An artist's rendering of the University of Florida's Gainesville campus in 1916, looking from the northeast.
West Florida Seminary main building, c. 1880. Built in 1854 as the Florida Institute. This building was replaced with College Hall in 1891. The Westcott Building now stands on this site - the oldest site of higher education in Florida
Buckman Hall was completed in 1906, and is currently used as a residence hall. It was named for state representative Henry Holland Buckman, the principal author of the Buckman Act, which consolidated Florida's public institutions of higher education in 1905.
Francis W. Eppes VII
Andrew Sledd, the first president of the University of Florida (1905–1909). During his presidency, the university was officially known as the "University of the State of Florida"
First Presbyterian Church, Tallahassee, finished in 1839 near the FSU campus
Florida Agricultural College in the late 1880s.
The Mission San Luis de Apalachee as it may have appeared in the 17th century
Campus statue of Albert A. Murphree, the second president of the University of Florida (1909–1927). Murphree organized many of the university's constituent colleges and schools.
William Denham, West Florida Seminary cadet during the Civil War
Marion Street in 1948
Shands at the University of Florida
Albert A. Murphree, President of Florida State College 1897-1909
Lake City VA Medical Center
A hand-colored photograph of Cascades Park in 1912
Former President Dr. James Bernard Machen
College Hall, c. 1903
Target Corporation distribution center
A reenactment of the 1865 Battle of Natural Bridge
Griffin-Floyd Hall
Student protest in Tallahassee - 1970
Lake City Medical Center
Tallahassee in 1885
Peabody Hall
Olustee Park
A view of both the historic and the current Florida State Capitols
Rolfs Hall
Lake City Police Department vehicle
Historic Grove Plantation, known officially as the Call/Collins House at The Grove. Territorial Governor Richard Keith Call built this antebellum plantation house c. 1840.
Smathers Library
City Hall
Downtown Tallahassee at night
Bryan Hall
Columbia County High School
Tallahassee experiences four seasons. Shown here are the autumn leaves along the sidewalks of Monroe Street in Downtown Tallahassee.
Norman Hall
Florida Gateway College
The Florida Supreme Court building
Dauer Hall
Tallahassee City Hall
Flint Hall
The Leon County Courthouse
Griffin-Floyd Hall
Leon High School
Benton Hall
Lower School students at Maclay School celebrating Grandparents Day in 2008
The Westcott Plaza at Florida State University
Florida A&M University's Lee Hall Auditorium
The Hinson Administration Building at Tallahassee Community College
The old clock at the corner of Park Avenue and Monroe Street in Downtown Tallahassee
Railroad Square is a popular spot for students and residents of Tallahassee, especially on the first Friday of every month when all the galleries are open to the public.
FSU Marching Chiefs and Cheerleaders performing in a parade in Downtown Tallahassee
The Tallahassee Asian Festival
FSU's Doak Campbell Stadium
WFSU Building
A Tallahassee Police Department patrol car
A Leon County EMS vehicle
Maclay Gardens Reflection Pool
Tallahassee International Airport seen here as Tallahassee Regional Airport
A StarMetro vehicle
Interstate 10 at Capital Circle Northeast
Turlington Education Building as seen from the Civic Center
The Downtown Tallahassee Doubletree Hotel
Tennyson Condominiums as seen through a break in the downtown Federal Courthouse Square
Westminster Gardens, formerly the Georgia Bell Dickinson Apartments, in Downtown Tallahassee
Highpoint Center as seen from the Florida Capitol
The historic Exchange Bank Building, considered to be the city's first highrise building
The Korean War Memorial at Cascades Park facing the Florida Capitol
Union Bank, Florida's oldest surviving bank building
Florida's historic state capitol building built in 1845
Kleman Plaza in the heart of Downtown Tallahassee
The U.S. Federal Courthouse in Tallahassee
The Florida Korean War Memorial
The Florida Supreme Court Building
The Tallahassee-Leon County Visitors Center
Leroy Collins Leon County Public Library from Park Ave

The history of Florida State University dates to the 19th century and is deeply intertwined with the history of education in the state of Florida and in the city of Tallahassee.

