Brittany

BretonBritannyBretagneBretonsBrittany, Franceseven founder saints of BrittanyBrittany PeninsulaSeven Founder Saintsseven founding saints of BrittanyBRE
Brittany (Bretagne ; Breizh, or ; Gallo: Bertaèyn ) is a cultural region in the west of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.wikipedia
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Union of Brittany and France

Union between Brittany and FranceAct of Union between Brittany and Franceannexation of the duchy to the French crown
It became an independent kingdom and then a duchy before being united with the Kingdom of France in 1532 as a province governed as if it were a separate nation under the crown.
Brittany had been a semi-independent component of the Kingdom of France since Clovis I was given authority over the Gallo-Roman domain during the 5th century.

Armorica

ArmoricArmorican peninsulaAremorica
Brittany (Bretagne ; Breizh, or ; Gallo: Bertaèyn ) is a cultural region in the west of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
Armorica or Aremorica is the name given in ancient times to the part of Gaul between the Seine and the Loire that includes the Brittany Peninsula, extending inland to an indeterminate point and down the Atlantic Coast.

Rennes

Rennes, FranceCondatumRoazhon
In 2012, the largest metropolitan areas were Nantes (897,713 inhabitants), Rennes (690,467 inhabitants), and Brest (314,844 inhabitants).
Rennes (Roazhon ; Gallo: Resnn; Condate Redonum) is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine.

Brest, France

BrestBrest, BrittanyBrest Dock Yard
In 2012, the largest metropolitan areas were Nantes (897,713 inhabitants), Rennes (690,467 inhabitants), and Brest (314,844 inhabitants).
Brest is a port city in the Finistère département in Brittany.

Nantes

Nantes, FranceNantaisNantz
In 2012, the largest metropolitan areas were Nantes (897,713 inhabitants), Rennes (690,467 inhabitants), and Brest (314,844 inhabitants). The remaining area of old Brittany, the Loire-Atlantique department around Nantes, now forms part of the Pays de la Loire region.
Nantes belongs historically and culturally to Brittany, a former duchy and province, and its omission from the modern administrative region of Brittany is controversial.

Brittany (administrative region)

BrittanyBretagneregion of Brittany
Since reorganisation in 1956, the modern administrative region of Brittany comprises only four of the five Breton departments, or 80% of historical Brittany.
It is named after the historic and geographic region of Brittany, of which it constitutes 80%.

Normandy

NormanNormandy, FranceNormandie
It is bordered by the English Channel to the north, Normandy to the northeast, Pays de la Loire to the southeast, the Bay of Biscay to the south, and the Celtic Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
The neighboring regions are Hauts-de-France and Ile-de-France to the east, Centre-Val de Loire to the southeast, Pays de la Loire to the south, and Brittany to the southwest.

Finistère

Finistere29Finisterre
Today, the historical province of Brittany is split among five French departments: Finistère in the west, Côtes-d'Armor in the north, Ille-et-Vilaine in the northeast, Loire-Atlantique in the southeast and Morbihan in the south on the Bay of Biscay.
Finistère (, ; Penn-ar-Bed ) is a department of France in the extreme west of Brittany.

Celtic nations

CelticCeltic fringeCeltic countries
Brittany is the traditional homeland of the Breton people and is recognised by the Celtic League as one of the six Celtic nations, retaining a distinct cultural identity that reflects its history.
The six territories widely considered Celtic nations are Brittany (Breizh), Cornwall (Kernow), Wales (Cymru), Scotland (Alba), Ireland (Éire) and the Isle of Man (Mannin or Ellan Vannin).

Breton nationalism

Breton nationalistBreton nationalistsBreton independence
A nationalist movement seeks greater autonomy within the French Republic.
Breton nationalism is the nationalism of the historical province of Brittany in France.

Breton language

BretonOld BretonMiddle Breton
The word Brittany, along with its French, Breton and Gallo equivalents Bretagne, Breizh and Bertaèyn, derive from the Latin Britannia, which means "Britons' land".
Breton (, ; brezhoneg or in Morbihan ) is a Southwestern Brittonic language of the Celtic language family spoken in Brittany.

British people

BritishUnited KingdomBritons
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, many Britons settled in western Armorica, and the region started to be called Britannia, although this name only replaced Armorica in the sixth century or perhaps by the end of the fifth.
When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons.

Pays de la Loire

Pays-de-la-LoirePays de LoireAtlantique
The remaining area of old Brittany, the Loire-Atlantique department around Nantes, now forms part of the Pays de la Loire region. It is bordered by the English Channel to the north, Normandy to the northeast, Pays de la Loire to the southeast, the Bay of Biscay to the south, and the Celtic Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Pays de la Loire is in western France, bordered by Brittany on the northwest, Normandy on the north, Centre-Val de Loire on the east, Nouvelle-Aquitaine on the south, and the Bay of Biscay of the North Atlantic Ocean on the southwest.

