Charles of Lorraine founded what would become Brussels, c. 979.
View of Brussels, c. 1610
The Grand Place after the 1695 bombardment by the French army
Episode of the Belgian Revolution of 1830, Gustaf Wappers, 1834
The Place Royale/Koningsplein in the late 19th century
The 1927 Solvay Conference in Brussels was the fifth world physics conference.
British tanks arrive in Brussels on 4 September 1944, ending the German occupation
Satellite picture of the Greater Brussels area
The Royal Palace of Brussels
Regions of Belgium:
The Brussels Parliament building
Communities of Belgium:
Aerial view of the European Quarter
The Place du Luxembourg/Luxemburgplein with the European Parliament in the background
Headquarters of Eurocontrol in Haren
Flags of NATO member states wave at the entrance of NATO's headquarters in Haren
Population density of Europe. Brussels is located between the largest urban centres.
Estimate of languages spoken at home (Capital Region, 2013)
Bilingual French and Dutch street signs in Brussels
The municipalities with language facilities (in red) near Brussels
The National Basilica of the Sacred Heart in Koekelberg
The Great Mosque of Brussels is the seat of the Islamic and Cultural Centre of Belgium.
Manneken Pis is a well-known public sculpture in Brussels.
The Grand Place of Brussels, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Flagey Building (or Maison de la Radio) in Ixelles
The Atomium, a landmark of Brussels
The Cinquantenaire/Jubelpark memorial arcade and museums
The Royal Theatre of La Monnaie
Meyboom giants in Brussels, a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage
Brussels Summer Festival (BSF)
Zinneke Parade of Brussels
Brussels is known for its local waffles.
Flea Market on the Place du Jeu de Balle/Vossenplein
20 km of Brussels
R.S.C. Anderlecht fans at the Lotto Park
Brussels' Northern Quarter business district
The former Brussels Stock Exchange building
Main building on the Solbosch campus of the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB)
The Royal Library of Belgium (KBR)
The Planetarium of the Royal Observatory of Belgium
Erasmus Hospital in Anderlecht
Brussels Airlines Airbus A319 landing at Brussels Airport in Zaventem
The Saint Catherine Dock, Eugène Boudin, 1871
Main hall of Brussels-South railway station, home to the Eurostar train service to London
High-speed rail networks connect Brussels with other European cities (ICE train in the North Station pictured).
Brussels Metro carriage at Erasme/Erasmus metro station
Network map of the Brussels Metro
Villo! shared bicycles in Brussels
The Rue de la Loi/Wetstraat is one of the city's main streets.
Policeman in Brussels
Auderghem (Oudergem)
Berchem-Sainte-Agathe (Sint-Agatha-Berchem)
City of Brussels
Forest (Vorst)
Ixelles (Elsene)
Molenbeek-Saint-Jean (Sint-Jans-Molenbeek)
Saint-Gilles (Sint-Gillis)
Saint-Josse-ten-Noode (Sint-Joost-ten-Node)
Schaerbeek (Schaarbeek)
Uccle (Ukkel)
Watermael-Boitsfort (Watermaal-Bosvoorde)
Woluwe-Saint-Lambert (Sint-Lambrechts-Woluwe)
Woluwe-Saint-Pierre (Sint-Pieters-Woluwe)
Hôtel Tassel by Victor Horta (1893)
Stairway in Hôtel Tassel
Hôtel Ciamberlani by Paul Hankar (1897)
Former Old England department store by Paul Saintenoy (1899)
Saint-Cyr House by Gustave Strauven (1903)
Cauchie House by Paul Cauchie (1905)
Sgraffito panel in the Cauchie House
Stoclet Palace by Josef Hoffmann (1911)
Brussels' Park
Mont des Arts / Kunstberg
Parc du Cinquantenaire / Jubelpark
Bois de la Cambre / Ter Kamerenbos
The Botanical Garden of Brussels
Ixelles Ponds
Forest Park
The Royal Greenhouses of Laeken
Sonian Forest

Region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium.

- Brussels

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Country in Northwestern Europe.

Country in Northwestern Europe.

Gallia Belgica at the time of Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul in 54 BCE
The Burgundian State of Charles the Bold in the 15th century
Episode of the Belgian Revolution of 1830, Gustaf Wappers, 1834
Cheering crowds greet British troops entering Brussels, 4 September 1944
Relief map of Belgium
Chart illustrating the federal government construction of Belgium
The Belgian Federal Parliament in Brussels, one of six different governments of the country
A proportional representation of Belgium exports, 2019
Steelmaking along the Meuse at Ougrée, near Liège
Port of Zeebrugge
Gerardus Mercator
Population density in Belgium by arrondissement.
Brussels, the capital city and largest metropolitan area of Belgium
Bilingual signs in Brussels
National Basilica of the Sacred Heart in Koekelberg, Brussels
Interior of the Great Synagogue of Brussels
The Great Mosque of Brussels
University Hospital of Antwerp
The Central Library of the KU Leuven University
The Ghent Altarpiece: The Adoration of the Mystic Lamb (interior view), painted 1432 by van Eyck
Jacques Brel
The Gilles of Binche, in costume, wearing wax masks
Moules-frites or mosselen met friet is a representative dish of Belgium.
Eddy Merckx, regarded as one of the greatest cyclists of all time

It is divided into three highly autonomous regions: the Flemish Region (Flanders) in the north, the Walloon Region (Wallonia) in the south, and the Brussels-Capital Region.

