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A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.wikipedia
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A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.
The common materials of masonry construction are brick, building stone such as marble, granite, and limestone, cast stone, concrete block, glass block, and adobe.

Mortar (masonry)

Bricks can be joined together using mortar, adhesives or by interlocking them. Bricks are laid in courses and numerous patterns known as bonds, collectively known as brickwork, and may be laid in various kinds of mortar to hold the bricks together to make a durable structure.
Mortar is a workable paste used to bind building blocks such as stones, bricks, and concrete masonry units, fill and seal the irregular gaps between them, and sometimes add decorative colors or patterns to masonry walls.


mud brickmud-bricksun-dried bricks
Air-dried bricks, also known as mudbricks, have a history older than fired bricks, and have an additional ingredient of a mechanical binder such as straw.
A mudbrick or mud-brick is an air-dried brick, made of a mixture of loam, mud, sand and water mixed with a binding material such as rice husks or straw.


Flemish bondEnglish bondcommon bond
Bricks are laid in courses and numerous patterns known as bonds, collectively known as brickwork, and may be laid in various kinds of mortar to hold the bricks together to make a durable structure.
Brickwork is masonry produced by a bricklayer, using bricks and mortar.


kilnsfiredbrick kiln
The Roman legions operated mobile kilns, and built large brick structures throughout the Roman Empire, stamping the bricks with the seal of the legion.
A kiln ( or, originally pronounced “kill", with the “n” silent) is a thermally insulated chamber, a type of oven, that produces temperatures sufficient to complete some process, such as hardening, drying, or chemical changes. Kilns have been used for millennia to turn objects made from clay into pottery, tiles and bricks. Various industries use rotary kilns for pyroprocessing—to calcinate ores, to calcinate limestone to lime for cement, and to transform many other materials.

Brick Gothic

An independent style of brick architecture, known as brick Gothic (similar to Gothic architecture) flourished in places that lacked indigenous sources of rocks.
The buildings are essentially built using bricks.

Building material

building materialsbuilding productsmaterials
Fired bricks are one of the longest-lasting and strongest building materials, sometimes referred to as artificial stone, and have been used since circa 4000 BC.
Bricks are made in a similar way to mud-bricks except without the fibrous binder such as straw and are fired ("burned" in a brick clamp or kiln) after they have air-dried to permanently harden them.

Brick Renaissance

List of Brick Renaissance buildings
This style evolved into Brick Renaissance as the stylistic changes associated with the Italian Renaissance spread to northern Europe, leading to the adoption of Renaissance elements into brick building.
Brick Renaissance is the Northern European continuation of brick architecture after Brick Romanesque and Brick Gothic.


claysblue clayammonia-rich clays
Traditionally, the term brick referred to a unit composed of clay, but it is now used to denote rectangular units made of clay-bearing soil, sand, and lime, or concrete materials.
Bricks, cooking pots, art objects, dishware, smoking pipes, and even musical instruments such as the ocarina can all be shaped from clay before being fired.


MohenjodaroMohenjo DaroMoenjodaro
Other more recent findings, dated between 7,000 and 6,395 BC, come from Jericho, Catal Hüyük, the ancient Egyptian fortress of Buhen, and the ancient Indus Valley cities of Mohenjo-daro, Harappa, and Mehrgarh.
Most were built of fired and mortared brick; some incorporated sun-dried mud-brick and wooden superstructures.

Dutch brick

Dutch Brick modernismbricksDutch
A notable illustration of this correlation is the Green Gate in Gdansk; built in 1571 of imported Dutch brick, too small for the colder climate of Gdansk, it was notorious for being a chilly and drafty residence.
Dutch brick (Dutch: IJsselsteen) is a small type of yellow brick made in the Netherlands, or similar brick, and an architectural style of building with brick developed by the Dutch.

Clinker brick

clinkerclinker bricksclinker-brick
Clinker bricks are partially-vitrified bricks used in the construction of buildings.

Cream City brick

Cream Citycream-colored bricksdistinctive brick
Cream City brick is a cream or light yellow-colored brick made from a clay found around Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in the Menomonee River Valley and on the western banks of Lake Michigan.

Roman brick

brickBricksbrick factories
Roman brick can refer either to a type of brick used in Ancient Roman architecture and spread by the Romans to the lands they conquered; or to a modern type inspired by the ancient prototypes.

Acid brick

Acid brick or acid resistant brick is a specially made form of masonry brick that is chemically resistant and thermally durable.

London stock brick

stock brickLondon stockstock bricks
Most bricks burn to various red hues; as the temperature is increased the colour moves through dark red, purple, and then to brown or grey at around 1300 C. The names of bricks may reflect their origin and colour, such as London stock brick and Cambridgeshire White.
London stock brick is the type of handmade brick which was used for the majority of building work in London and South East England until the growth in the use of Flettons and other machine-made bricks in the early 20th century.

Staffordshire blue brick

blue brickblue vitrified brickblue-brick
Staffordshire blue brick is a strong type of construction brick, originally made in Staffordshire, England.


brick-makingbrick worksbrick
In many modern brickworks, bricks are usually fired in a continuously fired tunnel kiln, in which the bricks are fired as they move slowly through the kiln on conveyors, rails, or kiln cars, which achieves a more consistent brick product.
A brickworks, also known as a brick factory, is a factory for the manufacturing of bricks, from clay or shale.

Engineering brick

Engineering bricks are used where strength, low water porosity or acid (flue gas) resistance are needed.
Engineering bricks are a type of brick used where strength, low water porosity or acid (flue gas) resistance are needed.


Chengtoushan cultureChengtoushan Site
The earliest fired bricks appeared in Neolithic China around 4400 BC at Chengtoushan, a walled settlement of the Daxi culture.
The earliest known examples of fired bricks were discovered at Chengtoushan, dating to around 4400 BC.

Fire brick

firebrickfirebricksrefractory brick
Bricks in the metallurgy and glass industries are often used for lining furnaces, in particular refractory bricks such as silica, magnesia, chamotte and neutral (chromomagnesite) refractory bricks.
A refractory brick is built primarily to withstand high temperature, but will also usually have a low thermal conductivity for greater energy efficiency.

Fareham red brick

Fareham RedFareham redsred bricks
Fareham red brick is a famous red-tinged clay brick, from Fareham, Hampshire.

Brick clamp

scove kilnclampClamp kiln
The advantage of the BTK design is a much greater energy efficiency compared with clamp or scove kilns.
A brick clamp is a traditional method of baking bricks, done by stacking the unbaked bricks with fuel under or among them and then setting the fuel on fire.


pug millpuggingpug milling
A pugmill or pug mill is a machine in which clay or other materials are mixed into a plastic state or a similar machine for the trituration of ore. Industrial applications are found in pottery, bricks, cement and some parts of the concrete and asphalt mixing processes.

Bradley & Craven Ltd

The Bradley & Craven Ltd 'Stiff-Plastic Brickmaking Machine' was patented in 1853, apparently predating Clayton.