- History of Florida State University

Four institutions—Florida Agricultural College in Lake City (called University of Florida in 1903–1905), the East Florida Seminary in Gainesville, the St. Petersburg Normal and Industrial School in St. Petersburg, and the South Florida Military College in Bartow—were merged into the new University of the State of Florida for white men.

- Buckman Act

The other primary predecessor to the University of Florida was the Florida Agricultural College, established at Lake City in 1884 by Jordan Probst.

- History of the University of Florida

In 1884 the Florida Agricultural College was established in Lake City as a land grant college; it was relocated to Gainesville in 1905 to form part of the University of Florida.

- Lake City, Florida

The Buckman Act of 1905 completely restructured Florida's higher education system.

- History of the University of Florida

FSCW returned to coeducational status as Florida State University, while UF became coeducational for the first time.

- Buckman Act

In 1851, the legislature voted to allow the establishment of two seminaries on either side of the Suwannee River: West Florida Seminary and the East Florida Seminary.

- History of the University of Florida

In 1851, the Florida legislature decreed two seminaries to be built on either side of the Suwannee River, East Florida Seminary and West Florida Seminary.

- Tallahassee, Florida

The Florida Agricultural College in Lake City tried to revive interest in the university plan, announcing its desire to merge with the University of Florida in 1886 and 1887; however, nothing came of this at the time.

- History of Florida State University

Unable to accommodate the immediate increased demand for college education in Florida, the Florida Board of Control opened the Tallahassee Branch of the University of Florida on the campus of Florida State College for Women in Tallahassee.

- History of the University of Florida

The 1905 Buckman Act reorganized the existing six Florida colleges into three institutions, segregated by "race" and gender—a school for white males (University of Florida), a school for white females (Florida Female College), and a school for both African American males and females (State Normal School for Colored Students).

- History of Florida State University

Jacksonville is 60 mi to the east, Tallahassee is 106 mi to the west, Gainesville is 46 mi to the south, and Valdosta, Georgia, is 62 mi to the northwest.

- Lake City, Florida

500 related topics


Florida State University

Main entrance to Dodd Hall, built in 1925. Dodd Hall was the location of Florida State's library until 1956. Rendered in gold leaf, is the phrase "The half of knowledge is to know where to find knowledge."
Chemistry lab in 1900, at what was then known as the West Florida Seminary
Florida State College for Women, c. 1930
Student protest in Tallahassee – 1970
Rally at Westcott, February 13, 2008
Florida State University College of Medicine
Landis Green is located in the center of the main campus
A green space near Landis and Gilchrist residence halls, on the main campus. These oak trees were planted by students in 1932
The Mary B. Coburn Health and Wellness Center
James E. King Life Sciences Teaching & Research Center
The center of campus. Live Oak trees with hanging Spanish Moss are found everywhere on campus
The D'Alemberte Rotunda, part of the College of Law, is used to host special events and in the past has been used by the Florida Supreme Court to convene special sessions
Westcott Building – named for university benefactor and Florida Supreme Court Justice James D. Westcott III
Landis Hall dormitory, the traditional home of honors students since 1955.
Fountain on Landis Green
The Dunlap Student Success Center at Florida State University
The Robert M. Strozier Library
Dodd Hall
Ringling Museum of Art courtyard
The Hadron Calorimeter
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory building
FSU College of Engineering
It is traditional for students to be dunked in the Westcott fountain on special occasions
New Dorman & Deviney Halls complex, constructed 2015
Oglesby Union southern entrance
Zeta Beta Tau House
WFSU Public Broadcast Center
Florida State Seminoles Athletics logo
FSU's Chief Osceola on Renegade
Doak Campbell Stadium from Langford Green
Sir Harold Kroto, a Nobel Prize Laureate, Francis Eppes Professor of Chemistry, FSU
The Pearl Tyner House, located in the heart of the Florida State University Alumni Center
Rita Coolidge
Dr. Norman Thagard
Sara Blakely, founder of Spanx
Gov. Reubin Askew
Dr. Eric Barron
Deion Sanders, NFL Network Analyst
Rep. Jason Altmire
Lee Corso
Gov. Charlie Crist
Rep. Kathy Castor
Winston Scott
Sen. Mel Martinez
Sen. Kay Hagan
Jameis Winston, NFL Quarterback
LTG. Franklin Hagenbeck
Cheryl Hines
Burt Reynolds
Barry Jenkins
Jim Morrison
Gov. Parris Glendening
Writer & Director, Alan Ball
Christine Lahti
Susan H. Black
Scott Stapp
Andrew B. Bachelor, King Bach
Jake Owen
Nancy Kulp