Luxembourg City

Capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the country's most populous commune.

Capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the country's most populous commune.

City of Luxembourg, 1600
The reconstructed Fort Thüngen, formerly a key part of Luxembourg City's fortifications, now on the site of the MUDAM, Luxembourg's museum of modern art
The Old City of Luxembourg at night
The Passerelle, also known as the viaduct or old bridge, overlooking the Pétrusse river valley. It opened in 1861.
View from the Grund up to the Old Town
Luxembourg City Hall is the heart of the communal administration, and hosts the offices of both the communal council and the mayor.
The Plateau de Kirchberg has many new buildings including those for the European Institutions.
Casino Luxembourg is used for exhibitions of local art
Grand Théâtre de Luxembourg
Stade de Luxembourg
The Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial
Luxembourg Railway Station
Luxembourg City as seen from a Spot satellite
Skyline of the Hollerich quarter
The gorges and Adolphe Bridge
The Gëlle Fra monument commemorates those who volunteered for service in the armed forces of the Entente.
Monument national de la solidarité luxembourgeoise
Flag of the City of Luxembourg
View of the Luxembourg center cityscape from Cité Judiciaire
The Center of Luxembourg City with the Pulvermuhl Viaduct
Cité Judiciaire in Luxembourg

Standing at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers in southern Luxembourg, the city lies at the heart of Western Europe, situated 213 km by road from Brussels, 372 km from Paris, and 209 km from Cologne.

Walloon Brabant

Province of Wallonia and Belgium.

Province of Wallonia and Belgium.

The Butte du lion in Waterloo
The Collegiate Church of Saint Gertrude in Nivelles
Louvain-la-Neuve Science Park, aerial view

Walloon Brabant was created in 1995 when the former Province of Brabant was split into three parts: two new provinces, Walloon Brabant and Flemish Brabant; and the Brussels Capital Region, which no longer belongs to any province.

Brussels Airport

Airport diagram
Sabena Boeing 707-300 at Brussels Airport in 1966
Air Zaïre McDonnell Douglas DC-10 at Brussels Airport in 1990
Terminal exterior
Departures area at Pier A
Runway and apron
Control tower
Brussels Airport bus service
Brussels National Airport railway station
The Boeing 747 that overran the runway in 2008

Brussels Airport (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Luchthaven Zaventem) is an international airport 6.5 NM northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium.


Politico-economic union and formal international intergovernmental cooperation of three neighboring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

Politico-economic union and formal international intergovernmental cooperation of three neighboring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.

Meeting of Benelux delegates in The Hague, 1949
Belgian Prime Minister Gaston Eyskens, Dutch Prime Minister Piet de Jong, and Luxembourg Prime Minister Pierre Werner during a Benelux conference in The Hague, Netherlands, on 28 April 1968.
Dutch Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers, Luxembourg Prime Minister Pierre Werner, and Belgian Prime Minister Wilfried Martens at the Ministry of General Affairs, on 10 November 1982.
Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, and Belgian Prime Minister Yves Leterme in The Hague, Netherlands, on 24 May 2011.
The three prime ministers together with the Armin Laschet, Minister-President of North Rhine-Westphalia in 2019
Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg form the Benelux.

The Benelux General Secretariat is located in Brussels.

City of Brussels

Engraving of Brussels from c. 1610
Map of Brussels' Pentagon and its districts (in French)
Manneken Pis
Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula
Brussels Stock Exchange
Le Cracheur fountain
Royal Saint-Hubert Galleries
{{lang|fr|Place du Musée|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl|Museumplein|italic=no}}
Brussels Park
Royal Palace
Royal Museums of Fine Arts
Academy Palace
Royal Conservatory
Fountain of Minerva
Egmont Palace
Church of Our Blessed Lady of the Sablon
Fountain of the Counts of Egmont and Horn
Place du Jeu de Balle/Vossenplein, end of a market
Cité Hellemans, {{lang|fr|Rue Blaes|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl|Blaesstraat|italic=no}}
Brigittines Chapel
Palace of Justice
Halle Gate
Place Rouppe/Rouppeplein and {{lang|fr|Avenue de Stalingrad|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl|Stalingradlaan|italic=no}}
{{lang|fr|Place Anneessens|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl|Anneessensplein|italic=no}} (François Anneessens) and Lucien Cooremans Institute
Midi Palace on the {{lang|fr|Boulevard Maurice Lemonnier|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl|Maurice Lemonnierlaan|italic=no}}
Place Fontainas/Fontainasplein
{{lang|fr|Rue Antoine Dansaert|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl|Antoine Dansaertstraat|italic=no}}
{{lang|fr|Place du Jardin aux Fleurs|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl| Bloemenhofplein|italic=no}}
Industrial building transformed into housing (loft)
Tour à Plomb
Church of St. John the Baptist
Anspach Fountain
Royal Flemish Theatre
Potale Saint Roch, invoked against the plague
La Bellone
Place de Brouckère/De Brouckèreplein
Royal Theatre of La Monnaie
Place des Martyrs/Martelaarsplein
Church of Our Lady of Finistère
Congress Column (Leopold I)
{{lang|fr|Place de la Liberté|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl|Vrijheidsplein|italic=no}} (Charles Rogier)
{{lang|fr|Place Surlet de Chokier|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl| Surlet de Chokierplein|italic=no}} (The Brabançonne)
{{lang|fr|Place des Barricades|italic=no}}/{{lang|nl|Barricadenplein|italic=no}} (Andreas Vesalius)
Place du Luxembourg/Luxemburgplein
Berlaymont building (European Commission)
Europa building (European Council)
Espace Léopold buildings (European Parliament)
Map of Laeken
Palace of Laeken
Church of Our Lady of Laeken
Brussels Expo
Map of Mutsaard
Japanese Tower
Chinese Pavilion
Map of Neder-Over-Heembeek
Old Romanesque tower in Lower Heembeek
Church of St. Nicholas in Upper Heembeek

