A report on British idealism

F. H. Bradley, the most famous British idealist

Philosophical movement that was influential in Britain from the mid-nineteenth century to the early twentieth century.

- British idealism
F. H. Bradley, the most famous British idealist

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Absolute idealism

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Ontologically monistic philosophy chiefly associated with G. W. F. Hegel and Friedrich Schelling, both of whom were German idealist philosophers in the 19th century.

Ontologically monistic philosophy chiefly associated with G. W. F. Hegel and Friedrich Schelling, both of whom were German idealist philosophers in the 19th century.

The label has also been attached to others such as Josiah Royce, an American philosopher who was greatly influenced by Hegel's work, and the British idealists.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

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German philosopher.

German philosopher.

The birthplace of Hegel in Stuttgart, which now houses the Hegel Museum
"Hegel and Napoleon in Jena" (illustration from Harper's Magazine, 1895), whose meeting became proverbial due to Hegel's notable use of Weltseele ("world-soul") in reference to Napoleon ("the world-soul on horseback", die Weltseele zu Pferde)
Hegel with his Berlin students Sketch by Franz Kugler
Hegel's tombstone in Berlin

It profoundly impacted many future philosophical schools, including those opposed to Hegel's specific dialectical idealism, such as existentialism, the historical materialism of Marx, historism and British Idealism.

F. H. Bradley

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Francis Herbert Bradley (30 January 1846 – 18 September 1924) was a British idealist philosopher.

Analytic philosophy

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Branch and tradition of philosophy using analysis, popular in the Western world and particularly the Anglosphere, which began around the turn of the 20th century in the contemporary era in the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Scandinavia, and continues today.

Branch and tradition of philosophy using analysis, popular in the Western world and particularly the Anglosphere, which began around the turn of the 20th century in the contemporary era in the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Scandinavia, and continues today.

The history of analytic philosophy (taken in the narrower sense of "20th-/21st-century analytic philosophy") is usually thought to begin with the rejection of British idealism, a neo-Hegelian movement.

Russell in 1957

Bertrand Russell

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British philosopher, logician, and public intellectual.

British philosopher, logician, and public intellectual.

Russell in 1957
Russell as a 4-year-old
Childhood home, Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park, London
Russell at Trinity College in 1893
Russell with his children, John and Kate
Russell in 1954
Russell (centre) alongside his wife Edith, leading a CND anti-nuclear march in London, 18 February 1961
Plas Penrhyn in Penrhyndeudraeth
Russell on a 1972 stamp of India
Bust of Russell in Red Lion Square

Russell with Moore led the British "revolt against idealism".

Absolute (philosophy)

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Term used for the ultimate or most supreme being, usually conceived as either encompassing "the sum of all being, actual and potential", or otherwise transcending the concept of "being" altogether.

Term used for the ultimate or most supreme being, usually conceived as either encompassing "the sum of all being, actual and potential", or otherwise transcending the concept of "being" altogether.

In Absolute idealism and British idealism, it serves as a concept for the "unconditioned reality which is either the spiritual ground of all being or the whole of things considered as a spiritual unity".

T. H. Green

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Thomas Hill Green (7 April 1836 – 26 March 1882), known as T. H. Green, was an English philosopher, political radical and temperance reformer, and a member of the British idealism movement.

McTaggart in 1917 by Walter Stoneman

J. M. E. McTaggart

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English idealist metaphysician.

English idealist metaphysician.

McTaggart in 1917 by Walter Stoneman
Depiction of John McTaggart Ellis McTaggart by Roger Fry

He was an exponent of the philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and among the most notable of the British idealists.

Alfred Edward Taylor

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Alfred Edward Taylor (22 December 1869 – 31 October 1945), usually cited as A. E. Taylor, was a British idealist philosopher most famous for his contributions to the philosophy of idealism in his writings on metaphysics, the philosophy of religion, moral philosophy, and the scholarship of Plato.

James Hutchison Stirling

James Hutchison Stirling

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Scottish idealist philosopher and physician.

Scottish idealist philosopher and physician.

James Hutchison Stirling
4 Laverockbank Road, Edinburgh (left)
The grave of James Hutchison Stirling, Warriston Cemetery

The book helped to create the philosophical movement known as British idealism.