Bremen (state)

BremenFree Hanseatic City of Bremenstate of BremenFree City of BremenstateBremen StateBremianBremen (Free City)Bremen Free StateBremen regional
Bremen, officially the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (Freie Hansestadt Bremen), is the smallest and least populous of Germany's 16 states.wikipedia
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States of Germany

stateGerman statefederal state
Bremen, officially the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (Freie Hansestadt Bremen), is the smallest and least populous of Germany's 16 states. Being—at that time—actually located in the British Zone of Occupation the Control Commission for Germany - British Element and the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS) agreed in 1947 to constitute the cities of Bremen and then Wesermünde—in their borders altered in 1939—as a German state named again Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, becoming at that occasion an exclave of the American Zone of Occupation within the British zone.
With an emphasis on geographical conditions, Berlin and Hamburg are frequently called Stadtstaaten (city-states), as is the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, which in fact includes the cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven.

Lower Saxony

NiedersachsenLower SaxonLower-Saxony
The state consists of the city of Bremen as well as the small exclave of Bremerhaven in Northern Germany, surrounded by the larger state of Lower Saxony.
Furthermore, the state of Bremen forms two enclaves within Lower Saxony, one being the city of Bremen, the other, its seaport city of Bremerhaven.

Friedehorst Park

The highest point in the state is in Friedehorst Park (32.5m).
It is home to the highest natural point in the state of Bremen reaching a height of.

Bremen thaler

Its currency was the Bremen thaler (until 1873).
The Thaler was the currency of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen until 1873.

Bremerhaven

WesermündeGeestemündeBremerhaven, Germany
The state consists of the city of Bremen as well as the small exclave of Bremerhaven in Northern Germany, surrounded by the larger state of Lower Saxony. The legislature of the state of Bremen is the 83-member Bürgerschaft (citizens' assembly), elected by the citizens in the two cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven. Being—at that time—actually located in the British Zone of Occupation the Control Commission for Germany - British Element and the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS) agreed in 1947 to constitute the cities of Bremen and then Wesermünde—in their borders altered in 1939—as a German state named again Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, becoming at that occasion an exclave of the American Zone of Occupation within the British zone. Furthermore, Bremen has a University of the Arts Bremen, a University of Applied Sciences in Bremen and another one in Bremerhaven, and more recently the Jacobs University Bremen.
Bremerhaven (, literally "Bremen's harbour", Low German: Bremerhoben) is a city at the seaport of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, a state of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Bremen

Bremen, GermanyRönnebeckBremer
The state consists of the city of Bremen as well as the small exclave of Bremerhaven in Northern Germany, surrounded by the larger state of Lower Saxony. The legislature of the state of Bremen is the 83-member Bürgerschaft (citizens' assembly), elected by the citizens in the two cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven.
The City Municipality of Bremen (, also ; Stadtgemeinde Bremen, ; Low German also: Breem or Bräm) is the capital of the German federal state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a two-city-state consisting of the cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven.

Bürgerschaft of Bremen

BürgerschaftBremenParliament of Bremen
The legislature of the state of Bremen is the 83-member Bürgerschaft (citizens' assembly), elected by the citizens in the two cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven.
The Bremische Bürgerschaft (Parliament of Bremen) is the legislative branch of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen in Germany.

List of mayors of Bremen

President of the Senate and Mayor of the Free Hanseatic City of BremenMayors of BremenFirst mayor of Bremen
The Senate is chaired by the President of the senate (Senatspräsident), who is also one of the mayors of the city of Bremen (Bürgermeister) and is elected directly by the Bürgerschaft.
The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, which is one of the states of Germany, is governed by the Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.

Burgomaster

MayorBürgermeisterburgemeester
The Vienna Congress of 1815 confirmed Bremen's—as well as Frankfurt's, Hamburg's, and Lübeck's—independence after pressuring by Bremen's emissary, and later burgomaster, Johann Smidt.

