Bride kidnapping

abductionmarriage by abductionabductedbride abductionkidnappingbride stealingMarriage by capturemass abductionabductabduct and marry her
Bride kidnapping, also known as bridenapping, marriage by abduction or marriage by capture, is a practice in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry.wikipedia
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Raptio

abductedAbduction of womenrape
Bride kidnapping is distinguished from raptio in that the former refers to the abduction of one woman by one man (and his friends and relatives), and is still a widespread practice, whereas the latter refers to the large scale abduction of women by groups of men, possibly in a time of war (see also war rape).
Bride kidnapping is distinguished from raptio in that the former is the abduction of one woman by one man (and his friends and relatives), whereas the latter is the abduction of many women by groups of men, possibly in a time of war.

Kidnapping

kidnapkidnappedabduction
In three African countries, bride kidnapping often takes the form of abduction followed by rape.

Ala kachuu

bride kidnapping
Despite its illegality, in many primarily rural areas, bride kidnapping, known as ala kachuu (to take and flee), is an accepted and common way of taking a wife.
Ala kachuu is a form of bride kidnapping still practised in Kyrgyzstan.

Elopement

elopeelopedeloping
The term is sometimes confused with elopements, in which a couple runs away together and seeks the consent of their parents later.
Elopements, in which a couple runs away together and seeks the consent of their parents later, differ greatly from abductions and bride kidnapping in which there is no consent of the bride and/or groom.

Child marriage

child marriageschild brideearly marriage
Bride kidnapping is often (but not always) a form of child marriage.
This includes absuma (arranged marriages set up between cousins at birth in local Islamic ethnic group), bride kidnapping and elopement decided on by the children.

Dowry

dowriestochertrousseau
They are sometimes deterred from legitimately seeking a wife because of the payment the woman's family expects, the bride price (not to be confused with a dowry, paid by the woman's family).
One common penalty for the kidnapping and rape of an unmarried woman was that the abductor or rapist had to provide the woman's dowry.

Ukuthwalwa

ukuthwala
The practice is known as ukuthwalwa or simply thwala in among the nguni speaking tribes.
While the practice of marriage by abduction or marriage by capture may be traced back to ancient times, however the abductees are often reported to be under-aged girls, including some as young as eight.

Arranged marriage

arrangedarranged marriagesarrange a marriage
Some types of it may also be seen as falling along the continuum between forced marriage and arranged marriage.

Ethiopia

EthiopianAbyssiniaFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Bride kidnapping is prevalent in many regions of Ethiopia.
According to surveys in 2003 by the National Committee on Traditional Practices in Ethiopia, marriage by abduction accounts for 69% of the nation's marriages, with around 80% in the largest region, Oromiya, and as high as 92% in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region.

Romani society and culture

Romani cultureRomanipenRomani
In the Romani culture, girls as young as twelve years old may be kidnapped for marriage to teenaged boys.
Bride kidnapping is thought to be a traditional Romani practice.

Forced marriage

forced marriagesshotgun marriageforced
Some types of it may also be seen as falling along the continuum between forced marriage and arranged marriage.

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz RepublicKyrgyzKyrghyzstan
In Central Asia, bride kidnapping exists in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region of Uzbekistan.

Kidnapping, Caucasian Style

1967 film of the same nameKidnapping Caucassian StylePrisoner of the Caucasus, or Shurik's New Adventures
There is a Soviet comedy entitled Kidnapping, Caucasian Style (Кавказская пленница, или Новые приключения Шурика, literally translated as The Girl Prisoner of the Caucasus), where a bride kidnapping occurs in an unidentified Caucasian country.
Kidnapping, Caucasian Style is a 1967 Soviet comedy film dealing with a humorous plot revolving around bride kidnapping, an old tradition that used to exist in certain regions of the Northern Caucasus.

Raptus

Raptus (disambiguation)abduction
In Catholic canon law, the impediment of raptus specifically prohibits marriage between a woman abducted with the intent to force her to marry, and her abductor, as long as the woman remains in the abductor's power.

The Rape of the Sabine Women

Rape of the Sabine WomenRape of the SabinesSabine women
It is represented in mythology and history by the tribe of Benjamin in the Bible; by the Greek hero Paris stealing the beautiful Helen of Troy from her husband Menelaus, thus triggering the Trojan War; and by the Rape of the Sabine Women by Romulus, the founder of Rome.
The Rape of the Sabine Women was an incident in Roman mythology in which the men of Rome committed a mass abduction of young women from the other cities in the region.

Borat

Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of KazakhstanBorat! Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan2006 movie
In the 2006 comedy [[Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan]], the eponymous fictional reporter Borat, played by British comedian/satirist Sacha Baron Cohen, attempts to kidnap Canadian actress Pamela Anderson in order to take her as his wife.
After showing Pamela his "traditional marriage sack", Borat pursues her throughout the store in an attempt to abduct her until security guards intervene.

Pamela Anderson

Pam AndersonPamela Anderson LeePam
In the 2006 comedy [[Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan]], the eponymous fictional reporter Borat, played by British comedian/satirist Sacha Baron Cohen, attempts to kidnap Canadian actress Pamela Anderson in order to take her as his wife.
Anderson appeared in the 2006 mockumentary, [[Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan]], as the title character becomes obsessed with her, and plans to abduct and marry her.

The Will of the Empress

Minor characters in The Will of the EmpressPershan fer Roth
The Tamora Pierce fantasy novel The Will of the Empress includes bride kidnapping as a major plot point and has extensive discussions of the morality of bride kidnapping.
While there, they learn of the Western Namornese custom of bride kidnapping, which entails a man kidnapping a prospective bride and holding her captive until she agrees to sign a wedding contract.

Pure Coolness

Boz Salkyn
The 2007 Kyrgyz film Pure Coolness also revolves around the bride kidnapping custom, mistaken identity, and the clash between modern urban expectations and the more traditional countryside.
The film is about the traditional custom of Ala Kachuu – "bride stealing".

Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!

¡Átame!ÁtameAtame / Tie Me Up! Tie Me Down!
Bride kidnapping is displayed somewhat humorously in Pedro Almodóvar's 1990 Spanish hit ¡Átame! (''Tie Me Up!
Bride kidnapping is also a central plot device in the Hollywood musical Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954).

Franca Viola

In 1965, this custom was brought to national attention by the case of Franca Viola, a 17-year-old abducted and raped by a local small-time criminal, with the assistance of a dozen of his friends.

Fuitina

southern Italian custom of kidnapping and raping a prospective bride
The custom of fuitina was widespread in Sicily and continental southern Italy.

Seduced and Abandoned

Sedotta e abbandonata
However, before the national debate caused by the Viola case, a 1964 satire directed by Pietro Germi, Seduced and Abandoned (Sedotta e abbandonata), treated the Sicilian custom as a dark comedy.
These Sicilian customs, including a form of bride kidnapping or elopement known as fuitina and the following "rehabilitating marriage" (matrimonio riparatore), were brought to national attention in 1966 by the case of Franca Viola.

History of rape

rape
Bride kidnapping may feature rape, but this is not necessarily so.