Brunei

Brunei DarussalamBruneianProtectorate of BruneiSultanate of BruneiBNBrunei ProtectorateNegara Brunei DarussalamPo-ni Brunei DarussalamAnduki
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: ), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.wikipedia
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Borneo

BorneanKalimantanBorneo Island
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: ), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. At the peak of the Bruneian Empire, Sultan Bolkiah (reigned 1485–1528) is alleged to have had control over most regions of Borneo, including modern-day Sarawak and Sabah, as well as the Sulu Archipelago off the northeast tip of Borneo, Seludong (modern-day Manila), and the islands off the northwest tip of Borneo.
The island is politically divided among three countries: Malaysia and Brunei in the north, and Indonesia to the south.

Malaysia

🇲🇾MalaysianMalaya
Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the sovereign state is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak.
East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam.

Sarawak

Sarawak, MalaysiaSarawakianBritish Borneo
Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the sovereign state is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak.
Being the largest among 13 other states with the size almost equal to West Malaysia, Sarawak is located in northwest Borneo Island, and is bordered by the Malaysian state of Sabah to the northeast, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of Borneo) to the south, and Brunei in the north.

Jawi alphabet

JawiJawi scriptJawoë
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: ), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
Jawi is one of the two official scripts in Brunei and is used as an alternative script in Malaysia and Malay-dominated areas in Indonesia.

Demographics of Brunei

BruneianBruneiansBrunei
Brunei's population was in.
The demographic features of Brunei include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Bruneian Empire

Sultanate of BruneiBruneiof Brunei
At the peak of the Bruneian Empire, Sultan Bolkiah (reigned 1485–1528) is alleged to have had control over most regions of Borneo, including modern-day Sarawak and Sabah, as well as the Sulu Archipelago off the northeast tip of Borneo, Seludong (modern-day Manila), and the islands off the northwest tip of Borneo. However, scholars claim that the power of the Sultanate of Brunei was at its peak between the 15th and 17th centuries, with its power extending from northern Borneo to the southern Philippines.
The Bruneian Empire or Empire of Brunei, also known as Sultanate of Brunei or Negara Brunei, was a Malay sultanate, centred in Brunei on the northern coast of Borneo island in Southeast Asia.

Sabah

British BorneoSabah, MalaysiaNorth Borneo
At the peak of the Bruneian Empire, Sultan Bolkiah (reigned 1485–1528) is alleged to have had control over most regions of Borneo, including modern-day Sarawak and Sabah, as well as the Sulu Archipelago off the northeast tip of Borneo, Seludong (modern-day Manila), and the islands off the northwest tip of Borneo.
One theory is that during the time it was part of the Bruneian Sultanate, it was referred to as Saba because of the presence a variety of banana called pisang saba (also known as pisang menurun), which is grown widely on the coast of the region and popular in Brunei.

Malay language

MalayBahasa MelayuMalaysian
In the country's full name, Negara Brunei Darussalam, darussalam means "abode of peace", while negara means "country" in Malay.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore.

Southeast Asia

south-east AsiaSoutheastSouth East Asia
Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: ), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.
2) Maritime Southeast Asia, also known historically as Nusantara, the East Indies and Malay Archipelago, comprises the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India, Indonesia, East Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, East Timor, Brunei, Christmas Island, and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Taiwan is also included in this grouping by many anthropologists.

White Rajahs

White RajahRajahRajah of Sarawak
The Sultanate ceded Sarawak (Kuching) to James Brooke and installed him as the White Rajah, and it ceded Sabah to the British North Borneo Chartered Company.
Sarawak was part of the realm of Brunei until 1841 when James Brooke was granted a sizeable area of land in the southwest area of Brunei – around the city of Sarawak (now Kuching) and the nearby mining region of Bau – from Bruneian Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II.

Majapahit

Majapahit EmpireMajapahit KingdomIndonesia
In the fourteenth century, the Javanese manuscript Nagarakretagama, written by Prapanca in 1365, mentioned Barune as the vassal state of Majapahit, which had to make an annual tribute of 40 katis of camphor.
According to the Nagarakretagama (Desawarñana) written in 1365, Majapahit was an empire of 98 tributaries, stretching from Sumatra to New Guinea; consisting of present-day Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, southern Thailand, Sulu Archipelago and East Timor, although the true nature of Majapahit sphere of influence is still the subject of studies among historians.

