Brass

brasswaremanganese brassCartridge brassPrince's metalAdmiralty brassalpha-beta brassbrazenBrazierOrnamental brasswaretobin bronze
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, in proportions which can be varied to achieve varying mechanical and electrical properties.wikipedia
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Zinc

ZnZn 2+ zinc alloy
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, in proportions which can be varied to achieve varying mechanical and electrical properties.
Brass, an alloy of copper and zinc in various proportions, was used as early as the third millennium BC in the Aegean, Iraq, the United Arab Emirates, Kalmykia, Turkmenistan and Georgia, and the second millennium BC in West India, Uzbekistan, Iran, Syria, Iraq, and Israel/Palestine.

Alloy

alloysmetal alloyalloying
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, in proportions which can be varied to achieve varying mechanical and electrical properties. Other wind instruments may be constructed of brass or other metals, and indeed most modern student-model flutes and piccolos are made of some variety of brass, usually a cupronickel alloy similar to nickel silver/German silver.
Examples of alloys are steel, solder, brass, pewter, duralumin, bronze and amalgams.

Bronze

bronzesbronzewaresilicon bronze
It is similar to bronze, another alloy containing copper, with tin included instead of zinc ; both bronze and brass may include small proportions of a range of other elements including arsenic, lead, phosphorus, aluminum, manganese, and silicon. Next to the brass instruments, the most notable use of brass in music is in various percussion instruments, most notably cymbals, gongs, and orchestral (tubular) bells (large "church" bells are normally made of bronze).
Because historical pieces were often made of brasses (copper and zinc) and bronzes with different compositions, modern museum and scholarly descriptions of older objects increasingly use the generalized term "copper alloy" instead.

Cutting fluid

metalworking fluidscoolantcutting oil
The general softness of brass means that it can often be machined without the use of cutting fluid, though there are exceptions to this.
Common exceptions to this are cast iron and brass, which may be machined dry (though this is not true of all brasses, and any machining of brass will likely benefit from the presence of a cutting fluid).

Piping and plumbing fitting

fittingsreducerfitting
Also in California, lead-free materials must be used for "each component that comes into contact with the wetted surface of pipes and pipe fittings, plumbing fittings and fixtures."
Brass or bronze fittings are common in copper piping and plumbing systems.

Copper

CuCu 2+ cupric
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, in proportions which can be varied to achieve varying mechanical and electrical properties. It is similar to bronze, another alloy containing copper, with tin included instead of zinc ; both bronze and brass may include small proportions of a range of other elements including arsenic, lead, phosphorus, aluminum, manganese, and silicon.
Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc.

Trumpet

trumpetertrumpetstrumpet player
Collectively known as brass instruments, these include the trombone, tuba, trumpet, cornet, baritone horn, euphonium, tenor horn, and French horn, and many other "horns", many in variously-sized families, such as the saxhorns.
Since the late 15th century they have primarily been constructed of brass tubing, usually bent twice into a rounded rectangular shape.

Saxophone

saxophonistsaxsaxophones
Even though the saxophones and sarrusaphones are classified as woodwind instruments, they are normally made of brass for similar reasons, and because their wide, conical bores and thin-walled bodies are more easily and efficiently made by forming sheet metal than by machining wood.
For visual and tonal effect, higher copper variants of brass are sometimes substituted for the more common "yellow brass" and "cartridge brass."

Boiler

boilerssteam generatortop feed
DZR-brass is excellent in water boiler systems.
In live steam models, copper or brass is often used because it is more easily fabricated in smaller size boilers.

Brass instrument

brassbrass instrumentshorns
Collectively known as brass instruments, these include the trombone, tuba, trumpet, cornet, baritone horn, euphonium, tenor horn, and French horn, and many other "horns", many in variously-sized families, such as the saxhorns. Brass is used for decoration for its bright gold-like appearance; for applications where low friction is required such as locks, gears, bearings, doorknobs, ammunition casings and valves; for plumbing and electrical applications; and extensively in brass musical instruments such as horns and bells where a combination of high workability (historically with hand tools) and durability is desired. Next to the brass instruments, the most notable use of brass in music is in various percussion instruments, most notably cymbals, gongs, and orchestral (tubular) bells (large "church" bells are normally made of bronze).
The view of most scholars (see organology) is that the term "brass instrument" should be defined by the way the sound is made, as above, and not by whether the instrument is actually made of brass.

