A dining table from the Dutch village of Brooklyn, c. 1664, in The Brooklyn Museum
Village of Brooklyn and environs, 1766
The Battle of Long Island was fought across Kings County.
Winter Scene in Brooklyn, c. 1819–20, by Francis Guy (Brooklyn Museum)
Brooklyn Bridge in 1883, by Currier and Ives
Currier and Ives print of Brooklyn, 1886
Brooklyn in 1897
Location of Brooklyn (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District
Park Slope
150–159 Willow Street, three original red-brick early 19th-century Federal Style houses in Brooklyn Heights
Imatra Society, consisting of Finnish immigrants, celebrating its summer festival in Fort Hamilton, Brooklyn in 1894.
The Brooklyn Museum on Eastern Parkway
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch at Grand Army Plaza
The USS North Carolina, launched at Brooklyn Navy Yard, June 1940
Newer buildings near East River State Park
Kwanzan Cherries in bloom at Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
Astroland in Coney Island.
Barclays Center in Pacific Park within Prospect Heights, home of the Nets and Liberty.
Brooklyn Borough Hall
Brooklyn Tech as seen from Ashland Place in Fort Greene
The Brooklyn College library, part of the original campus laid out by Randolph Evans, now known as "East Quad"
Brooklyn Law School's 1994 new classical "Fell Hall" tower, by architect Robert A. M. Stern
NYU Tandon Wunsch Building
St. Francis College Administration Building
The Central Library at Grand Army Plaza.
Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue subway station
Atlantic Terminal is a major hub in Brooklyn
The Marine Parkway Bridge
Williamsburg Bridge, as seen from Wallabout Bay with Greenpoint and Long Island City in background

Borough of New York City, coextensive with Kings County, in the U.S. state of New York.

- Brooklyn

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Long Island

Largely urbanized and densely populated island in the southeastern geographical area of the U.S. state of New York, part of the New York metropolitan area.

Long Island Native American settlements
Painting of three Lenape Indians, circa 1860s
The Old House, built in 1699 in Cutchogue, January 2008
The Brooklyn Bridge, the first of multiple crossings constructed across the East River, connects Long Island with Manhattan Island (background).
Oheka Castle, a Gold Coast estate in West Hills, is the second-largest private residence in the country
Montauk Point at Long Island's rural eastern tip, January 2013
The four counties of Long Island include two independent counties (Nassau and Suffolk) and two New York City boroughs (Brooklyn and Queens)
Satellite imagery showing the New York metropolitan area at night. Long Island is highly developed and densely populated, extending approximately 120 mi eastward from the central core of Manhattan
The intersection of Long Island, Manhattan, and the continental mainland taken from space by the Space Shuttle Columbia, 1993
The bluffs of Long Island's North Shore, November 2012
Cumulus congestus clouds over Long Island on a summer afternoon, July 2013
Clear skies in autumn over the Great Peconic Bay, with the Atlantic Ocean as its primary inflow, separating the North Fork and South Fork at the East End of Long Island, November 2007
Stripped Rockaway Beach Boardwalk after Hurricane Sandy, November 2012
A mansion on Long Island's wealthy Gold Coast, which along with The Hamptons and Brooklyn's western waterfront (facing Manhattan) provides Long Island with some of the most expensive residential real estate in the world.
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory on the North Shore of Nassau County is an internationally renowned biomedical research facility and home to eight scientists awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Brookhaven National Laboratory a major U.S. Department of Energy research institution, July 2010
A commemorative half-dollar coin issued in 1936 for Long Island's tercentenary
Chaminade High School in Mineola, April 2013
The Student Activities Center at Stony Brook University, August 2020
Blodgett Hall at Adelphi University in Garden City, March 2022
Northwell Health at Jones Beach Theater in Wantagh, March 2007
The Big Duck in Flanders, August 2018
A winery and tasting room in a 1690 farmhouse near Stony Brook, May 2014
Citi Field, home of the New York Mets, in Queens, September 2011
Barclays Center in Brooklyn, home of the Brooklyn Nets, October 2016
The Stony Brook Seawolves homecaming game, September 2012
Bethpage Ballpark, home of the Long Island Ducks minor league baseball team, July 2011
Preparing for a horse race at Belmont Park, home of the Belmont Stakes, the final leg of the Triple Crown, April 2005
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States, January 2013
A 7 train in Queens, April 2007
A schematic map of the LIRR system
A Nassau Inter-County Express bus, June 2019
Long Island Expressway in Nassau County

The island comprises four counties; Kings and Queens counties (the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, respectively) and Nassau County share the western third of the island, while Suffolk County occupies the eastern two thirds.