Free imperial city

Imperial Cityfree imperial citiesImperial Free City
At the unwinding of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 the Free Imperial City of Bremen (as of 1646, after earlier privileges of autonomy of 1186) was not mediatised but became a sovereign state officially titled Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.
Then, the Napoleonic Wars led to the reorganization of the Empire in 1803 (see German Mediatisation), where all of the free cities but six — Hamburg, Bremen, Lübeck, Frankfurt, Augsburg, and Nuremberg — lost their independence and were absorbed into neighboring territories.

Allied-occupied Germany

GermanyBritish occupation zoneoccupied Germany
Being—at that time—actually located in the British Zone of Occupation the Control Commission for Germany - British Element and the Office of Military Government for Germany, U.S. (OMGUS) agreed in 1947 to constitute the cities of Bremen and then Wesermünde—in their borders altered in 1939—as a German state named again Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, becoming at that occasion an exclave of the American Zone of Occupation within the British zone.
Also in 1947, the American Zone of Occupation being inland had no port facilities – thus the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen and Bremerhaven became exclaves within the British Zone.

2007 Bremen state election

20072007 elections2007 Bremen parliamentary election
The 2007 elections were held on 13 May.
State elections were held in the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen on 13 May 2007 to elect the Bürgerschaft (city and state legislature).

Jens Böhrnsen

Jens Boehrnsen3rd Böhrnsen senateBöhrnsen
The Mayor and Senate President from 8 November 2005, until 17 July 2015, was Jens Böhrnsen.
From 2005 to 2015, he has served as the President of the Senate and Mayor of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, that is, the head of government of the city-state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.

Weser

Weser RiverRiver WeserWeser estuary
Both are located on the River Weser; Bremerhaven is further downstream than the main parts of Bremen and serves as a North Sea harbour (the name Bremerhaven means "Bremen's harbour").

Senate of Bremen

SenateBremen SenateSenate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen
The executive is constituted by the Senate of Bremen, elected by the Bürgerschaft.
The Senate of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (German: Senat der Freien Hansestadt Bremen) is the government of the German city-state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen.

Jacobs University Bremen

Jacobs UniversityInternational University BremenInternational University of Bremen
Furthermore, Bremen has a University of the Arts Bremen, a University of Applied Sciences in Bremen and another one in Bremerhaven, and more recently the Jacobs University Bremen.
Jacobs University Bremen (abbreviated JU Bremen or JU) is an international, private, residential, doctorate-granting research university located in Vegesack, Bremen, State of Bremen, Germany.

West Germany

West GermanFederal Republic of GermanyGermany
In 1949 the city-state joined the then West German Federal Republic of Germany.
In 1979 the environmental party, the Greens, reached the 5% limit required to obtain parliamentary seats in the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen provincial election.

Bombing of Bremen in World War II

Bremenaerial bombingsagainst Bremen
The Bombing of Bremen in World War II by the British Royal Air Force and US Eighth Air Force targeted strategic targets in the state Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, which had heavy anti-aircraft artillery but only 35 fighter aircraft in the area.

City-state

city statecity-statescity states
In 1811 the First French Empire annexed the city-state.
Additionally, the state of Bremen is often called a city-state although it consists of the two cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven, which are separated by the state of Lower Saxony.

Johann Smidt

Bürgermeister-Smidt-Gedächtniskirche
The Vienna Congress of 1815 confirmed Bremen's—as well as Frankfurt's, Hamburg's, and Lübeck's—independence after pressuring by Bremen's emissary, and later burgomaster, Johann Smidt.
Since it was the French state and not the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, which had emancipated the Jews in Bremen, the city took the altered formulation of the Viennese decisions as the legal grounds to revoke - as did a number of confederal states - the emancipation of the Jews in its territory.

Social Democratic Party of Germany

SPDSocial Democratic PartySocial Democrats
Since 1945, the Senate has continuously been dominated by the Social Democratic Party.
In the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, the SPD has governed without interruption since 1949.