Florida State University (Florida State or FSU) is a public research university in Tallahassee, Florida.

The 1905 Florida Legislature passed the Buckman Act, which reorganized the Florida college system into a school for white males (University of the State of Florida), a school for white females (Florida Female College later changed to Florida State College for Women), and a school for African Americans (State Normal and Industrial College for Colored Students).

The team went (7–6–1) over the 1902–1904 seasons posting a record of (3–1) against their rivals from the Florida Agricultural College in Lake City.

Florida A&M University

Carnegie Library c. 1930.
FAMU campus, Lee Hall
Lee Hall c. 1930.
The FAMU Marching 100

Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU) is a public historically black land-grant university in Tallahassee, Florida.

However, it was not an official institution of higher learning until the 1905 Buckman Act, which transferred control from the Department of Education to the Board of Control, creating what was the foundation for the modern Florida A&M University.

University of Florida

Public land-grant research university in Gainesville, Florida.

The East Florida Seminary, predecessor to the University of Florida, depicted in 1891.
The University of Florida campus in 1916, looking southwest
Statue of Albert Murphree, the second president of the university
Floyd Hall and Leigh Hall, University of Florida campus in 1957.
Century Tower, begun in 1953, commemorates the 100th anniversary of origins of UF and memorializes students and alumni who died in the World Wars
The Honors Residential College at Hume Hall provides residential and classroom facilities for students in the Honors Program.
Opened in 2003, Rinker Hall was the first building on campus to receive LEED recognition. Since opening, other new and renovated buildings on campus have also received certification.
Library West
Library East
The North Facade of the J. Wayne Reitz Union
Sledd Hall
Griffin-Floyd Hall
Bryan Hall
Sororities on campus
Dance Marathon 2014
The Beaty Towers at UF house the IA Living Learning Community
Harn Museum of Art
Museum of Natural History
Phillips Center
University Auditorium
Aerial of Ben Hill Griffin Stadium, also known as "The Swamp."
Interior view of the O'Connell Center, configured for basketball
Bob Graham
Beverly Perdue
Joe Scarborough
Emmitt Smith
Faye Dunaway
Marshall Nirenberg
Stephen Stills
Carol Browner
Kevin Ford
Marco Rubio
Erin Andrews
Robert H. Grubbs
John Thompson
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
Pramod Khargonekar
Joseph Glover
Manuel Vasquez
Johannes Vieweg
Carl Van Ness
Harald von Boehmer
William Murrill
Jonathan F. Earle
Blake Ragsdale Van Leer

The second major precursor to the University of Florida was Florida Agricultural College, which was the state's first land-grant college under the Morrill Act when it was established in Lake City in 1884.

In 1905, the Florida Legislature passed the Buckman Act, which completely reorganized the state's publicly supported institutions of higher education.

The Buckman Act also created two other institutions segregated by race and gender: Florida Female College (later the Florida State College for Women and then Florida State University) for white women and the State Normal School for Colored Students (later Florida A&M) for African-American men and women, both in Tallahassee.

Unable to immediately accommodate this increased demand, the Florida Board of Control opened the Tallahassee Branch of the University of Florida on the campus of Florida State College for Women in Tallahassee.


State located in the Southeastern region of the United States.

