Brezhnev Doctrine

did not intervene
The Brezhnev Doctrine was a Soviet foreign policy, first and most clearly outlined by Sergei Kovalev in a September 26, 1968 Pravda article entitled Sovereignty and the International Obligations of Socialist Countries.wikipedia
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Culture in post-communist Poland

ModernSociety became more liberal
Russia did not intervene in the matter, when their former satellite state was legally dissolved in 1990.

Revolutions of 1989

fall of communismthe fall of the Iron Curtaincollapse of communism
By 1989, the Soviet Union had repealed the Brezhnev Doctrine in favor of non-intervention in the internal affairs of its Warsaw Pact allies, termed the Sinatra Doctrine in a joking reference to the Frank Sinatra song "My Way".

Northern Group of Forces

Soviet Occupation Forceslarge Soviet contingents stationed in Poland after the warpost-Soviet troops
Its second objective was much less stressed in public Soviet sources, but nonetheless crucial: it was to ensure the loyalty of the Polish communist government, and its Polish People's Army; a policy consistent with that of the Brezhnev Doctrine, and enforced during events such as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 or the Prague Spring of 1968.

Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict

as a counterbalancecompeted for influenceIran and Saudi Arabia
This prompted Riyadh to take greater action to maintain the status quo, particularly within Bahrain and other bordering states, with a new foreign policy described as a "21st century version of the Brezhnev Doctrine".

History of the United States (1980–1991)

1980 to 19911980-19911980–1991
And the Soviet Union seemed committed to the Brezhnev Doctrine, ending the 1970s by sending troops to Afghanistan in a move roundly denounced by the West and Muslim countries.

November 1968

The "Brezhnev Doctrine" was formally announced by Soviet Union Communist Party leader Leonid Brezhnev in a speech at the Congress of the Polish Workers' Party. Almost three months after the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia that brought an end to the reforms of the "Prague Spring", Brezhnev declared that "We emphatically oppose interference in the affairs of any states", but also adding that "When external and internal forces hostile to socialism try to turn the development of a given socialist country in the direction of the restoration of the capitalist system... when a threat arises to the cause of socialism in that country... this is no longer merely a problem for that country's people, but a common problem, the concern of all socialist countries."

George P. Shultz

George ShultzGeorge SchultzShultz
First, the Soviet Union's initial withdrawal from Afghanistan indicated that the Brezhnev Doctrine was dead.

Presidency of George H. W. Bush

Bush administrationGeorge H. W. Bush administrationGeorge H. W. Bush
Many Soviet leaders urged Gorbachev to crush the dissidents in Eastern Europe, but Gorbachev declined to send in the Soviet military, effectively abandoning the Brezhnev Doctrine.

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

fall of the Soviet Unioncollapse of the Soviet Uniondissolution of the USSR
Gorbachev abandoned the oppressive and expensive Brezhnev Doctrine, which mandated intervention in the Warsaw Pact states, in favor of non-intervention in the internal affairs of allies – jokingly termed the Sinatra Doctrine in a reference to the Frank Sinatra song "My Way".

Interventionism (politics)

interventionistinterventionisminterventionist foreign policy
Examples of Foreign policy doctrines include the Bush Doctrine, the Monroe Doctrine, the Stimson Doctrine, the Truman Doctrine, the Eisenhower Doctrine, the Nixon Doctrine, the Brezhnev Doctrine, and the Kirkpatrick Doctrine.

Communist Party of Finland

Communist PartyCommunistsFinnish Communist Party
While the de facto Eurocommunist majority faction had always supported third-way policies, the Taistoist minority decisively stood by the Soviet Union and the Brezhnev doctrine.

Charles Krauthammer

The phrase was a reference to the American foreign policy of supporting anti-communist insurgencies around the globe (most notably Nicaragua, Angola, and Afghanistan) as a response to the Brezhnev Doctrine and reflected a U.S. foreign policy that went beyond containment of the Soviet Union to rollback of recent Soviet influence in the Third World.

History of Afghanistan (1978–92)

Perhaps as important, the Brezhnev doctrine declared that the Soviet Union had a "zone of responsibility" where it had to come to the assistance of an endangered fellow socialist country.

The Commanding Heights

Commanding HeightsThe Commanding Heights: The Battle for the World Economythe book
When he lifted the Brezhnev Doctrine and allowed Poland's Solidarity to usurp that country's communist regime, the entire Warsaw Pact collapsed, soon followed by the Soviet Union itself.

Cold War (1962–1979)

Cold War1970sa new phase began
The invasion comported with the Brezhnev Doctrine, a policy of compelling Eastern Bloc states to subordinate national interests to those of the Bloc as a whole and the exercise of a Soviet right to intervene if an Eastern Bloc country appeared to shift towards capitalism.

History of the Soviet Union (1964–82)

Brezhnev EraBrezhnev periodSoviet Union
In the aftermath of the invasion the Brezhnev Doctrine was introduced; it stated that the Soviet Union had the right to intervene in any socialist country on the road to communism which was deviating from the communist norm of development.

1979 Herat uprising

Herat uprisinguprisingMarch 1979
One such meeting took place on March 17, during which Foreign Minister Gromyko acknowledged that the DRA faced "thousands" of insurgents, but, in accordance with the Brezhnev Doctrine, asserted the "fundamental proposition" that "under no circumstances may we lose Afghanistan".

Eastern Bloc politics

Eastern bloc communismSecret Policethe Soviet role in Eastern Europe
Continuing maintenance of communist power was guaranteed by the Brezhnev Doctrine, such as in the 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, on the grounds that a threat to the system in one country was a challenge to the alliance as a whole.

Enver Hoxha

HoxhaFirst Secretary of the PartyHoxha regime
On 20 August 1968, the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia was condemned by Albania, as was the Brezhnev doctrine.

Croatian Spring

upheavals in Croatia1967 to 1972 in Croatiacoup in Karađorđevo
In 1971, Soviet Union leadership applied additional pressure on Marshall Tito directly by Leonid Brezhnev and indirectly by its ambassadors to Yugoslavia, to assert control of the Communist party within Yugoslavia, ostensibly adhering to the Brezhnev Doctrine.


The ousting of Khrushchev in 1964 by his former party-state allies has been described as a Stalinist restoration by some, epitomised by the Brezhnev Doctrine and the apparatchik/nomenklatura "stability of cadres", lasting until the period of glasnost and perestroika in the late 1980s and the fall of the Soviet Union.