Brazilian Army

The Brazilian Army's emblem
Colonel Joca Tavares (third one seated, from left to right) and his immediate assistants, officers responsible for commanding the last military operation in the Paraguayan war, which ended with the death of Paraguayan dictator Francisco Solano López. Brazilian Imperial Army, 1870.
Prince Gaston, Count of Eu and the high command of the Brazilian Imperial Army in 1885.
Coastal artillery officers in 1900, blue jackets and red trousers in the uniform of the Army of the Republic until 1912.
Brazilian Army officers in World War I, 1918.
Brazilian Army soldiers in 1935.
Soldiers of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force in Italy during World War II, 1944.
Brazilian Artillery on Gothic Line, World War II, Sep. 1944.
Brazilian Army UNEF soldiers in a trench near the Suez Canal in Sinai, late 1950s.
Infantry troops from the Brazilian Army in 1964.
MONUSCO Force Commander Gen. Carlos Alberto dos Santos Cruz during an observation mission on UN Intervention Brigade as FARDC conduct an attack on M23 rebel positions in Kanyaruchinya near Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo - July 15, 2013
Brazilian Army Expeditionary Force's ready-to-employment battalion for UN operations in 2021.
The two Battles of Guararapes (1648–1649) are considered an important milestone as origin for a Brazilian Army.
Brazilian troops during Siege of Paysandu, 1864
Young men presenting to the Brazilian Army for recruitment, in 2014.
Graduation from the Military Academy of Agulhas Negras in 2019.
Preparatory School of the Brazilian Army (Escola Preparatória de Cadetes do Exército).
Female soldier of the Brazilian Army in the 72nd Motorized Infantry Battalion.
Brazilian Army headquarters in Brasília.
Military Regions (Regiões Militares) of Brazil
Law and order troops
Brazilian Special Force counter-terrorism unit
Special command unit, elite troops to operate behind enemy lines
Mountain light infantry
Mountain soldiers.
Presidential Guard Battalion during a flag ceremony at the Plaza of the Three Powers
1st Guards Cavalry Regiment.
Presidential Guard Battalion anti-riot suit.
Colonial Auxiliary Troop Officer, 18th century.
Colonial Cavalry officer of Brazilian Auxiliary troops of the 18th century.
Portuguese cavalry auxiliary officer of the colonial Army, 18th century.
Brazilian soldier of auxiliary troops (native man) of the 18th century.
Ordinance troops from colonial Brazil, 18th century.
Brazilian Officer of the Portuguese Colonial Army in 1756, period of the Guarani War.
Soldiers of the European Portuguese regiments of the garrison of Rio de Janeiro in 1786.
Portuguese cavalry soldier from the Dragon Regiment, Colonial Army. late 18th century.
Brazilian infantry of the Colonial Army during occupation of the city of Cayenne in French Guiana in 1816.
Brazilian imperial black soldier (ex-slave) of the Regular Forces in the Independence Period, 1822.
Guard (soldier) and captain (officer) of the Imperial Guard of Honor in 1825.
Soldiers of infantry, foreign caçadores (light infantry), foreign grenadiers and caçadores of the Brazilian Imperial Army in the period of the Cisplatine War, 1825.
Uniform of the National Guard and volunteers of the Army in Belém during the Cabanagem, 1835.
Infantry Officers (left) and cavalry officer (right) in the Platine War period, 1851.
Uniform of officers and soldiers of the Regiments of Cavalry in 1852.
Infantry uniform of the Brazilian Imperial Army in 1852.
From left to right: cavalry hunter, officer colonel and infantry hunters (Army and Auxiliary Forces) in Paraguayan War, 1865–1870.
Uniform of officer and soldier of the regular troops in Paraguayan War, 1866.
Uniform of officer and soldier of the Fatherland Volunteer Corps in Paraguayan War, 1866.
Imperial Army at the end of the Paraguayan War in 1870.
Officers and Army Soldiers at the end of the Empire in 1884 years.
Officers, soldiers and auxiliary forces in the early years of the Republic, 1896.
Cuirassier of the Brazilian Army in 1897.
Brazilian Army troops (officers and soldiers) in the expedition against Canudos in 1897.
Brazilian Army infantry in 1903.
Brazilian Army field uniform from 1908.
Regiment of hunters in 1910, soldiers use this uniform in the Contestado Campaign, 1912.
Light Infantry of the Army in the period of the Contestado Campaign, 1912.
Brazilian cavalry in 1914.
Uniform of the Army in 1917.
Brazilian Army light infantry in 1920.
