British Board of Film Classification

BBFCBritish Board of Film Censors12APG12 certificateU1515 certificate15 ratingBritish Board of Film Censorship
The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC, previously the British Board of Film Censors), is a non-governmental organisation, founded by the film industry in 1912 and responsible for the national classification and censorship of films exhibited at cinemas and video works (such as television programmes, trailers, adverts, public information/campaigning films, menus, bonus content etc.) released on physical media within the United Kingdom.wikipedia
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Victim (1961 film)

VictimVictim'' (1961 film)1961
Jack Clayton), which dealt with class divisions; Victim (UK, 1961, dir.
On its release in the United Kingdom it proved highly controversial to the British Board of Film Censors, and in the U.S. it was refused a seal of approval from the American Motion Picture Production Code.

CRL Group

CRLCRL Group PLCThe Power House
In December 1986, the first computer game to be certified by the BBFC was an illustrated text adventure called Dracula, based on the Bram Stoker novel, published by CRL, the game received a 15 certificate.
Dracula and Frankenstein were rated 15 certificate by the British Board of Film Censors for their graphics depicting bloody scenes; Dracula was the first game to be rated by the BBFC.

The Seashell and the Clergyman

La Coquille et le clergyman
In 1928, the Board's examiners report famously claimed that Germaine Dulac's surrealist film The Seashell and the Clergyman was "Apparently meaningless" but "If there is a meaning, it is doubtless objectionable".
The British Board of Film Censors famously reported that the film was "so cryptic as to be almost meaningless. If there is a meaning, it is doubtless objectionable".

Cinematograph Act 1909

Cinematograph Act
The Board's legal basis was the Cinematograph Act 1909, which required cinemas to have licences from local authorities.
It is notable for having unintentionally provided the legal basis for film censorship, leading to the establishment of the British Board of Film Censors in 1912.

Manhunt 2

Laura WhyteLeo KasperThe Bloodhounds
In June 2007, Manhunt 2 was refused classification in both its PlayStation 2 and Wii versions, meaning that the game was illegal to sell or supply.
However, the BBFC still refused to classify the edited version for UK release.

Video Recordings Act 1984

Video Recordings Act1984 Video Recordings ActVideo Recording Act 1984
It has a statutory requirement to classify all video works released on VHS, DVD, Blu-ray (including 3D and 4K UHD formats), and to a lesser extent, some video games under the Video Recordings Act 1984.
The British Board of Film Classification, which had been instrumental in the certification of motion pictures since 1912, was designated as the classifying authority in 1985.

18 (British Board of Film Classification)

18 certificate1818' certificate
The 18 certificate is issued by the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), to state that in its opinion, a film, video recording, or game is suitable only for persons aged 18 years and over.

Soho Square

Soho Square WestSoho Square, London
The Board, which is based in Soho Square, London, is financed from the fees it charges for classifying films and videos and is run on a not-for-profit basis.
A legacy of creative design and philanthropic occupants lingers including the British Board of Film Classification, 20th Century Fox, Dolby Europe Ltd, Tiger Aspect Productions, Saint Patrick’s Catholic Church which provides many social outreach projects to local homeless and addicts, the French Protestant Church of London and the House of St Barnabas a members' club since 2013 which fundraises and hosts events and exhibitions for homeless-linked good causes.

Digital Economy Act 2017

obsolete'.Digital Economy ActDigital Economy Act (2017)
The introduction of such a regulator was a consequence of the Digital Economy Act 2017.

Language of Love

Ur kärlekens språkKärlekens språk
In autumn 1972, Lord Longford and Raymond Blackburn decided to pursue a matter of pornography classification for the film Language of Love into the Court of Appeal of Lord Denning, MR, and lost the writ of mandamus against the Police Commissioner, who had refused to intrude upon the BBFC remit.
Lord Longford and Raymond Blackburn decided to pursue a matter of pornography classification for the film Language of Love into the Court of Appeal and lost the writ of mandamus against the Police Commissioner, who had refused to intrude upon the British Board of Film Classification remit.

Digital Economy Act 2010

Digital Economy BillDigital Economy Act
Under the Digital Economy Act 2010, the responsibility for rating video games in the United Kingdom has passed from the BBFC to the Video Standards Council using the PEGI system.

Dracula (1986 video game)

DraculaDracula'' (1986 video game)
In December 1986, the first computer game to be certified by the BBFC was an illustrated text adventure called Dracula, based on the Bram Stoker novel, published by CRL, the game received a 15 certificate.
It was the first video game to be rated by the BBFC.

Andreas Whittam Smith

Sir Andreas Whittam SmithAndreas Whittam-SmithDemocracy 2015
However, under recent President Andreas Whittam Smith and current incumbent Sir Quentin Thomas, guidelines have been relaxed again, allowing the release, usually uncut, of these previously banned films on video and in cinemas.
He is a former president of the British Board of Film Classification.