East River

Salt water tidal estuary in New York City.

A navigation map for Hell Gate from c. 1885, after many of the obstructions had been removed.
A map from 1781
A "bird's-eye" view of New York City from 1859; Wallabout Bay and the East River are in the foreground, the Hudson River and New York Bay in the background
James E. Serrell's plan for an expanded Manhattan and a straightened East River
The excavations and tunnels used to undermine Hallert's Point
Firefighters working to put out the fire on the listing General Slocum
A panorama of the suspension section of the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (left) and the Hell Gate Bridge (right), as seen from Astoria Park in Queens
Exposition display showing cross-section of East River railroad tunnel to Pennsylvania Station
William Glackens's 1902 painting of East River Park, in the Brooklyn Museum
A "shot tower" at 53rd Street in Manhattan on the East River (1831)
Blackwells Island from Eighty Sixth Street, Currier & Ives (1862); Blackwell's Island is now known as Roosevelt Island
Manhattan Bridge (top) and Brooklyn Bridge (bottom); Manhattan is on the left, Brooklyn on the right (1981)
The East River passes children playing football in East River Park (2008)
Powell's Cove, in Whitestone, Queens (2009)
The East River flows past the Upper East Side (2009)
The East River with Brooklyn Heights in the background, Topsail Schooner Clipper City (2013)
The East River and Lower Manhattan (2013)

It separates the borough of Queens on Long Island from the Bronx on the North American mainland, and also divides Manhattan from Queens and Brooklyn, also on Long Island.

New York City

Most populous city in the United States.

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island

The five boroughs—Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), and Staten Island (Richmond County)—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single municipal entity in 1898.

City of Greater New York

The municipalities of modern-day New York City just before consolidation, excluding villages. New York County: Kings County: Queens County:      Richmond County:
"Up With the Flag! (of Brooklyn)", an 1895 anti-consolidation song
"Selfish Objections to a Good Match", Puck, 1893
A satanic Thomas C. Platt presides over the marriage of Richard Croker to "Greater New York".

The City of Greater New York was the term used by many politicians and scholars for the expanded City of New York created on January 1, 1898, by consolidating the existing City of New York with Brooklyn, western Queens County, and Staten Island.

Staten Island

Borough of New York City, coextensive with Richmond County, in the U.S. state of New York.

Skeletons unearthed at Lenape burial ground in Staten Island, the largest pre-European burial ground in New York City
Voorlezer's House
Billiou–Stillwell–Perine House
Sir William Howe established his headquarters at the Rose and Crown Tavern at New Dorp Lane and Richmond Road prior to the invasions of Long Island and Manhattan.
The Conference House
Historic Richmond Town museum complex is located in the heart of Staten Island.
New housing on Staten Island, 1973. Photo by Arthur Tress.
US Navy ships tied up at the home port pier during Fleet Week in 2007
View of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge from the South Beach on Staten Island.
The geology of Staten Island.
Serpentinite shown in rock cut along I-278 in Staten Island by Todt Hill marked on USGS geological map.
Location of Staten Island (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Population density and elevation above sea level in Greater NYC, U.S. (2010). Staten Island is especially vulnerable to sea level rise.
Aerial view of Staten Island from the east at night
Deer found in Charleston, Staten Island. Deer may be part of 40-large herd in Clay Pit Ponds State Park Preserves.
Borough Hall in St. George, Staten Island.
"Postcards 9/11 Memorial", at St. George Esplanade
Sailors' Snug Harbor
The Richmond County Bank Ballpark
A 1905 golf match with Isaac Mackie (right) at Fox Hills Golf Club, Staten Island, NY
The Staten Island Ferry provides travel between lower Manhattan and the St. George Terminal.
The Staten Island Railway operates along the Richmond/Amboy Roads corridor.

Motor traffic can reach the borough from Brooklyn by the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge and from New Jersey by the Outerbridge Crossing, Goethals Bridge and Bayonne Bridge.


Town and former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

Breukelen, castle/university Nijenrode
Breukelen, windmill

It is the namesake of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City.

Boroughs of New York City

[[File:5 Boroughs Labels New York City Map.svg|thumb|right|300px|

The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, and New York City is shown by hatching in lower Manhattan.
Chinatown in Manhattan, the most densely populated borough of New York City, with a higher density than any individual American city.
Landmark 19th-century brownstones in the Greenpoint Historic District of Brooklyn, New York City's most populous borough.
The Unisphere in Queens, the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world.
The Bronx, the northernmost borough of New York City and the only borough situated on the United States mainland.
Borough Hall in the St. George neighborhood of Staten Island, the most suburban borough of New York City.
The percentage of New York City population residing in each borough (from bottom to top):
 1. Manhattan ,
 2. Brooklyn ,
 3. Queens ,
 4. The Bronx, and
 5. Staten Island . Populations before 1898 are for the areas now enclosed in the present boroughs.

