MotswanaRepublic of BotswanaBotswananBWBatswanaChief JusticeChief Justice of Botswana Botswana Administrative divisions of BotswanaBatswanan independence
Botswana (, also ), officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country in Southern Africa.wikipedia
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Jwaneng Town
Botswana's councils created from urban or town councils are: Gaborone City, Francistown, Lobatse Town, Selebi-Phikwe Town, Jwaneng Town, Orapa Town and Sowa Township.
Jwaneng is a town located in the Southern District of Botswana, but it is not part of this, being a separate district, with its own Town Council.

Bechuanaland Expedition

Warren ExpeditionBechuanalandmilitary expedition to South Africa
It unilaterally annexed Tswana territories in January 1885 and then sent the Warren Expedition north to consolidate control over the area and convince the chiefs to accept British overrule.

Battle of Dimawe

attacked by Boers
In 1852 a coalition of Tswana chiefdoms led by Sechele I resisted Afrikaner incursions during Battle of Dimawe, and after about eight years of intermittent tensions and hostilities, eventually came to a peace agreement in Potchefstroom in 1860.

Fatshe leno la rona

National anthem of Botswana
The national anthem is "Fatshe leno la rona".
"Fatshe leno la rona" (meaning "Our Land" or "Blessed be this Noble Land" in Tswana) is the national anthem of the Republic of Botswana.

Botswana national football team

BotswanaBotswana internationalBotswana national team
Football is the most popular sport in Botswana, with qualification for the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations being the national team's highest achievement to date.
The Botswana national football team, nicknamed The Zebras (Setswana: Dipitse), represents Botswana in international football and is controlled by the Botswana Football Association.


In the northern part of Botswana, women in the villages of Etsha and Gumare are noted for their skill at crafting baskets from Mokola Palm and local dyes.
Gumare or Gomare is a rural village located in the North-West District of Botswana, near the Okavango Delta.

Kalanga language

Other languages spoken in Botswana include Kalanga (sekalanga), Sarwa (sesarwa), Ndebele, !Xóõ and, in some parts, Afrikaans.
Kalanga, or TjiKalanga (in Zimbabwe), is a Bantu language spoken by the Kalanga people in Botswana and Zimbabwe.

London Missionary Society

LMSLondon MissionL.M.S.
The Lutherans and the London Missionary Society both became established in the country by 1856.

Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons

Prohibition of Nuclear WeaponsNuclear Weapon Ban Treatyban on nuclear weapons
In 2019, Botswana signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

Kololo people

MakololoKololoMakololo tribe
Although the Bangwaketse were able to defeat the invading Bakololo in 1826, over time all the major chiefdoms in Botswana were attacked, weakened, and impoverished.
In 1823, the Kololo started a migration north through Botswana to Barotseland.

High Court of Botswana

High CourtHigh Court (Botswana)
It consists of a typical court system of local Magistrates Courts, a High Court and a Court of Appeal.
The High Court of Botswana is based in Lobatse in Botswana.


SwazilandSwaziEswatini (Swaziland)
When the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910 from the main British colonies in the region, the High Commission Territories — the Bechuanaland Protectorate, Basutoland (now Lesotho), and Swaziland (now Eswatini) — were not included, but provision was made for their later incorporation.
SIMPA is a government-owned management and development institute and IDM is a regional organisation in Botswana, Lesotho, and Eswatini, providing training, consultancy, and research in management.


AfrikanerAfrikaanerAfrikaner people
Following the Great Trek, Afrikaners from the Cape Colony established themselves on the borders of Botswana in the Transvaal.

Amantle Montsho

In 2011, Amantle Montsho became world champion in the 400 metres and won Botswana's first athletics medal on the world level.
Amantle Montsho (born July 4, 1983) is a female sprinter from Botswana who specializes in the 400 metres.

Kabelo Kgosiemang

High jumper Kabelo Kgosiemang is a three-time African champion.
Kabelo Kgosiemang (born 7 January 1986) is a male high jumper from Botswana.

Bantu languages

BantuBantu languageBantu-speaking
It is unclear when Bantu-speaking peoples first moved into the country from the north, although AD 600 seems to be a consensus estimate.
So, in the country of Botswana the people are the Batswana, one person is a Motswana, and the language is Setswana; and in Uganda, centred on the kingdom of Buganda, the dominant ethnicity are the Baganda (sg.

University of Botswana

University of Botswana, Lesotho and SwazilandBotswanaUB Stadium
Students enter the University of Botswana, Botswana College of Agriculture, Botswana International University of Science and Technology and the Botswana Accountancy College in Gaborone.
The University of Botswana popularly known as UB was established in 1982 as the first institution of higher education in Botswana.

British South Africa Company

British South African CompanyBritish South Africa Company (BSAC)Chartered Company
During the early 1890s, the British government decided to hand over the Bechuanaland Protectorate to the British South Africa Company.


Lotsane Senior Secondary SchoolList of schools in PalapyeMmaphula Junior Secondary School
The nation's second international university, the Botswana International University of Science and Technology, was completed in Palapye in 2011.
Palapye is becoming a large town in Botswana, situated about halfway between Francistown and Gaborone (240 km away from Gaborone and 170 km away from Francistown).

Air Botswana

Air Botswana CorporationChris Phatswe
The national airline is Air Botswana, which flies domestically and to other countries in Africa.
Air Botswana Corporation is Botswana's state-owned national flag carrier, with its headquarters located in Gaborone.


The cuisine of Botswana is unique and mostly includes seswaa, pounded meat made from goat meat or beef.
Seswaa (as the dish is called in the Central District of Botswana) or leswao (as the dish is called in the south of the country) is a traditional meat dish of Botswana, made of beef and goat meat.

Botswana Railways

Rail transport in Botswana
Botswana Railways is the national railways company forms a crucial link in the Southern African regional railway systems.
Botswana Railways (BR) is the national railway of Botswana.

Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men's 800 metres

800 mMen's 800 metres800 metres
Botswana won the country's first Olympic medal in 2012 when runner Nijel Amos won silver in the 800 metres.
The reigning world junior champion Nigel Amos finished second in 1:41.73, establishing a new world junior record and Botswana national record.

Gonimbrasia belina

mopane wormsmopane wormMopane moth
Examples of Botswana food are Bogobe, pap (maize porridge), boerewors, samp, Magwinya (fried dough bread) and mopane worms.
Dried mopane worms can be eaten raw as a crisp snack; however, in Botswana people tend not to eat the head.

2012 Africa Cup of Nations

20122012 African Cup of NationsAfrica Cup of Nations
Football is the most popular sport in Botswana, with qualification for the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations being the national team's highest achievement to date.