Cavalry Regiments and Tank Company in 1921.
Personnel of the Brazilian Army of several units in 1925.
Patron of the Brazilian Army, nicknamed "the Peacemaker" and "Iron Duke", Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, Duke of Caxias. He was the most important military leader in the history of Brazil.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Duque de Caxias|language=pt|access-date=2021-11-15|date=2019-11-19|first=Dilva|last=Frazão}}</ref>
Marshal Osório patron of the Brazilian Army cavalry, Paraguayan War hero.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Manuel Luís Osório|language=pt|access-date=2021-11-15}}</ref>
General Antônio de Sampaio, killed in the Paraguayan War, patron the Brazilian infantry and Paraguayan War hero.<ref>{{cite book|url=|year=2010|last=Bento|first=Cláudio Moreira|title=Bicentenário do Brigadeiro Antônio de Sampaio. (Patrono da Infantaria do Exército Brasileiro)|location=Barra Mansa|publisher=Irmãos Drumond Ltda.EPP|isbn=978-85-608-1113-7}}</ref>
Marshal Emílio Mallet, patron of the Brazilian Army artillery and Paraguayan War hero.<ref>{{cite web|url=|date=2021-06-13|title=Marechal Emílio Luiz MALLET Patrono da Artilharia do Exército Brasileiro|access-date=2021-11-15|language=pt}}</ref>
Lieutenant Maria Quitéria national heroine who fought in the War of Independence, patron of the Corps of Support Staff Officers of the Brazilian Army.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Maria Quitéria|access-date=2021-11-15|language=pt}}</ref>
Lieutenant Colonel Villagran Cabrita, patron of the Brazilian Army military engineering and Paraguayan War hero, killed in action during Paraguayan War.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Tenente Coronel Villagran Cabrita – Engenharia|language=pt|access-date=2021-11-15}}</ref>
Marshal Carlos Machado de Bittencourt, patron of the Brazilian Army intendancy service and Paraguayan War hero.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=Marechal Bitencourt – Intendência|language=pt|access-date=2021-11-15}}</ref>
Marshal Andrade Neves, Baron of Triumph he was a Brazilian cavalry general known for his services in the Paraguayan War, a conflict for which he received the title of war hero. He was seriously injured during the Battle of Lomas Valentinas and died days later. With the delirium of the high fever his last words were: "Comrades!... another charge!".<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=O Brigadeiro Andrade Neves - O Barão do Triunfo|language=pt|access-date=2021-11-15}}</ref>
Sergeant Jovita Feitosa enlisted dressed as a man to participate in the front line in the Paraguayan War. She is considered a military heroine and a symbol of the war against sexism.<ref name=ATFP>{{cite book|last1=Pennington|first1=Reina|last2=Higham|first2=Robin|title=Amazons to fighter pilots : a biographical dictionary of military women / Vol. 1, A-Q.|date=2003|publisher=Greenwood Press|location=Westport, CT |oclc=773504359 |page=169}}</ref>
Corporal José Francisco Lacerda nicknamed "Devil Chico", he fought in the Paraguay War and gained fame by killing Paraguayan leader Francisco Solano López at the Battle of Cerro Corá, putting an end to the bloodiest conflict in South American history.<ref>{{Cite book|url=|title = Guerra do Paraguai: Vidas, personagens e destinos no maior conflito da américa do sul|isbn = 9786555111170|last1 = Botelho|first1 = Francisco|last2 = Lima|first2 = Laura Ferrazza de|date = 12 March 2021}}</ref>
Lieutenant Colonel Genuino Sampaio hero of the Paraguayan War, where he participated in 21 battles, was commander of the military expedition against the Muckers in 1874 where he was killed in combat.<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=A Revolta Dos Muckers – Messianismo E Sangue No Sul Do Brasil|date=2015-06-03|language=pt|access-date=2021-11-15}}</ref>
General Artur Oscar de Andrade, he participated in several battles in the Paraguayan War, in 1897 he led the fourth military expedition against Canudos, defeating Antonio Conselheiro and his followers, ending the Messianic conflict.<ref>{{cite web|url=,%20Carlos%20Eug%C3%AAnio%20de%20Andrade.pdf|title=GUIMARÃES, Carlos Eugênio de Andrade|language=pt|access-date=2021-11-15}}</ref>
Colonel Gomes Carneiro hero of the Federalist War, killed in action during the siege of the Lapa, was promoted to general posthumously for acts of courage.<ref>{{cite web|url=|language=pt|access-date=2021-11-15|title=O Herói da Lapa – A Trajetória do General Gomes Carneiro|date=2015-01-20|first=Abrahão|last=de Oliveira}}</ref>