Brunei River

Bruni river
He moved from Garang in the Temburong District to the Brunei River estuary, discovering Brunei.
The Brunei River is a river which flows through Brunei and empties into Brunei Bay towards the North-east direction.

Malay styles and titles

Tan SriDatukDato
This was based in part on the assistance of two Bruneian noblemen, Pengiran Seri Lela and Pengiran Seri Ratna.
The Malay language has a complex system of styles, titles and honorifics, which are used extensively in Brunei and Malaysia.

Sultan

sultanateSulṭānsultans
However, scholars claim that the power of the Sultanate of Brunei was at its peak between the 15th and 17th centuries, with its power extending from northern Borneo to the southern Philippines.
The queen consort in Brunei especially is known as Raja Isteri with the title of Pengiran Anak suffixed, should the queen consort also be a royal princess.

Castilian War

attacked and captured BruneiCastille War (Spanish-Bruneian War)declared war
The maritime state was visited by Spain's Magellan Expedition in 1521 and fought against Spain in the 1578 Castilian War. Since the Spanish regarded Brunei the center of Islamic preaching in the Philippines Spain declared war in 1578, planning to attack and capture Kota Batu, Brunei's capital at the time.
The Spanish Expedition to Borneo, also known locally as the Castilian War (Malay: Perang Kastila; Jawi: ڤراڠ كستيلا; Spanish: Expedición española a Borneo), was a military conflict between Brunei and Spain in 1578.

Kota Batu, Brunei-Muara

Kota BatuMukim Kota Batusame name
Since the Spanish regarded Brunei the center of Islamic preaching in the Philippines Spain declared war in 1578, planning to attack and capture Kota Batu, Brunei's capital at the time.
Kota Batu is a mukim (subdistrict) in the Brunei-Muara District of Brunei.

Colonialism

colonialcolonial powerscolonialist
European influence gradually brought an end to the regional power, as Brunei entered a period of decline compounded by internal strife over royal succession.
Brunei

Jerudong

The Sultan Saiful Rijal and Paduka Seri Begawan Sultan Abdul Kahar were forced to flee to Meragang then to Jerudong.
Jerudong is a settlement area in Brunei-Muara District, Brunei.

Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin

Sultan HashimSultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin
Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin appealed to the British to stop further encroachment by the Brookes.
Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin ibni Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien II was the 25th Sultan of Brunei from 30 May 1885 to 10 May 1906.

Seria

AndukiSeria Bypass
Two men, F. F. Marriot and T. G. Cochrane, smelled oil near the Seria river in late 1926.
Seria is a coastal town on the north-east coast of the island of Borneo, in the Bruneian district of Belait.

Bendahara

Bendahara Sri MaharajaRaja Bendahara
The Spanish agreed that if they succeeded in conquering Brunei, Pengiran Seri Lela would be appointed as the sultan, while Pengiran Seri Ratna would be the new Bendahara.
Today, it still used in Brunei where it is known as Pengiran Bendahara.

South China Sea

East SeaSouth ChinaSouth
Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the sovereign state is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak.
States and territories with borders on the sea (clockwise from north) include: the People's Republic of China, Republic of China (Taiwan), the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore, and Vietnam.

British protectorate

protectorateProtected StateBritish protection
In 1888, Brunei became a British protected state and was assigned a British resident as colonial manager in 1906.
The last British protectorate proper was the British Solomon Islands, now Solomon Islands, which gained independence in 1978; the last British protected state was Brunei, which gained full independence in 1984.

Limbang District

LimbangLimbang, Sarawak
It is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang.
Limbang area is officially claimed since 1967 (it has been claimed since 1880s after the annexation of Limbang by the White Rajah) by Brunei as part of its integral territory.

Kuala Belait

They landed 10,000 troops of the Kawaguchi Detachment from Cam Ranh Bay at Kuala Belait.
Kuala Belait (Jawi: ), officially known in Malay as Pekan Kuala Belait (literally 'Kuala Belait Town'), is a town located in the westernmost part of Brunei, in Belait District.