Map of Florida, likely based on the expeditions of Hernando de Soto (1539–1543)
The Castillo de San Marcos. Originally white with red corners, its design reflects the colors and shapes of the Cross of Burgundy and the subsequent Flag of Florida.
East Florida and West Florida in British period (1763–1783)
A Cracker cowboy, 19th century
A U.S. Marine boat searching the Everglades for Seminoles (hiding in foreground) during the Second Seminole War
The Battle of Olustee during the American Civil War, 1864
People at the newly opened Don Cesar Hotel in St. Pete Beach, Florida in 1928
White segregationists (foreground) trying to prevent black people from swimming at a "White only" beach in St. Augustine during the 1964 Monson Motor Lodge protests
Miami's Freedom Tower, built in 1925, was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Memorials left on the fence of the Pulse nightclub in Orlando in 2016
Florida is mostly low-lying and flat as this topographic map shows.
The state tree, Sabal palmetto, flourishes in Florida's overall warm climate.
An alligator in the Florida Everglades
West Indian manatee
Red mangroves in Everglades National Park
Fish and corals in John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park near Key Largo
American flamingos in South Florida
An American alligator and an invasive Burmese python in Everglades National Park
The Florida Keys as seen from a satellite
All of the 67 counties in Florida
Population density of Florida according to the 2020 census
Cuban men playing dominoes in Miami's Little Havana. In 2010, Cubans made up 34.4% of Miami's population and 6.5% of Florida's.
Church of the Little Flower in Coral Gables, Florida
Hindu Temple of Florida in Tampa
Old and New Florida State Capitol, Tallahassee, East view
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
Florida Supreme Court building in Tallahassee
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, the primary teaching hospital of the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine and the largest hospital in the United States with 1,547 beds
Miami Art Deco District, built during the 1920s–1930s
University of Miami, Coral Gables
University of Central Florida, Orlando
Florida International University, Miami
University of South Florida, Tampa
Florida State University, Tallahassee
University of Florida, Gainesville
The Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay is a part of Florida's interstate system.
Orlando International Airport is the busiest airport in the state with 44.6million total passengers traveled in 2017.
Brightline train at Fort Lauderdale
The Miami Metrorail is the state's only rapid transit system. About 15% of Miamians use public transit daily.
American Airlines Arena in Miami
Marlins Park in Little Havana
Daytona International Speedway is home to various auto racing events.
In God We Trust motto on Florida license plate with a orange blossom the state flower
The Florida panther is the state animal.

The state capital is Tallahassee and the most populous city is Jacksonville.

, which spans 362 miles in Florida, traverses the panhandle, connecting Pensacola, Tallahassee, Lake City, and Jacksonville, with interchanges with I-75 in Lake City and I-95 in Jacksonville. It is the southernmost east–west interstate in the United States terminating in Santa Monica with a total length of 2460 miles.

East Florida Seminary

Institution of higher learning established by the State of Florida in 1853, and absorbed into the newly established University of Florida in 1905.

East Florida Seminary in 1891. Epworth Hall is on the left, with the dormitory in the middle and right
Wooden barracks or dormitory building for the East Florida Seminary

In 1905, the school was consolidated along with Florida Agricultural College in Ocala along with two smaller schools to form the modern University of Florida per the Buckman Act.

Seminole Wars

The Seminole Wars (also known as the Florida Wars) were three related military conflicts in Florida between the United States and the Seminole, citizens of a Native American nation which formed in the region during the early 1700s.

A U.S. Marine boat expedition searching the Everglades during the Second Seminole War
A 1903 map showing the territorial changes of "West Florida"
Andrew Jackson led an invasion of Florida during the First Seminole War.
Edmund Pendleton Gaines commanded Federal troops at the Battle of Negro Fort.
The trial of Robert Ambrister and Alexander Arbuthnot during the First Seminole War
The Treaty of Moultrie Creek provided for a reservation in central Florida for the Seminoles.
Barracks and tents at Fort Brooke near Tampa Bay
View of a Seminole village shows the log cabins they lived in prior to the disruptions of the Second Seminole War
Osceola, Seminole leader
Woodcut from A true and authentic account of the Indian war in Florida ... (1836)
Osceola was seized at the orders of Gen. Thomas Jesup when he appeared for a meeting under a white peace or "parley" flag.
The remaining Seminoles in Florida were allowed to stay on an informal reservation in southwest Florida at the end of the Second Seminole War in 1842.
Billy Bowlegs, 1858

The Mikasuki, Hitchiti-speakers, settled around what is now Lake Miccosukee near Tallahassee.