Gong

tam-tamtamtamgongs
Next to the brass instruments, the most notable use of brass in music is in various percussion instruments, most notably cymbals, gongs, and orchestral (tubular) bells (large "church" bells are normally made of bronze).
Gongs are made mainly from bronze or brass but there are many other alloys in use.

Reed pipe

reedreedsreed stops
In organ pipes of the reed family, brass strips (called tongues) are used as the reeds, which beat against the shallot (or beat "through" the shallot in the case of a "free" reed).
A reed pipe (also referred to as a lingual pipe) is an organ pipe that is sounded by a vibrating brass strip known as a reed.

Season cracking

The problem is sometimes known as season cracking after it was first discovered in brass cartridges used for rifle ammunition during the 1920s in the British Indian Army.
Season cracking is a form of stress-corrosion cracking of brass cartridge cases originally reported from British forces in India.

Door handle

doorknobdoorknobsdoor knob
Brass is used for decoration for its bright gold-like appearance; for applications where low friction is required such as locks, gears, bearings, doorknobs, ammunition casings and valves; for plumbing and electrical applications; and extensively in brass musical instruments such as horns and bells where a combination of high workability (historically with hand tools) and durability is desired.
However, some materials, e.g. brass, copper and silver, are slowly poisonous to many germs.

Muntz metal

yellow metalbrass alloycopper alloy
Muntz metal is a form of alpha-beta brass with about 60% copper, 40% zinc and a trace of iron.

Tombac

coppertombak
Tombac, as it is spelled in French, or tombak, is a brass alloy with high copper content and 5–20% zinc content.

Cartridge (firearms)

cartridgecartridgesrounds
The problem is sometimes known as season cracking after it was first discovered in brass cartridges used for rifle ammunition during the 1920s in the British Indian Army.
The case is commonly made of brass because it is resistant to corrosion.

Annealing (metallurgy)

annealingannealedanneal
The problem was resolved by annealing the cases, and storing the cartridges elsewhere.
In the cases of copper, steel, silver, and brass, this process is performed by heating the material (generally until glowing) for a while and then slowly letting it cool to room temperature in still air.

Gilding metal

gildingGilding Metal (GM)
Gilding metal is a copper alloy, a brass, comprising 95% copper and 5% zinc.

Calamine brass

brasscementation process
By the Roman period brass was being deliberately produced from metallic copper and zinc minerals using the cementation process, the product of which was calamine brass, and variations on this method continued until the mid-19th century.
Calamine brass is brass produced by a particular alloying technique using the zinc ore calamine directly, rather than first refining it to metallic zinc.

Nickel silver

German silverNickel-brassnickel-silver
Other wind instruments may be constructed of brass or other metals, and indeed most modern student-model flutes and piccolos are made of some variety of brass, usually a cupronickel alloy similar to nickel silver/German silver.
All modern, commercially important nickel silvers (such as those standardized under ASTM B122) contain significant amounts of zinc, and are sometimes considered a subset of brass.

Bell

bellschimesclapper
Next to the brass instruments, the most notable use of brass in music is in various percussion instruments, most notably cymbals, gongs, and orchestral (tubular) bells (large "church" bells are normally made of bronze).
Other materials sometimes used for large bells include brass and iron.

Density

densemass densitydensities
The density of brass is 8.4 to 8.73 g/cm3.

Lead

Pblead orelead mining
It is similar to bronze, another alloy containing copper, with tin included instead of zinc ; both bronze and brass may include small proportions of a range of other elements including arsenic, lead, phosphorus, aluminum, manganese, and silicon.
Lead is added to copper alloys, such as brass and bronze, to improve machinability and for its lubricating qualities.

Dollar coin (United States)

silver dollardollarsdollar coin
Several examples were struck in brass, pewter, and silver, but a circulating coin was not produced, because in large part of the financial difficulties of running the Revolutionary War.