New York City is composed of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island.

Gravesend, Brooklyn

Bay 53rd Street
Old Gravesend Cemetery
Marlboro Houses, a public housing project
Oil-soaked 'Mud Lines Industrial Canal' in Gravesend Bay, 1973. Photo by Arthur Tress.
Gravesend in Hurricane Sandy's aftermath
John Dewey High School's campus viewed from Bay 50th Street
Dahill Road and Kings Highway

Gravesend is a neighborhood in the south-central section of the New York City borough of Brooklyn, on the southwestern edge of Long Island in the U.S. state of New York.


Most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs of New York City.

Peter Minuit, early 1600s
Pieter Schaghen's 1626 letter saying Manhattan was purchased for 60 guilders.
The Castello Plan showing the Dutch city of New Amsterdam in 1660, at the southern tip of Manhattan
Washington's statue in front of Federal Hall on Wall Street, where in 1789 he was sworn in as first U.S. president
Manhattan in 1873. The Brooklyn Bridge was under construction from 1870 until 1883
The "Sanitary & Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York", commonly known as the Viele Map, was created by Egbert Ludovicus Viele in 1865
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Manhattan personified, early 20th century
V-J Day in Times Square in Times Square, 1945
Flooding on Avenue C caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012
Satellite image of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson River to the west, the Harlem River to the north, the East River to the east, and New York Harbor to the south, with rectangular Central Park prominently visible. Roosevelt Island, in the East River, belongs to Manhattan.
Location of Manhattan (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Manhattan schist outcropping in Central Park
Liberty Island is an exclave of Manhattan, of New York City, and of New York State, that is surrounded by New Jersey waters
The Empire State Building in the foreground looking southward from the top of Rockefeller Center, with One World Trade Center in the background, at sunset. The Midtown South Community Council acts as a civic caretaker for much of the neighborhood between the skyscrapers of Midtown and Lower Manhattan.
Central Park in autumn
The Estonian House, the main center of Estonian culture amongst Estonian Americans
A. T. Stewart in 1870, 9th Street, Manhattan
Many tall buildings have setbacks on their facade due to the 1916 Zoning Resolution. This is exemplified at Park Avenue and 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, seen from Brooklyn
The Flatiron District is the center and birthplace of Silicon Alley
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a major cultural venue in Manhattan, it also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million
The New York Times headquarters, 620 Eighth Avenue
Butler Library at Columbia University, with its notable architectural design
Stuyvesant High School, in Tribeca
New York Public Library Main Branch at 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The scene at Manhattan's 2015 LGBT Pride March. The annual event rivals the sister São Paulo event as the world's largest pride parade, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Madison Square Garden is home to the Rangers and Knicks, and hosts some Liberty games
The Skating Pond in Central Park, 1862
Manhattan Municipal Building
James Farley Post Office
A slum tour through the Five Points in an 1885 sketch
Tenement houses in 1936
At the time of its construction, London Terrace in Chelsea was the largest apartment building in the world
Grand Central Terminal is a National Historic Landmark.
Ferries departing Battery Park City and helicopters flying above Manhattan
The Staten Island Ferry, seen from the Battery, crosses Upper New York Bay, providing free public transportation between Staten Island and Manhattan.
The Brooklyn Bridge to the right and the Manhattan Bridge towards the left, are two of the three bridges that connect Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn over the East River.
Eighth Avenue, looking northward ("Uptown"), in the rain; most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration
Tourists looking westward at sunset to observe the July 12, 2016 Manhattanhenge
Ferry service departing Battery Park City towards New Jersey, see from Paulus Hook

Manhattan has the third-largest population of New York City's five boroughs, after Brooklyn and Queens, and is the smallest borough in terms of land area.

Canarsie, Brooklyn

Map of Flatlands in 1873, which included Canarsie (at top right) but excluded the Fresh Creek shore
Nunley's carousel, formerly located in Canarsie
Bungalows in Canarsie
Starrett City, a 1970s-era development east of Canarsie
Canarsie High School, which was shuttered for three days in 1969 due to racial tensions
An IHOP in Canarsie
Canarsie Pier
Subway platform at Rockaway Parkway

Canarsie is a mostly residential neighborhood in the southeastern portion of Brooklyn, New York City.