A report on Brașov rebellion

15 November street in Brasov in memory of the Brașov Rebellion

Revolt against Nicolae Ceaușescu's economic policies in Communist Romania, which erupted on the day of the 1987 local election.

- Brașov rebellion
15 November street in Brasov in memory of the Brașov Rebellion

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Protesters on Magheru Boulevard, Bucharest

Romanian Revolution

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Period of violent civil unrest in Romania during December 1989 as a part of the Revolutions of 1989 that occurred in several countries around the world.

Period of violent civil unrest in Romania during December 1989 as a part of the Revolutions of 1989 that occurred in several countries around the world.

Protesters on Magheru Boulevard, Bucharest
Demonstration in Timișoara
People detained after 22 December 1989 in Timişoara
T-55 tank in front of Opera House
The balcony where Ceaușescu delivered his last speech, taken over by the crowd during the Romanian Revolution of 1989
Protesters in Cluj-Napoca on the morning of 21 December. This photo was taken by Răzvan Rotta after security forces opened fire.
An ABI armoured car used by the USLA in December 1989
Ion Iliescu at the Romanian Television during the Romanian Revolution of 1989
Petre Roman speaking to the crowd in Bucharest.
USAF C-130 Hercules unloads medical supplies at the Bucharest airport on 31 December.
A Romanian sub-officer gives the victory sign on New Year's Eve 1989. He has removed the insignia of communist Romania from his ushanka.
"Empty" Romanian flags with the communist insignia cut out, from an exhibit at the Military Museum, Bucharest
Buildings marked by fire and bullet holes on the northern edge of Revolution Square, Bucharest, July 1990
The disintegration of Warsaw Pact Communist regimes before the Romanian Revolution. Countries in pink removed the leading role of the Communist Party from their constitutions. Countries in light red disbanded their party militias. The Soviet Union - in dark red - had one republic which removed the leading role of the Communist Party from its constitution. Countries in darkest red had fully-functioning Communist regimes.

The austerity programmes were met with little resistance among Romanians and there were only a few strikes and labour disputes, of which the Jiu Valley miners' strike of 1977 and the Brașov Rebellion of November 1987 at the truck manufacturer Steagul Roșu were the most notable.

The fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989

Revolutions of 1989

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The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.

The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.

The fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989
Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev in Red Square, Moscow, 1988
An animated series of maps showing the fall of the Communist regimes in Eastern Europe and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, which later led to conflicts in the post-Soviet space
The 20–21 March 1981 issue of Wieczór Wrocławia (This Evening in Wrocław) shows blank spaces remaining after the government censor pulled articles from page 1 (right, "What happened at Bydgoszcz?") and from the last page (left, "Country-wide strike alert"), leaving only their titles as the printers—Solidarity-trade-union members—decided to run the newspaper with blank spaces intact. The bottom of page 1 of this master copy bears the hand-written Solidarity confirmation of that decision.
Queue waiting to enter a store, a typical view in Poland in the 1980s
Solidarity Chairman Lech Wałęsa (center) with President George H. W. Bush (right) and Barbara Bush (left) in Warsaw, July 1989
Magyars demonstrate at state TV headquarters, 15 March 1989
Otto von Habsburg, who played a leading role in opening the Iron Curtain
Erich Honecker lost control in summer 1989.
Berlin Wall at the Brandenburg Gate, 10 November 1989
Berlin Wall, October 1990, saying "Thank You, Gorbi"
Protests beneath the monument in Wenceslas Square, in Prague
Memorial of the Velvet Revolution in Bratislava (Námestie SNP), Slovakia
Armed civilians during the Romanian Revolution. The revolution was the only violent overthrow of a Communist state in the Warsaw Pact.
Ethnic groups in Yugoslavia in 1991
Mikhail Gorbachev and President George H. W. Bush on board the Soviet cruise ship Maxim Gorky, Marsaxlokk Harbour
Tanks in Moscow's Red Square during the 1991 coup attempt
Changes in national boundaries after the end of the Cold War
Baltic Way was a human chain of approximately two million people demanding independence of the Baltic states from the Soviet Union.
Photos of 9 April 1989 victims of the Tbilisi massacre on a billboard in Tbilisi
Following Georgia's declaration of independence in 1991, South Ossetia and Abkhazia declared their desire to leave Georgia and remain part of the Soviet Union/Russia.
Chechen women praying for Russian troops not to advance towards Grozny during the First Chechen War, December 1994.
Georgian Civil War and the War in Abkhazia in August–October 1993
Current military situation in separatist Nagorno-Karabakh
Eritrean War of Independence against Ethiopia ended in 1991
Global effect of 1988-1992 Revolutions.
Russian GDP since the end of the Soviet Union (from 2014 are forecasts)
NATO has added 13 new members since the German reunification and the end of the Cold War.
The facade of the Grand Kremlin Palace was restored to its original form after the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. The State Emblem of the USSR and the embedded letters forming the abbreviation of the USSR (CCCP) were both removed and replaced by five Russian double-headed eagles. An additional restoration of the coat of arms of the various territories of the Russian Empire were placed above the eagles.

