship, was elected as the first President, and subsequently re-elected twice.
Sir Seretse Goitsebeng Maphiri Khama, GCB, KBE (1 July 1921 – 13 July 1980) was the first President of Botswana, in office from 1966 to 1980.

Botswana Defence Force

BotswanaBotswana Defense Forcearmed forces,
The presidency passed in 2008 to Ian Khama (son of the first President), who had been serving as Mogae's Vice-President since resigning his position in 1998 as Commander of the Botswana Defence Force to take up this civilian role.
The Botswana Defence Force (BDF, Setswana: Sesole Sa Botswana), the military of Botswana, formed in 1977.

Quett Masire

Sir Ketumile MasireKetumile MasireSir Ketumile Quett Masire
The presidency passed to the sitting Vice-President, Quett Masire, who was elected in his own right in 1984 and re-elected in 1989 and 1994.
Quett Ketumile Joni Masire, GCMG (23 July 1925 – 22 June 2017) was the second President of Botswana, in office from 1980 to 1998.