New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
New York was dominated by Iroquoian (purple) and Algonquian (pink) tribes.
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
A dining table from the Dutch village of Brooklyn, c. 1664, in The Brooklyn Museum
New Amsterdam, present-day Lower Manhattan, 1660
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
Village of Brooklyn and environs, 1766
New York and neighboring provinces, by Claude Joseph Sauthier, 1777
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
The Battle of Long Island was fought across Kings County.
British general John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga in 1777
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
Winter Scene in Brooklyn, c. 1819–20, by Francis Guy (Brooklyn Museum)
1800 map of New York from Low's Encyclopaedia
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
Brooklyn Bridge in 1883, by Currier and Ives
The Erie Canal at Lockport, New York, in 1839
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
Currier and Ives print of Brooklyn, 1886
Flight 175 hitting the South Tower on September11, 2001
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Brooklyn in 1897
Flooding on AvenueC in Lower Manhattan caused by Hurricane Sandy
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
Location of Brooklyn (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
New York is bordered by six U.S. states, two Great Lakes, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District
Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, New York City and Long Island alone are home to about eleven million residents conjointly.
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Park Slope
Lake-effect snow is a major contributor to heavy snowfall totals in western New York, including the Tug Hill region.
150–159 Willow Street, three original red-brick early 19th-century Federal Style houses in Brooklyn Heights
Two major state parks (in green) are the Adirondack Park (north) and the Catskill Park (south).
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Imatra Society, consisting of Finnish immigrants, celebrating its summer festival in Fort Hamilton, Brooklyn in 1894.
The Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals.
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
The Brooklyn Museum on Eastern Parkway
The African Burial Ground National Monument in Lower Manhattan
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Map of the counties in New York
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
The Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch at Grand Army Plaza
New York population distribution map. New York's population is primarily concentrated in the Greater New York area, including New York City and Long Island.
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
The USS North Carolina, launched at Brooklyn Navy Yard, June 1940
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
Newer buildings near East River State Park
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A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
Kwanzan Cherries in bloom at Brooklyn Botanic Garden.
The main laboratory building of the IBM Watson Research Center is located in Yorktown Heights, New York.
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Astroland in Coney Island.
Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, hub of the Broadway theater district, a media center, and one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
Barclays Center in Pacific Park within Prospect Heights, home of the Nets and Liberty.
"I Love New York"
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Brooklyn Borough Hall
CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, the largest container ship to enter the Port of New York and New Jersey as of September7, 2017
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
Brooklyn Tech as seen from Ashland Place in Fort Greene
Harris Hall of the City College of New York, a public college of the City University of New York
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
The Brooklyn College library, part of the original campus laid out by Randolph Evans, now known as "East Quad"
Butler Library at Columbia University
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Brooklyn Law School's 1994 new classical "Fell Hall" tower, by architect Robert A. M. Stern
University of Rochester
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
NYU Tandon Wunsch Building
South campus of the University at Buffalo, the flagship of the State University of New York
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
St. Francis College Administration Building
The New York City Subway is one of the world's busiest, serving more than five million passengers per average weekday.
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
The Central Library at Grand Army Plaza.
Grand Central Terminal in New York City
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue subway station
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
Atlantic Terminal is a major hub in Brooklyn
The New York State Capitol in Albany
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
The Marine Parkway Bridge
New York State Court of Appeals
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
Williamsburg Bridge, as seen from Wallabout Bay with Greenpoint and Long Island City in background
Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer, New York's U.S. Senators
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Kathy Hochul (D), the 57th Governor of New York
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
Yankee Stadium in The Bronx
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
Koppen climate of New York
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

New York, often called New York City (NYC) to distinguish it from the State of New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

- New York City

Brooklyn is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Kings County, in the U.S. state of New York.

- Brooklyn

It is often called New York State to distinguish it from its largest city, New York City.

- New York (state)

With 20.2 million residents, it is the fourth most populous state in the United States as of 2021, with approximately 44% living in New York City, including 25% of the state's population within Brooklyn and Queens, and another 15% on the remainder of Long Island.

- New York (state)

The five boroughs—Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), Manhattan (New York County), the Bronx (Bronx County), and Staten Island (Richmond County)—were created when local governments were consolidated into a single municipal entity in 1898.