After having suppressed the Braşov Rebellion in 1987, Nicolae Ceauşescu was re-elected for another five years as leader of the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) in November 1989, signalling that he intended to ride out the anti-communist uprisings sweeping the rest of Europe.

1987 Romanian local elections

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Local elections were held in the Socialist Republic of Romania on 15 November 1987.

Local elections were held in the Socialist Republic of Romania on 15 November 1987.

The Brașov Rebellion also erupted on that same date.

Brașov

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City in Transylvania, Romania and the administrative centre of Brașov County.

City in Transylvania, Romania and the administrative centre of Brașov County.

1950 decree by C. I. Parhon (co-signed by M. F. Ionescu) changing the name of Brașov to Stalin City
Illustration of the walled city prior to the 1689 fire
The central area, with the Black Church in the lower-left, looking north towards the fortress on Straja hill, in 1906
The Civic Centre (Centrul Civic), a neighbourhood built in the communist period
First Romanian-made tractor, the IAR 22, on display in front of the Coresi Shopping Resort
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Transilvania University logo
The Rectorate of Transilvania University of Brașov
Solaris Trollino 18 trolleybus on the streets of Brașov
The city center (Piața Sfatului)
One of the statues of Biserica Neagră and the BRAȘOV sign on the Tâmpa Mountain
Brașov Sports Hall
Ski slope in Poiana Brașov
Bran Castle, situated in the immediate vicinity of Brașov
White Tower with Mount Tâmpa in the background
Council Square
Biserica Neagră (from Warthe Hill)
City center seen from Mount Tâmpa
Catherine's Gate
St. Nicholas Church
Old Town street
Union Square (Piața Unirii)
Brașov County Prefecture
City Hall
Romanian Church of Brașov
Brașov by Ludwig Rohbock
Brașov at Night
Brașov seen from Tâmpa Mountain
The famous Hollywood-like sign on top of Mt. Tâmpa
Piața Sfatului
Brașov Main Square
Council of Brașov County
Str. Lunga
Brașov Council Building
Brașov Council Building at night
Brașov Council Square
The Black Church, or Biserica Neagră
Brașov from the White Tower
Brașov Council Square at night
The Black Church (Biserica Neagră) (from Warthe Hill)
Ecaterina Gate (built in 1559)
Saint Nicholas Church
Council Square (from Warthe Hill)
Brașov City Wall
The White Tower watchtower/fortification
Bran Castle
View of Brașov from Piatra Mare Mountain
View of Brașov
Three-dimensional view of Brașov
Sunset in Brașov
The new town centre (1987)
Ecaterina Gate
Brașov Olympic Ice Ring
Saturn neighborhood
Railway station
Valea Cetății
Astra neighborhood

Under Nicolae Ceaușescu's rule, the city was the site of the 1987 Brașov strike.

Timur Onica (left), Vladislav Kulminski (center) and Vladimir Socor (right)

Vladimir Socor

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Romanian-American political analyst of East European affairs for the Jamestown Foundation and its Eurasia Daily Monitor, currently residing in Munich, Germany.

Romanian-American political analyst of East European affairs for the Jamestown Foundation and its Eurasia Daily Monitor, currently residing in Munich, Germany.

Timur Onica (left), Vladislav Kulminski (center) and Vladimir Socor (right)

"The Workers' Protest in Brașov: Assessment and Aftermath", Romania Background Report 231, Radio Free Europe Research, 4 December 1987, pp. 3–10.