France

FrenchFRAFrench Republic
Brittany (Bretagne ; Breizh, or ; Gallo: Bertaèyn ) is a cultural region in the west of France, covering the western part of what was known as Armorica during the period of Roman occupation.
As a result, the Armorican peninsula was renamed Brittany, Celtic culture was revived and independent petty kingdoms arose in this region.

English Channel

Channelthe Channelcross-channel
It is bordered by the English Channel to the north, Normandy to the northeast, Pays de la Loire to the southeast, the Bay of Biscay to the south, and the Celtic Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
The Channel acts as a funnel that amplifies the tidal range from less than a metre as observed at sea to more than 6 metres as observed in the Channel Islands, the west coast of the Cotentin Peninsula and the north coast of Brittany.

Celtic League

Celtic League (political organisation)An Conradh CeilteachThe Celtic League
Brittany is the traditional homeland of the Breton people and is recognised by the Celtic League as one of the six Celtic nations, retaining a distinct cultural identity that reflects its history.
The Celtic League is a pan-Celtic organisation, founded in 1961, that aims to promote modern Celtic identity and culture in Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Brittany, Cornwall and the Isle of Man – referred to as the Celtic nations; it places particular emphasis on promoting the Celtic languages of those nations.

Cornouaille

KernevBasse-CornouailleBreton
Breton can be divided into two main dialects: the KLT (Kerne-Leon-Tregor) and the dialect of Vannes.
Cornouaille (Kernev or Kerne) is a historic region on the west coast of Brittany in western France.

Ille-et-Vilaine

35Ille et Vilaine35 - Ille-et-Vilaine
Today, the historical province of Brittany is split among five French departments: Finistère in the west, Côtes-d'Armor in the north, Ille-et-Vilaine in the northeast, Loire-Atlantique in the southeast and Morbihan in the south on the Bay of Biscay.
It was created from part of the province of Brittany.

Barnenez

Brittany is the site of some of the world's oldest standing architecture, home to the Barnenez, the Tumulus Saint-Michel and others, which date to the early 5th millennium BC.
The Cairn of Barnenez (also: Barnenez Tumulus, Barnenez Mound etc.; in Breton Karn Barnenez; in French: Cairn de Barnenez or Tumulus de Barnenez) is a Neolithic monument located near Plouezoc'h, on the Kernéléhen peninsula in northern Finistère, Brittany (France).

Curiosolitae

CoriosolitesCuriosolitesCariosvelites
Several tribes also belonged to an "Armorican confederation" which, according to Julius Caesar, gathered the Curiosolitae, the Redones, the Osismii, the Unelli, the Caletes, the Lemovices and the Ambibarii.
thumb|right|300px|Map of the [[Gauls|Gallic people of modern Brittany:

Riedones

RedonesRhedones
Several tribes also belonged to an "Armorican confederation" which, according to Julius Caesar, gathered the Curiosolitae, the Redones, the Osismii, the Unelli, the Caletes, the Lemovices and the Ambibarii.
Kartenn Galianed.jpg people of modern Brittany :

Great Britain

BritishBritainGBR
Brittany has also been referred to as Less, Lesser or Little Britain (as opposed to Great Britain, with which it shares an etymology).
Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudohistorical Historia Regum Britanniae (c. 1136) refers to the island as Britannia major ("Greater Britain"), to distinguish it from Britannia minor ("Lesser Britain"), the continental region which approximates to modern Brittany, which had been settled in the fifth and sixth centuries by migrants from Britain.

Celtic Sea

Southwestern ApproachesSouth-Western ApproachesCeltic
It is bordered by the English Channel to the north, Normandy to the northeast, Pays de la Loire to the southeast, the Bay of Biscay to the south, and the Celtic Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
The Celtic Sea (An Mhuir Cheilteach; Y Môr Celtaidd; An Mor Keltek; Ar Mor Keltiek; La mer Celtique) is the area of the Atlantic Ocean off the south coast of Ireland bounded to the east by Saint George's Channel; other limits include the Bristol Channel, the English Channel, and the Bay of Biscay, as well as adjacent portions of Wales, Cornwall, Devon, and Brittany.

Carnac stones

CarnacEr-Manéits stones
The Morbihan département, on the southern coast, comprises a large share of these structures, including the Carnac stones and the Broken Menhir of Er Grah in the Locmariaquer megaliths, the largest single stone erected by Neolithic people.
The Carnac stones (Breton: Steudadoù Karnag) are an exceptionally dense collection of megalithic sites in Brittany in northwestern France, consisting of stone alignments (rows), dolmens (stone tombs), tumuli (burial mounds) and single menhirs (standing stones).

Osismii

Osismi
Several tribes also belonged to an "Armorican confederation" which, according to Julius Caesar, gathered the Curiosolitae, the Redones, the Osismii, the Unelli, the Caletes, the Lemovices and the Ambibarii.
thumb|right|300px|Map of the [[Gauls|Gallic people of modern Brittany :