- New York City

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Dominican Americans

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Dominican Americans (domínico-americanos, estadounidenses dominicanos) are Americans who trace their ancestry to the Dominican Republic.

Dominican Americans (domínico-americanos, estadounidenses dominicanos) are Americans who trace their ancestry to the Dominican Republic.

Juan Pablo Duarte memorial, Roger Williams Park, Providence, Rhode Island
Dominicans in New York Dominican day parade.
Police men in Dominican day parade, New York.
The Dominican Day Parade in New York City, a major destination for Dominican emigrants.
Paterson, New Jersey, known as the "Silk City" in the New York City Metropolitan Area, has become a prime destination for one of the fastest-growing communities of Dominican Americans, who have now become the largest of more than 50 ethnic groups in the city, numbering in the tens of thousands.
A Dominican American grocery store.
Tom Perez served as chairman of the Democratic party from 2017 to 2021.
Dominican actress Maria Montez in 1944.
Sarah Loguen Fraser
Dominican-American baseball player Albert Pujols.

He also became the first Dominican, the first Hispanic and the first person with European (specifically Portuguese) and African ancestry to settle in what is present day New York City.

As of 2017, the majority of Dominican Americans are in a handful of states, including New York (872,504; 4.4% of state population), New Jersey (301,655; 3.3%), Florida (259,799; 1.2%), Massachusetts (172,707; 2.5%), Pennsylvania (127,665; 1.0%), Rhode Island (52,100; 5.1%) and Connecticut (40,543; 1.1%).

Many of New York's Dominicans live in the boroughs of the Bronx and Manhattan, and to a lesser degree in Queens and Brooklyn.

Ecuadorian Americans

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Ecuadorian Americans (ecuatorio-americanos, norteamericanos de origen ecuatoriano or estadounidenses de origen ecuatoriano) are Americans of full or partial Ecuadorian ancestry.

Ecuadorian Americans (ecuatorio-americanos, norteamericanos de origen ecuatoriano or estadounidenses de origen ecuatoriano) are Americans of full or partial Ecuadorian ancestry.

Christina Aguilera singer, songwriter, actress, and television personality.
Past Illinois Lieutenant Governor Evelyn Sanguinetti
Debbie Mucarsel-Powell first South American immigrant member of Congress elected in 2018.
Nina Vaca chairperson and CEO of Pinnacle Group, which was named the Fastest-Growing Women-Owned Business in the United States.
The New York City Metropolitan Area is home to the largest Ecuadorian population in the United States, by a significant margin.

The majority of Ecuadorian immigrants emigrate into New York City and its surrounding suburbs.

Queens County's percentage of Ecuadorians is about 4.7%, and it has the largest Ecuadorian community of any county in New York and in the United States, numbering just about 101,000 in 2010.

Still other Ecuadorian neighborhoods are situated in Brooklyn; in New Jersey cities such as Newark and Jersey City; and in towns in Connecticut.

Fort Greene, Brooklyn

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1766 map of Brooklyn
Football at Fort Greene, circa 1872–1887
Lafayette Ave Presbyterian Church, before 1933 when its steeple was shortened
USS North Carolina in the Brooklyn Navy Yard in 1941
New residential buildings at Ashland Place and Lafayette Street
New Fort Greene Park playground
Streetscape near Fulton Street
Brooklyn Tech HS in Fort Greene

Fort Greene is a neighborhood in the northwestern part of the New York City borough of Brooklyn.

In approximately A.D. 800, a gradual movement of Native Americans advanced from the Delaware area into lower New York, ultimately settling as part of the Canarsie tribe among 13 tribes of the Algonquin Nation.

Italian Americans

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Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani, ) are Americans who have full or partial Italian ancestry.

Italian Americans (italoamericani or italo-americani, ) are Americans who have full or partial Italian ancestry.