Marshal Cândido Rondon explorer of the Amazon region, as well as his lifelong support for indigenous Brazilians. He was the first director of Brazil's Indian Protection Service or SPI (later FUNAI) and supported the creation of the Xingu National Park. Patron of the communications units of the Brazilian Army.<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title = CyriacolÂndia}}</ref>
Captain Ricardo Kirk, first Brazilian military pilot and Patron of the Brazilian Army Aviation. He was killed in action during the Contestado War.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title = A Dois}}</ref>
Marshal Setembrino de Carvalho he was the Army Commander in the Contestado War, responsible for defeating the rebels and pacifying the region, putting an end to the last great Messianic Conflict in Brazil.<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title = Guerra do Contestado &#124; Acervo &#124; CPDOC}}</ref>
Marshal José Pessoa Brazilian military commander who was part of the Brazilian military mission in France, seeing combat with the French Army in the First World War. He is also the father of the tank arm in Brazil.
Major Elza Medeiros was an officer and deployed to Italy during World War II as a nurse in the Brazilian Expeditionary Force.
Sergeant Max Wolff Filho, a member of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force in World War II. First Sergeant Max Wolff died from German machine-gun fire in Riva de Biscaia, near Montese, during a reconnaissance patrol. A few days before his death, Wolff had been awarded the Bronze Star Medal by General Lucian Truscott.<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=Sargento Max Wolff Filho - Departamento de Educação e Cultura}}</ref>
General Hugo de Abreu he was part of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force in Italy and was awarded the War Cross of 1st Class for acts of bravery in combat, the highest Brazilian decoration. He was a commander of the Infantry Paratroops Brigade and participated in operations against the Araguaia guerrilla.<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title = Hugo de Andrade Abreu}}</ref>
General Santa Cruz Abreu, he was Amazon Military Command, in Manaus, between May 18, 1989, and January 13, 1992. He became famous for his performance during Operation Traira, where he faced a group of guerrillas who had invaded Brazilian territory.<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title=DefesaNet - TOA - TOA GUERRILHA NA AMAZÔNIA: A Experiência do Rio Traíra - Parte 3}}</ref>
General Santos Cruz served as Force Commander of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) between January 2007 and April 2009. In April 2013, he received command of United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). Santos Cruz commanded MONUSCO during the M23 rebellion and was praised for providing "strong backing" to the UN forces engaged alongside Congolese government forces.<ref>{{Cite web|url=|title = How M23 was rolled back|date = 30 October 2013}}</ref>
M-60A3 TTS of the Brazilian Army.
EE-11 Urutu transporting riflemen.
Agrale Marruá AM23 convoy in Brazilian northeast
A Brazilian Leopard 1A5 transposing watercourse
EE-9 Cascavel reconnaissance mission
A Brazilian Leopard 1A1 in formation
Armored M-113 car advances on terrain
Armored Vehicle VBTP-MR Guarani mechanized infantry
EC 725 Caracal helicopter
Brazilian Flakpanzer Gepard in shooting exercise
105mm artillery battery of the Brazilian Army.
ASTROS 2020 multiple rocket launcher in action
Bofors 40 mm AA gun in action
Igla System
AT4 System
81mm mortar
UH-60 Black Hawk in Brazilian Army Aviation.
Vehicle light Agrale Marruá AM2 reconnaissance mission
LPR-40 river patrol boat.
AS565 Panther helicopter.
Brazilian sniper with an M40 rifle
Brazilian soldiers with machine gun (artillery piece) in 1893
Military truck transporting soldiers on the streets of Rio de Janeiro in 1930.
A Brazilian Army armored car in 1930.
Brazilian infantry firing 30mm mortar in 1944.
A M8 Greyhound crew of 1st Brazilian Division, Northern Italy, WWII.
A Brazilian Recon Team poses in front of their M3 halftrack.
A Brazilian Jeep Willys in 1944.
Brazilian M3A5 tank in 1964.
Row of M-41 tanks from the Brazilian Army in 1968.
Column of M4A1 tanks from the Brazilian army in 1968.
A Brazilian M1917 in 1992.
Brazilian armored column M108 howitzer.

