Brownfield land

brownfieldbrownfield sitebrownfieldsbrown fieldcontaminated sitebrownfield developmentbrown-fieldindustrial landindustrial wastelandpost-industrial
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.wikipedia
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Pollution

pollutedenvironmental pollutionpollution control
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.
The pollution of industrial land gave rise to the name brownfield, a term now common in city planning.

Greenfield land

greenfieldgreenfield sitegreen field
Brownfield land is an area of land previously used or built upon, as opposed to greenfield land, which has never been built upon.
Rather than building upon greenfield land, a developer may choose to redevelop brownfield or greyfield lands, areas that have been developed but left abandoned or underused.

Phase I environmental site assessment

environmental site assessmentenvironmental site-assessmentsPhase II Site Investigation
To avoid unexpected contamination and increased costs, many developers insist that a site be thoroughly investigated (via a Phase II Site Investigation or Remedial Investigation) prior to commencing remedial cleanup activities.
A proportion of contaminated sites are "brownfield sites."

Atlantic Station

Atlantic Station, Atlanta17th Street17th Street (Atlanta)
the Atlantic Station project in Atlanta, was the largest brownfield redevelopment in the United States.
First planned in the mid-1990s and officially opened in 2005, the neighborhood's 138 acres (558,000 m²) are located on the former brownfield site of the Atlantic Steel mill.

Superfund

CERCLAComprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability ActCERCLA (Superfund)
United States estimates suggest there are over 500,000 brownfield sites contaminated at levels below the Superfund caliber (the most contaminated) in the country.
Brownfield land

Summerset at Frick Park

Summerset
In Pittsburgh's Squirrel Hill neighborhood, a former slag dump for steel mills was turned into a $243 million residential development called Summerset at Frick Park.
This project is one of the nations’ first brownfield sites to be remediated for residential purposes.

Groundwater

ground waterunderground waterground
In this process, vapor from the soil phase is extracted from soils and treated, which has the effect of removing contaminants from the soils and groundwater beneath a site.
Groundwater scrutiny upon real estate property transactions in the US: In the US, upon commercial real estate property transactions both groundwater and soil are the subjects of scrutiny. For brownfields sites (formerly contaminated sites that have been remediated), Phase I Environmental Site Assessments are typically prepared, to investigate and disclose potential pollution issues. In the San Fernando Valley of California, real estate contracts for property transfer below the Santa Susana Field Laboratory (SSFL) and eastward have clauses releasing the seller from liability for groundwater contamination consequences from existing or future pollution of the Valley Aquifer.

Contingent valuation

contingent valuation methods
Normal appraisal techniques frequently fail, and appraisers must rely on more advanced techniques, such as contingent valuation, case studies, or statistical analyses.
The technique has also been used in Australia to value areas of the Kakadu National Park as well as trophy property in the United States, and is recognized as a valuable tool in the appraisal of brownfields.

Eldorado Mining and Refining

Eldorado Gold Mines LimitedEldorado Nuclear LimitedEldorado
Port Hope has the largest volume of historic low-level radioactive wastes in Canada, resulting from "radium and uranium processing in Port Hope between 1933 and 1988 by the former Crown corporation Eldorado Nuclear Limited and its private sector predecessors. By 2010 it was projected that it would cost well over a billion dollars for the soil remediation project, it was the largest such cleanup in Canadian history. The effort is projected to be complete in 2022. In July 2015 the $86,847,474 contract "to relocate the historic low-level radioactive waste and marginally contaminated soils from an existing waste management facility on the shoreline of Lake Ontario to the new, state-of-the-art facility about a kilometre north of the current site." was undertaken. There is also "$1.8 billion for general inventory sites" and "$200 million for other sites."
By 2010 when it was projected that it would cost well over a billion dollars for the soil remediation project of the brownfield, it was the largest such cleanup in Canadian history.

Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act

Brownfields LawBrownfields Legislation
In 1995, the EPA launched the Brownfields Program, which was expanded in 2002 with the Brownfields Law.
The Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act (Pub .L.No.

Brownfield regulation and development

brownfield grantsbrownfields revitalization and environmental restoration act
In the United States, Brownfield regulation and development is largely governed by state environmental agencies in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines brownfield land as property where the reuse may be complicated by the presence of hazardous materials.

Greyfield land

greyfieldgrey-fieldsgreyfield site
Greyfield land
"Greyfield" is a relative neologism as compared to more commonly known terms such as brownfield or greenfield.

Tech Town (Dayton)

Tech Town
Dayton, like many other cities in the region, is developing Tech Town in order to attract technology-based firms to Dayton and revitalize the downtown area.
Tech Town was one of ten "brownfields" in the Dayton area, and is designed to attract technology-based firms to Dayton and revitalize the downtown area.

Herrs Island, Pittsburgh

Herr's IslandHerrsHerrs Island
In Herr's Island, a 42 acre island on the western bank of the Allegheny River, a former rail stop for livestock and meatpacking was transformed into Washington's Landing, a waterfront center for commerce, manufacturing, recreation and upscale housing
As a result of the industrial activity, Herrs Island was a brownfield site.

Pittsburgh Technology Center

In the Hazelwood (Pittsburgh) neighborhood, a former Jones and Laughlin steel mill site was transformed into a $104 million office park called Pittsburgh Technology Center.
PTC is considered to be one of the best examples of brownfield redevelopment in the United States.

United States Environmental Protection Agency

Environmental Protection AgencyEPAU.S. Environmental Protection Agency
In the United States, Brownfield regulation and development is largely governed by state environmental agencies in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The United States Environmental Protection Agency selected Cuyahoga County as its first brownfield pilot project in September 1993.
This program, which was started as a pilot program in the 1990s and signed into law in 2002, provides grants and tools to local governments for the assessment, cleanup, and revitalization of brownfields.

Hazelwood (Pittsburgh)

HazelwoodHazelwood neighborhoodLiberty
In the Hazelwood (Pittsburgh) neighborhood, a former Jones and Laughlin steel mill site was transformed into a $104 million office park called Pittsburgh Technology Center.
The ALMONO Partnership, a non-profit organization led by the Regional Industrial Development Corporation (RIDC), is planning to re-develop 178 acres of riverfront property on the former Hazelwood Coke Works site, which is currently vacant brownfield land.

Brockton Brightfield

brightfield
Brockton Brightfield (brownfield turned into a solar power plant)
It is a blend of the words "bright" and "brownfield", the latter referring to abandoned, often polluted, industrial sites that have been redeveloped.

Redevelopment of Mumbai mills

extensively redevelopedintense redevelopmentredevelopment
Redevelopment of Mumbai mills (unused mills being re-developed)
Brownfield land

Urban planning

Planningurban developmenttown planning
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.

Real property

landrealproperty
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.

Industry

industrialindustriesindustrial development
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.

Soil contamination

soil pollutioncontaminated soilsoil
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.

Hazardous waste

hazardoushazardous wasteshazardous materials
Brownfield land is a term used in urban planning to describe any previously developed land that is not currently in use, whether contaminated or not or, in North America, more specifically to describe land previously used for industrial or commercial purposes with known or suspected pollution including soil contamination due to hazardous waste.