British Empire

BritishEmpireBritainBritish imperialismBritish colonialImperialBritish colonialismBritish colonial rulecolonialBritish colony
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.wikipedia
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Dominion

DominionsBritish Dominiondominion status
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Dominions were the semi-independent polities under the British Crown that constituted the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867.

English overseas possessions

EnglishEnglish colonyEnglish colonial empire
It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries.
The many English possessions then became the foundation of the British Empire and its fast-growing naval and mercantile power, which until then had yet to overtake those of the Dutch Republic, the Kingdom of Portugal, and the Kingdom of Spain.

Culture of the United Kingdom

British cultureBritish popular cultureBritish cultural icons
As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread.
British culture is influenced by the nation's history; its predominantly Christian religious life, its interaction with the cultures of Europe, the traditions of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, and the impact of the British Empire.

List of largest empires

largest empires in historylargest empireGlobal Empire
At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history.

Common law

common-lawcourts of common lawcommon
As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread.
The British Empire spread the English legal system to its colonies, many of which retain the common law system today.

Colonialism

colonialcolonial powerscolonialist
A series of wars in the 17th and 18th centuries with the Netherlands and France left England and then, following union between England and Scotland in 1707, Great Britain, the dominant colonial power in North America.
The Belgian, British, Danish, Dutch, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Swedish empires established colonies across large areas.

The empire on which the sun never sets

The sun never sets on the British Empirea vast Empire, on which the sun never setsempire on which the sun never sets
At the peak of its power, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" was often used to describe the British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories.
In more recent times, it was used for the British Empire, mainly in the 19th and early 20th centuries, a period in which the British Empire reached a territorial size larger than that of any other empire in history.

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread.
Modern English has been spreading around the world since the 17th century by the worldwide influence of the British Empire and the United States.

Royal Navy

RNBritish NavyBritish Royal Navy
Unchallenged at sea, British dominance was later described as Pax Britannica ("British Peace"), a period of relative peace in Europe and the world (1815–1914) during which the British Empire became the global hegemon and adopted the role of global policeman.
The Royal Navy played a key part in establishing the British Empire as the unmatched world power during the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries.

East India Company

British East India CompanyHonourable East India CompanyEnglish East India Company
It then became the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent after the East India Company's conquest of Mughal Bengal at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.
The company also ruled the beginnings of the British Empire in India.

Dutch Empire

DutchDutch coloniesDutch colony
Envious of the great wealth these empires generated, England, France, and the Netherlands began to establish colonies and trade networks of their own in the Americas and Asia.
In the 18th century the Dutch colonial empire began to decline as a result of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War of 1780–1784, in which the Netherlands lost a number of its colonial possessions and trade monopolies to the British Empire and the conquest of the wealthy Mughal Bengal at the Battle of Plassey.

Benjamin Disraeli

DisraeliLord BeaconsfieldBenjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
To seek new markets and sources of raw materials, the British government under Benjamin Disraeli initiated a period of imperial expansion in Egypt, South Africa, and elsewhere.
He made the Conservatives the party most identified with the glory and power of the British Empire.

Pax Britannica

a period of relative peaceacted as the world's policemanforemost power
Unchallenged at sea, British dominance was later described as Pax Britannica ("British Peace"), a period of relative peace in Europe and the world (1815–1914) during which the British Empire became the global hegemon and adopted the role of global policeman.
Pax Britannica (Latin for "British Peace", modelled after Pax Romana) was the period of relative peace between the Great Powers during which the British Empire became the global hegemonic power and adopted the role of a "global policeman".

British Overseas Territories

British Overseas Territoryoverseas territoryoverseas territories
Fourteen overseas territories remain under British sovereignty.
They are remnants of the British Empire that have not been granted independence or have voted to remain British territories.

South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
To seek new markets and sources of raw materials, the British government under Benjamin Disraeli initiated a period of imperial expansion in Egypt, South Africa, and elsewhere.
Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.

Commonwealth of Nations

CommonwealthBritish CommonwealthCommonwealth countries
After independence, many former British colonies joined the Commonwealth of Nations, a free association of independent states.
The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 53 member states, nearly all of them former territories of the British Empire.

Decolonization

decolonisationdecolonizeddecolonize
India, Britain's most valuable and populous possession, achieved independence as part of a larger decolonisation movement in which Britain granted independence to most territories of the empire.
These include the breakup of the Spanish Empire in the 19th century; of the German, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and Russian empires following World War I; of the British, French, Dutch, Japanese, Portuguese, Belgian and Italian colonial empires following World War II; and of the Soviet Union (successor to the Russian Empire) at the end of the Cold War in 1991.

Crown colony

British colonyBritish coloniesBritish Crown Colony
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
After that time it was more broadly applied to every British territory other than British India, and self-governing colonies, such as the Province of Canada, Newfoundland, British Columbia, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, and New Zealand.

New Zealand

NZLNZKiwi
Canada, Australia, and New Zealand became self-governing dominions.
In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full statutory independence in 1947 and the British monarch remained the head of state.

Handover of Hong Kong

transfer of sovereignty over Hong Konghandovertransfer of sovereignty
The transfer of Hong Kong to China in 1997 marked for many the end of the British Empire.
The retrocession is considered by some to definitively mark the end of the British Empire.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
In the Second World War, Britain's colonies in East and Southeast Asia were occupied by Japan.
Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the Fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire.

Kingdom of Great Britain

Great BritainBritishBritain
A series of wars in the 17th and 18th centuries with the Netherlands and France left England and then, following union between England and Scotland in 1707, Great Britain, the dominant colonial power in North America.
In 1763, victory in the Seven Years' War led to the dominance of the British Empire, which was to become the foremost global power for over a century and slowly grew to become the largest empire in history.

Napoleonic Wars

Napoleonic WarNapoleonicwar with France
After the defeat of France in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1792–1815), Britain emerged as the principal naval and imperial power of the 19th century.
The wars had profound consequences on global history, including the spread of nationalism and liberalism, the rise of the British Empire as the world's foremost power, the appearance of independence movements in Latin America and subsequent collapse of the Spanish Empire, the fundamental reorganisation of German and Italian territories into larger states, and the establishment of radically new methods of conducting warfare.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
By the start of the 20th century, Germany and the United States had begun to challenge Britain's economic lead.
Claiming much of the leftover territory that was yet unclaimed in the Scramble for Africa, it managed to build the third-largest colonial empire at the time, after the British and the French ones.