Land arm of the Brazilian Armed Forces.

- Brazilian Army

378 related topics


Brazilian Armed Forces

The Brazilian Armed Forces (Forças Armadas Brasileiras, ) are the unified military forces of the Federative Republic of Brazil.

Seal of the Brazilian Armed Forces
General Walter Braga Netto, the current defence minister.
Army High Command HQ in Brasília
Coat of arms of Aerospace Operations Command
SOF Brazilian Marines
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro at the inauguration of the Space Operations Center in Brasília, June 2020.
Ponta Porã radar station
thumb|left|Brazilian troops on the march
thumb|right|Rocket artillery
thumb|right|Battle in the jungle
thumb|left|Special Commandos
thumb|left|Airborne troops
thumb|right|M113 APCs row
thumb|left|Brazilian Army infantry
thumb|right|Tanks column of the Brazilian Army
thumb|left|Brazilian Leopard in night firing
thumb|right|VBTP-MR Guarani in firing operation
thumb|left|Infantry air-defense brigade
thumb|right|Brazilian Flakpanzer Gepard
thumb|left|Electronic warfare trucks
thumb|left|Brazilian Navy Task Force
thumb|right|A-4 Skyhawk in Brazilian Navy
thumb|right|Frigate Constituição underway
thumb|left|Brazilian frigates in shooting exercise
thumb|right|Helicopter carrier Atlântico
thumb|left|Corvette Barroso firing missile Exocet
thumb|right|Brazilian Riachuelo submarine underway
thumb|left|Brazilian EC 725 in flight
thumb|right|EC725 firing a Exocet missile
thumb|left|Task Force with NDM Bahia leading
thumb|KC-390 in formation with F-5M and F-39E
thumb|left|Squadron of Brazilian Mil Mi-35 helicopters
thumb|right|A-29 Super Tucano patrolling the Amazon rainforest
thumb|right|A-1 strike fighter
thumb|left|Two F-5M fighters taking off in aerial alert
thumb|right|UH-60L utility helicopter
thumb|left|Embraer KC-390, cargo aircraft of the Brazilian Air Force
thumb|right|E-99 AEW&C
thumb|left|H225M approaching helicoper carrier Atlântico
thumb|right|Brazilian Gripen flies over Brasília on October 2020

Consisting of three service branches, it comprises the Brazilian Army (including the Brazilian Army Aviation), the Brazilian Navy (including the Brazilian Marine Corps and Brazilian Naval Aviation) and the Brazilian Air Force (including the Aerospace Operations Command).

Eurico Gaspar Dutra

Brazilian military leader and politician who served as the 16th president of Brazil from 1946 to 1951.

Official portrait, 1946
Dutra signs official documents during his inauguration as President of Brazil on 31 January 1946
President Dutra and U.S. President Harry S. Truman standing at attention with other dignitaries during welcoming ceremonies for Dutra in Washington, D.C. on May 18.
Presidents Dutra and Truman sampling a birthday cake decorated with Brazilian and U.S. flags.
Dutra (in uniform), outside the George Washington home at Mount Vernon, during his visit to the United States.
Dutra, Truman, Mrs. Truman and other dignitaries at a state dinner.
Americans greet Dutra with a gesture of welcome.