E certificate

E "certificate
Material that is exempt from classification sometimes uses symbols similar to BBFC certificates, for example an E "certificate".
In British film classifications, the E certificate is an unofficial rating sometimes applied to video titles released in the United Kingdom which are exempt from being classified by the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) as any of the other certificate categories.

From the Manger to the Cross

The immediate impetus for the Board's formation stemmed from the furore surrounding the release in the UK in October 1912 of the film From the Manger to the Cross, about the life of Jesus.
Although the clergy were invited to see it and found little to be affronted by, the controversy resulted in the voluntary creation of the British Board of Film Censors which began operating on 1 January 1913.

Quentin Thomas

Sir Quentin Thomas
However, under recent President Andreas Whittam Smith and current incumbent Sir Quentin Thomas, guidelines have been relaxed again, allowing the release, usually uncut, of these previously banned films on video and in cinemas.
Sir Quentin Jeremy Thomas (born 1 August 1944) is a retired British civil servant, and former president of the British Board of Film Classification.

Jack the Ripper (1987 video game)

Jack the RipperJack the Ripper'' (1987 video game)
The first computer game to receive an 18 certificate, on 11 December 1987, was another illustrated text adventure called Jack the Ripper, also by CRL, which dealt with the infamous real life murders in Victorian London.
As with the earlier CRL adventures Dracula and Frankenstein, the game was classified by the British Board of Film Classification, receiving an '18' certificate for its gory graphics.

Wii

Nintendo WiiWii MiniSensor Bar
In June 2007, Manhunt 2 was refused classification in both its PlayStation 2 and Wii versions, meaning that the game was illegal to sell or supply.
* BBFC, CERO, ESRB, ACB, OFLC (NZ), PEGI, USK

Carmageddon

Carmageddon 64Carmageddon Max PackCarmageddon Splat Pack
The first video game to be refused classification by the BBFC was Carmageddon in 1997, however a modified version of the game was later awarded an 18 certificate.
In the United Kingdom, the BBFC refused to certify the game unless all blood and gore was removed.

X rating

X-ratedX certificateX-rating
An extreme example of this is the rating of the horror film Revenge of the Zombies, with a U certificate upon its video release in the late 1990s, whereas, when it was first examined as a film in 1951, it was given one of the first X ratings.
The original X certificate, replacing the H certificate, was issued between 1951 and 1982 by the British Board of Film Censors in the United Kingdom.

The Texas Chain Saw Massacre

The Texas Chainsaw MassacreTexas Chainsaw Massacreoriginal film
However, some Board decisions caused controversy in the 1970s when it banned a series of films that were released uncut and were popular in other countries (such as The Texas Chain Saw Massacre and Last House on the Left), or released other controversial films, such as Straw Dogs and A Clockwork Orange.
After its initial British release, including a one-year theatrical run in London, The Texas Chain Saw Massacre was initially banned on the advice of British Board of Film Censors (BBFC) Secretary Stephen Murphy, and subsequently by his successor, James Ferman.

Cinematograph Films (Animals) Act 1937

This generally occurs in borderline cases where distributors have requested a certificate and the BBFC has rated the work at a more-restrictive level; however, some cuts are compulsory, such as scenes that violate the Protection of Children Act 1978 or Cinematograph Films (Animals) Act 1937.
According to the British Board of Film Classification's website, the Act was a response to "widespread public concern about the mistreatment of animals on film sets, especially in Westerns."

Raymond Blackburn

Blackburn
In autumn 1972, Lord Longford and Raymond Blackburn decided to pursue a matter of pornography classification for the film Language of Love into the Court of Appeal of Lord Denning, MR, and lost the writ of mandamus against the Police Commissioner, who had refused to intrude upon the BBFC remit.
In 1972, he decided to pursue this matter into the Court of Appeal, which confirmed the 1968 judgment, in a separate matter of enforcement against the British Board of Film Censors and a cinema of the pornography laws then extant.

Pan European Game Information

PEGIPEGI 18rated 18+
Under the Digital Economy Act 2010, the responsibility for rating video games in the United Kingdom has passed from the BBFC to the Video Standards Council using the PEGI system. On 16 June 2009, the UK's Department of Culture, Media and Sport ruled in favour of the PEGI system to be the sole classification system for videogames and software in the UK.

Spider-Man (2002 film)

Spider-Man2002 film2002 ''Spider-Man'' film
Conversely, in 2002, a few local authorities regraded Spider-Man from 12 to PG, allowing children younger than 12 to see the film.
Before the film's British theatrical release in June 2002, the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) gave the film a "12" certificate.