British West Indies

West IndiesBritish West IndianBritish CaribbeanWest IndianCaribbeanB.W.I.BritishBritish West IndiansBritish crown colonyBritish West Indian colonies
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.wikipedia
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Grenada

GrenadianGRDTheophilus A. Marryshow
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.
From 1958 to 1962 Grenada was part of the Federation of the West Indies, a short-lived federation of British West Indian colonies.

British Guiana

British GuyanaBritish GuianeseGuiana
Some definitions also include Bermuda, the former British Guiana (now Guyana) and the former British Honduras (now Belize) although those territories are not usually considered part of the geographical West Indies. In 1912, the British government divided their territories into different colonies: The Bahamas, Barbados, British Guiana, British Honduras, Jamaica (with its dependencies the Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands), Trinidad and Tobago, the Windward Islands, and the Leeward Islands.
British Guiana was the name of the British colony, part of the British West Indies (Caribbean), on the northern coast of South America, now known as the independent nation of Guyana (since 1966).

Guyana

GuyaneseBritish GuianaCo-operative Republic of Guyana
Some definitions also include Bermuda, the former British Guiana (now Guyana) and the former British Honduras (now Belize) although those territories are not usually considered part of the geographical West Indies.
It is the only English speaking country in South America, and is culturally considered part of the Anglophone-Caribbean sphere.

Dominica

Commonwealth of DominicaDominicanDMA
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.
In 1838, Dominica became the first colony of the British West Indies to have an elected legislature controlled by an ethnic African majority.

Jamaica

JAMJamaicanJamaica, West Indies
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.
In 1958 it became a province in the Federation of the West Indies, a federation of several of Britain's Caribbean colonies.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

St. Vincent and the GrenadinesSt. VincentVincentian
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.
The British abolished slavery in Saint Vincent (as well as in the other British West Indies colonies) in 1834, and an apprenticeship period followed which ended in 1838.

Commonwealth Caribbean

English-speaking CaribbeanAnglo-CaribbeanAnglophone Caribbean
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.
Upon a country's full independence from the United Kingdom, the Anglo Caribbean or the British Commonwealth Caribbean traditionally becomes the preferred sub-regional term as a replacement to British West Indies.

West Indies

West IndianCaribbean basinWest Indians
Some definitions also include Bermuda, the former British Guiana (now Guyana) and the former British Honduras (now Belize) although those territories are not usually considered part of the geographical West Indies.
From the 17th through the 19th century, the European colonial territories of the West Indies were the French West Indies, British West Indies, the Danish West Indies, the Netherlands Antilles (Dutch West Indies), and the Spanish West Indies.

Colony of Jamaica

JamaicaBritish Jamaicacolonial Jamaica
In 1912, the British government divided their territories into different colonies: The Bahamas, Barbados, British Guiana, British Honduras, Jamaica (with its dependencies the Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands), Trinidad and Tobago, the Windward Islands, and the Leeward Islands.
In the mid-17th century, sugarcane had been brought into the British West Indies by the Dutch, from Brazil.

Antigua and Barbuda

AntiguanAntiguaAntigua & Barbuda
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.
The national Carnival held each August commemorates the abolition of slavery in the British West Indies, although on some islands, Carnival may celebrate the coming of Lent.

The Bahamas

BahamasBahamianBahama Islands
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago. In 1912, the British government divided their territories into different colonies: The Bahamas, Barbados, British Guiana, British Honduras, Jamaica (with its dependencies the Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands), Trinidad and Tobago, the Windward Islands, and the Leeward Islands.
In 1818, the Home Office in London had ruled that "any slave brought to the Bahamas from outside the British West Indies would be manumitted."

West Indies Federation

Federation of the West IndiesBritish West IndiesBritish West Indies Federation
Between 1958 and 1962, all of the island territories except the British Virgin Islands and the Bahamas were organised into the West Indies Federation.
The federation was created by the United Kingdom in 1958 from most of the British West Indies.

Decolonization

decolonisationdecolonizeddecolonize
The Federation's purpose was to create a political unit that would become independent from Britain as a single state, similar to the Federation of Australia or Canadian Confederation.

British colonization of the Americas

BritishEnglishEnglish colonization of the Americas
These present-day countries formed part of the British West Indies prior to gaining independence during the 20th century:

French West Indies

French AntillesFrench CaribbeanFrench
In addition, some of the islands of the present and former British West Indies were once ruled by France.

Anguilla

AnguillianAnguilaAnguillan House of Assembly
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.

Cayman Islands

CaymanianCayman IslandCaymans
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.

Turks and Caicos Islands

Turks and CaicosTurks & Caicos IslandsTurks & Caicos
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.

Montserrat

Culture of MontserratHistory of MontserratMS
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.

British Virgin Islands

Virgin IslandsBVIBritish
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago. Between 1958 and 1962, all of the island territories except the British Virgin Islands and the Bahamas were organised into the West Indies Federation.

Barbados

BarbadianBarbadoesBajan
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago. In 1912, the British government divided their territories into different colonies: The Bahamas, Barbados, British Guiana, British Honduras, Jamaica (with its dependencies the Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands), Trinidad and Tobago, the Windward Islands, and the Leeward Islands.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and NevisSt Kitts and NevisKittitian
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago.

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad & TobagoTrinidadianTrinidad
The British West Indies, sometimes abbreviated to the BWI, is a collective term for the British territories historically established in the Anglo-Caribbean: Anguilla, the Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, the British Virgin Islands, The Bahamas, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Jamaica (formerly Colony of Jamaica), and Trinidad and Tobago. In 1912, the British government divided their territories into different colonies: The Bahamas, Barbados, British Guiana, British Honduras, Jamaica (with its dependencies the Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands), Trinidad and Tobago, the Windward Islands, and the Leeward Islands.