With, although modest, Brazil's participation in the war on the Allied side, and the growing pressure from civil society for democratization of the country, Dutra formally adhered to the idea of the end of the regime that started in 1930, participating in the following deposition of Getúlio Vargas in October 1945, continuing the interventionist doctrine, practiced at the time by the Brazilian army.

Brazilian Expeditionary Force

Brazilian Expeditionary Force shoulder sleeve insignia (Army component) with a 
smoking snake
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas aboard USS Humboldt (AVP-21), during the Potenji River Conference, with Harry Hopkins, Chairman of the British-American Assignment Board (left), and Jefferson Caffery, U.S. Ambassador to Brazil (right).
General Mascarenhas de Morais (back seat, right), Brazilian army officer and commander of the FEB, with General Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II.
Brazilian soldiers greet Italian civilians in the city of Massarosa, September 1944.
Brazilian soldiers celebrate Brazilian Independence Day in Italy during World War II, September 1944.
Soldiers of the FEB during the second assault of the Battle of Monte Castello on 29 November 1944.
Brazilian soldiers in a trench during the Battle of Montese, April 1945.
Map of the Brazilian actions in northern Italy, 1944–1945. National Archives of Brazil.
German Colonel von Kleiber in preliminary discussions with Brazilian Major Franco Ferreira, in Fornovo di Taro, about the surrender of the German 148. Infanterie-Division (plus remnants of the 90. Grenadier-Division), ending the Battle of Collecchio, in 29 April 1945.
1oGAVCA P-47s carried the "Senta a Pua!" emblem as nose art along with the Brazilian Air Force stars
Generalleutnant Otto Fretter-Pico (left) surrendering to General Olímpio Falconière da Cunha (center).
Arrival of aviators of the Brazilian Air Force who participated in the FEB, 1945.
Badge of Brazilian Fighter Squadron
Then-President Dilma Rousseff with veterans of the FEB (known as pracinhas) during a ceremony to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, 8 May 2015.

The Brazilian Expeditionary Force (Força Expedicionária Brasileira, FEB), nicknamed Cobras Fumantes (literally "the Smoking Snakes"), was a military division of the Brazilian Army and Air Force that fought with Allied forces in the Mediterranean Theatre of World War II.

Getúlio Vargas

Brazilian lawyer and politician who served as the 14th and 17th president of Brazil, from 1930 to 1945 and from 1951 to 1954.

Official portrait, 1930
Getúlio Vargas's parents, Cândida and Manuel Vargas
Vargas at age 12, c. undefined 1894
Vargas's graduation photo, 1907
Vargas at age 27, 1909
Vargas and his wife Darci in June 1911, a few months after they married.
Borges de Medeiros was present in Vargas's political career.
Washington Luís and his cabinet in 1926. Vargas, Minister of Finance, can be seen in the second row, first from the left.
Vargas visiting Caxias do Sul, 1928
Vargas (center) and his wife (right) arriving in Rio de Janeiro
Vargas with members of his cabinet on inauguration day, 3 November 1930.
Vargas sips coffee on a commemorative postcard of an exhibition of the National Coffee Department. This was taken much later in his first presidency (1942).
Vargas (center) in Bahia, 1931. During his first presidency, Vargas would travel 90,000 miles within Brazil.
A recruiting poster for the 1932 Constitutionalist Revolution portraying Vargas in the hands of a Bandeirante. The poster is calling to "take down the dictatorship".
Vargas's voter registration, October 1934. His date of birth had already been changed to 1883.
Vargas, seen here with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936
Vargas in propaganda of the Estado Novo promoting patriotic education to children, around 1938.
Vargas celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of the Proclamation of the Republic on 15 November 1939.
Celebrations for Vargas on his sixtieth birthday, 19 April 1942
Vargas at the inauguration of the Imperial Museum of Brazil, 16 March 1943
President Vargas and President Roosevelt on the USS Humboldt (AVP-21) following a conference. Among them are Jefferson Caffery, U.S. ambassador to Brazil.
Pro-Vargas demonstrations on 21 August 1945.
Results of the 1950 Brazilian presidential election
Official photograph of Vargas' second term as president, 1951
Vargas's pyjamas and gun on exhibit at the Republic Museum in Rio de Janeiro
Transport of Vargas' body from Rio de Janeiro for burial in São Borja, 26 August 1954