The City of Brussels (Ville de Bruxelles or alternatively Bruxelles-Ville ; Stad Brussel or Brussel-Stad) is the largest municipality and historical centre of the Brussels-Capital Region, as well as the capital of Belgium.

Brussels Metro

Development of the Brussels Metro up to 2006
Brussels Metro train at Rogier station
Demey metro station. The elevated third rails for both tracks are visible halfway between the platforms.
Porte de Hal/Hallepoort station in 2006, showing overhead lines and "tramway" vs. "metro" platforms. Tramway line 90 does not exist anymore.

The Brussels Metro (Métro de Bruxelles, Brusselse metro) is a rapid transit system serving a large part of the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium.

Senne (river)

The 1837 course of the Senne superimposed on Brussels' modern downtown
Covering of the Senne in 1867
View from the bridge of rue du Rupel in Brussels direction North-east at the Senne river which leaves there the city canalization

The Senne or Zenne is a small river that flows through Brussels, left tributary of the Dijle/Dyle.



Intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states – 28 European and two North American.

Intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states – 28 European and two North American.

West Germany joined NATO in 1955, which led to the formation of the rival Warsaw Pact during the Cold War.
The Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 marked a turning point in NATO's role in Europe, and a section of the wall is now displayed outside NATO Headquarters.
NATO planes engaging in aerial bombardments during Operation Deliberate Force after the Srebrenica massacre
German KFOR soldiers on patrol in southern Kosovo in 1999
KFOR-MSU Carabinieri Patrols in front of the Ibar Bridge in Mitrovica, Kosovo, 2019
The September 11 attacks in the United States caused NATO to invoke its collective defence article for the first time.
General Austin S. Miller (right) became commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan in September 2018 and oversaw the withdrawal until July 2021.
USS Farragut (DDG-99) destroying a Somali pirate skiff in March 2010
Libyan Army Palmaria howitzers destroyed by the French Air Force near Benghazi in March 2011
Partnership for Peace conducts multinational military exercises like Cooperative Archer, which took place in Tbilisi in July 2007 with 500 servicemen from four NATO members, eight PfP members, and Jordan, a Mediterranean Dialogue participant.
The North Atlantic Council convening in 2010 with a defence/foreign minister configuration
Protestors at a February 2022 rally against Russia's invasion of Ukraine march past the statue of Tsar Alexander II in Senate Square in Helsinki

NATO's main headquarters are located in Brussels, Belgium, while NATO's military headquarters are near Mons, Belgium.

Strasbourg seen from Spot Satellite


Prefecture and largest city of the Grand Est region of eastern France and the official seat of the European Parliament.

Prefecture and largest city of the Grand Est region of eastern France and the official seat of the European Parliament.

Strasbourg seen from Spot Satellite
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor visiting Strasbourg in 1414, detail of a painting by Léo Schnug
Panorama from the Barrage Vauban with the medieval bridge Ponts Couverts in the foreground (the fourth tower is hidden by trees at the left) and the cathedral in the distance on the right.
La Petite France during golden hour
Strasbourg, Cathedral of Our Lady
Place du Marché aux Cochons de Lait.
Place Gutenberg with statue of Gutenberg and Carousel.
Maison des tanneurs.
View of the Ill with Église Saint-Thomas.
The baroque organ of the Église Saint-Thomas
Place Kléber
The Pavillon Joséphine (rear side) in the Parc de l'Orangerie
The Château de Pourtalès (front side) in the park of the same name
A room in the Musée des Arts décoratifs
The Ill, seen from the terrace of the Palais Rohan
Lateral view of the National Library.
One of Strasbourg's trams passes over one of its canals, whilst a tourist trip boat passes underneath
The Palace of Europe of the Council of Europe
Stade de la Meinau, home of RC Strasbourg

Strasbourg is one of the de facto four main capitals of the European Union (alongside Brussels, Luxembourg and Frankfurt), as it is the seat of several European institutions, such as the European Parliament, the Eurocorps and the European Ombudsman of the European Union.