Joined by warriors from Alligator (near present-day Lake City) and other towns, the Seminoles sent 200 Indians and 40 blacks to attack the Patriots.

Seaboard Air Line Railroad

American railroad which existed from April 14, 1900, until July 1, 1967, when it merged with the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, its longtime rival, to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad.

Postcard illustrating the allure of streamliner travel to Florida, along with the "citrus" paint scheme used on SAL's EMD diesel locomotives from 1939 to 1954.
"Straight as a plumb line": Seaboard Air Line Railway advertisement illustrating the "quickest train service via the shortest route" to Florida, 1902.
Map of the Seaboard Air-Line System in 1896, showing connecting routes prior to the 1900 amalgamation into a single corporation.
Seaboard depot and hotel, about 1915, at the important junction of Hamlet, North Carolina, where two main SAL routes crossed.
Two early logos used in advertising by the Seaboard, from about 1900 and 1916, respectively. These foreshadow the design of the famous "Through the heart of the South" logo, displayed at the top of this article.
Street side of the 1925 SAL passenger station in West Palm Beach, Florida, now used by both Amtrak and the Tri-Rail regional rail line.
1936 system map of SAL's Florida operations, showing extension of routes into South Florida built in the 1920s.
A postcard view of the buffet lounge in one of Seaboard's unique, glass-roofed "Sun Lounge" cars built in 1955. Regular high-topped dome cars used on other railroads were too tall for the low clearances on the Northeast Corridor used by SAL trains north of Washington.
Exterior view in 2007 of the 5-double-bedroom-buffet Sun Lounge car Hollywood Beach, now privately owned.
Main routes of the Seaboard in the early postwar era, showing through passenger service handled by other railroads to offline destinations.

Other important Seaboard routes included a line from Jacksonville via Tallahassee to a connection with the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N) at Chattahoochee, Florida, for through service to New Orleans; a line to Atlanta, Georgia, and Birmingham, Alabama, connecting with the main line at Hamlet, North Carolina; and a line from the main at Norlina, North Carolina, to Portsmouth, Virginia, the earliest route of what became the Seaboard.

In 1860, the Florida, Atlantic and Gulf Central Railroad (FA&GC) completed construction of a line running west from Jacksonville, Florida, to Lake City, Florida.

Interstate 10 in Florida

East–west Interstate Highway in the southern United States.

Eastbound view of I-10 near Lake City and I-75
I-10 west at the interchange for US 17 Alt. south in Jacksonville
I-10 west approaching the interchange for US 319/SR 61 in Tallahassee

The highway runs east from the Alabama border, traveling through the Panhandle of Florida, serving the major cities of Pensacola, Tallahassee, Lake City, ending at Jacksonville, and carries the hidden Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) designation of State Road 8 (SR 8).

U.S. Route 90 in Florida

Northernmost east–west United States Numbered Highway in the state.

George L. Dickenson Bridge
US 90 east of the intersection of SR 77 (Main Street) in Chipley
US 90 from the beginning of the concurrency with northbound SR 73
US 90 over the Chipola River in Mariana
A US 90 shield used in Florida prior to 1993

The road's entry into downtown Tallahassee is inevitable, but first it runs along part of the city line and intersects with State Road 263, which is part of the Capital Circle.

The shared intersections of Northwest Turner Road and Pinemount Road is also where the Lake City border runs along the north side of US 90 until it reaches the intersection of Whispering Pine Road, and then moves away.

Florida Gulf & Atlantic Railroad

Class III railroad owned and operated by RailUSA in the Florida Panhandle.

Tallahassee station. The station was used by the Sunset Limited prior to 2005.

The line consists of 373 miles (600 km) of track running from Baldwin, Florida (just west of Jacksonville) west through Tallahassee to Pensacola.

It was first built as the Florida, Atlantic and Gulf Central Railroad from Lake City to Jacksonville in 1857.