He joined the Army in 1898 despite his father's requests not to, enlisting as a private in the 6th Infantry Battalion for one year and was promoted to sergeant in 1899.

Air marshal

Three-star air-officer rank which originated in and is used by the Royal Air Force.

An RAF air marshal's command flag
A Hellenic Air Force air marshal's rank insignia
An IAF Air Marshal's rank insignia
A Namibian Air Force air marshal rank insignia
An RAAF air marshal's rank insignia
An RNZAF air marshal's rank insignia
An RAF air marshal's mess sleeve insignia
An RAF air marshal's shoulder board
An RAF air marshal's sleeve on No. 1 service dress uniform
An RAF air marshal's star plate.
A Royal Thai Air Force air marshal's rank insignia
A PAF air marshal's shoulder patch.

However, its highest rank is marechal-do-ar, the equivalent to a Brazilian Army marshal.

Military dictatorship in Brazil

Established on 1 April 1964, after a coup d'état by the Brazilian Armed Forces, with support from the United States government, against President João Goulart.

João Goulart, a lawyer, was the left-leaning President ousted by the Armed Forces. He went to Uruguay as a political refugee, where his family owned estâncias.
U.S. President John F. Kennedy (left) and President Goulart during a review of troops on 3 April 1962. Kennedy mulled possible military intervention in Brazil
A column of M41 Walker Bulldog tanks along the streets of Rio de Janeiro in April 1968.
Brazil: love it or leave it, a slogan of the military regime.
First page of the Institutional Act Number Five
Student stroll against the military dictatorship, 1966.
Monument Tortura Nunca Mais dedicated to the victims of torture in Recife
A Dodge 1800 was the first prototype engineered with a neat ethanol-only engine. Exhibit at the Memorial Aeroespacial Brasileiro, CTA, São José dos Campos.
The Brazilian Fiat 147 was the first modern automobile launched to the market capable of running on neat hydrous ethanol fuel (E100).
U.S. President Jimmy Carter addresses the Brazilian Congress, 30 March 1978
Pro-democracy Diretas Já demonstration in 1984.
Presidents Emílio G. Médici (left) and Richard Nixon, December 1971.
Figueiredo and U.S. President Ronald Reagan riding horses in Brasília, 1 December 1982.

The coup was planned and executed by the most forefront commanders of the Brazilian Army and received the support of almost all high-ranking members of the military, along with conservative elements in society, like the Catholic Church and anti-communist civil movements among the Brazilian middle and upper classes.

United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti

Acronym of the French name, was a UN peacekeeping mission in Haiti that was in operation from 2004 to 2017.

U.S. Marines patrol the streets of Port-au-Prince in March 2004.
Brazilian MINUSTAH soldier with a Haitian girl in February 2005
Brazilian soldier stands security in Port-au-Prince
Brazilian Army snipers are positioned to defend UN base during combat with gangs in the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince in 2011.
Brazilian Army U.N. peacekeeper.
UN headquarters, UNDP compound, UNICEF offices, in relation to the city of Port-au-Prince
The collapsed headquarters after the 2010 earthquake.
Map of MINUSTAH deployment in December 2006
Nepalese members of MINUSTAH secure an airdrop of aid supplies in Mirebalais in January 2010
Brazilian military in helping the victims after the earthquake, 12 January 2010.
U.S. Marine Corps Cpl. Matt Kirkland and a United Nations peacekeeper from Sri Lanka Army provide security for Haitian women receiving bags of rice for their families at a food distribution point in the city of Carrefour
Poster in Montreal in opposition to Canada's involvement in the UN mission in Haiti under the government of Paul Martin in 2005
Chilean helicopter during the 2006 elections

The mission's military component was led by the Brazilian Army and the force commander was Brazilian.

