Brody

Brody on a Polish map from 1648
The deteriorating Potocki Palace today
19th-century view of Brody
Jews in Brody detained by German Nazis and awaiting deportation, ca. 1942–1943
Jewish tombstones at New Jewish Cemetery in Brody. The Cemetery numbers ca. 20,000 burials
Administration building
The old synagogue (ruins) of Brody
Clock tower at the market square
Brody Castle
Pedagogical College
Tyszkiewicz Palace
Saint George church in Brody
Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary
Exaltation of the Holy Cross church
Church of the Holy Trinity
Brody Gymnasium

City in Zolochiv Raion of Lviv Oblast (region) of western Ukraine.

- Brody

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Styr

Right tributary of the Pripyat, with a length of 494 km. Its basin area is 13,100 km2 located in historical region of Volhynia.

The Styr River on the map of Volyn Oblast
Dnieper basin
In frost near Boratyn

The Styr begins near Brody, in the Ukrainian Oblast of Lviv, then flows into Rivne Oblast, Volyn Oblast, then into Brest Region of Belarus where it finally flows into the Pripyat.

Magdeburg rights

Magdeburg rights (Magdeburger Recht; also called Magdeburg Law) were a set of town privileges first developed by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (936–973) and based on the Flemish Law, which regulated the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted by the local ruler.

City charter of Kraków, Poland's medieval capital; inscribed in Latin.
Monument to the Magdeburg Rights in Kyiv

Notable Polish, Lithuanian, and today's Belarus and Ukraine towns governed on the basis of the location privilege known as the "settlement with German law" issued by Polish and Grand Duchy of Lithuania landlords (since the 16th to 18th centuries by Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth landlords) included Biecz, Frysztak, Sandomierz, Kraków, Kurów, Minsk, Polotsk, Poznań, Ropczyce, Łódź, Wrocław, Szczecin (which was not a part of Poland when granted town rights; they were given by a Pomeranian landlord), Złotoryja, Vilnius, Trakai, Kaunas, Hrodna, Kyiv, Lviv, Chernivtsi, Brody, Lutsk, Volodymyr, Sanok, Sniatyn, Nizhyn among many hundreds of others.

Zolochiv Raion, Lviv Oblast

Raion in Lviv Oblast in western Ukraine.

Zolochiv Raion in Lviv Oblast before 2020

Brody urban hromada with the administration in the city of Brody, transferred from Brody Raion;

Realschule

Type of secondary school in Germany, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

Realschule at the Blutenburg, Germany

Systematically they were founded by Habsburg Monarchy after 1804: e.g. 1811 in Brno (German-language), 1815 in Brody (Galicia), 1817 in Lviv and Trieste etc.

Shtetl

Yiddish term for the small towns with large Ashkenazi Jewish populations that existed in Eastern Europe before the Holocaust.

A Jewish wedding with a Klezmer band in a shtetl, by Isaak Asknaziy
Map showing percentage of Jews in the Pale of Settlement and Congress Poland, c. 1905
A reconstruction of a traditional Jewish shtetl in the South African Jewish Museum in Cape Town as it would have appeared in Lithuania.
Interior of a wooden dwelling in a traditional Lithuanian shtetl, reconstructed in the South African Jewish Museum, Cape Town.

Many of Joseph Roth's books are based on shtetls on the Eastern fringes of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and most notably on his hometown Brody.

Tarnopol Voivodeship

Administrative region of interwar Poland (1918–1939), created on 23 December 1920, with an area of 16,500 km² and provincial capital in Tarnopol (now Ternopil, Ukraine).

Tarnopol Voivodeship (red) on the map of Second Polish Republic
Tarnopol Voivodeship until 17 September 1939
Tarnopol Voivodeship (red) on the map of Second Polish Republic
Administrative division, 1938

19,000), Brody (pop.

Lvov–Sandomierz offensive

Major Red Army operation to force the German troops from Ukraine and Eastern Poland.

Soviet soldiers advancing in Lviv
German and Soviet deployments on the Eastern Front, June to August 1944, showing Operation Bagration to the north, Lvov-Sandomierz to the south. The encirclement of the German XIII Army Corps at Brody is shown in Konev's First Ukrainian command.

On 14 July 1944, the assault with the objective of liberating Lviv was begun to the south of the XIII Army Corps, which had positions near the town of Brody, an area of Red Army failure earlier in the war.

Druzhba pipeline

World's longest oil pipeline and one of the biggest oil pipeline networks in the world.

Druzhba pipeline runs through Ukraine and Belarus. Map location of the Yuzhne port is approximate.
Surface of the oil pipeline (in Lviv region)

In Brody, the Druzhba pipeline is connected with the Odessa-Brody pipeline, which is currently used to ship oil from the Druzhba pipeline to the Black Sea.

Joseph Roth

Austrian journalist and novelist, best known for his family saga Radetzky March (1932), about the decline and fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, his novel of Jewish life Job (1930) and his seminal essay "Juden auf Wanderschaft" (1927; translated into English in The Wandering Jews), a fragmented account of the Jewish migrations from eastern to western Europe in the aftermath of World War I and the Russian Revolution.

Roth in 1926
Student identity card photo of Joseph Roth (ca. 1914)
Joseph Roth (right) with Friedl (centre) and an unknown person on horseback
The grave of Joseph Roth at the Cimetière de Thiais

Born into a Jewish family, Roth was born and grew up in Brody, a small town near Lemberg in East Galicia, in the easternmost reaches of what was then the Austro-Hungarian empire.

Brody Raion

Raion (district) of Lviv Oblast (region) of Western Ukraine.

Ruins of Brody Castle with Potocki Palace
Pidhirtsi Castle
Monastery in Pidkamin

Its administrative center was Brody.