British North America

BritishNorth AmericaBritish North AmericanNorth American coloniesAmericaBritish coloniesAmericanBritish colonies in North AmericaCanadaBritish colony
British North America refers to the former territories of the British Empire in North America, not including the Caribbean.wikipedia
900 Related Articles

Jamestown, Virginia

JamestownJamestown ColonyJamestown Settlement
English and later Scottish colonization of North America began in the 16th century in Newfoundland, then began further south at Roanoke and Jamestown, Virginia, and reached its peak when colonies had been established through much of the Americas.
In August 1619, the first recorded slaves from Africa to British North America arrived in what is now Old Point Comfort near the Jamestown colony, on a British privateer ship flying a Dutch flag.

American Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary WarRevolutionary
The Revolution also resulted in the migration of around 60,000 Loyalists to other British territories, particularly to British North America (Canada).

Upper Canada

UpperProvince of Upper CanadaUpper Canadian
The part of Quebec retained after 1783 was split into the primarily French-speaking Lower Canada and the primarily English-speaking Upper Canada in 1791.
The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America, formerly part of the Province of Quebec since 1763.

War of 1812

The War of 1812American War of 1812war
After the War of 1812, the Treaty of 1818 established the 49th parallel as the United States–British North America border from Rupert's Land west to the Rocky Mountains.
Historians debate whether the desire to annex some or all of British North America (Canada) contributed to the American decision to go to war.

Report on the Affairs of British North America

Durham ReportLord Durham's ReportHis report
The term was first used informally in 1783, but it was uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report.
He had just been appointed Governor General and given special powers as high commissioner of British North America.

Oregon Country

Oregonearly non-native explorersEuropean settlement
Then, in 1846, Britain and the United States split the Oregon Country.
The region was occupied by British and French Canadian fur traders from before 1810, and American settlers from the mid-1830s, with its coastal areas north from the Columbia River frequented by ships from all nations engaged in the maritime fur trade, most of these from the 1790s through 1810s being Boston-based.

Nova Scotia

NSNova Scotia, CanadaNova Scotian
Nova Scotia was split into modern-day Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in 1784.
During this century, Nova Scotia became the first colony in British North America and in the British Empire to achieve responsible government in January–February 1848 and become self-governing through the efforts of Joseph Howe.

Province of Canada

Canada WestUnited Province of CanadaCanada
The Canadas were united into the Province of Canada in 1841.
The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867.

Canadian Confederation

ConfederationConfederation of CanadaFather of Confederation
On 1 July 1867, the Confederation of Canada was created by the British North America Act.
Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one federation, Canada (formally the Dominion of Canada), on July 1, 1867.

New Brunswick

NBProvince of New BrunswickNew Brunswick, Canada
Nova Scotia was split into modern-day Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in 1784.
The notion of unifying the separate colonies of British North America was discussed increasingly in the 1860s.


The new Dominion of Canada brought together the provinces of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.
In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces.


MEState of MaineMaine, United States
After threats and squabbles over rich timber lands, the boundary with Maine was clarified by the Webster–Ashburton Treaty of 1842.
The territory of Maine was confirmed as part of Massachusetts when the United States was formed following the Treaty of Paris ending the revolution, although the final border with British North America was not established until the Webster–Ashburton Treaty of 1842.

Treaty of 1818

Anglo-American Convention of 18181818London Convention
After the War of 1812, the Treaty of 1818 established the 49th parallel as the United States–British North America border from Rupert's Land west to the Rocky Mountains.

Treaty of Paris (1783)

Treaty of Paris1783 Treaty of ParisTreaty of Paris of 1783
By the Treaty of Paris (1783), the United States acquired the part of Quebec south of the Great Lakes; at the same time Spain gained West Florida and regained East Florida.


DominionsBritish Dominiondominion status
In 1907, the sole remaining British North American colony, Newfoundland, was granted the status of a Dominion, although starting in 1934 it returned to British administration under the Commission of Government.
Under the British North America Act 1867, Canada received the status of "Dominion" upon the Confederation of several British possessions in North America.


Ontario, CanadaONProvince of Ontario
The former Province of Canada was split back into its two parts, with Canada East (Lower Canada) being renamed Quebec, and Canada West (Upper Canada) renamed Ontario.
A political stalemate between the French- and English-speaking legislators, as well as fear of aggression from the United States during and immediately after the American Civil War, led the political elite to hold a series of conferences in the 1860s to effect a broader federal union of all British North American colonies.

Rupert's Land

Rupert’s LandPrince Rupert's LandRuperts Land
Rupert's Land, or Prince Rupert's Land, was a territory in British North America comprising the Hudson Bay drainage basin, a territory in which a commercial monopoly was operated by the Hudson's Bay Company for 200 years from 1670 to 1870.

Hudson's Bay Company

Hudson’s Bay CompanyHBCHudson Bay Company
During its peak, the company controlled the fur trade throughout much of the English- and later British-controlled North America.

North-Western Territory

History of the North-Western TerritoryNord-OuestNorth-West Territories
The North-Western Territory was a region of British North America until 1870.

British Columbia

BCBritish Columbia, CanadaB.C.
British Columbia, the British colony on the west coast north of the 49th parallel, including all of Vancouver Island, joined as Canada's sixth province in 1871, and Prince Edward Island joined as the seventh in 1873.
Until 1849, these districts were a wholly unorganized area of British North America under the de facto jurisdiction of HBC administrators; however, unlike Rupert's Land to the north and east, the territory was not a concession to the company.


QuébecProvince of QuebecQC
The former Province of Canada was split back into its two parts, with Canada East (Lower Canada) being renamed Quebec, and Canada West (Upper Canada) renamed Ontario.
In the 1860s, the delegates from the colonies of British North America (Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland) met in a series of conferences to discuss self-governing status for a new confederation.

Columbia District

Columbia DepartmentColumbiaColumbia Fur District
The Columbia District was a fur trading district in the Pacific Northwest region of British North America in the 19th century.

British Arctic Territories

Arctic IslandsBritish claims on the islands
The region was part of British North America.

British West Indies

West IndiesBritish West IndianBritish Caribbean

History of Nova Scotia

Nova ScotiaNova Scotia HistoryDemocracy 250
These wars were fought between New England and New France and their respective native allies before the British defeated the French in North America (1763).