Vargas Era

Period in the history of Brazil between 1930 and 1945, when the country was governed by President Getúlio Vargas.

Getúlio Vargas after the 1930 revolution, which began the Vargas Era.
Vargas (center) during commemorations to mark the 50th anniversary of the Proclamation of the Republic, 15 November 1939.
Ten cruzeiro banknote, featuring a portrait of President Vargas.
Brazilian propaganda announcing a declaration of war on the Axis powers, 10 November 1943.
Carmen Miranda was a symbol of the "Good Neighbor Policy", which consisted of a closer relationship with the United States to Latin America.

Even worse, was the fear that a more powerful Argentine Army would launch a surprise attack on the weaker Brazilian Army.

Ragamuffin War

Republican uprising that began in southern Brazil, in the province (current state) of Rio Grande do Sul in 1835.

Charge of the Cavalry by Guilherme Litran depicting the Riograndense army.
Theater of war map in 1839
Declaration of the Piratini Republic.
Battle of Fanfa, battle scene in Southern Brazil
Declaration of the Brazilian Government announcing the end of the war, in 1845.

The Brazilian Army reorganized itself to be a proper fighting force during the Ragamuffin War.

Portuguese Army

Land component of the Armed Forces of Portugal and is also its largest branch.

Coat of arms of the Portuguese Army
Portuguese victory at the Battle of Aljubarrota
The Portuguese forces, personally commanded by King Afonso V, in the conquest of Asilah, Morocco
Partial depiction of the Battle of Montes Claros in a 17th-century azulejo panel at the Palace of Fronteira
Portuguese grenadier at the time of the Seven Years' War
Soldier of the 6th Caçadores Battalion in 1811
The Division of Royal Volunteers parading in Rio de Janeiro, before embarking to the Banda Oriental campaign
The Battle of Ponte Ferreira, between the Miguelite and the Liberal armies
King Manuel II, the last monarch of Portugal, visiting an Army unit, near the end of the monarchy
Portuguese troops in the Battle of Marracuene, against the forces of Gungunhana
Portuguese troops marching to the line in the Western Front
Anti-aircraft gun installed in Mindelo, as part of the Portuguese military reinforcement to defend the Cape Verde isles during World War II
Piper L-21 Super Cub used by the Portuguese Army artillery observation light aviation in the 1950s
Portuguese Army soldiers progressing in an Angolan jungle trail, attentive to possible ambushes, in the early 1960s
Portuguese Army patrol - integrating African and European soldiers - making a pause in the middle of the Guinean jungle, in 1968
Marcelino da Mata, 1969. Known for his acts of bravery and heroism during the Portuguese Colonial War, having participated in 2412 command operations, he was the most decorated Portuguese military officer in the history of the Portuguese Army.
Portuguese Army conscripts engaged in the Commando training course in the mid-1980s
Portuguese Army Chaimite V200 armoured vehicles in western Bosnia, 2002
The Portuguese Army's Personnel Command, installed at the Santo Ovídio barracks, Porto
Leopard 2A6 tanks of the Mechanized Brigade
Pandur II armored vehicles of the Intervention Brigade
Paratrooper of the Rapid Reaction Brigade
Structure of the Portuguese Land Forces as of May 2021
Portuguese Army DPM camouflage boonie hat and shirt on display in 2015.
Leopard 2A6 main battle tank of the Mechanized Brigade
M109 self-propelled howitzer of the Mechanized Brigade
Portuguese Pandur II of the Intervention Brigade
The MIM-72 Chaparral is one of the Portuguese Army's air defense systems.
FN SCAR, the new service rifle of the Portuguese Army
L118 light gun towed howitzer of the Rapid Reaction Brigade
M113 of the Portuguese Mechanized Brigade
URO VAMTAC ST5, the new light armored vehicle of the Portuguese Army.

This war assumed a character of a kind of a civil war, with the forces loyal to the Portuguese Government fighting the separatist army whose leaders and officers were also mostly Portuguese.