British Raj

British IndiaIndiaBritish ruleBritishBritish Indian EmpireIndian EmpireBritish rule in IndiaRajBritish GovernmentIndian
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Sanskrit and Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947.wikipedia
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India at the 1936 Summer Olympics

1936
As India, it was a founding member of the League of Nations, a participating nation in the Summer Olympics in 1900, 1920, 1928, 1932, and 1936, and a founding member of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945.
India competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany.

Company rule in India

IndiaBritish IndiaCompany Rule
This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India).
With the Government of India Act 1858, the British government assumed the task of administering India in the new British Raj.

Partition of India

independencepartitionIndian independence
It lasted until 1947, when it was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India (later the Republic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the eastern part of which, still later, became the People's Republic of Bangladesh).
The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, or Crown rule in India.

Persian Gulf Residency

British Residency of the Persian Gulfformer British protectorateBritish Resident
The Trucial States of the Persian Gulf and the states under the Persian Gulf Residency were theoretically princely states as well as presidencies and provinces of British India until 1947 and used the rupee as their unit of currency.
The Persian Gulf Residency was an official colonial subdivision (i.e., residency) of the British Raj from 1763 until 1947 (and remained British protectorates after Indian independence in 1947, up to 1971), whereby the United Kingdom maintained varying degrees of political and economic control over several states in the Persian Gulf, including what is today known as the United Arab Emirates (formerly called the "Trucial States") and at various times southern portions of Persia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar.

East India Company

British East India CompanyHonourable East India CompanyEnglish East India Company
This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India).
Company rule in India effectively began in 1757 and lasted until 1858, when, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown's assuming direct control of the Indian subcontinent in the form of the new British Raj.

Member states of the United Nations

UN member statesUnited Nations member statesmember states
As India, it was a founding member of the League of Nations, a participating nation in the Summer Olympics in 1900, 1920, 1928, 1932, and 1936, and a founding member of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945.
The original members of the United Nations were: France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Byelorussia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Syria, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela and Yugoslavia.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The region under British control was commonly called India in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the United Kingdom, which were collectively called British India, and those ruled by indigenous rulers, but under British tutelage or paramountcy, called the princely states.
The British Empire was expanded to include India, large parts of Africa and many other territories throughout the world.

Order of the Indian Empire

CIEKCIECompanion of the Order of the Indian Empire
In addition, an order of knighthood, the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire, was set up in 1878.
No appointments have been made since 1947, the year that India and Pakistan became independent from the British Raj.

Meghalaya

Meghalaya StateMeghalyaHistory of Meghalaya
During the British rule of India, the British imperial authorities nicknamed it the "Scotland of the East".

List of governors of Bengal

Governor of BengalLieutenant-Governor of BengalLieutenant Governor of Bengal
Below is a list of the governors of Bengal during the British Raj:

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
It lasted until 1947, when it was partitioned into two sovereign dominion states: the Dominion of India (later the Republic of India) and the Dominion of Pakistan (later the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the eastern part of which, still later, became the People's Republic of Bangladesh).
The challenge posed to company rule by the failed Indian Mutiny led to the creation of the British Indian Empire as a crown colony.

Maharashtra

MaharastraMaharashtra StateMaharashtra, India
Prior to Indian independence, Maharashtra was chronologically ruled by the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Deccan sultanates, Mughals and Marathas, and the British.

Mizoram

Mizoram StateLushai HillsMizo
Before the British Raj, the various Mizo clans lived in autonomous villages.

Karnataka

Karnataka StateKarnataka, IndiaKarnatka
The British used the word Carnatic, sometimes Karnatak, to describe both sides of peninsular India, south of the Krishna.

West Bengal

West Bengal, IndiaBengalWestern Bengal
Trouble emerged for Curzon when he divided the largest administrative subdivision in British India, the Bengal Province, into the Muslim-majority province of Eastern Bengal and Assam and the Hindu-majority province of West Bengal (present-day Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, and Odisha).
Bengal faced multiple famines and deindustrialisation under British Raj.

United Provinces of Agra and Oudh

United ProvincesU.P.United Province
The Indian army was completely reorganised: units composed of the Muslims and Brahmins of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, who had formed the core of the rebellion, were disbanded.
The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh was a province of India under the British Raj, which existed from 1902 to 1947; the official name was shortened by the Government of India Act 1935 to United Provinces (UP), by which the province had been commonly known, and by which name it was also a province of independent India until 1950.

Telangana

Telangana StateTelenganaTelangana region
During the 18th century and the British Raj, Telangana was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad.

Kingdom of Sikkim

SikkimDremoshongChogyal Dynasty of Sikkim
The Kingdom of Sikkim was established as a princely state after the Anglo-Sikkimese Treaty of 1861; however, the issue of sovereignty was left undefined.
The Sugauli Treaty between Britain and Nepal and the Treaty of Titalia between Sikkim and British India resulted in territorial concessions by Nepal, which ceded Sikkim to British India.

Uttarakhand

UttaranchalUttrakhandUttarkhand
In 1816, most of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli.

List of governors of Punjab (British India)

Governor of the PunjabGovernor of PunjabLieutenant-Governor of the Punjab
In 1947, the British Raj came to an end and the countries of India and Pakistan were created.

Council of India

India CouncilCouncilCouncil of the Governor-General of India
In London, it provided for a cabinet-level Secretary of State for India and a fifteen-member Council of India, whose members were required, as one prerequisite of membership, to have spent at least ten years in India and to have done so no more than ten years before.
The Council of India was the name given at different times to two separate bodies associated with British rule in India.

British rule in Burma

British BurmaBurmaBritish colonial era
At the inception of the Raj in 1858, Lower Burma was already a part of British India; Upper Burma was added in 1886, and the resulting union, Burma (Myanmar), was administered as an autonomous province until 1937, when it became a separate British colony, gaining its own independence in 1948.
The colonial Government of India, which was given control of the new colony, founded secular schools teaching in both English and Burmese, while also encouraging Christian missionaries to visit and found schools.

Secretary of State for India

Secretary of State for India and BurmaSecretary of StateIndia Secretary
In London, it provided for a cabinet-level Secretary of State for India and a fifteen-member Council of India, whose members were required, as one prerequisite of membership, to have spent at least ten years in India and to have done so no more than ten years before.
His (or Her) Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for India, known for short as the India Secretary or the Indian Secretary, was the British Cabinet minister and the political head of the India Office responsible for the governance of the British Indian Empire (usually known simply as 'the Raj' or British India), Aden, and Burma.

Rajasthan

Rajasthan, IndiaRajasthan StateRajastan
The state was formed on 30 March 1949 when Rajputana – the name adopted by the British Raj for its dependencies in the region – was merged into the Dominion of India.

Hindustani language

HindustaniHindi-UrduHindi
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Sanskrit and Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947.
Next to English it was the official language of British Raj, was commonly written in Arabic or Persian characters, and was spoken by approximately 100,000,000 people.