Brainstorming

brainstormbrain-stormingbrainstormedbrainstormsexplore the issues
Brainstorming is a group creativity technique by which efforts are made to find a conclusion for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas spontaneously contributed by its members.wikipedia
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Alex Faickney Osborn

Alex OsbornAlex F. OsbornOsborn
The term was popularized by Alex Faickney Osborn in the 1953 book Applied Imagination. Advertising executive Alex F. Osborn began developing methods for creative problem-solving in 1939.
Alex Faickney Osborn (May 24, 1888 – May 5, 1966) was an advertising executive and the author of the creativity technique named brainstorming.

Applied Imagination

Applied Imagination: Principles and Procedures of Creative Problem Solving
The term was popularized by Alex Faickney Osborn in the 1953 book Applied Imagination.
Applied Imagination is an influential 1953 book on creative ideation by Alex Faickney Osborn, in which he introduces the technique of brainstorming.

Creativity techniques

creativity techniqueCreativitycreative problem solving formats and strategies
Brainstorming is a group creativity technique by which efforts are made to find a conclusion for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas spontaneously contributed by its members.
Some relevant techniques are brainstorming, the nominal group technique, the Delphi technique, idea/mind mapping, the affinity diagram, and multicriteria decision analysis.

Mind map

mind mappingmind mapsmindmapping
It typically includes such techniques as free writing, free speaking, word association, and drawing a mind map, which is a visual note taking technique in which people diagram their thoughts.
These pictorial methods record knowledge and model systems, and have a long history in learning, brainstorming, memory, visual thinking, and problem solving by educators, engineers, psychologists, and others.

Free writing

free-writingfreewritefreewriting
It typically includes such techniques as free writing, free speaking, word association, and drawing a mind map, which is a visual note taking technique in which people diagram their thoughts.
Unlike brainstorming where ideas are simply listed, in freewriting one writes sentences to form a paragraph about whatever comes to mind.

6-3-5 Brainwriting

Brainwriting
6-3-5 Brainwriting (or 635 Method, Method 635) is a group-structured brainstorming technique aimed at aiding innovation processes by stimulating creativity developed by Bernd Rohrbach who originally published it in a German sales magazine, the Absatzwirtschaft, in 1968.

Production blocking

production blockProduction blocks
Identified by Gallupe and colleagues, both production blocking (reduced idea generation due to turn-taking and forgetting ideas in face-to-face brainstorming) and evaluation apprehension (a general concern experienced by individuals for how others in the presence are evaluating them) are reduced in EBS.
Generally people in interactive, brainstorming groups produce fewer ideas and ones that are less creative than those same people would if they were working individually, in what is known as nominal groups.

Wolfgang Stroebe

StroebeStroebe, W.W. Stroebe
For example, in a review of 22 studies of group brainstorming, Michael Diehl and Wolfgang Stroebe found that, overwhelmingly, groups brainstorming together produce fewer ideas than individuals working separately.
Ernst Joachim Wolfgang Stroebe (born 5 May 1941) is a German social psychologist and Emeritus Professor of Social Psychology at the Utrecht University and the University of Groningen, particularly known for his works "Introduction to social psychology" and "Social psychology and health," and on brainstorming.

Ideation (creative process)

ideationIdea generationideational
If known, those criteria can be used to constrain the ideation process intentionally.

Group concept mapping

Group concept mapping involves a structured multi-step process, including brainstorming, sorting and rating, multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis, and the generation and interpretation of multiple maps.

Electronic meeting system

group support systems
When using these electronic meeting systems (EMS, as they came to be called), group members simultaneously and independently entered ideas into a computer terminal.
In contrast to paper-based brainstorming or brain-writing methods, contributions are directly entered by the participants and immediately visible to all, typically in anonymous format.

Affinity diagram

affinity diagrammingKJ Method
The tool is commonly used within project management and allows large numbers of ideas stemming from brainstorming to be sorted into groups, based on their natural relationships, for review and analysis.

Creative problem-solving

Creative problem solvingCreative Problem Solving ProcessCreative Problem Solving Model
Advertising executive Alex F. Osborn began developing methods for creative problem-solving in 1939.

Association (psychology)

associationassociationsassociative
This method of brainstorming works by the method of association.

Creative writing

Literary Artscreative writercreative
Individual brainstorming is a useful method in creative writing and has been shown to be superior to traditional group brainstorming.

Mass collaboration

Massively distributed collaborationInternet think tankscooperative annotation

Brainstorm

Brainstorm generally refers to brainstorming, a group or individual creativity exercise.

Computer supported brainstorming

In traditional group brainstorming all members of a team are present in the same physical location and their interaction is defined by a selected protocol.