Landing of Cristopher Columbus (12 October 1492), painting by John Vanderlyn
Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer from whose name the term "America" is derived
Verrazzano's voyage of 1524. The Italian explorer was the first documented European to enter New York Harbor and the Hudson River.
Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge in New York City is named for Giovanni da Verrazzano.
Philip Mazzei, Italian physician and promoter of liberty, whose phrase: "All men are by nature equally free and independent" was incorporated into the United States Declaration of Independence
Statue of Francis Vigo
Review of the Garibaldi Guard by President Abraham Lincoln
The Garibaldi-Meucci Museum on Staten Island
The "Bambinos" of Little Italy - Syracuse, New York in 1899
Mulberry Street, along which New York City's Little Italy is centered. Lower East Side, circa 1900.
Italian immigrants entering the United States via Ellis Island in 1905
The Monongah mining disaster of 1907 described as "the worst mining disaster in American history" the official death toll stood at 362, 171 of them Italian migrants.
Little Italy in Chicago, 1909
Italian-Hawaiian woman with a poi bowl, 1909
Joe Petrosino in 1909
Michael Valente, recipient of the highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions during World War I
Fiorello La Guardia with Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1938
Italian American WPA workers doing roadwork in Dorchester, Boston, 1930s
Rudolph Valentino with Alice Terry in The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, 1921
Historical advertisement of an Italian American restaurant, between circa 1930 and 1945
Italian-American veterans of all wars memorial, Southbridge, Massachusetts
Frank Capra receiving the Distinguished Service Medal from General George C. Marshall, 1945
Enrico Fermi, architect of the nuclear age, was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity.
Dominic Salvatore Don Gentile on the wing of his P-51B, 'Shangri-La'. Also known as "Ace of Aces", he was a World War II USAAF pilot who surpassed Eddie Rickenbacker's World War I record of 26 downed aircraft.
Joe DiMaggio, considered one of the greatest baseball players of all time, in 1951
Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin in 1963
Martin Scorsese and Francis Ford Coppola, filmmakers whose body of work explores themes such as Italian-American identity, here together with Steven Spielberg and George Lucas, are among the greatest modern directors.
Wally Schirra, one of the earliest NASA astronauts to enter into space (1962), taking part in the Mercury Seven program and later Gemini and Apollo programs
Columbus Day in Salem, Massachusetts in 1892
1973 U.S. postage stamp featuring Amadeo Giannini
Enrico Fermi between Franco Rasetti (left) and Emilio Segrè in academic dress
A fourteen year old Italian girl working at a paper-box factory (1913)
The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in 1911. The victims were almost exclusively Jewish and Italian female immigrants.
Mother Cabrini
An Italian immigrant making an American breakfast aided by instructional materials from the YMCA
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
Don DeLillo
Paola Corso
Danielle Trussoni
St. Anthony of Padua Church in New York was established in 1859 as the first parish in the United States formed specifically to serve the Italian immigrant community.
Our Lady of Pompeii Church in New York was founded in 1892 as a national parish to serve Italian-American immigrants who settled in Greenwich Village.
Emilio Segrè, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1959, was among the Italian Jews who emigrated to the United States after Mussolini's regime implemented an anti-semitic legislation.
Italian Cultural and Community Center (Logue House) in the Houston Museum District
A war-time poster
Feast of San Gennaro in New York
President Barack Obama participates in an interview with Jay Leno during a taping of "The Tonight Show with Jay Leno" at the NBC Studios in Burbank, Calif., Oct. 24, 2012.
Italian American Museum of Los Angeles
Sacco and Vanzetti in handcuffs
One of the largest mass lynchings in American history involved eleven Italian immigrants in New Orleans in 1891.
Top ancestry by U.S. county. Dark blue indicates counties where persons of Italian ancestry form a plurality.
Little Italy in Manhattan after Italy won the 2006 FIFA World Cup
Much of Philadelphia's Italian population is in South Philadelphia, and is well known for its Italian Market.
The American and Italian flags in Boston's North End
St. Lucy's Church in Newark
Northside in Syracuse
Feast of the Assumption in Cleveland's Little Italy
Gateway to Ybor City on 7th. Ave near the Nick Nuccio Parkway
Sts. Peter and Paul Church in North Beach, San Francisco

The first Italian to be registered as residing in the area corresponding to the current U.S.A. was Pietro Cesare Alberti, a Venetian seaman who, in 1635, settled in what would eventually become New York City.

And a majority of Italian voters living in mostly white rural Upstate New York backed black Democratic nominee Basil A. Paterson for Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1970—but not Italian voters who lived in racially diverse metro New York City.

That amounts to one book for every six branches in Brooklyn, which (according to ItalianAware) cannot supply the large Italian/Italian American community in the borough.