British people

BritishUnited KingdomBritonsBritonEnglishBritishersAnglo-SaxonBritBritish-bornScottish
For a specific analysis of the population of United Kingdom, see Demographics of United Kingdomwikipedia
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Cornish people

When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons.
Many in Cornwall today continue to assert a distinct identity separate from or in addition to English or British identities.


BritishBritish valuesBritish culture
The notion of Britishness was forged during the Napoleonic Wars between Britain and the First French Empire, and developed further during the Victorian era.
It comprises the claimed qualities that bind and distinguish the British people and form the basis of their unity and identity, and the expressions of British culture—such as habits, behaviours, or symbols—that have a common, familiar or iconic quality readily identifiable with the United Kingdom.

United Kingdom

The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies.
People of the United Kingdom use a number of different terms to describe their national identity and may identify themselves as being British, English, Scottish, Welsh, Northern Irish, or Irish; or as having a combination of different national identities.


When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, many Britons settled in western Armorica, and the region started to be called Britannia, although this name only replaced Armorica in the sixth century or perhaps by the end of the fifth.


Pytheas called the islands collectively αἱ Βρεττανίαι (hai Brettaniai), which has been translated as the Brittanic Isles, and the peoples of what are today England, Wales, Scotland and the Isle of Man of Prettanike were called the Πρεττανοί (Prettanoi), Priteni, Pritani or Pretani.
The Napoleonic Wars fostered a concept of Britishness and a united national British people, shared with the Scots and Welsh.

West Brit

West BritishWest Briton
Like the terms that had been invented at the time of the Acts of Union 1707, "West Briton" was introduced for the Irish after 1800.
West Brit, an abbreviation of West Briton, is a derogatory term for an Irish person who is perceived as being anglophilic in matters of culture or politics.

Isle of Man

ManxMannIsle of Mann
Pytheas called the islands collectively αἱ Βρεττανίαι (hai Brettaniai), which has been translated as the Brittanic Isles, and the peoples of what are today England, Wales, Scotland and the Isle of Man of Prettanike were called the Πρεττανοί (Prettanoi), Priteni, Pritani or Pretani.

Ethnic groups in the United Kingdom

ethnicityethnic groupethnic minorities
The social structure of the United Kingdom has changed radically since the 19th century, with a decline in religious observance, enlargement of the middle class, and increased ethnic diversity, particularly since the 1950s.
A study conducted for the Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) in 2005 found that in England, the majority of ethnic minority participants called themselves British, whereas indigenous English participants said English first and British second.

Multinational state

multiethnicmulti-ethnicmultiethnic society
The British are a diverse, multinational, multicultural and multilingual society, with "strong regional accents, expressions and identities".
Political, ethnic, and religious tensions between Irish and British groups in Northern Ireland culminated in The Troubles.

White South Africans

Whitewhite South Africanwhites
The latest census in South Africa showed that there are almost 2 million British-South Africans; they make up about 40% of the total White South African demographic, and the greatest white British ancestry populations in South Africa are in the KwaZulu-Natal province and in the cities of Cape Town, Durban and Port Elizabeth.
In linguistic, cultural and historical terms, they are generally divided into the Afrikaans-speaking descendants of the Dutch East India Company's original settlers, known as Afrikaners, and the Anglophone descendants of predominantly British colonists.


tea plantationtea leavestea garden
Customs taken from the British include afternoon tea (called onces by Chileans), football, rugby union and horse racing.
During the 17th century, drinking tea became fashionable among Britons, who started large-scale production and commercialization of the plant in India.


ValparaisoValparaíso, ChileValparaiso, Chile
Around 32,000 English settled in Valparaíso, influencing the port city to the extent of making it virtually a British colony during the last decades of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.
As a major seaport, Valparaíso received immigrants from many European countries, mainly from Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy.

People of Northern Ireland

Northern IrishNorthernerNorthern Irish people
Since the signing of the Good Friday Agreement in 1998, most of the paramilitary groups involved in the Troubles have ceased their armed campaigns, and constitutionally, the people of Northern Ireland have been recognised as "all persons born in Northern Ireland and having, at the time of their birth, at least one parent who is a British citizen, an Irish citizen or is otherwise entitled to reside in Northern Ireland without any restriction on their period of residence".
The question of national identity was asked in the 2011 census with the three most common identities given being British, Northern Irish and Irish.


GibraltarianGibraltarian peopleGibraltan
In contrast, for the majority of the Gibraltarians, who live in Gibraltar, there is an "insistence on their Britishness" which "carries excessive loyalty" to Britain.
Other groups include Menorcans (due to the links between both British possessions during the 18th century; immigration began in that century and continued even after Menorca was returned to Spain in 1802 by the Treaty of Amiens), Sardinians, Sicilians and other Italians, French, and British people.

Kingdom of Great Britain

Great BritainBritishBritain
Though early assertions of being British date from the Late Middle Ages, the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707 triggered a sense of British national identity.

Indian cuisine

IndianIndiaIndian restaurant
The British Empire facilitated a knowledge of India's food tradition of "strong, penetrating spices and herbs".
Later, trade with British and Portuguese influence added to the already diverse Indian cuisine.

United Kingdom–United States relations

Anglo-AmericanAnglo-American relationsrelations
Nevertheless, longstanding cultural and historical ties have, in more modern times, resulted in the Special Relationship, the historically close political, diplomatic, and military co-operation between the United Kingdom and United States.
The alliance between George W. Bush and Tony Blair seriously damaged the prime minister's standing in the eyes of many British citizens.

English people

The complex history of the formation of the United Kingdom created a "particular sense of nationhood and belonging" in Great Britain and Ireland; Britishness became "superimposed on much older identities", of English, Scots, Welsh and Irish cultures, whose distinctiveness still resists notions of a homogenised British identity.

Fabian Society

Brown's speech to the Fabian Society's Britishness Conference proposed that British values demand a new constitutional settlement and symbols to represent a modern patriotism, including a new youth community service scheme and a British Day to celebrate.
The latest edition of the Dictionary of National Biography (a reference work listing details of famous or significant Britons throughout history) includes 174 Fabians.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
The new, expanded United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland meant that the state had to re-evaluate its position on the civil rights of Catholics, and extend its definition of Britishness to the Irish people.

Magallanes Region

MagallanesMagallanes y la Antártica Chilena RegionMagallanes and Antartica Chilena Region
An important contingent of British (principally Welsh) immigrants arrived between 1914 and 1950, settling in the present-day region of Magallanes.
The installation of the cattle ranches attracted people from Europe (mostly Croats, British, Swiss and Italians) and southern Chile (mostly from Chiloé), which greatly increased the population of the region.


badminton courtbadminton playerbadminton courts
Some of the major sports in the United Kingdom "were invented by the British", including football, rugby union, rugby league and cricket, and "exported various other games" including tennis, badminton, boxing, golf, snooker and squash.
Games employing shuttlecocks have been played for centuries across Eurasia, but the modern game of badminton developed in the mid-19th century among the British as a variant of the earlier game of battledore and shuttlecock.

100 Greatest Britons

Great Britonsgreatest Briton100 Great Britons
It was based on a television poll conducted to determine who the British people at that time considered the greatest Britons in history.

Anti-British sentiment

anti-Britishanti-British protestanti-British work
Anti-British sentiment is prejudice, fear or hatred against the British Government, the culture or the people of the United Kingdom, or its Overseas Territories.

Lists of British people

List of British peopleLists of BritonsBritish
The lists of British people are divided as follows: